Pirates of New England A brief look at the history of two pirates off the New England Coast. Presented by: Darlene A. Cobbhttp://beej.us/pirates/pirate_view.php?file=pyle_rollingondeck.jpg http://beej.us/pirates/pirate_view.php?file=galleon.jpg
Within this presentation I take a very brief glance at the history oftwo pirates not so well known, but in fact were true pirates. In studying thehistory of pirates I had to consider what was fact and what was fiction. Indoing so , what I thought was real was not and what I thought was makebelieve actually was real. Pirates to me are fantastical characters. They were people whostrived for a better life no matter what the cost. They were not always wellliked, but in reading about them, I look at them with a much differentperspective. Of course I have only touched the surface of their history. Theywere cruel, heartless and greedy right? Ahh! What I discovered is that theyalso had families, cared about their men and were Robin Hoods of the seas. Some of the things that I bring to my presentation were items Ifound interesting and some related to the pirates I researched. I hope you enjoy my presentation !
Directions • Because everyone reads at a different speed, I wanted to give you, the viewer, the opportunity to control the timing of this presentation. • Each slide is adjusted for you to click when you are ready to proceed. http://beej.us/pirates/pirate_view.php?file=davis.gif• On the next slide is a clip from one of my favorite movies, Pirates of the Caribbean: At Worlds End.• I felt it was important to share this clip because it gives a wonderful visual to what Pirates looked like and what happened to them during the Privateering era.• When naval ships were hired to round up these pirates and bring them at times to there death.To start the clip please click on the play button.Enjoy!
Overview • Introduction of Pirates along the Coast of New England. • Robert Bartholomew • Jolly Roger Flag • William Kidd • Original Book of Pirates 1724 • Samuel Bellamy• Recent pictures taken at the Shelburne Museum in Shelburne, VT
http://www.mysticseaport.org/imagestore/shop_images/s1043136-q.jpgThis painting was done by Mike Eagle and was found on the Mystic Seaport past exhibits page. At one time as a child, thehistory of whaling, was introduced to me by a woman my grandmother knew who owned an inn in Edgartown. Edgartown is asmall town located on Marthas Vineyard, Cape Cod. As a child I spent my summers in Falmouth, Cape Cod with mygrandparents. Edgartown was my first exposure to the history of whaling and ships. Never did I dream as a child that therewere also Pirates along the coast of Cape Cod.
Pirate and Captain Bartholomew Roberts also known as Black Bart. This picture was taken from the Smithsonian’s American History Museum. It depicts him after he has captured eleven slave ships. “ On the Gold Coast and what was sometimes called the Slave Coast, the principal export was black African slaves, who were shipped to the plantations in North America and the West Indies. It has been calculated that during the eighty years of its existence the Royal Africahttp://americanhistory.si.edu/onthewater/exhibition/1_5.html Company alone delivered 100,000 slaves to the colonies. At the time of Bartholomew Roberts’ raids along the African coast, around 36,000 Africans were being transported across the Atlantic each year from the various trading post "states David Cordingly author(231).
• Jolly Roger symbol of Black Beard and eventually of all pirates. In Under the Black Flag: The Romance and Reality of Pirates, author David Cordingly describes the use of flags as such, “ What all the pirate flags had in common …. applying to all pirates was their need to strike terror in the minds of the merchanthttp://americanhistory.si.edu/onthewater/exhibition/1_5.html seamen who were their victims” (116). Continuing Cordingly states, “Ship’s captains sometimes used the symbol in their logbooks when recording the deaths of members of the crew”(116).
William Kidd aka. Captain Kidd• William Kidd born in Greenock, Scotland 1645.• He eventually became a merchant sailor.• In 1690 Kidd was an established sea captain and ship owner in New York.• He then received a royal commission to hunt pirates.• 1696 He took over the ship called, “Quedagh Merchant” and became a pirate.• He renamed the “Quedagh Merchant” the “Adventure Prize.”• In 1791 he was caught, convicted of murder and piracy and hung on the execution dock in London. (http://www.portcities.org.uk/london/server/show/ConFactFile.3/ Captain-Kidd.html)
The name of this painting is: Kidd burying his treasure. Cordingly in detail elucidates , “As soon as Kidd was safely locked up in a Boston jail…efforts to locate and retrieve the treasure, which was now scattered in various locations around New York, Boston and the West Indies” (190). It has yet to be discovered.http://beej.us/pirates/pirate_view.php?file=pyle_kiddtreasure.jpg
Here is an illustration from the “On the Water” series from the Smithsonian virtual Museum of American history. This ship is similar to that of the Captain Kidd’s ship. Many ships like this one were commandeered byhttp://americanhistory.si.edu/onthewater/exhibition/1_5.html Pirates while at sea. Cordingly defines, “Captain Kidd’s ship was the Adventure Galley, of 287 tons. She was built at Deptford in 1695, had a crew of 152, and carried thirty-four guns”(167).
Author David Cordingly shares, “As far as can be gleaned from the meagerinformation on the subject, very few of the pirate captains had wives andfamilies”(71). I personally was not surprised by this concept as I believe that beinga pirate was a very crude and stark existence when it came to men having familiesespecially pirates, but I was pleasantly surprised when reading about PirateWilliam Kidd. Cordingly states, “Captain Kidd had a wife and two daughters wholived in New York”(71). I find this interesting as Kidd had a reputation of nevertaking married men he captured on his ship. Possibly the thought of married menwould remind him of New York and what he was missing. • This illustration depicts the capture of Captain Kidd on the River Thames at Wapping. Cordingly continues, “The gallows was set up on the shore near the low-tide mark. After the pirates had been hanged, their bodies were slowly submerged by the swirling waters of the incoming tide. It was usual to allow three tides to pass over them before the bodies were taken away”(223). http://www.portcities.org.uk/london/server/show/conMediaFile.1847/Captain-Kidd- hanging-in-chains.html
This book was written by Captain Charles Johnson and details the story of Mary Read and Anne Bonny who were female and became pirates. He also includes other pirates as well in his story. Printed in London in 1724 and held in the Smithsonian archives. http://americanhistory.si.edu/onthewater/exhibition/1_5.html#Pirateshttp://americanhistory.si.edu/onthewater/exhibition/1_5.html
Samuel Bellamy or Black Bellamy • Was the captain of the ship the “Whydah” • Believed to have been born in England 1689 • Was married to a woman who lived in England, but left her and a son behind to be a sailor. • While docked in Eastham Harbor, Massachusetts he met Maria Hallelt. • She was 15 years old and he was smitten.• He left port looking for Spanish gold in the west only to become a pirate. • Known as “Black Bellamy” or at times “ Pirate Robin Hood”.http://www.thewayofthepirates.com/famous-pirates/samuel-bellamy.php
Here you can see that the map of Cape Cod shows Eastham on the inside curve of the Cape.http://www.google.com/imgres?q=cape+cod&hl=en&sa=N&biw=1441&bih=710&tbm=isch&tbnid=6kGESYBpaEOHIM:&imgrefurl=http://wikitravel.org/en/Cape_Cod&docid=V8Wht3ldvpgwtM&imgurl=http://wikitravel.org/upload/shared//thumb/2/2c/CapeCodTowns.jpg/400px-CapeCodTowns.jpg&w=400&h=300&ei=AwDVT_S7OIr46QHz6bSoAw&zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=340&vpy=345&dur=250&hovh=194&hovw=259&tx=136&ty=105&sig=117263377102145719854&page=1&tbnh=150&tbnw=200&start=0&ndsp=18&ved=1t:429,r:7,s:0,i:162
According to David Cordingly , “ The most famous pirate shipwreck tookplace on the shores of Cape Cod on April 26, 1717. Sam Bellamy hadcaptured the slave ship the Whydah a few weeks before in the WindwardPassage as she headed for London” (79).Here is Bellamy finally returning to his lost love Maria only to beshipwrecked off the coast of Cape Cod. He was traveling with anothership when all hell broke loose.Cordingly continues, “ During the evening of April 26 the weather turnednasty. Driving rain reduced visibility so that the ships lost touch with eachother, but more serious than the rain was the strong easterly winds whichspring up, sweeping in from the Atlantic and building up a gale force” (79).In the end eight men survived, but alas Black Bellamy drowns never to seehis Maria again.
I recently made a trip to the Shelburne Museum in Shelburne,Vermont. These pictures have really nothing to do withpirates, but they are definitely related to whaling off the coastof Cape Cod. I thought that they were interesting and wantedto share them with you! Enjoy! Original head off a ship This was a pulley off of a whaling ship used to haul the whale on board the ship. Young maiden ships head
BibliographyCordingly, David. Under the Black Flag: The Romance and the Reality of Life Among Pirates. New York: Random House Trade Paperbacks, 1996. Print.History, Smithsonian: National Museum of American. On the Water. n.d. Web. 29 May 2012. http://americanhistory.si.edu/onthewater/History, Smithsonian: National Museum of American . On the Water. Jeff Warner, Louis Killen, Jeff Davis, Fud Benson. "Away Rio." n.d. Sound Bite. http://americanhistory.si.edu/onthewater/pdf/transcript_away_rio.pdfHistory, Smithsonian: National Museum of American. On the Water. Bob Webb. “Whiskey Johnny”. n.d.Sound Bite. http://americanhistory.si.edu/onthewater/pdf/transcript_whiskey_johnny.pdfMuseum National Maritime. London and the Pirates. 1988. Web. 3 June 2012. http://www.portcities.org.uk/london/server.php?show=ConNarrative.57&chapterI d=998Orchestra, Global Stage. "Tia Dalma." Pirates of the Caribbean: Dead Mans Chest. By Hans Zimmer. 2007. Audio .Orchestra, The City of Prague Philharmonic. "Davy Jones." Pirates of the Caribbean: Dead Mans Chest. By Hans Zimmer. 2006. audio.Pirate Images. Web. 8 June 2012. http://beej.us/pirates/index.htmlThe Way of Pirates. Famous Pirates.2012. Web. 4 June 2012. http://www.thewayofthepirates.com