Disability: Does this apply to me and my work?


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Have you ever wondered about how having a disability impacts working? Do you know all of the agencies available to help people with disabilities? Have you ever wondered what the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) can do to help you? Then this webinar is for you.
Presented by Karen Prince, the Ticket to Work/Social Security Administration Cost Reimbursement Claims Coordinator at Colorado’s Division of Vocational Rehabilitation, this 40-minute introductory webinar will provide an overview of the concepts of disability and how areas of society view them. We will cover an introduction to the ADA, Workforce Centers, Vocational Rehabilitation, Social Security Administration, Independent Living Centers and the Veteran’s Administration as they relate to disability and employment issues. Plus, you will get additional resources to follow up with to find even more valuable information.
Managing the resources available for those with disabilities can often be confusing. Whether the disability is your own, someone you know, or someone you work with, this webinar will teach you where to turn for help and personal empowerment.

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Disability: Does this apply to me and my work?

  1. 1. Disability: Does This Apply to Me? What About Work? Karen Prince, MA
  2. 2. Traditional Definition of Disability    Biomedical model – pathology, disorder, dysfunction, or deformity (Smart, 2009). noun ˌdis-ə-ˈbi-lə-tē: a condition (such as an illness or an injury) that damages or limits a person's physical or mental abilities the condition of being unable to do things in the normal way : the condition of being disabled http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/disability
  3. 3. Is That The Only Perspective?  No. There are lots of ideas: – – – – Americans With Disabilities Act (1990) Vocational Rehabilitation Programs Social Security Administration Independent Living Centers
  4. 4. American with Disabilities Act (1990)  A person with a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more major life activity. – –  Includes individuals who have a record of such an impairment Includes individuals who do not have a disability but are regarded as having a disability. The ADA makes it unlawful to discriminate against a person with a disability. http://adata.org/faq/what-definition-disability-under-ada
  5. 5. Vocational Rehabilitation Programs  A person whose disability results in impairments to finding or keeping employment.
  6. 6. Social Security Administration  "Disability" under Social Security is based on inability to work. A person is disabled under Social Security rules if: – – – They cannot do work they did before; The person cannot adjust to other work because of medical condition(s); and Disability has lasted or is expected to last for at least one year or to result in death. http://www.ssa.gov/dibplan/dqualify4.htm
  7. 7. Independent Living Centers  Sociopolitical Model – disability is the result of difficulties experienced from reduced opportunity, lowered expectations, and being perceived as a member of a stigmatized category (Smart, 2009).  People with disabilities are underprivileged, unemployed, uneducated, and segregated not because of disability but due to societal and institutional barriers (O’Day, 2006).
  8. 8. So That’s It?   Not really. Disabling conditions are a normal human condition that can occur in one or many areas: – – – Mental (examples: IQ level, reading difficulties, learning difficulties) Emotional (examples: depression, anxiety, autism) Physical (examples: asthma, amputation, chronic pain, mobility impairments)
  9. 9. So Everyone’s Disabled    Sort of All humans are individuals who are different and excel and struggle in different areas The environment plays a huge part in how the person is effected
  10. 10. What Does It Matter to Me?  There is a high probability that at some time in life you will become a person with a disability or have a close relation who is a person with a disability.
  11. 11. So What Do I Do About It?   Depends on what you want to do If you have a disability and have a job and need accommodations to help you handle the job, you are entitled to them under the ADA as long as they do not cause an undue hardship to the employer.
  12. 12. Accommodations   Are wide and varied Resource for accommodations – – – – Job Accommodation Network http://askjan.org/ Disability and Technical Assistance Centers http://www.adainformation.org/
  13. 13. Looking For Work  If you are a person with a disability that is interfering with your work or finding work, there are resources available to you. – – – – – – Vocational Rehabilitation programs Workforce Center programs Independent Living Centers Private Community Rehabilitation programs Social Security Administration (if receiving benefits) Veterans Administration (if a veteran)
  14. 14. Looking for Employees  If – – Vocational Rehabilitation programs Workforce Center programs you are an employer looking for employees and interested in disability issues there are resources for you as well.
  15. 15. Federal Employment Federal government has recognized the need to hire individuals with disabilities and there are several initiatives and special hiring practices. https://www.disability.gov/  The http://www.eeoc.gov/eeoc/initiatives/lead/ Executive Order 13548 -Increasing Federal Employment of Individuals with Disabilities http://www.whitehouse.gov/the-press-office/e
  16. 16. Federal Employment   Section 503 of the Rehabilitation Act prohibits federal contractors and subcontractors from discriminating in employment against individuals with disabilities and requires them to take affirmative action to recruit, employ, train, promote, and retain individuals with disabilities. Among other things, the Final Rules published in September: – – –  Establish a 7% utilization goal for individuals with disabilities; Require contractors to invite applicants and current employees to voluntarily self-identify as an individual with a disability; and Require contractors to maintain several quantitative measurements and comparisons for the number of individuals with disabilities who apply for jobs and the number of individual with disabilities they hire in order to create greater accountability for employment decisions and practices. The Final Rules are effective March 24, 2014,
  17. 17. Employment Services  If you are involved with assisting people to find employment and have questions about how to assist people with disabilities with employment issues the resources are available for you as well
  18. 18. Vocational Rehabilitation Programs  Federally funded program available in the United States. – – – –  The person must have a disability that impairs their ability to find or keep employment VR is mandated to provide services to eligible individuals Services are individualized to the person’s employment goal based on their skills, abilities, interests, and needs related to employment goal Can assist employers with accommodations The Rehabilitation Services Administration (RSA) oversees and funds the grants for State agencies http://rsa.ed.gov/
  19. 19. Colorado Division of Vocational Rehabilitation (CO DVR)  Eligibility – – – Requirements The individual has a physical or mental impairment; and, The impairment(s) constitutes or results in a substantial impediment to employment that is consistent with the individual’s abilities and capabilities; and, The individual requires vocational rehabilitation services to prepare for, secure, retain or regain employment consistent with his/her unique strengths, resources, priorities, concerns, abilities, capabilities, interests and informed choice.
  20. 20. CO DVR Services  Evaluation & diagnostic testing for eligibility  Counseling & guidance  Physical and mental restoration  Specialized services for individuals who are blind, deaf, and deaf-blind – – – interpreter services note-taking services reader services
  21. 21. CO DVR Services  Rehabilitation technology services – – – assistive technology devices assistive technology services rehabilitation engineering services  Placement services  Supportive services – – – – Maintenance Transportation personal assistance services services to family members
  22. 22. CO DVR Services  Training – – – – – – – services vocational training academic training personal & vocational adjustment training job coaching on-the-job training job-seeking skills training books, tools, & other training materials;
  23. 23. CO DVR  Referrals/Applying/Assistance  You can refer a person, or apply, or seek assistance/consultation with DVR by calling – –  303-866-4150 866-870-4595 Or by looking up and contacting the local office by zip code at: http://www.dvrcolorado.com/locations.php
  24. 24. CO DVR  For further information on CO DVR and to watch an introductory video, go to:  http://www.dvrcolorado.com/index.php
  25. 25. Workforce Centers    Available in every State in the Nation Assists all job seekers with employment solutions Assists employers to find employees
  26. 26. Colorado Workforce Centers   Workforce Centers across the state of Colorado serve job seekers, employers and employees by providing a wide array of employment and training services at no charge. http://www.colorado.gov/cs/Satellite/CDLE-EmployTrain/CDLE/124809
  27. 27. CO Workforce Services  Job listings  Computer & internet access  Career counseling & training for job seekers  Recruitment of workers, pre-screening & referral services  Tax credits and training reimbursement for employers
  28. 28. CO Workforce Center Services & Programs  Apprenticeships  Career Ready Colorado Certificate  E3 Job Fair  Federal Bonding  E-Colorado  Migrant Seasonal Farm Workers  My Skills My Future  Tax Credits  Trade Act  Veterans’ Services  Workforce Investment Act (WIA) Programs  Youth Employment
  29. 29. CO Workforce Center  For further information on CO Workforce centers and to watch an introductory video for employers or job seeks go to:  http://www.colorado.gov/cs/Satellite/CDLE-Employ
  30. 30. Independent Living Center  Work with individuals with disabilities in all aspects of living on their own. – – – – – – Classes on independent living Peer support Personal Assistance programs Transportation issues Housing issues Employment
  31. 31. Independent Living Centers Services  Mandated by Federal law to provide: – – – – Information & referral Individual & systems advocacy Independent living skills training Cross disability peer http://www2.ed.gov/policy/fund/reg/edgarReg/ed counseling
  32. 32. Independent Living Centers Services  May – – – – – also provide: Counseling Housing Rehabilitation technology Mobility training Interpreter & reader services – – – – Personal assistance services Community resource guides & directories Transportation Consumer information programs
  33. 33. CO Independent Living Centers  For further information on CO Independent Living centers and to find your local center go to:  http://coloradosilc.org/?pa
  34. 34. Private Community Rehabilitation Programs  Private Community Rehabilitation Programs usually provide services for a fee
  35. 35. What are the Services Provided by These Agencies?         medical, psychiatric, psychological, social, and vocational services testing, fitting, or training in the use of prosthetic and orthotic devices recreational therapy physical and occupational therapy speech, language, and hearing therapy psychiatric, psychological, and social services, including positive behavior management assessment for determining eligibility and vocational rehabilitation needs rehabilitation technology         job development, placement, and retention services evaluation or control of specific disabilities orientation and mobility services for individuals who are blind extended employment psychosocial rehabilitation services supported employment services and extended services services to family members when necessary to the vocational rehabilitation of the individual personal assistance services
  36. 36. Social Security Administration  SSA has programs to assist individuals receiving benefits to return to work and leave SSA benefits – – Ticket to Work (TTW) Plan to Achieve Self Sufficiency (PASS)
  37. 37. Ticket to Work  TTW provides beneficiaries with the ability to ‘purchase’ services from an Employment Network (EN) to return to work – – – ENs are community rehab programs who have contracted with SSA to provide services to individuals with a Ticket. ENs cannot charge their clients for services. State Vocational Rehabilitation programs are ENs Some Workforce Centers and Independent Living Centers are ENs
  38. 38. TTW  Benefits – – – – – of using the Ticket Protection from Medical Continuing Disability Reviews Medicare coverage while employed Expedited return to benefits if unable to continue working Opportunity to earn more than disability payments alone Trial Work period
  39. 39. TTW  ‘I receive SSA benefits but don’t have a Ticket’ – – – You do if you are between the age of 18 and 64 receiving cash benefits. You don’t receive an actual paper ‘ticket’ To find an EN, go to http://www.chooseworkttw.net/
  40. 40. TTW  For additional information about participating in TTW as a beneficiary or to attend a Work Incentive Seminar Event (WISE) go to:  https://www.chooseworkt
  41. 41. TTW – I want to be an EN  As an EN you can provide services to beneficiaries to find employment and receive payment from SSA  As an employer of a Ticket holder you can sign up to be an EN and have some of your employee cost reimbursed
  42. 42. TTW – I want to be an EN  Benefits of becoming an Employment Network (EN) – – – If you are already providing employment services you can gain access to additional funding You can increase your business by providing services to people receiving SSA benefits. You can hire Ticket holders and receive the Ticket payments https://yourtickettowork.com/web/ttw/pen-why-become-an-employment-network
  43. 43. TTW – I want to be an EN  For additional resources and information contact:  https://yourtickettowork.com/web/ttw/pen-home
  44. 44. Plan to Achieve Self Sufficiency  Individuals receiving SSA benefits are able to set aside a portion of their monthly income to use towards self sufficiency goals – – – – Examples: School tuition Transportation http://www.socialsecurity.gov/disabilityresearch/wi/pass.htm
  45. 45. Colorado Division of Veterans Affairs  The CO Division of Veterans Affairs has many services including specialized Vocational Rehabilitation services  http://vets.dmva.state.co.
  46. 46. Veteran Affairs(VA)  The VA provides Vocational Rehabilitation & Employment (VR & E) services to Service members and Veterans similar to State VR, but specialized to the military situations http://www.vba.va.gov/bln/vre/
  47. 47. Now What?  Ok I Think I Have a Disability – Do I tell my employer or prospective employer? – Do you need an accommodation?  – Then yes, tell them and ask for the accommodation you need Do you need time off to attend medical appointments?  If yes, that in and of itself is an accommodation.  Remember this is your private information and is up to you to disclose or not.
  48. 48. Questions
  49. 49. Contact Information     If you have further questions or would like to provide feedback: Karen Prince http://www.linkedin.com/profi le/view? id=106036259&trk=nav_res ponsive_tab_profile karenkp@msn.com
  50. 50. References             Americans with Disability Act. (2013). http://adata.org/faq/what-definition-disability-under-ada Colorado Division of Veterans Affairs. (2013). http://vets.dmva.state.co.us:8000/ Colorado Division of Vocational Rehabilitation. (2013). http://www.dvrcolorado.com Colorado Workforce Centers. (2013). http://www.colorado.gov/cs/Satellite/CDLEEmployTrain/CDLE/1248095319018 Merriam Webster dictionary. (2013). http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/disability O’Day, B. (2006). Centers for independent living: Advocates for disability rights. Community Development, 37, (3), 4-12. Rehabilitation Services Administration. (2013). http://rsa.ed.gov/ Smart, J. (2009). The power of models of disability. Journal of Rehabilitation, 75, (2), 3-11. Social Security Administration. (2013). http://www.ssa.gov/dibplan/dqualify4.htm Ticket to Work. (2013). https://yourtickettowork.com/web/ttw/pen-why-become-an-employment-network United States Department of Education. (2013). http://www2.ed.gov/policy/fund/reg/edgarReg/edgar.html United States Department of Veterans Affairs. (2013). http://www.vba.va.gov/bln/vre