Trends and developments in sustainability and reneawable enrgy

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Presentation on trends and developments in sustainability and renewable energy. …

Presentation on trends and developments in sustainability and renewable energy.
NBI Expo, Eindhoven, March 6, 2012

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  • 1. TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTSIN SUSTAINABILITY ANDRENEWABLE ENERGY Jan Willem Dijk MSc Jan.willem.dijk@dconsult.nl NBI Expo, March 6th 2012
  • 2. Jan Willem Dijk MSc. Owner and director DConsult Consultancy on sustainability and energy International business analyses EU27, China, Indonesia, etc. Project financing and feasibility studies Expert environment European Commission http://www.dconsult.nl
  • 3. Table of ContentOpening speech: Renewable energy Sustainable buildings Sustainable mobility and transport Innovation, from research to new products and services
  • 4. Table of ContentOpening speech: Renewable energy Sustainable buildings Sustainable mobility and transport Innovation, from research to new products and services
  • 5. Renewable energy Wind power Hydropower Solar energy Biomass Biofuel Geothermal energy
  • 6. 700 BC: making fire and burn
  • 7. 300 BC – 20 AD
  • 8. 100-600 BC
  • 9. 1767 first solar collector by Horace de Saussure
  • 10. 1921Albert Einsteinwins the Nobel Prize for his explaining the photoelectric effect.
  • 11. 1916:Experimentalproof of thephotoelectriceffect
  • 12. 1883Charles Fritts1st Solar Cell
  • 13. Solar nowadays I. Solar thermal:  Water heating  Heating, cooling and ventilation  Water treatment  Cooking  Process heat
  • 14. II. Solar power:1.Photovoltaic2.Concentrated solar
  • 15. Improving solar efficiency
  • 16. Table of ContentOpening speech: Renewable energy Sustainable buildings Sustainable mobility and transport Innovation, from research to new products and services
  • 17. 45.000 BC Prehistoric living, shelters and wood fired heatingEnergy Efficiency in buildings
  • 18. 19th century:-body heat-wood, peat
  • 19. Until the 60s of the 20th century, manyhouses in the Netherlands andBelgium were heated with coal stoves.
  • 20. 1. Effective Insulation2. High-Performance Windows3. Tight Construction and Ducts4. Efficient Heating and Cooling Equipment5. Lighting and Appliances
  • 21. Last decade, a zero-energy building: a building with zeronet energy consumption and zero carbon emissionsannuallyNext step: energy delivering houseA house delivers more power and heat than itrequires
  • 22. Smart-grids FUTURE  Connecting energy supply and demand in a city in a decentralized way  Smart interconnection between residential homes, offices and industries, and e- mobility (batteries)
  • 23. Table of ContentOpening speech: Renewable energy Sustainable buildings Sustainable mobility and transport Innovation, from research to new products and services
  • 24. 2200 BC – 21stcentury Horse drawn vehicles
  • 25. 1stIndustrialrevolution:CoalTrain
  • 26. Gasoline, kerosene, and ethanol (alcohol) powered engine (biofuel) 1908-1927: T-Ford: innovation
  • 27. Innovation hampers  1908 the Model T had fuel economy of 11 Liters per 100 km  2008 cars drive on average on 8,3 Liters per 100 km  100 years of innovation resulted in 13% fuel reduction
  • 28. New technologies developed New:  Bio-fuel mobility  Electric mobility Reasons:  energy security,  less oil dependency  green house gas reduction
  • 29. Bio-fuels  1ste generation Biodiesel (vegetable oils and animal fats) and ethanol (corn or sugarcane)  Problem: food versus fuel production, deforestati on
  • 30. Bio-fuels 1st generation  1ste generation Biodiesel (vegetable oils and animal fats) and ethanol (corn or sugarcane)  Problem: food versus fuel production, deforestati on
  • 31. Bio-fuels 2nd generation  2nd generation: biofuels algae and cellulosic biomass  Problem: expensive, less volumes available, pollution, hig h energy content
  • 32. Electric mobility  Electric vehicles are 100% emission-free  having no polluting byproducts,  are more fuel- efficient,  get a better mileage,  and have less moving parts to PROBLEM: wear out BATTERIES
  • 33. Are hydrogen and fuel cells asolution for electrical vehicles?
  • 34. Table of ContentOpening speech: Renewable energy Sustainable buildings Sustainable mobility and transport Innovation, from research to new products and services
  • 35. Sustainability andrenewable energyopportunities are basedon technology
  • 36. For the development of thistechnology a knowledge economy For the developmentis required of sustainable technology a knowledge economy is required
  • 37. A knowledgeeconomy createsideas andtechnicalknowledge thatis appliedthroughinnovation intonew productsand servicesresulting in neweconomic
  • 38. One of main the main problems is:Transferring research into innovationinto new products and/or services
  • 39. Besides:their is a gapbetweenuniversities andcompanies, andentrepreneurship is lacking
  • 40. Solution: Stakeholders have to come together have to come together
  • 41. To become innovative andsuccessful An economic and institutional regime to provide incentives for the efficient use of existing and new knowledge and the flourishing of entrepreneurship; An educated and skilled population to create, share, and use knowledge well; An efficient innovation system of firms, research centres, universities, consultants and other organizations to tap into the growing stock of global knowledge, assimilate and adapt it to local needs, and create new technology; Information and communication technology to facilitate the effective creation, dissemination, and processing of information