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DCLG Statistics User Engagement Day - Updating the Indices of Multiple Deprivation
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DCLG Statistics User Engagement Day - Updating the Indices of Multiple Deprivation

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Slides from Session 2 - Updating the Indices of Multiple Deprivation

Slides from Session 2 - Updating the Indices of Multiple Deprivation

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  • 1. Updating the Indices of Deprivation DCLG Statistics User Engagement Day 25th November 2013 Baljit Gill and Sarah Ginder Strategic Statistics Division, DCLG
  • 2. Uses of the Indices • Targeting funding or initiatives (national and local) • Setting strategies e.g. Joint Strategic Needs Assessment • Tracking the most deprived areas over time • Assessing inequalities e.g. Slope Index of Inequality • Estimating prevalence by place • Informing communities
  • 3. Plans for the update • We will be updating the Indices, and have recently issued an Invitation to Tender. • Publication anticipated in 2015 • We will review existing deprivation indicators and methodology • Review will commence in 2014 and will be informed by user engagement • This session provides an early opportunity to give views. Feedback gathered today will feed into the review.
  • 4. Plan for the session Introduction Background to the Indices Plans for the update 15 mins General questions 10 mins Group sessions: 40 mins Aspects of the Indices you would like to see: •stay the same, •be enhanced, •changed. Round up/what next 10 mins
  • 5. What are the Indices of Deprivation? • Measure relative deprivation • At small area (LSOA) level • Across seven different domains • A combined Index of Multiple Deprivation (IMD) • Last update was the English Indices of Deprivation 2010, based on data from 2008 • Methodology devised for Indices of Deprivation 2000 has been (broadly) followed in subsequent updates
  • 6. INDOORS LIVING ENVIRONMENT: Housing in poor condition (A) Houses without central heating (B) * OUTDOORS LIVING ENVIRONMENT: Air quality (C) Road traffic accidents (D) Recorded crime rates for the following composite indicators: Burglary (A) Violence (B) Theft (C) Criminal damage (D) GEOGRAPHICAL BARRIERS: Road distance to a GP (A); supermarket or convenience store (B); primary school (C); Post Office (D) WIDER BARRIERS: Overcrowding (E) * Housing affordability (F) Homelessness (G) Living Environment 9.3% Crime 9.3% Income 22.5% CHILDREN: KS2 attainment (A) KS3 attainment (B) KS4 attainment (C) Secondary school absence (D) Staying on in education (E) Entry to higher education (F) SKILLS: Adult skills (G) * Adults and children in Income Support families (A) Adults and children in income-based Jobseeker’s Allowance families (B) Adults and children in Pension Credit (Guarantee) families (C) Adults and children in certain Child Tax Credit families (D) Asylum seekers receiving subsistence/ accommodation support (E) Supplementary Indices: Income Deprivation Affecting Children and Older People (IDACI & IDAOPI) Barriers to Housing and Services 9.3% Education, Skills and Training 13.5% IMD 2010: Domains & Indicators Employment 22.5% Health and Disability 13.5% Years of Potential Life Lost (A) Comparative Illness and Disability Ratio (B) Acute morbidity (C) Mood or anxiety disorders (D) Claimants of Jobseeker’s Allowance (A) Claimants of Incapacity Benefit (B) Claimants of Severe Disablement Allowance (C) Claimants of Employment and Support Allowance (D) Participants in New Deal for under 25s (E) Participants in New Deal for 25 + (F) Participants in New Deal for Lone Parents (G) * denotes Census data
  • 7. Indicator criteria Criteria for inclusion of indicators in Indices of Deprivation 2010: • • • • • • ‘Domain specific’ and appropriate for the purpose Measuring major features of that deprivation Up-to-date Capable of being updated at a regular basis Statistically robust at the small area level, and Available for the whole of England at a small-area level in a consistent form
  • 8. Attributes of the Indices • Consistent, allowing comparisons with other areas • Identify pockets of deprivation • Flexible: users can focus on specific domains of deprivation • Authoritative, independent and endorsed by Government • Accessible to all, and permit scrutiny of decision making • Allow speedy and efficient allocation of funding
  • 9. Scope of the Review The updated Indices will be based on the existing IMD model, retain comparable domains and use the LSOA geography Objectives: a) Reviewing the indicators included in the ID 2010 to determine if they remain fit for purpose and, where there is a clear rationale for doing so, identifying potential changes to the basket of indicators in each domain b) Assessing the current data landscape, documenting changes to (or out datedness of) previously used sources, as well as identifying new sources c) Reviewing whether the statistical methods used in the production of the Indices of Deprivation 2010 are still justified and assessing if alternative methods are available
  • 10. Any questions?
  • 11. Outputs and dissemination Data: • LSOA-level scores and ranks for: • each domain; • the overall Index of Multiple Deprivation; • the two supplementary indices: IDACI and IDAOPI; and • as many sub-domain and indicators as possible • Summary measures at LA District and County level Reports: • • Detailed technical report Summary report
  • 12. Useful mapping/visual tools • Indices of Deprivation explorer (a tool for identifying neighbourhoods and deprivation levels on a map): http://dclgexamples.mywebcommunity.org/imd_demo_v7.htm • Open Data Communities dashboard (to see LA-level IMD and domain summaries pictorially): http://opendatacommunities.org/dashboard (select an LA, then click on the ‘deprivation’ tab) • Open Data Communities deprivation map (does a similar job to the Indices of Deprivation explorer above): http://opendatacommunities.org/deprivation/map • And there are others….
  • 13. ODC mapping tool
  • 14. ODC dashboard
  • 15. Questions for group discussion 1. Which elements or attributes of the Indices of Deprivation 2010 would you like to stay the same? 2. Are there any additional features you would like to see? 3. What would you like done differently? Accessibility and Tools 4. What data formats and tools do you find helpful? 5. Is there anything you currently try and do with the Indices data that could be made easier?
  • 16. And finally… • Thanks for coming! • Opportunity to leave further feedback today at statistics stall • We’ll be in touch in the new year to inform you of plans/developments • Let us know if you would like to be added to our list of users – email: indices.deprivation@communities.gsi.gov.uk

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