E-state Its Evolution, Characteristic Features and Implications
E-state: Its Evolution, Characteristic Features and Implications <ul><li>by </li></ul><ul><li>Dr D.C.Misra </li></ul><ul><...
I. Introduction <ul><li>What is proposed to be covered? </li></ul><ul><li>Visions, Futures, and Select Aspects of E-State ...
I. Visions, Futures, and Select Aspects of E-State   <ul><li>1. Bush’s Memex (1945) </li></ul><ul><li>2. McLuhan’s Global ...
Visions, Futures, and Select Aspects of E-State <ul><li>6 Gilder’s Microcosm (1990) and Telecosm (2000) </li></ul><ul><li>...
II. Evolution of E-state <ul><li>► Fountains’  Virtual State (2001) </li></ul><ul><li>► Fountain defines  Virtual   State ...
III. Characteristic Features of  E-state <ul><li>1. E-state functions through  </li></ul><ul><li>e-government </li></ul><u...
Characteristic Features of  E-state <ul><li>6. E-state serves its citizens more  economically and efficiently </li></ul><u...
IV. Implications of Rise of   E-state <ul><li>1.The rise of e-state will strengthen the state through e-government.  </li>...
Findings of Panagopulous (2004) <ul><li>“ The evidence indicates that improvements in the level of digital government in a...
V. Conclusion <ul><li>Emergence of E-state is reality. </li></ul><ul><li>E-state is add-on to existing state. </li></ul><u...
End of Presentation <ul><li>Thank you . </li></ul><ul><li>--  Dr D.C.Misra </li></ul>
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Misra,D.C. (2009) E State Evolution Characteristic Features Implications 10.9.2009

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This is an introduction to e-state or virtual state tracing its evolution, describing its characteristic features and examining its implications.

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Misra,D.C. (2009) E State Evolution Characteristic Features Implications 10.9.2009

  1. 1. E-state Its Evolution, Characteristic Features and Implications
  2. 2. E-state: Its Evolution, Characteristic Features and Implications <ul><li>by </li></ul><ul><li>Dr D.C.Misra </li></ul><ul><li>Independent E-government Consultant </li></ul><ul><li>New Delhi, India </li></ul><ul><li>Email: [email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>Blog: http://egov-india.blogspot.com / </li></ul><ul><li>Think Tank: http:// tech.groups.yahoo.com/group/cyber_quiz </li></ul><ul><li>Tel: 91-11- 2245 2431 </li></ul><ul><li>Fax: 91-11- 4244 5183 </li></ul>
  3. 3. I. Introduction <ul><li>What is proposed to be covered? </li></ul><ul><li>Visions, Futures, and Select Aspects of E-State </li></ul><ul><li>Evolution of E-state </li></ul><ul><li>Characteristic Features of E-state </li></ul><ul><li>Implications of Rise of E-state </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusion </li></ul>
  4. 4. I. Visions, Futures, and Select Aspects of E-State <ul><li>1. Bush’s Memex (1945) </li></ul><ul><li>2. McLuhan’s Global Village (1959) and Gutenberg Galaxy (1962) </li></ul><ul><li>3.Toffler’s Third Wave (1980), Infosphere (1980) and Electronic Cottage (1980) </li></ul><ul><li>4.Conners’s Infostructure (1997) and Info-tigers (1997) </li></ul><ul><li>5. Makimoto and Manners’ Digital Nomad (1997) </li></ul>
  5. 5. Visions, Futures, and Select Aspects of E-State <ul><li>6 Gilder’s Microcosm (1990) and Telecosm (2000) </li></ul><ul><li>7 Castell’s Network Society (1996) and Internet Galaxy (2001) </li></ul><ul><li>8 Flip Side </li></ul><ul><li>9 Database Nation (2000) </li></ul><ul><li>10 Reality, Virtual Reality and Augmented Reality (2009) </li></ul>
  6. 6. II. Evolution of E-state <ul><li>► Fountains’ Virtual State (2001) </li></ul><ul><li>► Fountain defines Virtual State as </li></ul><ul><li>“ a government that is organized increasingly in terms of virtual agencies, cross-agency and public-private networks whose structure and capacity depend upon the Internet and web” (Fountain 2001:4). </li></ul>
  7. 7. III. Characteristic Features of E-state <ul><li>1. E-state functions through </li></ul><ul><li>e-government </li></ul><ul><li>2. E-state is more powerful than state </li></ul><ul><li>3. E-state is an extension of state </li></ul><ul><li>4. E-state has spawned a number of phenomena </li></ul><ul><li>5. E-state requires substantial investment </li></ul>
  8. 8. Characteristic Features of E-state <ul><li>6. E-state serves its citizens more economically and efficiently </li></ul><ul><li>7. E-state has created demand for new services </li></ul><ul><li>8. E-state has created demand for better performance </li></ul><ul><li>9. E-state has improved accountability and transparency </li></ul><ul><li>10.E-state is dynamic and still evolving </li></ul>
  9. 9. IV. Implications of Rise of E-state <ul><li>1.The rise of e-state will strengthen the state through e-government. </li></ul><ul><li>2.There will be greater citizen participation in the affairs of the state, again through e-government. </li></ul><ul><li>3.The state is going to be more expensive for the citizens as citizens will be required to support both the e-state and state, and the state will be required to meet higher expectations of citizens from e-government. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Findings of Panagopulous (2004) <ul><li>“ The evidence indicates that improvements in the level of digital government in a country will positively affect the level of public confidence in government.” </li></ul><ul><li>“ In fact, for every full unit (1.0) of increase in the e-Government Index, confidence in government is predicted to increase to an astounding 16 percentage points.” </li></ul><ul><li>Similarly, as regards participation (indicated by voting in election), Panagopulous found: “As a nations’ e-Government level (e-Gov Index) rises by a full unit, the turnout in that country is expected to rise by nearly eight percentage points.” </li></ul><ul><li>“ In fact, a full-unit increase in the E-Gov Index would yield a substantial increase of 15 points in the mean rate of turnout” in case of states categorized as “Free” by Freedom House. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Specifically, higher levels of digital government are expected to produce greater confidence in government as well as higher turnout in election.” </li></ul>
  11. 11. V. Conclusion <ul><li>Emergence of E-state is reality. </li></ul><ul><li>E-state is add-on to existing state. </li></ul><ul><li>E-state increases the confidence of citizens in government. </li></ul><ul><li>E-state increases citizen participation in government. </li></ul><ul><li>E-state strengthens democracy where in existence. </li></ul>
  12. 12. End of Presentation <ul><li>Thank you . </li></ul><ul><li>-- Dr D.C.Misra </li></ul>
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