HOPE AND WISH - WEB20 - January 20th, 2013
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HOPE AND WISH - WEB20 - January 20th, 2013

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This power point presentation provides information about the use of hope and wish, two english verbs which have similar meanings

This power point presentation provides information about the use of hope and wish, two english verbs which have similar meanings

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HOPE AND WISH - WEB20 - January 20th, 2013 HOPE AND WISH - WEB20 - January 20th, 2013 Presentation Transcript

  • HOPE AND WISHUSES IN CONTEXT PART ONE
  • USING HOPEThe verb hope is used to express: An event that possibly happened (Past). An event that will possibly happen (Future).In other words, there is a chance for an event to be real.
  • HOPE IN THE PAST STRUCTURE FORMATIONIn order to express a possibility in the past, thefollowing rule is followed: **Subject + hope + that* + **subject + simple past*The word “that” is optional in the sentence and can be excluded from it without alterating its meaning.** The subject can be the same person or two different people.
  • SOME EXAMPLES – N°1Let´s analyze some sentences. Antonio hopes (that) she enjoyed the party Subject Subject Simple pastExplanation:This sentence expresses that Antonio does not knowif she enjoyed the party but there is a possibility thatit happened.
  • SOME EXAMPLES – N°2 We hope (that) they got to the airport on time. Subject Subject Simple pastEXPLANATIONAccording to the sentence, we as speakers are not sure ifthey got to the airport on time but there is a possibility for itto be a real fact.
  • HOPE IN THE FUTURE STRUCTURE FORMATIONTo express a possibility in the future, the followingrule is followed: **Subject + hope + that* + **subject + could – base form*The word “that” is optional in the sentence and can be excluded from it without alterating its meaning.**The subject can be the same person in both positions or two different people.
  • SOME EXAMPLES – N°1 Roger hopes (that) Sara could join the party. Subject Subject Base formEXPLANATIONIn this sentence, Roger is not sure if Sara willjoin the party but the chance is there.
  • SOME EXAMPLES – N°2 Katherine hopes (that) David could lend her some money. Subject Subject Base formEXPLANATIONAlthough Katherine does not know if David willlend her some money, the event will probablytake place in the future.
  • USING WISHThis verb is used to express that: An event definitely did not happen. An event definitely will not happen.Therefore, it is not possible.
  • WISH IN THE PAST STRUCTURE FORMATIONWhen writing sentences with “wish” the order should be: **Subject + wish + that* + **subject + past perfect*It is not necessary to use the word “that”.Omitting it does not cause any modification in the meaning of thesentence.** The subject can be the same person in both positions or two different people.
  • SOME EXAMPLES – N° 1 Veronica wishes (that) they had called her. Subject Subject Past perfectEXPLANATIONIn this sentence, the event did not happen and itis just a desire.
  • WISH IN THE FUTURE STRUCTURE FORMATIONIf the speaker needs to express that somethingdefinetely will not happen, the following formulais used: **Subject + wish + that* + **subject + could + base form*The word “that” is optional in the sentence and can be excluded from it without alterating its meaning.**The subject can be the same person in both positions or two different people.
  • EXAMPLE N°1 Paul wishes (that) they could train next week. Subject Subject Base formEXPLANATIONIn this case, the speaker means that they will nottrain next week. Paul is just expressing a desire.