R. Katz, Scholars and Scholarship in the Age of Digital Disruption
Scholars, Scholarship and the Scholarly Enterprise in the Digital Age DET/CHE November 29, 2011 San Francisco, California Richard N. Katz
Street CredPUBLICATIONSRestoration of the North Pacific Coast Locomotive No. 12,SONOMA, (California State Railroad Museum Technical PaperNo. 1, 1978).The Legal Struggle to Abolish the House UnAmerican ActivitiesCommittee: Papers of Jeremiah Gutman. (Meiklejohn Press,1980).The National Lawyers Guild: An Inventory of Records andIndex to Periodicals. (Meiklejohn Press, 1981).Committed To Excellence in Records Management. JointAuthorship with Richard P. West. (The Office, 1986).The Academic Computing Environment. (Directors ofEducational Technology/California Higher Education,1990).Implementing the Vision: A Framework and Agenda forInvesting in Academic Computing. Joint authorship withRichard P. West. (EDUCOM Review, 1990).Sustaining Excellence in the 21st Century: A Vision AndStrategies For College And University Administration. Jointauthorship with Richard P. West. (CAUSE Professional Paper,1992).The Impact of Automation on our Corporate Memory. Jointauthorship with Victoria A. Davis, in Corporate Archives andHistory. (Krieger, 1992).Academic Information Management at the Crossroads: TimeAgain To Review the Economics. (Serials Review, 1992).
Digital Age, Part 2 Real Disruption • Sharp decline in newspaper revenues • No online business model • No one under 30 years old reads paper newspapers • ≠ the end of news or the end of news reporting
The Digital Age, Part 2 “We are today as far into the electric age as the Elizabethans had advanced into the Typographical Age.” Marshall McLuhan, 1962, The Gutenberg Galaxy… The past dissolves before the future resolves.”
Ending the Busy-ness of Scholarship• Discover• Retrieve• Assess• Annotate• Tag Dr. Ron Yanosky EDUCAUSE Center• Index for Applied Research• Store• In digital form 7x24x365
Liberation of the Scholar• Optical fiber to the home• Wall size plasma display• From the Kuyper Belt to your home• World class Heidi Hammel, Space Sciences Institute science, loads of public service and time for the kids!
Scholarship Research TeachingMarie Curie Application Integration
Liberation of Scholarly ResourcesHubble Telescope Palomar 200 inch telescope, 1948
Scholarly Enterprise• Declining engagement• Empty lecture theatres• Dwindling tutorials• Rising Costs• Continued low participation by key minorities in U.S.
Enterprise: Growth of For Profits2005 2010 1999 2009Institutions--Number of public institutions 1,738 1,705--Percentage of all institutions that are public 39.6% 36.8%--Number of private, nonprofit institutions 1,745 1,713--Percentage of all institutions that are private 39.7% 37.0%--Number of for-profit institutions 909 1,215--Percentage of all institutions that are for-profit 20.7% 26.2%Enrollments--Public institutions total 13,085,114 14,909,531--Public institutions as a percentage of all students 74.5% 71.9%--Private, nonprofit total 3,589,454 3,924,278--Private, nonprofit as a percentage of all students 20.4% 18.9%--For-profit total 899.896 1,893,712--For-profit as a percentage of all students 5.1% 9.1% Source: Inside Higher Education, January 18, 2011
Scholarly Enterprise:Rise of the Edupunks Jim Groom, with permission
Scholarly Isolation, Fragmentation and the Shifting Locus of Scholarly Authority• Scholarly isolation• Fragmentation of the scholarly landscape• Continued decline of the campus connection• Balkanization of ideas• Rising Incivility ISSUES
Crowd Sourcing and the Rise of TruthinessPeer review by plebescite? Truthiness:Shifting standards of scholarly “The quality of stating conceptsassessment one wishes or believes to be true, rather than the facts.”ISSUES
What Must We Do? Operating Philosophy Standards Incentives Flexible Delivery Network of System Partners
Summing Up• Educational Technology is Better! – Enabling and Disrupting• Transformational Change is Possible, even Likely• Others will Make Change, too, Making our Task Urgent• There will be Giants and Minnows – Institutions that are Guided by Strong Vision and Strategy will Prosper• Scholarship will Adapt (and prosper)• This Community must help our Institutions Adapt!
The Future?• Shifting Societal Needs• A Real and a Virtual Footprint• S/he with the Best Metaphor Wins• Strategies for Giants and Minnows• Scholarship will Adapt (and prosper)• The Big Challenges Relate to Purpose and Will• Our Values Continue to Matter – More than Ever