day2, workshop 5

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day2, workshop 5

  1. 1. A case study analysis based upon the ICOMOS Ename Charter Daniel Pletinckx CEO Visual Dimension bvba Ename, Belgium DISH Conference: workshop 5
  2. 2. Visual Dimension bvba ! Visual Dimension bvba is a company that specialises in the use of ICT in Cultural Heritage on international scale ! Consulting ! Digitisation of museum objects, monuments, archaeology ! Virtual reconstruction of ancient structures and landscapes ! Design of innovative presentation methods and systems ! Applies existing guidelines (London Charter, Ename Charter, copyrights) ! Through European projects, major efforts are done for creation and application of guidelines in cultural heritage ! EPOCH (2004 - 2008) ! CARARE (start : Feb 2010) ! Europeana
  3. 3. The Venlo mikwah
  4. 4. The Venlo mikwah
  5. 5. The Venlo mikwah
  6. 6. The Venlo mikwah
  7. 7. The Venlo mikwah
  8. 8. The Venlo mikwah ! Excavated in 2004-2005 in Venlo, Netherlands ! Identified as a Jewish ritual bath ! Dated by archaeological finds and historical research to be build around 1300 and taken out of use around 1350 (1349 pogrom) ! Oldest mikwah in the Netherlands, only a few mikwahs preserved in Europe that are older ! Only lower part of the structure preserved (destroyed by building activity in the 50’s and 70’s) ! Had to be removed from its original spot (to build parking garage)
  9. 9. P. 1: Access and Understanding Interpretation and presentation programmes, in whatever form deemed appropriate and sustainable, should facilitate physical and intellectual access by the public to cultural heritage sites. ! Physical access ! Is possible to give access to the monument ? ! Should we allow visitors in the monument ? ! If not, what alternatives can be provided ? ! Intellectual access ! What is a mikwah ? How is it used ? Why is it used ? ! How do we know it is a mikwah ? ! How does a mikwah look like ? ! How did it end up as an archaeological find ?
  10. 10. P. 1: Physical Access
  11. 11. P. 1: Physical Access
  12. 12. P. 1: Physical Access
  13. 13. P. 1: Physical Access
  14. 14. P. 1: Physical Access
  15. 15. P. 1: Intellectual Access
  16. 16. P. 1: Intellectual Access This photo comes from the book by Lloyd Wolf "Jewish Mothers: Strength, Wisdom, Compassion,"
  17. 17. P. 1: Intellectual Access
  18. 18. P. 1: Intellectual Access
  19. 19. P. 1: Villa di Livia (Rome)
  20. 20. P. 3: Context and Setting The Interpretation of cultural heritage sites should relate to their wider social, cultural, historical, and natural contexts and settings. ! Social context ! What is the importance of a mikwah in Jewish society ? ! Cultural context ! How is ritual cleaning perceived in general ? ! What makes it specific within the Jewish culture ? ! Historical context ! Why does Venlo have a mikwah this old ? ! What is the story behind the mikwah ?
  21. 21. P. 3: Social Context
  22. 22. P. 3: Social Context
  23. 23. P. 3: Social Context
  24. 24. P. 3: Social Context
  25. 25. P. 3: Cultural Context "We made from water, every living thing" (Sura of Al-Anbiya) “Then I will sprinkle clean water on you, and you will be clean; I will cleanse you from all your filthiness and from all your idols.” Ezekiel 36:25
  26. 26. P. 3: Historical Context Pogrom of 1349
  27. 27. P. 3: TimeFrame Storytelling TimeFrame Saint-Laurentius church Ename, Belgium
  28. 28. P. 3: TimeFrame Storytelling TimeFrame Municipal Museum, Tervuren, Belgium
  29. 29. P. 3: TimeFrame Storytelling TimeFrame Born, Netherlands
  30. 30. P. 4: Authenticity The Interpretation and presentation of cultural heritage sites must respect the basic tenets of authenticity in the spirit of the Nara Document (1994). ! What if the context is completely gone ? ! How do we preserve the authenticity of archaeological remains that have been taken out of context ? ! How to restore the notion of ‘monument’ to a 2 x 90 ton object ? ! Is it possible to turn this mikwah into a touristical landmark ? ! Can we integrate it next to the archaeological remains of the 19th century synagogue in Venlo ?
  31. 31. P. 4: Authenticity - Context Q4 city renovation project
  32. 32. P. 4: Authenticity - Context Q4 city renovation project
  33. 33. P. 4: Authenticity - Context
  34. 34. P. 4: Authenticity - Monument Friedberg, Germany Speyer, Germany Köln, Germany
  35. 35. P. 4: Authenticity - Archaeology Sint-Catharinakerk, Eindhoven, Nederland
  36. 36. P. 4: Recreated context
  37. 37. P. 2: Information Sources Interpretation and presentation should be based on evidence gathered through accepted scientific and scholarly methods as well as from living cultural traditions. ! Interpretation process ongoing ! Chapter 15 in new book “Venlo aan de Maas: van vicus tot stad” Spatial reconstruction : Bart Klück
  38. 38. P. 2: EPOCH 3D Webservice
  39. 39. P. 2: EPOCH 3D Webservice
  40. 40. P. 5: Sustainability The interpretive plan for a cultural heritage site must be sensitive to its natural and cultural environment, with social, financial, and environmental sustainability among its central goals. ! What is a sustainable environment to preserve, manage and present this mikwah ? ! How do we create an environment that supports, promotes, explains, educates in the long term ?
  41. 41. P. 5: Sustainability ! Costs (financial sustainability) ! Conservation & restoration ! Transport ! ! Housing ! ! Preservation (conditioned space) ! Protection ! Presentation & Interpretation ! Political and social support (social sustainability) ! Long term support ! Image building ! How does the Venlo mikwah remains relevant ?
  42. 42. P. 6: Inclusiveness The Interpretation and Presentation of cultural heritage sites must be the result of meaningful collaboration between heritage professionals, associated communities, and other stakeholders. ! How can we engage the general public for an object that is known and identified only by the Jewish part of society ? ! How can this mikwah have a meaning in the society of today ? ! How can this mikwah stimulate understanding and respect between religions and parts of society ?
  43. 43. P. 6: Inclusiveness ! The Venlo mikwah brings us ! A story about integration and expulsion of another culture, which is very actual ! A story about ritual cleaning, purity, transitions which is actual is nearly all religions and also outside religion ! A story about the Jewish cultural values, which have close analogies for the other ‘Religions of the Book’ ! Strong educational potential ! Needs storytelling systems ! Needs educational support for classroom projects
  44. 44. P. 7: Research, Evaluation, Training The Interpretation and Presentation of cultural heritage sites must be the result of meaningful collaboration between heritage professionals, associated communities, and other stakeholders. ! Research ! Historical ! Archaeological ! Cultural ! Educational activities ! Tourism ! Art
  45. 45. Conclusion ! The Venlo Mikwah, its complexity and the questions it raises, show the necessity of a set of guidelines on Presentation and Interpretation ! The political decision process is ongoing ! These guidelines are adopted by the worldwide cultural heritage community through worldwide consensus (2008) ! But need to be recognised and implemented by local levels ! Technology will need to ! fill in the lost physical, cultural and social context ! allow to experience again the monument ! stimulate the discussion about intercultural understanding
  46. 46. Knowhow Book on Ename Charter Available at http://www.enamecenter.org/
  47. 47. Other EPOCH Knowhow Books ! Interactive Landscapes – How to read and understand historical landscapes ! Interpretation Management – How to make sustainable visualisations of the past ! Presenting The Hidden Past – Highlights and impressions from the lowlands ! Monitoring Monuments – A low-cost digital early warning system for preventive conservation of built heritage ! Electro Bacchanalia – A peep box and interpretive tool for Old Master’s paintings ! Interactive Storytelling Exhibition – How to produce a virtual interactive story to engage visitors with the real world ! Touch of Kandinsky – How to make a carpet into an interactive or storytelling tool ! Virtex – A multisensory approach for exhibiting valuable objects ! The ARC 3D Webservice – How to turn images of an object or scene into 3D models for exhibitions and archives Digitally available at http://www.epoch.eu/

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