What Is STEM and Why Should I Care?


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Science, Technology, Engineering and Math (STEM) careers are some of the hottest jobs in Pennsylvania. In this webinar, we introduce you to some of the most in-demand STEM careers and share with you some resources for helping your son or daughter begin exploring all the exciting opportunities that are available.

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What Is STEM and Why Should I Care?

  1. 1. What is STEM & Why Should I Care? Sponsored by the Regional Career Education Partnerships of Bucks, Chester, Delaware, Lehigh, Montgomery and Northampton Counties
  2. 2. Sponsored by: Bucks, Chester, Delaware, Lehigh, Montgomery, Northampton & Philadelphia
  3. 4. <ul><li>Materials, an archived copy of the webinar and follow-up resources will be available at: </li></ul><ul><li>http://careerreality.wikispaces.com </li></ul>
  4. 5. Our Presenters <ul><li>Kathy Fadigan </li></ul><ul><li>Assistant Professor of Science Education </li></ul><ul><li>Abington College, Penn State University </li></ul><ul><li>Meg Tredinnick </li></ul><ul><li>Technical Service Engineer </li></ul><ul><li>Heraeus Materials Technology </li></ul>
  5. 6. What is STEM & Why Should I Care?
  6. 7. What is STEM? <ul><li>STEM stands for… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Science </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Technology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Engineering </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mathematics </li></ul></ul>
  7. 8. What is STEM? <ul><li>Forget the stereotype of the mad scientist working alone in the lab. </li></ul>
  8. 9. What is STEM? <ul><li>Real scientists come in all shapes and sizes and colors. </li></ul>
  9. 10. What is STEM? <ul><li>And work in a diverse array of settings. </li></ul>
  10. 11. What is STEM? <ul><li>Utilizing a wide variety of skills and knowledge. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Communication </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mathematics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Curiosity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Attention to detail </li></ul></ul>
  11. 12. What is STEM? <ul><li>Science attempts to better understand our living and non-living world </li></ul>
  12. 13. What is STEM? <ul><li>Science includes areas such as </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Agriculture </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Biology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chemistry </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Physics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Meteorology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Environmental Science </li></ul></ul>
  13. 14. What is STEM? <ul><li>Technology deals with: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Information Science </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Computer-related occupations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Helping users </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Technicians in science </li></ul></ul>
  14. 15. What is STEM? <ul><li>What is an Engineer? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Noun – a person who uses scientific knowledge to solve practical problem </li></ul></ul>
  15. 16. What is STEM? <ul><li>What do engineers do? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Design roller coasters. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Produce fuel-efficient cars. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Create the next cool cell phone. </li></ul></ul>
  16. 17. Areas of Engineering
  17. 18. What is STEM? <ul><li>Mathematics includes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Actuaries </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mathematicians </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Statisticians </li></ul></ul>
  18. 19. Why Should I Care?
  19. 20. Why Should I Care? <ul><li>The gathering storm is rapidly approaching a Category 5 </li></ul>
  20. 21. <ul><li>What are the top actions that federal policymakers could take to enhance the science and technology enterprise so that the United States can successfully compete, prosper, and be secure in the global community of the 21st century? </li></ul>
  21. 22. Recommendations <ul><li>Move the United States K-12 education system in science and mathematics to a leading position by global standards. </li></ul>
  22. 23. Recommendations <ul><li>Double the real federal investment in basic research in mathematics, the physical sciences, and engineering over the next seven years (while, at a minimum, maintaining the recently doubled real spending levels in the biosciences). </li></ul>
  23. 24. Recommendations <ul><li>Encourage more United States citizens to pursue careers in mathematics, science, and engineering. </li></ul>
  24. 25. Recommendations <ul><li>Rebuild the competitive ecosystem by introducing reforms in the nation’s tax, patent, immigration and litigation policies. </li></ul>
  25. 26. A Few Factoids <ul><li>In 2009, 51 percent of United States patents were awarded to non- United States companies. </li></ul>
  26. 27. A Few Factoids <ul><li>Of Wal-Mart’s 6,000 suppliers, 5,000 are in China </li></ul>
  27. 28. A Few Factoids <ul><li>The world’s largest airport is now in China. </li></ul>
  28. 29. A Few Factoids <ul><li>During a recent period during which two high-rise buildings were con- structed in Los Angeles, over 5,000 were built in Shanghai. </li></ul>
  29. 30. A Few Factoids <ul><li>No new nuclear plants and no new petroleum refineries have been built in the United States in a third of a century, a period characterized by intermittent energy-related crises. </li></ul>
  30. 31. A Few Factoids <ul><li>United States consumers spend significantly more money on potato chips than the government devotes to energy R&D. </li></ul>
  31. 32. A Few Factoids <ul><li>In 2000 the number of foreign students studying the physical sciences and engineering in United States graduate schools for the first time surpassed the number of United States students. </li></ul>
  32. 33. A Few Factoids <ul><li>Sixty-nine percent of United States public school students in fifth through eighth grade are taught mathematics by a teacher without a degree or certificate in mathematics </li></ul>
  33. 34. A Few Factoids <ul><li>Ninety-three percent of United States public school students in fifth through eighth grade are taught the physical sciences by a teacher without a degree or certificate in the physical sciences. </li></ul>
  34. 35. A Few Factoids <ul><li>The United States ranks 27th among developed nations in the proportion of college students receiving undergraduate degrees in science or engineering. </li></ul>
  35. 36. A Few Factoids <ul><li>The United States ranks 20th in high school completion rate among industrialized nations and 16th in college completion rate </li></ul>
  36. 37. Fostering STEM Career Development
  37. 38. Fostering STEM Career Development <ul><li>Look for early signs of interests in STEM </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Curiosity of the natural world </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Curiosity of how things work </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The child that would rather take apart his or her toy than play with it </li></ul></ul></ul>
  38. 39. Fostering STEM Career Development <ul><li>Encourage STEM learning at home </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Books, television, videos, playing outside, playing with toys that promote the development of spatial skills and creativity </li></ul></ul>
  39. 40. Fostering STEM Career Development <ul><li>Encourage STEM learning at school </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Homework, internships, job shadowing, extracurricular activities such as science fairs and science clubs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>As many math and science courses as possible. </li></ul></ul>
  40. 41. Fostering STEM Career Development <ul><li>For example, engineering requires </li></ul><ul><ul><li>At least four years of Math </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Including Pre Calculus (1 year of Calculus is preferable) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Three years of science </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Including chemistry and physics </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  41. 42. Fostering STEM Career Development <ul><li>STEM literacy is very important! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Not all kids will grow up to be scientists, but… </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>We want them all to be well educated adults capable of making informed decisions about their personal lives </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>And, lots of students change their minds as young adults </li></ul></ul>
  42. 43. Average Salaries <ul><li>Engineers depending on field: $52K to $83K </li></ul><ul><li>Software Engineers: $85K </li></ul><ul><li>Chemists: $66K </li></ul><ul><li>Medical Scientists: $73K </li></ul><ul><li>Geoscientist: $79K </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental Scientist: $60K </li></ul><ul><li>Biochemist/Biophysicist: $83K </li></ul>
  43. 44. Top Careers <ul><li>O*NET OnLine Help </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.onetonline.org/find/career?c=15&g=Go </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.onetcenter.org/green.html </li></ul></ul>
  44. 45. Emerging Green Jobs <ul><li>Air Quality </li></ul><ul><li>Brownfield Redevelopment Specialists and Site Managers </li></ul><ul><li>Carbon Capture and Sequestration Systems Installers </li></ul><ul><li>Chief Sustainability Officers </li></ul><ul><li>Climate Change Analysts </li></ul><ul><li>Energy Engineers </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental Restoration Planners </li></ul><ul><li>Fuel Cell Technicians </li></ul><ul><li>Geospatial Information Scientists and Technologists </li></ul><ul><li>Nanotechnology Engineering Technicians </li></ul><ul><li>Recycling and Reclamation Workers </li></ul><ul><li>Solar Photovoltaic Installers </li></ul><ul><li>Water Resource Specialists </li></ul><ul><li>Wind Turbine Service Technicians </li></ul>
  45. 47. Career Resources <ul><li>The Life Science Career Alliance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.lscalliance.org/ </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Explore Your Future </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.exploreyourfuture.org/ </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Sloan Career Cornerstone </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.careercornerstone.org/ </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Green Jobs </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>https://greenjobs.workforce3one.org/ </li></ul></ul></ul>
  46. 48. Web Sites to Explore www.braincake.org www.engineergirl.org www.engineeryourlife.org www.manufacturingiscool.com A site for students interested in summer camps, scholarships and other opportunities in manufacturing http://kids.nationalgeographic.com/kids http://www.brainpop.com/ http://stem.discoveryeducation.com
  47. 49. Thank you! <ul><li>Kathy Fadigan – kxf24@psu.edu </li></ul>