War Impact On Education


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War Impact On Education

  2. 2. Facts and figures <ul><li>Educational institutions destroyed or damaged by military actions: 55 </li></ul><ul><li>Schools used as IDP shelters: 165 (in Tbilisi); 6 (other) </li></ul><ul><li>Kindergartens used as IDP shelters: 169 (Tbilisi); 26 (other) ‏ </li></ul><ul><li>HE institutions used as IDP shelters: 9 </li></ul><ul><li>VET centers used as IDP shelters: 7 (in Tbilisi); 8 (other) ‏ </li></ul><ul><li>Youth summer camps used as IDP shelters: 4 </li></ul><ul><li>Number of displaced children: 28,190 (Under 17) ‏ </li></ul><ul><li>Number of displaced teachers: 9500 </li></ul><ul><li>Number of schools in Gori and Georgian villages of South Ossetia: 108 </li></ul><ul><li>Number of Ossetian schools in Georgia: 3 (2 in Lagodekhi, 1 in Kvareli) ‏ </li></ul>
  3. 3. Estimates <ul><li>30,000 IDPs cannot return to their homes in the near future as their residential areas are still occupied by Russian troops: </li></ul><ul><li>Out of these children: 9,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Number of educational institutions where IDPs will remain for one year: 230 </li></ul>
  4. 4. Infrastructure damage <ul><ul><li>Within conflict zones </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3 schools in village Eredvi are burnt down and the extent of damage in one is unknown. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Avnevi public school is burnt down. Damage to other schools in village Avnevi cannot be estimated. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>One school is partially damaged and a sports playground is damaged in Upper Abkhazia. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The extent of damage to four public schools located in village Kurta cannot be estimated due to the lack of access for Georgian officials to the region. However personal reports of the residents of the village suggest that they have been ruined. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Outside conflict zones </li></ul><ul><li>23 schools in Gori district have been damaged </li></ul><ul><li>School No 7 in Gori needs full rehabilitation. </li></ul><ul><li>The school in village Nikozi is half-destroyed. </li></ul><ul><li>Gori University has been heavily damaged. </li></ul><ul><li>Three public schools and one VET center in Kaspi district are lightly damaged. </li></ul><ul><li>Nine public schools are damaged and robbed in Kareli district and two schools are burnt down. </li></ul><ul><li>Two public schools are lightly damaged in Senaki and two VET centers are partially destroyed. </li></ul><ul><li>Two public schools and one VET center are lightly damaged in Zugdidi. </li></ul><ul><li>One Youth summer camp in Ganmukhuri has been looted and after burned entirely </li></ul>
  5. 6. Infrastructure damage <ul><li>Before </li></ul>After Nikozi public secondary school before and after the Russian invasion
  6. 7. Infrastructure damage <ul><li>A school in Gori after the Russian invasion </li></ul>
  7. 8. Infrastructure damage <ul><li>Gori State University after Russian shelling </li></ul>
  8. 9. Infrastructure damage: IDP shelters <ul><li>110,048 IDPs were sheltered in 698 different locations in Tbilisi. 90% of the shelters are educational institutions </li></ul><ul><li>IDPs are occupying 165 schools in Tbilisi 16 of which will not be able to start academic year before October the earliest </li></ul><ul><li>School furniture (desks, chairs, black and white boards) have been damaged as IDPs have been using them as beds; toilets, being used by excessive number of people need urgent repair, else they may become centres for spreading epidemic diseases. </li></ul><ul><li>Outside Tbilisi, 21,840 people remain in 89 locations, out of which 53 are educational and research institutions. </li></ul><ul><li>IDPs will remain in all kindergartens in Tbilisi and Gori (169 in Tbilisi and 45 in Gori) which will presumably cause further damages to their infrastructure. </li></ul>
  9. 10. Impact on students <ul><li>Casualties and wounded </li></ul><ul><li>19 children under 18 years of age are currently wounded and placed in hospitals. </li></ul><ul><li>One child of the age 15 was killed near Gori. </li></ul><ul><li>Displaced children </li></ul><ul><li>122,345 IDPs have been registered during the Russian-Georgia war. Part of the IDPs have returned to their homes in Gori and nearby villages. 64,397 IDPs still remain throughout the country by September 4, 2008. Total number of displaced children was estimated at 28,028 by September 1 (23,170 under 12 and 4858 between 12 and 17). 2,112 out of these children do not have parents or guardians. </li></ul><ul><li>Many of these children face the risk of dropping out of school or academic failure. Most of the displaced children suffer from psychic and neurotic disorders. According to meical experts, the post traumatic disorders will show up within 1 – 2 months and they will be affecting not only IDP or victim society, but the whole population. </li></ul>
  10. 11. Impact on students and teachers <ul><li>School students: </li></ul><ul><li>The normal course of the academic year hindered </li></ul><ul><li>16 schools in Tbilisi and 47 schools of different regions (mainly Gori, Kaspi, Kareli regions) will not start the academic year nearest months </li></ul><ul><li>17000 of students studying in these schools will have to move to schools located nearby. </li></ul><ul><li>Pre-school students: </li></ul><ul><li>IDPs will remain in 169 kindergartens in Tbilisi and 17 in Gori. </li></ul><ul><li>Pre-school education cancelled in Tbilisi and Gori for one year </li></ul><ul><li>over 30,000 children attending those kindergartens </li></ul><ul><li>labour prospects and conditions of their parents </li></ul><ul><li>Teachers </li></ul><ul><li>9,500 displaced school teachers </li></ul><ul><li>School teachers in Tbilisi and Gori will also face the problem of boosted class sizes. </li></ul><ul><li>Around 3,000 kindergarten teachers in Tbilisi and Gori are left without jobs </li></ul>
  11. 12. Other impact on education <ul><li>Budget constraints </li></ul><ul><li>MoES budget cut by GEL 18 million </li></ul><ul><li>Termination of education reform support programs for 2009 might reverse the results of comprehensive education sector reform implemented since 2004 . </li></ul><ul><li>Special schools </li></ul><ul><li>1,179 IDPs are placed in 15 special education institutions for children with limited educational abilities and centres for homeless children. </li></ul><ul><li>3 orphanages are located in the areas which were under direct military threat: </li></ul><ul><li>Akhalgori Orphanage – 80 children are threatened by Ossetian troops and their lives are still under the danger. Children cannot leave the institution at this stage. </li></ul><ul><li>Zugdidi Orphanage – 120 Children went through the bombings and even secure now cannot overcome the posttraumatic stress disorder (enuresis, trembling syndrome, etc.). </li></ul><ul><li>Senaki Orphanage – 70 severally disabled kids went through the bombings and are still in shock. </li></ul><ul><li>Other constraints </li></ul><ul><li>publishing of textbooks for schools has been stopped </li></ul><ul><li>the process of privatization of VET centers is stopped </li></ul><ul><li>training of newly-elected school directors and administrators (schools in Georgia are now autonomous self-governing units), teacher training cancelled </li></ul>
  12. 13. Immediate challenges facing educational institutions of Georgia <ul><li>Educational institutions all over the country have to take extraordinary efforts to ensure that regular educational process is not further interrupted and hindered. Administrative staff, teachers and the staff of educational resource centers around the country will have to: </li></ul><ul><li>carry out their ordinary routine activities </li></ul><ul><li>improve the current services through introducing innovations and active involvement in reform processes </li></ul><ul><li>address special needs of IDP children/students </li></ul><ul><li>address needs of children/students with psychological or other post-traumatic disorders </li></ul><ul><li>ensure secure environment in affected regions (with regards to explosives, cluster bombs, other devices, arms) ‏ </li></ul><ul><li>deal with problems created by increased student to teacher ratio </li></ul><ul><li>have less access to funding from state budget </li></ul>
  13. 14. <ul><li>Thousands of children and young people in Georgia are deprived of basic rights including safety and education </li></ul>
  14. 15. they hope