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day2, workshop 5 day2, workshop 5 Presentation Transcript

  • A case study analysis based upon the ICOMOS Ename Charter Daniel Pletinckx CEO Visual Dimension bvba Ename, Belgium DISH Conference: workshop 5
  • Visual Dimension bvba ! Visual Dimension bvba is a company that specialises in the use of ICT in Cultural Heritage on international scale ! Consulting ! Digitisation of museum objects, monuments, archaeology ! Virtual reconstruction of ancient structures and landscapes ! Design of innovative presentation methods and systems ! Applies existing guidelines (London Charter, Ename Charter, copyrights) ! Through European projects, major efforts are done for creation and application of guidelines in cultural heritage ! EPOCH (2004 - 2008) ! CARARE (start : Feb 2010) ! Europeana
  • The Venlo mikwah
  • The Venlo mikwah
  • The Venlo mikwah
  • The Venlo mikwah
  • The Venlo mikwah
  • The Venlo mikwah ! Excavated in 2004-2005 in Venlo, Netherlands ! Identified as a Jewish ritual bath ! Dated by archaeological finds and historical research to be build around 1300 and taken out of use around 1350 (1349 pogrom) ! Oldest mikwah in the Netherlands, only a few mikwahs preserved in Europe that are older ! Only lower part of the structure preserved (destroyed by building activity in the 50’s and 70’s) ! Had to be removed from its original spot (to build parking garage)
  • P. 1: Access and Understanding Interpretation and presentation programmes, in whatever form deemed appropriate and sustainable, should facilitate physical and intellectual access by the public to cultural heritage sites. ! Physical access ! Is possible to give access to the monument ? ! Should we allow visitors in the monument ? ! If not, what alternatives can be provided ? ! Intellectual access ! What is a mikwah ? How is it used ? Why is it used ? ! How do we know it is a mikwah ? ! How does a mikwah look like ? ! How did it end up as an archaeological find ?
  • P. 1: Physical Access
  • P. 1: Physical Access
  • P. 1: Physical Access
  • P. 1: Physical Access
  • P. 1: Physical Access
  • P. 1: Intellectual Access
  • P. 1: Intellectual Access This photo comes from the book by Lloyd Wolf "Jewish Mothers: Strength, Wisdom, Compassion,"
  • P. 1: Intellectual Access
  • P. 1: Intellectual Access
  • P. 1: Villa di Livia (Rome)
  • P. 3: Context and Setting The Interpretation of cultural heritage sites should relate to their wider social, cultural, historical, and natural contexts and settings. ! Social context ! What is the importance of a mikwah in Jewish society ? ! Cultural context ! How is ritual cleaning perceived in general ? ! What makes it specific within the Jewish culture ? ! Historical context ! Why does Venlo have a mikwah this old ? ! What is the story behind the mikwah ?
  • P. 3: Social Context
  • P. 3: Social Context
  • P. 3: Social Context
  • P. 3: Social Context
  • P. 3: Cultural Context "We made from water, every living thing" (Sura of Al-Anbiya) “Then I will sprinkle clean water on you, and you will be clean; I will cleanse you from all your filthiness and from all your idols.” Ezekiel 36:25
  • P. 3: Historical Context Pogrom of 1349
  • P. 3: TimeFrame Storytelling TimeFrame Saint-Laurentius church Ename, Belgium
  • P. 3: TimeFrame Storytelling TimeFrame Municipal Museum, Tervuren, Belgium
  • P. 3: TimeFrame Storytelling TimeFrame Born, Netherlands
  • P. 4: Authenticity The Interpretation and presentation of cultural heritage sites must respect the basic tenets of authenticity in the spirit of the Nara Document (1994). ! What if the context is completely gone ? ! How do we preserve the authenticity of archaeological remains that have been taken out of context ? ! How to restore the notion of ‘monument’ to a 2 x 90 ton object ? ! Is it possible to turn this mikwah into a touristical landmark ? ! Can we integrate it next to the archaeological remains of the 19th century synagogue in Venlo ?
  • P. 4: Authenticity - Context Q4 city renovation project
  • P. 4: Authenticity - Context Q4 city renovation project
  • P. 4: Authenticity - Context
  • P. 4: Authenticity - Monument Friedberg, Germany Speyer, Germany Köln, Germany
  • P. 4: Authenticity - Archaeology Sint-Catharinakerk, Eindhoven, Nederland
  • P. 4: Recreated context
  • P. 2: Information Sources Interpretation and presentation should be based on evidence gathered through accepted scientific and scholarly methods as well as from living cultural traditions. ! Interpretation process ongoing ! Chapter 15 in new book “Venlo aan de Maas: van vicus tot stad” Spatial reconstruction : Bart Klück
  • P. 2: EPOCH 3D Webservice
  • P. 2: EPOCH 3D Webservice
  • P. 5: Sustainability The interpretive plan for a cultural heritage site must be sensitive to its natural and cultural environment, with social, financial, and environmental sustainability among its central goals. ! What is a sustainable environment to preserve, manage and present this mikwah ? ! How do we create an environment that supports, promotes, explains, educates in the long term ?
  • P. 5: Sustainability ! Costs (financial sustainability) ! Conservation & restoration ! Transport ! ! Housing ! ! Preservation (conditioned space) ! Protection ! Presentation & Interpretation ! Political and social support (social sustainability) ! Long term support ! Image building ! How does the Venlo mikwah remains relevant ?
  • P. 6: Inclusiveness The Interpretation and Presentation of cultural heritage sites must be the result of meaningful collaboration between heritage professionals, associated communities, and other stakeholders. ! How can we engage the general public for an object that is known and identified only by the Jewish part of society ? ! How can this mikwah have a meaning in the society of today ? ! How can this mikwah stimulate understanding and respect between religions and parts of society ?
  • P. 6: Inclusiveness ! The Venlo mikwah brings us ! A story about integration and expulsion of another culture, which is very actual ! A story about ritual cleaning, purity, transitions which is actual is nearly all religions and also outside religion ! A story about the Jewish cultural values, which have close analogies for the other ‘Religions of the Book’ ! Strong educational potential ! Needs storytelling systems ! Needs educational support for classroom projects
  • P. 7: Research, Evaluation, Training The Interpretation and Presentation of cultural heritage sites must be the result of meaningful collaboration between heritage professionals, associated communities, and other stakeholders. ! Research ! Historical ! Archaeological ! Cultural ! Educational activities ! Tourism ! Art
  • Conclusion ! The Venlo Mikwah, its complexity and the questions it raises, show the necessity of a set of guidelines on Presentation and Interpretation ! The political decision process is ongoing ! These guidelines are adopted by the worldwide cultural heritage community through worldwide consensus (2008) ! But need to be recognised and implemented by local levels ! Technology will need to ! fill in the lost physical, cultural and social context ! allow to experience again the monument ! stimulate the discussion about intercultural understanding
  • Knowhow Book on Ename Charter Available at http://www.enamecenter.org/
  • Other EPOCH Knowhow Books ! Interactive Landscapes – How to read and understand historical landscapes ! Interpretation Management – How to make sustainable visualisations of the past ! Presenting The Hidden Past – Highlights and impressions from the lowlands ! Monitoring Monuments – A low-cost digital early warning system for preventive conservation of built heritage ! Electro Bacchanalia – A peep box and interpretive tool for Old Master’s paintings ! Interactive Storytelling Exhibition – How to produce a virtual interactive story to engage visitors with the real world ! Touch of Kandinsky – How to make a carpet into an interactive or storytelling tool ! Virtex – A multisensory approach for exhibiting valuable objects ! The ARC 3D Webservice – How to turn images of an object or scene into 3D models for exhibitions and archives Digitally available at http://www.epoch.eu/