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The Portuguese Empire

The Portuguese Empire






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    The Portuguese Empire The Portuguese Empire Presentation Transcript

    • The Portuguese EmpireBy DJ Heston
    • History Of Portugal Portugal is a European nation which ascended to power during the 15th and 16th century. 1415 marked the beginning of the Portuguese empire when they conquered Ceuta, a city on the coast of North Africa. In 1500 thirteen ships set sail and claimed what was to become the Portuguese colony of Brazil. In the beginning of 16th century two million Portuguese ruled a vast empire with inhabitants in the Americas, Africa, the Middle East and Asia.
    • History Of Portugal  In 1578, King Sebastian died without an heir to the throne.  Portugal became under Spanish rule from 1580-1640 and Spain’s enemies became Portugal’s.  A great nobleman, John IV, launched a war of independence against Spain which ultimately led to Portuguese independence in 1668.  It gradually lost its power to the Dutch, English and French who took control of Portugal’s main economic interests; the spice and slave trade
    • The Portuguese Empire The Portuguese Empire was the first global empire in history and also the longest-lived of the modern European colonial empires, spanning almost six centuries. The conquest of the city of Ceuta located in North Africa in 1415 marked an achievement of the Portuguese beyond the Iberian Peninsula. Following the capture of Ceuta, Infante Dom Henry the Navigator played a crucial role in securing the islands of Madeira and Azores which exported wheat to Portugal. The introduction of the caravel in the mid-15th century allowed the ship more maneuverability which helped the Portuguese advance south more efficiently. In 1488 Bartolomeu Dias rounded the Cape of Good Hope on Southern Africa proving the Indian Ocean was not land-locked.
    • The Portuguese Empire By the end of the 15th and beginning of the 16th century, the Portuguese had reached India through the Indian Ocean and Brazil across the Atlantic. In the beginning of the 16th century a Portuguese fleet sailed to Malacca in Malaysia which was the most important east point in the trade network. In 1534 John III organized the colonization of Brazil through land grants which promoted settlement to overcome the need to defend the territory. King Phillip II of Spain invaded Portugal in 1580 uniting the two crowns, but fractured Portugal’s alliance with England while inheriting Spain’s enemies. The Portuguese eventually lost many of their colonies due to conflict in the 16th and 17th centuries. Following an earthquake and tsunami in 1755 which killed more than a third of Lisbon’s population, Portugal put its colonial ambitions on hold.
    • Colonial brazil Colonial Brazil is comprised from the period 1500 until 1815. The treaty of Tordesillas divided newly discovered lands between Spain and Portugal which led to the discovery of Brazil. The Portuguese soon began exporting the valuable brazilwood from Brazil following their arrival in 1500. Brazilwood contained a precious red dye which was used to stain luxury textiles. The Portuguese realized other European countries, especially France, were sending expeditions to Brazil to extract brazilwood which forced the Portuguese to create colonial villages on the coast. The most successful captaincy, Pernambuco, prospered with sugarcane mills which became the main Brazilian colonial produce for the following 150 years. The Portuguese imported many black African slaves to work on the sugarcane harvesting.
    • Colonial brazil Only a few of the fifteen captaincies succeeded which forced the king to establish a central form of government in Brazil. Jesuits were brought to Brazil to set up missions, save the natives from slavery, study native languages, and to convert the natives to Roman Catholicism. The success of the Jesuits to convert the indigenous people to Catholicism was due to their ability to learn the native language. The discovery of gold became the main economic activity of colonial Brazil throughout the 18th century. The Portuguese established settlements in southern Brazil which led to conflict with Spain. In 1750 the Treaty of Madrid was signed regulating the territories of Brazil between Portugal and Spain.