GeographicSettingsClimate in Ancient China.. China wasdividedin tworegions: North China Plain, and South China Plain. NORTH: Itonlyrainedduringsummer, because of themonsoons. However, therest of theyear, theclimateisverydry. SOUTH: itiswarm and wet. Itrainsalmostallyearlong.
Mountain Range TheHimalayasseparatesChina fromtherest of thecontinentlimitatingcontactwithothercivilization. China calledthemselvesMiddleKingdom
Important Rivers China’sRiversoverflowedtheirbankseachspring. China’s 1st longestriverThe Chang. China’s 2nd longestriverTheHuang. Alsocalledthe “YellowRiver” or “China’sSorrow” because of the loess, thatitcarryalongwiththefloods and thedestructionit cause. TheHuangoverflowedthe North plain of China and ithelptheChinesetogrow a graincalledmillet. Chinesebuiltdikeswhichcouldnot control thefloods. Loess settledtothebotton and thelevel rose.
TheShangDynasty 1st civiliation in China. Arose 1760 B.C and built chinas firstcities. Produced art in bronze and chinas firstwritingsystem. Chinas hadmany regional languages and theirwritingwasusedfordifferentlanguages. After 600 years a new group emerged, peoplewholived in theWei Valley.
TheZhouDynasty TheyborderedtheShangterritory. Livedpeacefullyover times butfinallytheZhouconqueredtheShang in about 1122B.C. TheZhouruledoveralmost 1000 years. ThisperiodisdividedintoEarlier western ZhouDynasty and Later Eastern ZhouDynasty. Periodknown as warringstates. Small kingdomsfoughtfor control untiltheQin emerged.
Mandate of Heaven Chineserulersinheritedthethroneortheyfoughtfortherightto rule. Chinesebelievedthatrulerscametopowerbecause of theirdestin y orfate. It’s a laworanorderthatThe Mandate of Heavensupport a leader to rule.
Importance of theFamily Center of ChineseSociety. 5 generationscouldlivetogether. The status of a personwasaccordingtotheirage and sex. Center authoritywasmostlytheoldestman. Tookdecisions and punishments. Womenwereconsideredlower and wereboundedbythethreeobediences. Fourvirtuesforwomen.