Day 2, workshop 3

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  • The Rijksmuseum & VU University present a use case in which semantic technology is used for subject annotation.

    1. Subject annotation= the annotation of the subject depicted on the object. For example: biblical, mythological, or more common subjects.

    Subject annotation plays an important role in making our collections more accessible to the public.

    2. This case is also about the collaboration between museum specialist en academics

    Goals
    At the start of the project we set out some goals:
    Explore the feasability of reusing excisting web sources
    requirements for integration in the museums workflow

    Approach

    We developed a prototype of an semantic subject annotation tool in 11 weeks
    The Rijksmuseum & VU University present a use case in which semantic technology is used for subject annotation.

    1. Subject annotation= the annotation of the subject depicted on the object. For example: biblical, mythological, or more common subjects.

    Subject annotation plays an important role in making our collections more accessible to the public.

    2. This case is also about the collaboration between museum specialist en academics

    Goals
    At the start of the project we set out some goals:
    Explore the feasability of reusing excisting web sources
    requirements for integration in the museums workflow

    Approach

    We developed a prototype of an semantic subject annotation tool in 11 weeks
  • 1st quarter 17th century print by Claes Jansz Visscher
  • Day 2, workshop 3

    1. 1. Semantic Web for Cultural Heritage Geertje Jacobs - Rijksmuseum Michiel Hilderbrand - CWI/VU Maarten Heerlien - Naturalis Hans Nederbragt - Trezorix DISH2009 10-12-2009
    2. 2. overview Semantic Web for Cultural Heritage | DISH2009 | 10-12-2009 1 introduction to the use cases 2 what is the semantic web 3 remodelling data for findability 4 reusing web resources for subject annotation 5 an interface to integrated collections 6 organizational aspects 7 lessons learned, discussion and conclusion
    3. 3. introduction to the use cases | Teylers Universum Teylers Universum Semantic Web for Cultural Heritage | DISH2009 | 10-12-2009
    4. 4. introduction to the use cases | Teylers Universum Teylers Universum heterogeneous collections: art objects books numismatic objects old instruments mineralogical objects paleontological objects
    5. 5. introduction to the use cases | Teylers Universum Teylers Universum flexible and expandable modelling: "regular" intrinsic properties of objects but also extendible types like: events roles statements Semantic Web for Cultural Heritage | DISH2009 | 10-12-2009
    6. 6. introduction to the use cases | Rijksmuseum, VU/CWI Rijksmuseum annotation tool Semantic Web for Cultural Heritage | DISH2009 | 10-12-2009
    7. 7. introduction to the use cases | Rijksmuseum, VU/CWI Subject matter annotation semantic technology to improve subject matter annotation collaboration between museum specialist and academics goals explore feasability of reusing excistig web sources requirements for integration in the museums workflow approach iterative design of prototype (11 weeks) Semantic Web for Cultural Heritage | DISH2009 | 10-12-2009
    8. 8. introduction to the use cases | Sterna STERNA Semantic Web for Cultural Heritage | DISH2009 | 10-12-2009
    9. 9. introduction to the use cases | Sterna STERNA Semantic Web Based Thematic European Reference Network Application Semantic Web for Cultural Heritage | DISH2009 | 10-12-2009
    10. 10. introduction to the use cases | Sterna STERNA heterogeneous collections a distributed environment a multilingual environment link with Europeana Semantic Web for Cultural Heritage | DISH2009 | 10-12-2009
    11. 11. what is the semantic web What is the Semantic Web? Semantic Web for Cultural Heritage | DISH2009 | 10-12-2009
    12. 12. what is the semantic web The Web: “open” documents and links web linkURL URL Semantic Web for Cultural Heritage | DISH2009 | 10-12-2009
    13. 13. what is the semantic web The Semantic Web: “open” data and links web linkURL URL creator Dublin Core Painting: “Green Stripe (Mme Matisse)” Royal Museum of Fine Arts, Copenhagen Painter: “Henri Matisse” Getty ULAN Semantic Web for Cultural Heritage | DISH2009 | 10-12-2009
    14. 14. what is the semantic web Semantic Web for Cultural Heritage | DISH2009 | 10-12-2009 The information is there
    15. 15. what is the semantic web Semantic Web for Cultural Heritage | DISH2009 | 10-12-2009 The information is there
    16. 16. Web 1.0 to Web 3.0
    17. 17. Web 1.0 to Web 3.0
    18. 18. what is the semantic web Make data accessible for linking and reuse by man and machine provide unique identifiers on the Web HTTP URIs for each term http://purl.org/vocabularies/getty/aat/Fauve use commonly agreed upon format processable by machines (RDF) shared vocabularies (Dublin Core, SKOS, ...) Semantic Web for Cultural Heritage | DISH2009 | 10-12-2009
    19. 19. what is the semantic web SKOS Simple Knowledge Organization System Semantic Web for Cultural Heritage | DISH2009 | 10-12-2009
    20. 20. what is the semantic web SKOS Simple Knowledge Organization System <rdf:RDF xmlns:rdf="http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#" xmlns:skos="http://www.w3.org/2004/02/skos/core#"> <skos:Concept rdf:about="http://www.example.com/concepts#shrubs"> <skos:prefLabel xml:lang="en">shrubs</skos:prefLabel> <skos:altLabel xml:lang="en">bushes</skos:altLabel> <skos:prefLabel xml:lang="fr">arbuste</skos:prefLabel> <skos:altLabel xml:lang="fr">buisson</skos:altLabel> </skos:Concept> </rdf:RDF> Semantic Web for Cultural Heritage | DISH2009 | 10-12-2009
    21. 21. remodelling data for findability | Teylers Universum and Sterna Remodelling data for findability Teylers Universum and Sterna flexible and expandable modelling Semantic Web for Cultural Heritage | DISH2009 | 10-12-2009
    22. 22. Semantic Web for Cultural Heritage | DISH2009 | 10-12-2009 title : type : creator : date of creation : place of creation : publisher : date of publication : place of publication : publication spec : language : size : registration nr : notes : Travel by box book Hugo de Groot (1583-1645) 1622 Paris Lodewijk Elsevier (1540-1617, ca.) 1623 Leiden 250 pages, illustrated Dutch 29,7 X 21 (cm, h x b) tzx091012 recently discovered remodelling data for findability | Teylers Universum and Sterna
    23. 23. Semantic Web for Cultural Heritage | DISH2009 | 10-12-2009 title : type : creator : role : date of creation : place of creation : publisher : date of publication : place of publication : publication spec : language : size : registration nr : notes : Travel by box book Hugo de Groot (1583-1645) author 1622 Paris Lodewijk Elsevier (1540-1617, ca.) 1623 Leiden 250 pages, illustrated Dutch 29,7 X 21 (cm, h x b) tzx091012 recently discovered remodelling data for findability | Teylers Universum and Sterna
    24. 24. Semantic Web for Cultural Heritage | DISH2009 | 10-12-2009 title : type : creator : creator : role : role : date of creation : place of creation : publisher : date of publication : place of publication : publication spec : language : size : registration nr : notes : Travel by box book Hugo de Groot (1583-1645) Rembrandt van Rijn (1606-1669) author illustrator 1622 Paris Lodewijk Elsevier (1540-1617, ca.) 1623 Leiden 250 pages, illustrated Dutch 29,7 X 21 (cm, h x b) tzx091012 recently discovered √ remodelling data for findability | Teylers Universum and Sterna
    25. 25. Semantic Web for Cultural Heritage | DISH2009 | 10-12-2009 title : type : creator : creator : role : role : date of creation : place of creation : publisher : date of publication : place of publication : publication spec : language : size : registration nr : notes : Travel by box book Hugo de Groot (1583-1645) Rembrandt van Rijn (1606-1669) author illustrator 1622 Paris Lodewijk Elsevier (1540-1617, ca.) 1623 Leiden 250 pages, illustrated Dutch 29,7 X 21 (cm, h x b) tzx091012 recently discovered remodelling data for findability | Teylers Universum and Sterna
    26. 26. Semantic Web for Cultural Heritage | DISH2009 | 10-12-2009 title : type : creator : creator : role : role : creator year of birth : creator year of birth : creator year of death : creator year of death : date of creation : place of creation : publisher : publisher date of birth : publisher date of death : date of publication : place of publication : publication spec : language : … Travel by box book Hugo de Groot (1583-1645) Rembrandt van Rijn (1606-1669) author illustrator 1583 1606 1645 1669 1622 Paris Lodewijk Elsevier (1540-1617, ca.) 1540 1617 (ca.) 1623 Leiden 250 pages, illustrated Dutch … remodelling data for findability | Teylers Universum and Sterna
    27. 27. Semantic Web for Cultural Heritage | DISH2009 | 10-12-2009 title : type : creator : creator : role : role : date of creation : publisher : date of publication : place of publication : publication spec : language : size : registration nr : notes : Travel by box book Hugo de Groot (1583-1645) Rembrandt van Rijn (1606-1669) author illustrator 1622 Lodewijk Elsevier (1540-1617, ca.) 1623 Leiden 250 pages, illustrated Dutch 29,7 X 21 (cm, h x b) tzx091012 recently discovered remodelling data for findability | Teylers Universum and Sterna
    28. 28. Semantic Web for Cultural Heritage | DISH2009 | 10-12-2009 title : event : type : publication spec : language : size : registration nr : notes : Travel by box book 250 pages, illustrated Dutch 29,7 X 21 (cm, h x b) tzx091012 recently discovered remodelling data for findability | Teylers Universum and Sterna
    29. 29. Semantic Web for Cultural Heritage | DISH2009 | 10-12-2009 title : event : type : publication spec : language : size : registration nr : notes : Travel by box Travel by box [creation] 1 book 250 pages, illustrated Dutch 29,7 X 21 (cm, h x b) tzx091012 recently discovered event name : type : actor/role : date : location : notes : Travel by box [creation] 1 creation Hugo de Groot [author] 1622 Paris remodelling data for findability | Teylers Universum and Sterna
    30. 30. Semantic Web for Cultural Heritage | DISH2009 | 10-12-2009 title : event : event : type : publication spec : language : size : registration nr : notes : Travel by box Travel by box [creation] 1 Travel by box [creation] 2 book 250 pages, illustrated Dutch 29,7 X 21 (cm, h x b) tzx091012 recently discovered event name : type : actor/role : date : location : notes : Travel by box [creation] 1 creation Hugo de Groot [author] 1622 Paris event name : type : actor/role : date : location : notes : Travel by box [creation] 2 creation Rembrand van Rijn [illustrator] 1622 Amsterdam remodelling data for findability | Teylers Universum and Sterna
    31. 31. Semantic Web for Cultural Heritage | DISH2009 | 10-12-2009 title : event : event : event : type : publication spec : language : size : registration nr : notes : Travel by box Travel by box [creation] 1 Travel by box [creation] 2 Travel by box [publication] book 250 pages, illustrated Dutch 29,7 X 21 (cm, h x b) tzx091012 recently discovered event name : type : actor/role : date : location : notes : Travel by box [creation] 1 creation Hugo de Groot [author] 1622 Paris remodelling data for findability | Teylers Universum and Sterna event name : type : actor/role : date : location : notes : Travel by box [creation] 2 creation Rembrand van Rijn [illustrator] 1622 Amsterdam event name : type : actor/role : date : location : notes : Travel by box [publication] publication Lodewijk Elsevier [publisher] 1623 Leiden
    32. 32. Semantic Web for Cultural Heritage | DISH2009 | 10-12-2009 title : event : event : event : type : publication spec : language : size : registration nr : notes : Travel by box Travel by box [creation] 1 Travel by box [creation] 2 Travel by box [publication] book 250 pages, illustrated Dutch 29,7 X 21 (cm, h x b) tzx091012 recently discovered event name : type : actor/role : date : location : notes : Travel by box [creation] 1 creation Hugo de Groot [author] 1622 Paris event types creation birth death ownership printing publication shipwreck … remodelling data for findability | Teylers Universum and Sterna
    33. 33. Semantic Web for Cultural Heritage | DISH2009 | 10-12-2009 title : event : event : event : type : publication spec : language : size : registration nr : notes : Travel by box Travel by box [creation] 1 Travel by box [creation] 2 Travel by box [publication] book 250 pages, illustrated Dutch 29,7 X 21 (cm, h x b) tzx091012 recently discovered event name : type : actor/role : date : location : notes : Travel by box [creation] 1 creation Hugo de Groot [author] 1622 Paris actor/role name : actor : role : date : Hugo de Groot [author] Hugo de Groot author 1601-1645 actor name : event : notes : Hugo de Groot roles author illustrator owner painter printer publisher … remodelling data for findability | Teylers Universum and Sterna
    34. 34. actor name : event : notes : Hugo de Groot Semantic Web for Cultural Heritage| DISH2009| 10-12-2009 title : event : event : event : type : publication spec : language : size : registration nr : notes : Travel by box Travel by box [creation] 1 Travel by box [creation] 2 Travel by box [publication] book 250 pages, illustrated Dutch 29,7 X 21 (cm, h x b) tzx091012 recently discovered remodelling data for findability | Teylers Universum and Sterna
    35. 35. actor name : event : event : notes : Hugo de Groot Hugo de Groot [birth] Hugo de Groot [death] Semantic Web for Cultural Heritage| DISH2009| 10-12-2009 title : event : event : event : type : publication spec : language : size : registration nr : notes : Travel by box Travel by box [creation] 1 Travel by box [creation] 2 Travel by box [publication] book 250 pages, illustrated Dutch 29,7 X 21 (cm, h x b) tzx091012 recently discovered event name : type : actor/role : actor/role : date : location : notes : Hugo de Groot [birth] birth Jan de Groot [father] Alida van Overschie [mother] 1583 Delft event name : type : actor/role : date : location : notes : Hugo de Groot [death] death 1645 Rostock died after a shipwreck locations Amsterdam Delft Leiden Paris Rostock … remodelling data for findability | Teylers Universum and Sterna
    36. 36. Semantic Web for Cultural Heritage| DISH2009| 10-12-2009 title : event : event : event : type : publication spec : language : size : registration nr : notes : Travel by box Travel by box [creation] 1 Travel by box [creation] 2 Travel by box [publication] book 250 pages, illustrated Dutch 29,7 X 21 (cm, h x b) tzx091012 recently discovered actor/role name : actor : role : date : Hugo de Groot [author] Hugo de Groot author 1601-1645 referrers Adamus Exul [creation] De republicaemendanda [creation] Parallelon rerumpublicarum [creation] De Indis [creation] Christus patiens [creation] Mare Liberum [creation] De antiquitate reipublicae Batavicae [creation] Travel by box [creation] 1 √ √ √ remodelling data for findability | Teylers Universum and Sterna
    37. 37. Semantic Web for Cultural Heritage| DISH2009| 10-12-2009 "legacy systems" versus RDF you need an RDF-like infrastructure to handle this type of modelling "classic" databases are reliable and fast but they are not very flexible "classic" indexers are reliable and fast but they are not good in complicated queries RDF structures are very flexible the RDF format is very useful for complicated queries but RDF technology is not yet mature remodelling data for findability | Teylers Universum and Sterna
    38. 38. reusing web resources for subject annotation | Rijksmuseum annotation tool Reusing web resources for subject annotation Rijksmuseum annotation tool Semantic Web for Cultural Heritage | DISH2009 | 10-12-2009
    39. 39. Print Room online registration and digitization project (3 years) 30.000 objects a year high quality enclosure, registration by specialists basic properties: e.g. object ID, storage location, Title, creator and measurements properties for better accessibility: high quality digital scans subject matter annotations Semantic Web for Cultural Heritage | DISH2009 | 10-12-2009 reusing web resources for subject annotation | Rijksmuseum annotation tool
    40. 40. Subject annotation 1. focus on the main subject (due to required throughput rates) 2. the cataloguers are instructed to only describe the WHO (depicted person/organization) WHAT (event name) WHERE (place) WHEN (date) 3. to use the existing thesauri of the Rijksmuseum and the Iconclass classification system Semantic Web for Cultural Heritage | DISH2009 | 10-12-2009 reusing web resources for subject annotation | Rijksmuseum annotation tool
    41. 41. Several unsolved problems Adding new terms is time consuming: one full month a year of adding thesaurus terms instead of catalogueing objects the external thesauri/classification systems not integrated in Adlib: e.g. IconClass, AAT Generic terms are required for subject annotions, no integrated source Maintaining a thesaurus is work for specialist time consuming difficult to achieve and keep a high quality Semantic Web for Cultural Heritage | DISH2009 | 10-12-2009 reusing web resources for subject annotation | Rijksmuseum annotation tool
    42. 42. Semantic Web for Cultural Heritage | DISH2009 | 10-12-2009 reusing web resources for subject annotation | Rijksmuseum annotation tool
    43. 43. Semantic Web for Cultural Heritage | DISH2009 | 10-12-2009 reusing web resources for subject annotation | Rijksmuseum annotation tool
    44. 44. http://e-culture.multimedian.nl/pk/annotate?uri=RP-P-OB-77.320 Semantic Web for Cultural Heritage | DISH2009 | 10-12-2009 reusing web resources for subject annotation | Rijksmuseum annotation tool
    45. 45. Advantages annotation larger coverage multiple perspectives maintenance by third party search multilingual (IconClass, AAT, WordNet) alternatives spelling (ULAN,TGN) synonyms (WordNet, AAT, TGN) nicknames (ULAN) multiple perspectives relations between thesaurus terms Semantic Web for Cultural Heritage | DISH2009 | 10-12-2009 reusing web resources for subject annotation | Rijksmuseum annotation tool
    46. 46. Requirements standard representation (SKOS) enables integration extensive configuration of search algorithm and interface design collaboration between museum experts and developers Semantic Web for Cultural Heritage | DISH2009 | 10-12-2009 reusing web resources for subject annotation | Rijksmuseum annotation tool
    47. 47. an interface to integrated collections | Sterna An interface to integrated collections Sterna Birdwatchers interface Semantic Web for Cultural Heritage | DISH2009 | 10-12-2009 http://science.naturalis.nl/collections/sterna-birdwatchers-portal
    48. 48. organizational aspects | Rijksmuseum Organizational aspects Rijksmuseum Semantic Web for Cultural Heritage | DISH2009 | 10-12-2009
    49. 49. Collaboration between Rijksmuseum and Multimedian Semantic Web for Cultural Heritage | DISH2009 | 10-12-2009 organizational aspects | Rijksmuseum
    50. 50. The Rijksmuseum has opportunities for experimentation provide innovations for digitization of cultural heritage why the Print Room Online? specific scope for subject matter annotation strict guidelines and procedures necessity for new datasources /thesauri Semantic Web for Cultural Heritage | DISH2009 | 10-12-2009 organizational aspects | Rijksmuseum
    51. 51. Semantic Web for Cultural Heritage | DISH2009 | 10-12-2009 organizational aspects | Rijksmuseum
    52. 52. organizational aspects | Naturalis Organizational aspects Naturalis Semantic Web for Cultural Heritage | DISH2009 | 10-12-2009
    53. 53. organizational aspects | Naturalis Organizational aspects Naturalis Semantic Web for Cultural Heritage | DISH2009 | 10-12-2009 create a peer-to-peer network of content providers based on a common knowledge domain bigger organisations have usually more facilities and/or resources and should support smaller partner institutions in the network a suitable technical infrastructure is necessary to support the realization of such a network the Sterna project is part of the iterative process of realizing this ambition
    54. 54. organizational aspects | Trezorix Organizational aspects Trezorix Semantic Web for Cultural Heritage | DISH2009 | 10-12-2009
    55. 55. organizational aspects | Trezorix Organizational aspects Trezorix Semantic Web for Cultural Heritage | DISH2009 | 10-12-2009 Trezorix works with clients who, as knowledge distributors and networking organizations, have a strong ambition of themselves to be innovators Trezorix works closely together with academic communities, exchanging all kinds of innovative ideas with extensive practical experiences in building semantic networks
    56. 56. Our Conclusions Semantic Web for Cultural Heritage | DISH2009 | 10-12-2009 lessons learned
    57. 57. Our Conclusions •implementation of semantic networks is an undertaking that takes a lot of effort and energy from cultural heritage institutions: •the Institutions will have to deal with complex questions about content, organization and technical solutions •there is a strong need for supporting services should all other tools in the tool chain be adapted? •it requires a dialogue and collaboration with other institutions and organizations about the organizational aspects Semantic Web for Cultural Heritage | DISH2009 | 10-12-2009 lessons learned
    58. 58. lessons learned Lessons learned Semantic Web for Cultural Heritage | DISH2009 | 10-12-2009
    59. 59. lessons learned Lessons learned •there is a tendency for cultural heritage institutions to rely too much on the "beneficial" effects and possibilities of technology •all parties have different goals, define these goals from the beginning •create commitment in involving all kind of people (technical staff, curators, cataloguers, users of the database) •make the collaboration official and make sure there’s time in your organization for innovative projects that won’t immediately result in ready made products Semantic Web for Cultural Heritage | DISH2009 | 10-12-2009
    60. 60. Group discussion Semantic Web for Cultural Heritage | DISH2009 | 10-12-2009 lessons learned
    61. 61. Semantic Web for Cultural Heritage | DISH2009 | 10-12-2009 lessons learned Group discussion Do you recognize the situations demonstrated in these three cases? How is dealt with these situations in your institution? Do you think semantic technology can provide solutions for your institution as well? Do you think universities, cultural heritage institutions and developers should work more closely together in innovative projects and how should it be organized?
    62. 62. information architecture Hans Nederbragt hans@trezorix.nl Maarten Heerlien m.heerlien@trezorix.nl Michiel Hildebrand Michiel.Hildebrand@cwi.nl Geertje Jacobs g.jacobs@rijksmuseum.nl

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