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  • congratulation for you ppt Sir. One of the best and complete about andragogy. Mario
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  • sir, could you share this presentation to me because i need it urgently for my report . Just send it to my email. if you have a time lovely.centizas@yahoo.com thanks :)
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  • I AM VERY HAPPY TO SHARE THIS PRESENTATION WITH MY STUDENTS IF I CAN GET........pratik87modi@gmail.com
    thanks please send
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  • Would be grateful to receive your presentation which is veyr inspiring
    olivier.robin@nestle.com
    Thanks, olivier
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  • Could you please kindly share this presentation to me as PDF ks.jayatissa@gmail.com. thank you...
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  • Animated recolored picture fades in over black and white copy(Advanced)To reproduce the picture effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Slides group, click Layout and then click Blank. On the Insert tab, in the Images group, click Picture. In the Insert Picture dialog box, select a picture, and then click Insert. Under PictureTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the Format Picture dialog box, resize or crop the image so that the height is set to 3.58” and the widthis set to 8”. To crop the picture, click Crop in the left pane, and in the right pane, under Crop position, enter values into the Height, Width, Left, and Top boxes. To resize the picture, click Size in the left pane, and in the right pane, under Size and rotate, enter values into the Height and Width boxes.Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the Adjust group, click Color, and then under Recolor click Dark Blue, Text color 2 Dark (second row, first option from the left). Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the Picture Styles group, click Picture Effects, point to Shadow, and then under Inner click Inside Diagonal Top Left (first row, first option from the left).Drag the picture so that it is positioned above the middle of the slide. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow next to Copy, and then click Duplicate.Press and hold CTRL and select both pictures on the slide. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align to Slide.Click Align Center. Click Align Selected Objects. Click Align Middle. Select only the duplicate (top) picture. Under PictureTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the Format Picture dialog box, resize or crop the image so that the widthis set to 2.33”. To crop the picture, click Crop in the left pane, and in the right pane, under Crop position, enter values into the Height, Width, Left, and Top boxes. To resize the picture, click Size in the left pane, and in the right pane, under Size and rotate, enter values into the Height and Width boxes.Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the Adjust group, click Color, and then under Recolor, click No Recolor. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle (first option from the left). On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle. Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, do the following:In the Shape Height box, enter 7.5”.In the Shape Width box, enter 2.33”.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click Shape Outline, and then click No Outline.Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the ShapeStyles group, click ShapeFill, point to Gradient, and then click MoreGradients. In the Format Shape dialog box click Fill in the left pane, select Gradient fill in the Fill pane, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear. In the Angle box, enter 90.Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stops or Remove gradient stops until two stops appear in the slider.  Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops as follows:Select the first stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left).In the Transparency box, enter 55%.  Select the secondstop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left).In the Transparency box, enter 100%. On the slide, drag the rectangle to cover the duplicate picture. Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then do the following:Point to Align, and then click Align to Slide.Point to Align, and then click Align Middle. Click Send Backward. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle (first option from the left). On the slide, drag to draw another rectangle. Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, do the following:In the Shape Height box, enter 4”.In the Shape Width box, enter 2.67”.Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click Shape Fill, point to Gradient, and then click No fill. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, select Solid line in the Line Color pane, and then do the following:Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left). In the Transparency box, enter 70%.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Style in the left pane, and then do the following in the Line Style pane:In the Width box, enter 0.75 pt. Click the button next to Dash type, and then click Square Dot (third option from the top).Drag the dotted rectangle on top of the small, full-color picture. Press and hold SHIFT and select the dotted rectangle, the small picture, and the large picture on the slide. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align Selected Objects. Click Align Middle. On the Insert tab, in the Text group, click Text Box, and then on the slide, drag to draw the text box.Enter text in the text box, select the text, and then on the Home tab, in the Font group, select Gill Sans MT Condensedfrom the Font list, select 24 from the Font Size list, click the button next to Font Color, and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left).On the Home tab, in the Paragraph group, click Center to center the text within the text box.On the slide, drag the text box below the dotted rectangle.To reproduce the background effects on this slide, do the following:Right-click the slide background area, and then click Format Background. In the Format Background dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, and then select Solid fill in the Fill pane. Also in the Fill pane, click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click Black, Text 1, Lighter 15% (fifth row, second option from the left).To reproduce the animation effects on this slide, do the following:On the View tab, in the Zoom group, click Zoom, and then in the Zoom dialog box, in the Percent box, enter 70%. (Note: Make sure that Fit is not selected in the Zoom dialog box.)On the slide, select the dotted rectangle. On the Animations tab, in the Advanced Animations group, click Add Animation, and then, under Motion Paths, clickCustom Path.Press and hold SHIFT to conform the path to a straight, horizontal line, and then do the following on the slide:Click the center of the dotted rectangle to create the first motion-path point.Click approximately ½” beyond the right edge of the rectangle to create the second motion-path point. Double-click approximately 2” beyond the left edge of the slide to create the third and final motion-path point. On the slide, right-click the freeform motion path, and then click Reverse Path Direction. On the Animations tab, in the Timing group, in the Start list, select WithPrevious.On the slide, select the gradient-filled rectangle. On the Animations tab, in the Advanced Animations group, click Add Effect, and then click More Entrance Effects. In the Add Entrance Effect dialog box, under Subtle, click Fade, and then click OK. On the Animations tab, in the Timing group, in the Start list, select WithPrevious.On the Animations tab, in the Timing group, in the Duration box, enter 0.5. On the slide, select the gradient-filled rectangle. On the Animations tab, in the Advanced Animations group, click Add Effect, and then click More Motion Paths. In the Add Motion Path dialog box, under Lines and Curves, click Down, and then click OK. On the Animations tab, in the Timing group, in the Start list, select WithPrevious.On the Animations tab, in the Timing group, in the Duration box, enter 2. On the slide, right-click the down motion path and click ReversePathDirection.On the slide, select the smaller, full-color picture. On the Animations tab, in the Advanced Animations group, click Add Effect, and then click More Entrance Effects. In the Add Entrance Effect dialog box, under Subtle, click Fade, and then click OK. On the Animations tab, in the Timing group, in the Start list, select WithPrevious.On the Animations tab, in the Timing group, in the Duration box, enter 2. On the Animations tab, in the Timing group, in the Delaybox, enter 1.5. On the slide, select the text box. On the Animations tab, in the Advanced Animations group, click Add Effect, and then click More Entrance Effects. In the Add Entrance Effect dialog box, under Subtle, click Fade, and then click OK. On the Animations tab, in the Timing group, in the Start list, select WithPrevious.On the Animations tab, in the Timing group, in the Duration box, enter 1.
  • This template can be used as a starter file for a photo album.
  • Animated vertical list merging with pictures(Intermediate)To reproduce the SmartArt effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Slides group, click Layout, and then clickBlank. On the Insert tab, in the Illustrations group, click SmartArt. In the Choose a SmartArt Graphic dialog box, in the left pane, click List. In the List pane, double-click Vertical Picture List (fifth row, first option from the left) to insert the graphic into the slide. To create a fourth shape in the graphic, select the third shape from the top, and then under SmartArtTools, on the Design tab, in the CreateGraphic group, click the arrow next to AddShape, and then click AddShapeBefore. Repeat this process to create a fifth shape.Select the graphic. Under SmartArt Tools, on the Format tab, click Size, and then do the following:In the Height box, enter 6.38”.In the Width box, enter 7.91”.Under SmartArt Tools, on the Format tab, in the Arrange group, click Align, and then do the following:Click Align to Slide.Click Align Middle. Click Align Center. Select the graphic, and then click one of the arrows on the left border. In the Type your text here dialog box, click each of the second-level bullets and then press DELETE until there are only three first-level bullets remaining (one for each shape). Enter text for each shape into the first-level bullets.On the slide, select the graphic. On the Home tab, in the Font group, select 14 from the Font Size list.Under SmartArtTools, on the Design tab, in the SmartArtStyles group, click More,and then under Best Match for Document click Moderate Effect (fourth option from the left). On the Design tab (the regular Design tab, not that under the SmartArt Tools contextual tab), in the Themes group, click Colors, and then click Civic. (Note: If this action is taken in a PowerPoint presentation containing more than one slide, the theme colors will be applied to all of the slides.) Under SmartArtTools, on the Design tab, in the SmartArtStyles group, click Change Colors, and then under Colorful click Colorful Range – Accent Colors 3 to 4 (third option from the left). Click each of the five picture placeholders in the graphic, and then in the Insert Picture dialog box, select a picture and click Insert.Press and hold CTRL, and then select all five of the pictures on the slide. Under SmartArtTools, on the Format tab, in the Shapes group, click ChangeShape, and then under Rectangles clickRoundDiagonalCornerRectangle (ninth option from the left).Under SmartArtTools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click Shape Effects, point to Glow, and then do the following:Under Glow Variations, select 5 pt glow, Accent color 1, (first row, first option from the left).Point to More Glow Colors, and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left).Press and hold CTRL, and then select all of the larger rounded rectangles. Under SmartArtTools, on the Format tab, in the Shapes group, click ChangeShape, and then under Rectangles clickRoundDiagonalCornerRectangle (ninth option from the left). To reproduce the animation effects on this slide, do the following:On the Animations tab, in the Advanced Animations group, click Animation Pane.On the slide, select the graphic. On the Animations tab, in the Animation group, click the More arrow at the Effects Gallery, and under Entrance, click Fade.In the Timing group, in the Duration list, enter 01.00.In the Advanced Animations group, click Add Animation, and under Motion Paths, clickLines, then do the following:In the Animation group, click Effect Options and then click Right.In the Timing group, in the Start list, selectWith Previous.Also in the Timing group, in the Duration list, select 01.00. On the slide, right-click the right motion path and then click ReversePathDirection.Press and hold CTRL, and then select the two animationeffects in the Animation Pane. In the Animation group, clickEffect Options and under Sequence, select One by One.Also in the Animation Pane, click the double arrows under each effect to expand the list of effects. Select the first animation effect (fade effect for the first rectangle). On the Animations tab, in the Timing group, in the Start list, select With Previous.Also in the Animation Pane, select the 11th animation effect (motion path for the first picture). On the slide, point to the starting point (green arrow) of the selected motion path until the cursor becomes a two-headed arrow. Press and hold SHIFT to constrain the path to a straight horizontal line, and then drag the starting point to the left of the endpoint (red arrow). Also in the Animation Pane, do the following:Drag the 11th effect until it is second in the list of effects. Drag the 12th effect (motion path for the first large rectangle) until it is fourth in the list of effects. Also in the Animation Pane, select the 13th animation effect (motion path for the second picture). On the slide, point to the starting point (green arrow) of the selected motion path until the cursor becomes a two-headed arrow. Press and hold SHIFT, and then drag the starting point to the left of the endpoint (red arrow), into the same position as the green arrow for the first picture motion path. Also in the Animation Pane, do the following:Drag the 13th animationeffect until it is sixth in the list of effects. On the Animations tab, in the Timing group, in the Start list, select With Previous.Drag the 14th animation effect (motion path for the second large rectangle) until it is eighth in the list of effects. In the Animation Pane, select the 15th animation effect (motion path for the third picture). On the slide, point to the starting point (green arrow) of the selected motion path until the cursor becomes a two-headed arrow. Press and hold SHIFT, and then drag the starting point to the left of the endpoint (red arrow), into the same position as the starting point for the first picture motion path. Also in the Animation Pane, do the following:Drag the 15th animation effect until it is 10th in the list of effects. On the Animations tab, in the Timing group, in the Start list, select With Previous.Drag the 16th animation effect (motion path for the third large rectangle) until it is 12th in the list of effects. Select the 17th animation effect (motion path for the fourth picture). On the slide, point to the starting point (green arrow) of the selected motion path until the cursor becomes a two-headed arrow. Press and hold SHIFT, and then drag the starting point to the left of the endpoint (red arrow), into the same position as the starting point for the first picture motion path. Also in the Animation Pane, do the following:Dragthe 17th animation effect until it is 14th in the list of effects. On the Animations tab, in the Timing group, in the Start list, select With Previous.Drag the 18th animation effect (motion path for the fourth large rectangle) until it is 16th in the list of effects.Select the 19th animation effect (motion path for the fifth picture). On the slide, point to the starting point (green arrow) of the selected motion path until the cursor becomes a two-headed arrow. Press and hold SHIFT, and then drag the starting point to the left of the endpoint (red arrow), into the same position as the starting point for the first picture motion path.Also in the Animation Pane, drag the 19th animation effect until it is 18th in the list of effects. On the Animations tab, in the Timing group, in the Start list, select With Previous.To reproduce the background effects on this slide, do the following:Right-click the slide background area, and then click Format Background. In the Format Background dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradient fill in the Fill pane, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Radial.Click the button next to Direction, and then click From Top Left Corner (fifth option from the left)in the drop-down list.Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stop or Remove gradient stop until two stops appear on the slider, then customize the gradient stops as follows:Select the first stop on the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left).Select the last stop on the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1, Darker 25%(fourth row, first option from the left).
  • Animated vertical list merging with pictures(Intermediate)To reproduce the SmartArt effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Slides group, click Layout, and then clickBlank. On the Insert tab, in the Illustrations group, click SmartArt. In the Choose a SmartArt Graphic dialog box, in the left pane, click List. In the List pane, double-click Vertical Picture List (fifth row, first option from the left) to insert the graphic into the slide. To create a fourth shape in the graphic, select the third shape from the top, and then under SmartArtTools, on the Design tab, in the CreateGraphic group, click the arrow next to AddShape, and then click AddShapeBefore. Repeat this process to create a fifth shape.Select the graphic. Under SmartArt Tools, on the Format tab, click Size, and then do the following:In the Height box, enter 6.38”.In the Width box, enter 7.91”.Under SmartArt Tools, on the Format tab, in the Arrange group, click Align, and then do the following:Click Align to Slide.Click Align Middle. Click Align Center. Select the graphic, and then click one of the arrows on the left border. In the Type your text here dialog box, click each of the second-level bullets and then press DELETE until there are only three first-level bullets remaining (one for each shape). Enter text for each shape into the first-level bullets.On the slide, select the graphic. On the Home tab, in the Font group, select 14 from the Font Size list.Under SmartArtTools, on the Design tab, in the SmartArtStyles group, click More,and then under Best Match for Document click Moderate Effect (fourth option from the left). On the Design tab (the regular Design tab, not that under the SmartArt Tools contextual tab), in the Themes group, click Colors, and then click Civic. (Note: If this action is taken in a PowerPoint presentation containing more than one slide, the theme colors will be applied to all of the slides.) Under SmartArtTools, on the Design tab, in the SmartArtStyles group, click Change Colors, and then under Colorful click Colorful Range – Accent Colors 3 to 4 (third option from the left). Click each of the five picture placeholders in the graphic, and then in the Insert Picture dialog box, select a picture and click Insert.Press and hold CTRL, and then select all five of the pictures on the slide. Under SmartArtTools, on the Format tab, in the Shapes group, click ChangeShape, and then under Rectangles clickRoundDiagonalCornerRectangle (ninth option from the left).Under SmartArtTools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click Shape Effects, point to Glow, and then do the following:Under Glow Variations, select 5 pt glow, Accent color 1, (first row, first option from the left).Point to More Glow Colors, and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left).Press and hold CTRL, and then select all of the larger rounded rectangles. Under SmartArtTools, on the Format tab, in the Shapes group, click ChangeShape, and then under Rectangles clickRoundDiagonalCornerRectangle (ninth option from the left). To reproduce the animation effects on this slide, do the following:On the Animations tab, in the Advanced Animations group, click Animation Pane.On the slide, select the graphic. On the Animations tab, in the Animation group, click the More arrow at the Effects Gallery, and under Entrance, click Fade.In the Timing group, in the Duration list, enter 01.00.In the Advanced Animations group, click Add Animation, and under Motion Paths, clickLines, then do the following:In the Animation group, click Effect Options and then click Right.In the Timing group, in the Start list, selectWith Previous.Also in the Timing group, in the Duration list, select 01.00. On the slide, right-click the right motion path and then click ReversePathDirection.Press and hold CTRL, and then select the two animationeffects in the Animation Pane. In the Animation group, clickEffect Options and under Sequence, select One by One.Also in the Animation Pane, click the double arrows under each effect to expand the list of effects. Select the first animation effect (fade effect for the first rectangle). On the Animations tab, in the Timing group, in the Start list, select With Previous.Also in the Animation Pane, select the 11th animation effect (motion path for the first picture). On the slide, point to the starting point (green arrow) of the selected motion path until the cursor becomes a two-headed arrow. Press and hold SHIFT to constrain the path to a straight horizontal line, and then drag the starting point to the left of the endpoint (red arrow). Also in the Animation Pane, do the following:Drag the 11th effect until it is second in the list of effects. Drag the 12th effect (motion path for the first large rectangle) until it is fourth in the list of effects. Also in the Animation Pane, select the 13th animation effect (motion path for the second picture). On the slide, point to the starting point (green arrow) of the selected motion path until the cursor becomes a two-headed arrow. Press and hold SHIFT, and then drag the starting point to the left of the endpoint (red arrow), into the same position as the green arrow for the first picture motion path. Also in the Animation Pane, do the following:Drag the 13th animationeffect until it is sixth in the list of effects. On the Animations tab, in the Timing group, in the Start list, select With Previous.Drag the 14th animation effect (motion path for the second large rectangle) until it is eighth in the list of effects. In the Animation Pane, select the 15th animation effect (motion path for the third picture). On the slide, point to the starting point (green arrow) of the selected motion path until the cursor becomes a two-headed arrow. Press and hold SHIFT, and then drag the starting point to the left of the endpoint (red arrow), into the same position as the starting point for the first picture motion path. Also in the Animation Pane, do the following:Drag the 15th animation effect until it is 10th in the list of effects. On the Animations tab, in the Timing group, in the Start list, select With Previous.Drag the 16th animation effect (motion path for the third large rectangle) until it is 12th in the list of effects. Select the 17th animation effect (motion path for the fourth picture). On the slide, point to the starting point (green arrow) of the selected motion path until the cursor becomes a two-headed arrow. Press and hold SHIFT, and then drag the starting point to the left of the endpoint (red arrow), into the same position as the starting point for the first picture motion path. Also in the Animation Pane, do the following:Dragthe 17th animation effect until it is 14th in the list of effects. On the Animations tab, in the Timing group, in the Start list, select With Previous.Drag the 18th animation effect (motion path for the fourth large rectangle) until it is 16th in the list of effects.Select the 19th animation effect (motion path for the fifth picture). On the slide, point to the starting point (green arrow) of the selected motion path until the cursor becomes a two-headed arrow. Press and hold SHIFT, and then drag the starting point to the left of the endpoint (red arrow), into the same position as the starting point for the first picture motion path.Also in the Animation Pane, drag the 19th animation effect until it is 18th in the list of effects. On the Animations tab, in the Timing group, in the Start list, select With Previous.To reproduce the background effects on this slide, do the following:Right-click the slide background area, and then click Format Background. In the Format Background dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradient fill in the Fill pane, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Radial.Click the button next to Direction, and then click From Top Left Corner (fifth option from the left)in the drop-down list.Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stop or Remove gradient stop until two stops appear on the slider, then customize the gradient stops as follows:Select the first stop on the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left).Select the last stop on the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1, Darker 25%(fourth row, first option from the left).
  • Animated picture changes during motion path(Advanced)To reproduce the first picture effect on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Slides group, click Layout and then click Blank. On the Insert tab, in the Images group, click Picture. In the Insert Picture dialog box, select a picture, and then click Insert. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the Format Picture dialog box, resize or crop the picture as needed so that the height is set to 2” and the width is set to 2”. To crop the picture, click Crop in the left pane, and in the Crop pane, under Crop position, enter values into the Height, Width, Left, and Top boxes. To resize the picture, click Size in the left pane, and in the Size pane, under Size and rotate, enter values into the Height and Width boxes.Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane. In the Line Color pane, select Solid line, click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left).Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Line Style in the left pane, and then in the Line Style pane, in the Width box, enter 1.5 pt. Also in the Format Picture dialog box, click Shadow in the left pane. In the Shadow pane, click the button next to Presets, and then under Outer click Offset Center (second row, second option from the left). On the slide, select the picture. On the Animations tab, in the Advanced Animation group, click Add Animation, and then under Entrance click Fade.Also on the Animations tab, in the Timing group, do the following:In the Start list, select With Previous.In the Duration list, select 1.00 seconds.Also on the Animations tab, in the Advanced Animation group, click Add Animation, and then under Motion Paths click Lines.Also on the Animations tab, in the Animation group, click Effect Options, and then click Right.Also on the Animations tab, in the Timing group, do the following:In the Start list, select With PreviousIn the Duration box, enter 10.00 seconds.On the slide, select the motion path. Press and hold SHIFT to constrain the path to a straight, horizontal line, and then drag the right adjustment handle to the right, stopping approximately 1.5” left of the right edge of the slide. (Note: On the View tab, in the Show/Hide group, select Ruler to measure approximately where the endpoint is on the slide.)To reproduce the other pictures on this slide, do the following:Select the picture. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow to the right of Copy, and then click Duplicate. Repeat this process for a total of four duplicate pictures. Select a duplicate picture. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the Adjust group, click Change Picture. In the Insert Picture dialog box, select a new picture, and then click Insert. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcherIn the Format Picture dialog box, resize or crop the picture as needed so that the height is set to 2” and the width is set to 2”. To crop the picture, click Crop in the left pane, and in the Crop pane, under Crop position, enter values into the Height, Width, Left, and Top boxes. To resize the picture, click Size in the left pane, and in the Size pane, under Size and rotate, enter values into the Height and Width boxes.Repeat steps 2-4 for the other duplicate pictures. To reproduce the other animation effects on this slide, do the following:On the Animations tab, in the Advanced Animation group, click Animation Pane.In the Animation Pane, select the third animation effect (fade effect for the second picture). On the Animations tab, in the Timing group, in the Delay box, enter 2.5. In the Animation Pane, select the fifth animation effect (fade effect for the third picture). On the Animations tab, in the Timing group, in the Delay box, enter 5. In the Animation Pane, select the seventh animation effect (fade effect for the fourth picture). On the Animations tab, in the Timing group, in the Delay box, enter 7.5. On the slide, press and hold SHIFT and select all four pictures. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align Selected Objects.Click Align Center. Click Align Middle. Drag the pictures into the top left corner of the slide. To reproduce the background effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle (first option from the left). On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle. Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, do the following:In the Shape Height box, enter 3.42”.In the Shape Width box, enter 10”.Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, in the LineColor pane, select No line. Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, select Gradient fill, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear.Click the button next to Direction, and then click Linear Down (first row, second option from the left).Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stops or Remove gradient stops until two stops appear in the drop-down list.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops that you added as follows:Select the first stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 1%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 94, Green: 156, Blue: 198.In the Transparency box, enter 60%.Select the last stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 94, Green: 156, Blue: 198.In the Transparency box, enter 90%.On the slide, drag the rectangle vertically to position it just above the middle of the slide. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then do the following:Point to Align, and then click Align to Slide.Point to Align, and then click Align Center.Click Send to Back. Right-click the slide background area, and then click Format Background. In the Format Background dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, select Gradient fill,and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear.Click the button next to Direction, and then click Linear Down (first row, second option from the left)In the Angle box, enter 90⁰.Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stops or Remove gradient stops until two stops appear in the drop-down list.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops that you added as follows:Select the first stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 70%.Click the button next to Color, and then click White, Background 1, Darker 5% (second row, first option from the left).Select the last stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, and then click White, Background 1, Darker 25% (fourth row, first option from the left).
  • Animated vertical list merging with pictures(Intermediate)To reproduce the SmartArt effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Slides group, click Layout, and then clickBlank. On the Insert tab, in the Illustrations group, click SmartArt. In the Choose a SmartArt Graphic dialog box, in the left pane, click List. In the List pane, double-click Vertical Picture List (fifth row, first option from the left) to insert the graphic into the slide. To create a fourth shape in the graphic, select the third shape from the top, and then under SmartArtTools, on the Design tab, in the CreateGraphic group, click the arrow next to AddShape, and then click AddShapeBefore. Repeat this process to create a fifth shape.Select the graphic. Under SmartArt Tools, on the Format tab, click Size, and then do the following:In the Height box, enter 6.38”.In the Width box, enter 7.91”.Under SmartArt Tools, on the Format tab, in the Arrange group, click Align, and then do the following:Click Align to Slide.Click Align Middle. Click Align Center. Select the graphic, and then click one of the arrows on the left border. In the Type your text here dialog box, click each of the second-level bullets and then press DELETE until there are only three first-level bullets remaining (one for each shape). Enter text for each shape into the first-level bullets.On the slide, select the graphic. On the Home tab, in the Font group, select 14 from the Font Size list.Under SmartArtTools, on the Design tab, in the SmartArtStyles group, click More,and then under Best Match for Document click Moderate Effect (fourth option from the left). On the Design tab (the regular Design tab, not that under the SmartArt Tools contextual tab), in the Themes group, click Colors, and then click Civic. (Note: If this action is taken in a PowerPoint presentation containing more than one slide, the theme colors will be applied to all of the slides.) Under SmartArtTools, on the Design tab, in the SmartArtStyles group, click Change Colors, and then under Colorful click Colorful Range – Accent Colors 3 to 4 (third option from the left). Click each of the five picture placeholders in the graphic, and then in the Insert Picture dialog box, select a picture and click Insert.Press and hold CTRL, and then select all five of the pictures on the slide. Under SmartArtTools, on the Format tab, in the Shapes group, click ChangeShape, and then under Rectangles clickRoundDiagonalCornerRectangle (ninth option from the left).Under SmartArtTools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click Shape Effects, point to Glow, and then do the following:Under Glow Variations, select 5 pt glow, Accent color 1, (first row, first option from the left).Point to More Glow Colors, and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left).Press and hold CTRL, and then select all of the larger rounded rectangles. Under SmartArtTools, on the Format tab, in the Shapes group, click ChangeShape, and then under Rectangles clickRoundDiagonalCornerRectangle (ninth option from the left). To reproduce the animation effects on this slide, do the following:On the Animations tab, in the Advanced Animations group, click Animation Pane.On the slide, select the graphic. On the Animations tab, in the Animation group, click the More arrow at the Effects Gallery, and under Entrance, click Fade.In the Timing group, in the Duration list, enter 01.00.In the Advanced Animations group, click Add Animation, and under Motion Paths, clickLines, then do the following:In the Animation group, click Effect Options and then click Right.In the Timing group, in the Start list, selectWith Previous.Also in the Timing group, in the Duration list, select 01.00. On the slide, right-click the right motion path and then click ReversePathDirection.Press and hold CTRL, and then select the two animationeffects in the Animation Pane. In the Animation group, clickEffect Options and under Sequence, select One by One.Also in the Animation Pane, click the double arrows under each effect to expand the list of effects. Select the first animation effect (fade effect for the first rectangle). On the Animations tab, in the Timing group, in the Start list, select With Previous.Also in the Animation Pane, select the 11th animation effect (motion path for the first picture). On the slide, point to the starting point (green arrow) of the selected motion path until the cursor becomes a two-headed arrow. Press and hold SHIFT to constrain the path to a straight horizontal line, and then drag the starting point to the left of the endpoint (red arrow). Also in the Animation Pane, do the following:Drag the 11th effect until it is second in the list of effects. Drag the 12th effect (motion path for the first large rectangle) until it is fourth in the list of effects. Also in the Animation Pane, select the 13th animation effect (motion path for the second picture). On the slide, point to the starting point (green arrow) of the selected motion path until the cursor becomes a two-headed arrow. Press and hold SHIFT, and then drag the starting point to the left of the endpoint (red arrow), into the same position as the green arrow for the first picture motion path. Also in the Animation Pane, do the following:Drag the 13th animationeffect until it is sixth in the list of effects. On the Animations tab, in the Timing group, in the Start list, select With Previous.Drag the 14th animation effect (motion path for the second large rectangle) until it is eighth in the list of effects. In the Animation Pane, select the 15th animation effect (motion path for the third picture). On the slide, point to the starting point (green arrow) of the selected motion path until the cursor becomes a two-headed arrow. Press and hold SHIFT, and then drag the starting point to the left of the endpoint (red arrow), into the same position as the starting point for the first picture motion path. Also in the Animation Pane, do the following:Drag the 15th animation effect until it is 10th in the list of effects. On the Animations tab, in the Timing group, in the Start list, select With Previous.Drag the 16th animation effect (motion path for the third large rectangle) until it is 12th in the list of effects. Select the 17th animation effect (motion path for the fourth picture). On the slide, point to the starting point (green arrow) of the selected motion path until the cursor becomes a two-headed arrow. Press and hold SHIFT, and then drag the starting point to the left of the endpoint (red arrow), into the same position as the starting point for the first picture motion path. Also in the Animation Pane, do the following:Dragthe 17th animation effect until it is 14th in the list of effects. On the Animations tab, in the Timing group, in the Start list, select With Previous.Drag the 18th animation effect (motion path for the fourth large rectangle) until it is 16th in the list of effects.Select the 19th animation effect (motion path for the fifth picture). On the slide, point to the starting point (green arrow) of the selected motion path until the cursor becomes a two-headed arrow. Press and hold SHIFT, and then drag the starting point to the left of the endpoint (red arrow), into the same position as the starting point for the first picture motion path.Also in the Animation Pane, drag the 19th animation effect until it is 18th in the list of effects. On the Animations tab, in the Timing group, in the Start list, select With Previous.To reproduce the background effects on this slide, do the following:Right-click the slide background area, and then click Format Background. In the Format Background dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradient fill in the Fill pane, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Radial.Click the button next to Direction, and then click From Top Left Corner (fifth option from the left)in the drop-down list.Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stop or Remove gradient stop until two stops appear on the slider, then customize the gradient stops as follows:Select the first stop on the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left).Select the last stop on the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1, Darker 25%(fourth row, first option from the left).
  • Animated vertical list merging with pictures(Intermediate)To reproduce the SmartArt effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Slides group, click Layout, and then clickBlank. On the Insert tab, in the Illustrations group, click SmartArt. In the Choose a SmartArt Graphic dialog box, in the left pane, click List. In the List pane, double-click Vertical Picture List (fifth row, first option from the left) to insert the graphic into the slide. To create a fourth shape in the graphic, select the third shape from the top, and then under SmartArtTools, on the Design tab, in the CreateGraphic group, click the arrow next to AddShape, and then click AddShapeBefore. Repeat this process to create a fifth shape.Select the graphic. Under SmartArt Tools, on the Format tab, click Size, and then do the following:In the Height box, enter 6.38”.In the Width box, enter 7.91”.Under SmartArt Tools, on the Format tab, in the Arrange group, click Align, and then do the following:Click Align to Slide.Click Align Middle. Click Align Center. Select the graphic, and then click one of the arrows on the left border. In the Type your text here dialog box, click each of the second-level bullets and then press DELETE until there are only three first-level bullets remaining (one for each shape). Enter text for each shape into the first-level bullets.On the slide, select the graphic. On the Home tab, in the Font group, select 14 from the Font Size list.Under SmartArtTools, on the Design tab, in the SmartArtStyles group, click More,and then under Best Match for Document click Moderate Effect (fourth option from the left). On the Design tab (the regular Design tab, not that under the SmartArt Tools contextual tab), in the Themes group, click Colors, and then click Civic. (Note: If this action is taken in a PowerPoint presentation containing more than one slide, the theme colors will be applied to all of the slides.) Under SmartArtTools, on the Design tab, in the SmartArtStyles group, click Change Colors, and then under Colorful click Colorful Range – Accent Colors 3 to 4 (third option from the left). Click each of the five picture placeholders in the graphic, and then in the Insert Picture dialog box, select a picture and click Insert.Press and hold CTRL, and then select all five of the pictures on the slide. Under SmartArtTools, on the Format tab, in the Shapes group, click ChangeShape, and then under Rectangles clickRoundDiagonalCornerRectangle (ninth option from the left).Under SmartArtTools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click Shape Effects, point to Glow, and then do the following:Under Glow Variations, select 5 pt glow, Accent color 1, (first row, first option from the left).Point to More Glow Colors, and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left).Press and hold CTRL, and then select all of the larger rounded rectangles. Under SmartArtTools, on the Format tab, in the Shapes group, click ChangeShape, and then under Rectangles clickRoundDiagonalCornerRectangle (ninth option from the left). To reproduce the animation effects on this slide, do the following:On the Animations tab, in the Advanced Animations group, click Animation Pane.On the slide, select the graphic. On the Animations tab, in the Animation group, click the More arrow at the Effects Gallery, and under Entrance, click Fade.In the Timing group, in the Duration list, enter 01.00.In the Advanced Animations group, click Add Animation, and under Motion Paths, clickLines, then do the following:In the Animation group, click Effect Options and then click Right.In the Timing group, in the Start list, selectWith Previous.Also in the Timing group, in the Duration list, select 01.00. On the slide, right-click the right motion path and then click ReversePathDirection.Press and hold CTRL, and then select the two animationeffects in the Animation Pane. In the Animation group, clickEffect Options and under Sequence, select One by One.Also in the Animation Pane, click the double arrows under each effect to expand the list of effects. Select the first animation effect (fade effect for the first rectangle). On the Animations tab, in the Timing group, in the Start list, select With Previous.Also in the Animation Pane, select the 11th animation effect (motion path for the first picture). On the slide, point to the starting point (green arrow) of the selected motion path until the cursor becomes a two-headed arrow. Press and hold SHIFT to constrain the path to a straight horizontal line, and then drag the starting point to the left of the endpoint (red arrow). Also in the Animation Pane, do the following:Drag the 11th effect until it is second in the list of effects. Drag the 12th effect (motion path for the first large rectangle) until it is fourth in the list of effects. Also in the Animation Pane, select the 13th animation effect (motion path for the second picture). On the slide, point to the starting point (green arrow) of the selected motion path until the cursor becomes a two-headed arrow. Press and hold SHIFT, and then drag the starting point to the left of the endpoint (red arrow), into the same position as the green arrow for the first picture motion path. Also in the Animation Pane, do the following:Drag the 13th animationeffect until it is sixth in the list of effects. On the Animations tab, in the Timing group, in the Start list, select With Previous.Drag the 14th animation effect (motion path for the second large rectangle) until it is eighth in the list of effects. In the Animation Pane, select the 15th animation effect (motion path for the third picture). On the slide, point to the starting point (green arrow) of the selected motion path until the cursor becomes a two-headed arrow. Press and hold SHIFT, and then drag the starting point to the left of the endpoint (red arrow), into the same position as the starting point for the first picture motion path. Also in the Animation Pane, do the following:Drag the 15th animation effect until it is 10th in the list of effects. On the Animations tab, in the Timing group, in the Start list, select With Previous.Drag the 16th animation effect (motion path for the third large rectangle) until it is 12th in the list of effects. Select the 17th animation effect (motion path for the fourth picture). On the slide, point to the starting point (green arrow) of the selected motion path until the cursor becomes a two-headed arrow. Press and hold SHIFT, and then drag the starting point to the left of the endpoint (red arrow), into the same position as the starting point for the first picture motion path. Also in the Animation Pane, do the following:Dragthe 17th animation effect until it is 14th in the list of effects. On the Animations tab, in the Timing group, in the Start list, select With Previous.Drag the 18th animation effect (motion path for the fourth large rectangle) until it is 16th in the list of effects.Select the 19th animation effect (motion path for the fifth picture). On the slide, point to the starting point (green arrow) of the selected motion path until the cursor becomes a two-headed arrow. Press and hold SHIFT, and then drag the starting point to the left of the endpoint (red arrow), into the same position as the starting point for the first picture motion path.Also in the Animation Pane, drag the 19th animation effect until it is 18th in the list of effects. On the Animations tab, in the Timing group, in the Start list, select With Previous.To reproduce the background effects on this slide, do the following:Right-click the slide background area, and then click Format Background. In the Format Background dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradient fill in the Fill pane, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Radial.Click the button next to Direction, and then click From Top Left Corner (fifth option from the left)in the drop-down list.Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stop or Remove gradient stop until two stops appear on the slider, then customize the gradient stops as follows:Select the first stop on the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left).Select the last stop on the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1, Darker 25%(fourth row, first option from the left).
  • Animated vertical list merging with pictures(Intermediate)To reproduce the SmartArt effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Slides group, click Layout, and then clickBlank. On the Insert tab, in the Illustrations group, click SmartArt. In the Choose a SmartArt Graphic dialog box, in the left pane, click List. In the List pane, double-click Vertical Picture List (fifth row, first option from the left) to insert the graphic into the slide. To create a fourth shape in the graphic, select the third shape from the top, and then under SmartArtTools, on the Design tab, in the CreateGraphic group, click the arrow next to AddShape, and then click AddShapeBefore. Repeat this process to create a fifth shape.Select the graphic. Under SmartArt Tools, on the Format tab, click Size, and then do the following:In the Height box, enter 6.38”.In the Width box, enter 7.91”.Under SmartArt Tools, on the Format tab, in the Arrange group, click Align, and then do the following:Click Align to Slide.Click Align Middle. Click Align Center. Select the graphic, and then click one of the arrows on the left border. In the Type your text here dialog box, click each of the second-level bullets and then press DELETE until there are only three first-level bullets remaining (one for each shape). Enter text for each shape into the first-level bullets.On the slide, select the graphic. On the Home tab, in the Font group, select 14 from the Font Size list.Under SmartArtTools, on the Design tab, in the SmartArtStyles group, click More,and then under Best Match for Document click Moderate Effect (fourth option from the left). On the Design tab (the regular Design tab, not that under the SmartArt Tools contextual tab), in the Themes group, click Colors, and then click Civic. (Note: If this action is taken in a PowerPoint presentation containing more than one slide, the theme colors will be applied to all of the slides.) Under SmartArtTools, on the Design tab, in the SmartArtStyles group, click Change Colors, and then under Colorful click Colorful Range – Accent Colors 3 to 4 (third option from the left). Click each of the five picture placeholders in the graphic, and then in the Insert Picture dialog box, select a picture and click Insert.Press and hold CTRL, and then select all five of the pictures on the slide. Under SmartArtTools, on the Format tab, in the Shapes group, click ChangeShape, and then under Rectangles clickRoundDiagonalCornerRectangle (ninth option from the left).Under SmartArtTools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click Shape Effects, point to Glow, and then do the following:Under Glow Variations, select 5 pt glow, Accent color 1, (first row, first option from the left).Point to More Glow Colors, and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left).Press and hold CTRL, and then select all of the larger rounded rectangles. Under SmartArtTools, on the Format tab, in the Shapes group, click ChangeShape, and then under Rectangles clickRoundDiagonalCornerRectangle (ninth option from the left). To reproduce the animation effects on this slide, do the following:On the Animations tab, in the Advanced Animations group, click Animation Pane.On the slide, select the graphic. On the Animations tab, in the Animation group, click the More arrow at the Effects Gallery, and under Entrance, click Fade.In the Timing group, in the Duration list, enter 01.00.In the Advanced Animations group, click Add Animation, and under Motion Paths, clickLines, then do the following:In the Animation group, click Effect Options and then click Right.In the Timing group, in the Start list, selectWith Previous.Also in the Timing group, in the Duration list, select 01.00. On the slide, right-click the right motion path and then click ReversePathDirection.Press and hold CTRL, and then select the two animationeffects in the Animation Pane. In the Animation group, clickEffect Options and under Sequence, select One by One.Also in the Animation Pane, click the double arrows under each effect to expand the list of effects. Select the first animation effect (fade effect for the first rectangle). On the Animations tab, in the Timing group, in the Start list, select With Previous.Also in the Animation Pane, select the 11th animation effect (motion path for the first picture). On the slide, point to the starting point (green arrow) of the selected motion path until the cursor becomes a two-headed arrow. Press and hold SHIFT to constrain the path to a straight horizontal line, and then drag the starting point to the left of the endpoint (red arrow). Also in the Animation Pane, do the following:Drag the 11th effect until it is second in the list of effects. Drag the 12th effect (motion path for the first large rectangle) until it is fourth in the list of effects. Also in the Animation Pane, select the 13th animation effect (motion path for the second picture). On the slide, point to the starting point (green arrow) of the selected motion path until the cursor becomes a two-headed arrow. Press and hold SHIFT, and then drag the starting point to the left of the endpoint (red arrow), into the same position as the green arrow for the first picture motion path. Also in the Animation Pane, do the following:Drag the 13th animationeffect until it is sixth in the list of effects. On the Animations tab, in the Timing group, in the Start list, select With Previous.Drag the 14th animation effect (motion path for the second large rectangle) until it is eighth in the list of effects. In the Animation Pane, select the 15th animation effect (motion path for the third picture). On the slide, point to the starting point (green arrow) of the selected motion path until the cursor becomes a two-headed arrow. Press and hold SHIFT, and then drag the starting point to the left of the endpoint (red arrow), into the same position as the starting point for the first picture motion path. Also in the Animation Pane, do the following:Drag the 15th animation effect until it is 10th in the list of effects. On the Animations tab, in the Timing group, in the Start list, select With Previous.Drag the 16th animation effect (motion path for the third large rectangle) until it is 12th in the list of effects. Select the 17th animation effect (motion path for the fourth picture). On the slide, point to the starting point (green arrow) of the selected motion path until the cursor becomes a two-headed arrow. Press and hold SHIFT, and then drag the starting point to the left of the endpoint (red arrow), into the same position as the starting point for the first picture motion path. Also in the Animation Pane, do the following:Dragthe 17th animation effect until it is 14th in the list of effects. On the Animations tab, in the Timing group, in the Start list, select With Previous.Drag the 18th animation effect (motion path for the fourth large rectangle) until it is 16th in the list of effects.Select the 19th animation effect (motion path for the fifth picture). On the slide, point to the starting point (green arrow) of the selected motion path until the cursor becomes a two-headed arrow. Press and hold SHIFT, and then drag the starting point to the left of the endpoint (red arrow), into the same position as the starting point for the first picture motion path.Also in the Animation Pane, drag the 19th animation effect until it is 18th in the list of effects. On the Animations tab, in the Timing group, in the Start list, select With Previous.To reproduce the background effects on this slide, do the following:Right-click the slide background area, and then click Format Background. In the Format Background dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradient fill in the Fill pane, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Radial.Click the button next to Direction, and then click From Top Left Corner (fifth option from the left)in the drop-down list.Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stop or Remove gradient stop until two stops appear on the slider, then customize the gradient stops as follows:Select the first stop on the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left).Select the last stop on the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1, Darker 25%(fourth row, first option from the left).
  • Animated vertical block list (Intermediate)To reproduce the SmartArt graphic effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Slides group, click Layout, and then clickBlank. On the Insert tab, in the Illustrations group, click SmartArt. In the Choose a SmartArt Graphic dialog box, in the left pane, click List. In the List pane, click Vertical Block List, and then click OK to insert the graphic into the slide.To create a fourth row, do the following:Select the third block shape (the shape on the left side)at the bottom of the graphic, and then under SmartArtTools, on the Design tab, in the CreateGraphic group, click the arrow next to AddShape, and select AddShapeAfter.To add a bulleted, rectangle shape next to the fourth block shape, select the fourth block shape, and then under SmartArtTools, on the Design tab, in the CreateGraphic group, click AddBullet.To enter numbers and text in the blocks and rectangles, select the graphic, and then click one of the arrows on the left border. In the Type your text here dialog box, enter text for each shape. (Note: In the example slide, the highest level text are the “1,” “2,” “3,” and “4.” The next level text is only one bullet (delete the second bullet) and are “First statement,” “Second statement,” and so on.)To reproduce the rectangle effects on this slide, do the following:Press and hold CTRL, and then select each of the rectangles (on the right of the graphic).Under SmartArtTools, on the Format tab, in the Shapes group, click the arrow to the right of ChangeShape, and under Rectangles select SnipDiagonalCornerRectangle (the fifth option from the left).With the rectangles still selected, drag one of the left center sizing handles to the left 1” to lengthen all four at once.Also with the rectangles selected, on the Home tab, in the bottom right corner of the Paragraph group, click the Paragraph dialog box launcher. In the Paragraph dialog box, under Indentation do the following:In the BeforeText box, enter 1”.In the Special list, select Hanging.Next to the Special list, in the By box enter 1”.Click OK.Select the SmartArt graphic, and then under SmartArtTools, on the Design tab, in the SmartArtStyles group, click MoreStyles, and under 3-D select PolishedEffect (the first option form the left). Select the first rectangle from the top (“First statement” in the example slide), and on the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click the arrow to the right of ShapeFill, and under ThemeColors select Red, Accent 2 (first row, the sixth option from the right).Select the second rectangle from the top (“Second statement” in the example slide), and on the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click the arrow to the right of ShapeFill, and under ThemeColors select Olive Green, Accent 3 (first row, the seventh option from the right).Select the third rectangle from the top (“Third statement” in the example slide), and on the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click the arrow to the right of ShapeFill, and under ThemeColors select Purple, Accent 4 (first row, the eighth option from the right). Select the fourth rectangle from the top (“Fourth statement” in the example slide), and on the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click the arrow to the right of ShapeFill, and under ThemeColors select Orange, Accent 6 (first row, the tenth option from the right). Press and hold CTRL, and select all of the rectangles (on the right side of the graphic). On the Home tab, in the Font group, in the FontSize box, select 36 pt., and in the FontColor list, under ThemeColors select White, Background 1 (first row, the first option from the left). To reproduce the circleson this slide, do the following:Press and hold CTRL, and then select the four block shapes (the shapes on the left) in the SmartArt graphic, and then under SmartArtTools, on the Format tab, in the Shapes group, click the arrow to the right of ChangeShape, and under BasicShapes select Oval (first row, first option from the left). On the slide, drag one of the top right sizing handles to the left to make the ovals into a circle and to make them smaller.Also with the four circles selected, position the circles so that they cover the bullet on the rectangles, and then on the Home tab, in the Font group, in the FontColor list, under ThemeColors select White, Background 1, Darker 50% (sixth row, first option from the left). Also on the Home tab, in the bottom right corner of the Drawing group, click the FormatShape dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, in the Fill pane, click Gradient fill, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Radial.In the Direction list, select FromCenter (third option from the left).Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stop or Remove gradient stop until two stops appear in the sliderAlso under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops that you added as follows:Select the first stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, and then under ThemeColors select White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left). Select the last stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, and then under ThemeColors select White, Background 2, Darker 25% (fourth row, first option from the left). To reproduce the animation effects on this slide, do the following:On the slide, select the SmartArt graphic. On the Animations tab, in the Advanced Animation group, click Add Animation, and then under Entrance click Fade.Also on the Animations tab, in the Advanced Animation group, click Add Animation, and then under Motion Paths click Lines.Also on the Animations tab, in the Animation group, click Effect Options, and then click Right.On the slide, right-click the motion path and select ReversePathDirection. On the Animations tab, in the Advanced Animation group, click Animation Pane. Press and hold CTRL, and select the two effects in the Animation Pane. Click the arrow to the right of the selected effects and select EffectOptions. In the EffectsOptions dialog box, do the following:On the Timing tab, in the Duration box enter 1.00.On the SmartArtAnimation tab, in the Group graphic list select Onebyone.Click OK. In the Animation Pane, click the double arrows under the two effects to show all the effects for all the shapes (16 effects).Press and hold CTRL, and select all of the effects in the Animation Pane. On the Animations tab, in the Timing group, in the Start list, select WithPrevious.Press and hold CTRL, and select the first, third, fifth, and seventh effects (fade entrance effects). On the Animations tab, do the following:In the AdvancedAnimation group, click Add Animation, and then under Entrance click Grow & Turn.In the Timing group, in the Start list, select After Previous.Press and hold CTRL, and select the ninth, eleventh, thirteenth, and fifteenth effects (right motion paths) in the Animation Pane. Click the arrow next to the effect and then click Remove.Select the ninth effect (right motion path) in the Animation Pane and drag it before the third effect in the list.Select the tenth effect (right motion path) in the Animation Pane and drag it before the sixth effect in the list.Select the eleventh effect (right motion path) in the Animation Paneand drag it before the ninth effect in the list.To reproduce the background effects on this slide, do the following:Right-click the slide background area, and then click Format Background. In the Format Background dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradient fill in the Fill pane, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Radial.Click the button next to Direction, and then click From Center (third option from the left). Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stop or Remove gradient stop until two stops appear in the sliderAlso under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops that you added as follows:Select the first stop in the slider, and then do the following:In the Position box, enter 33%.Click the button next to Color, and then under ThemeColors select White, Background 1 (first row, the first option from the left). Select the last stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, and then under ThemeColors select White, Background 1, Darker 25% (fourth row, first option from the left).
  • Animated recolored picture fades in over black and white copy(Advanced)To reproduce the picture effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Slides group, click Layout and then click Blank. On the Insert tab, in the Images group, click Picture. In the Insert Picture dialog box, select a picture, and then click Insert. Under PictureTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the Format Picture dialog box, resize or crop the image so that the height is set to 3.58” and the widthis set to 8”. To crop the picture, click Crop in the left pane, and in the right pane, under Crop position, enter values into the Height, Width, Left, and Top boxes. To resize the picture, click Size in the left pane, and in the right pane, under Size and rotate, enter values into the Height and Width boxes.Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the Adjust group, click Color, and then under Recolor click Dark Blue, Text color 2 Dark (second row, first option from the left). Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the Picture Styles group, click Picture Effects, point to Shadow, and then under Inner click Inside Diagonal Top Left (first row, first option from the left).Drag the picture so that it is positioned above the middle of the slide. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow next to Copy, and then click Duplicate.Press and hold CTRL and select both pictures on the slide. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align to Slide.Click Align Center. Click Align Selected Objects. Click Align Middle. Select only the duplicate (top) picture. Under PictureTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the Format Picture dialog box, resize or crop the image so that the widthis set to 2.33”. To crop the picture, click Crop in the left pane, and in the right pane, under Crop position, enter values into the Height, Width, Left, and Top boxes. To resize the picture, click Size in the left pane, and in the right pane, under Size and rotate, enter values into the Height and Width boxes.Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the Adjust group, click Color, and then under Recolor, click No Recolor. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle (first option from the left). On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle. Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, do the following:In the Shape Height box, enter 7.5”.In the Shape Width box, enter 2.33”.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click Shape Outline, and then click No Outline.Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the ShapeStyles group, click ShapeFill, point to Gradient, and then click MoreGradients. In the Format Shape dialog box click Fill in the left pane, select Gradient fill in the Fill pane, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear. In the Angle box, enter 90.Under Gradient stops, click Add gradient stops or Remove gradient stops until two stops appear in the slider.  Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops as follows:Select the first stop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left).In the Transparency box, enter 55%.  Select the secondstop in the slider, and then do the following: In the Position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left).In the Transparency box, enter 100%. On the slide, drag the rectangle to cover the duplicate picture. Select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then do the following:Point to Align, and then click Align to Slide.Point to Align, and then click Align Middle. Click Send Backward. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle (first option from the left). On the slide, drag to draw another rectangle. Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, do the following:In the Shape Height box, enter 4”.In the Shape Width box, enter 2.67”.Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click Shape Fill, point to Gradient, and then click No fill. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane, select Solid line in the Line Color pane, and then do the following:Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left). In the Transparency box, enter 70%.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Style in the left pane, and then do the following in the Line Style pane:In the Width box, enter 0.75 pt. Click the button next to Dash type, and then click Square Dot (third option from the top).Drag the dotted rectangle on top of the small, full-color picture. Press and hold SHIFT and select the dotted rectangle, the small picture, and the large picture on the slide. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align Selected Objects. Click Align Middle. On the Insert tab, in the Text group, click Text Box, and then on the slide, drag to draw the text box.Enter text in the text box, select the text, and then on the Home tab, in the Font group, select Gill Sans MT Condensedfrom the Font list, select 24 from the Font Size list, click the button next to Font Color, and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left).On the Home tab, in the Paragraph group, click Center to center the text within the text box.On the slide, drag the text box below the dotted rectangle.To reproduce the background effects on this slide, do the following:Right-click the slide background area, and then click Format Background. In the Format Background dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, and then select Solid fill in the Fill pane. Also in the Fill pane, click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click Black, Text 1, Lighter 15% (fifth row, second option from the left).To reproduce the animation effects on this slide, do the following:On the View tab, in the Zoom group, click Zoom, and then in the Zoom dialog box, in the Percent box, enter 70%. (Note: Make sure that Fit is not selected in the Zoom dialog box.)On the slide, select the dotted rectangle. On the Animations tab, in the Advanced Animations group, click Add Animation, and then, under Motion Paths, clickCustom Path.Press and hold SHIFT to conform the path to a straight, horizontal line, and then do the following on the slide:Click the center of the dotted rectangle to create the first motion-path point.Click approximately ½” beyond the right edge of the rectangle to create the second motion-path point. Double-click approximately 2” beyond the left edge of the slide to create the third and final motion-path point. On the slide, right-click the freeform motion path, and then click Reverse Path Direction. On the Animations tab, in the Timing group, in the Start list, select WithPrevious.On the slide, select the gradient-filled rectangle. On the Animations tab, in the Advanced Animations group, click Add Effect, and then click More Entrance Effects. In the Add Entrance Effect dialog box, under Subtle, click Fade, and then click OK. On the Animations tab, in the Timing group, in the Start list, select WithPrevious.On the Animations tab, in the Timing group, in the Duration box, enter 0.5. On the slide, select the gradient-filled rectangle. On the Animations tab, in the Advanced Animations group, click Add Effect, and then click More Motion Paths. In the Add Motion Path dialog box, under Lines and Curves, click Down, and then click OK. On the Animations tab, in the Timing group, in the Start list, select WithPrevious.On the Animations tab, in the Timing group, in the Duration box, enter 2. On the slide, right-click the down motion path and click ReversePathDirection.On the slide, select the smaller, full-color picture. On the Animations tab, in the Advanced Animations group, click Add Effect, and then click More Entrance Effects. In the Add Entrance Effect dialog box, under Subtle, click Fade, and then click OK. On the Animations tab, in the Timing group, in the Start list, select WithPrevious.On the Animations tab, in the Timing group, in the Duration box, enter 2. On the Animations tab, in the Timing group, in the Delaybox, enter 1.5. On the slide, select the text box. On the Animations tab, in the Advanced Animations group, click Add Effect, and then click More Entrance Effects. In the Add Entrance Effect dialog box, under Subtle, click Fade, and then click OK. On the Animations tab, in the Timing group, in the Start list, select WithPrevious.On the Animations tab, in the Timing group, in the Duration box, enter 1.
  • Adult learning

    1. 1. Dalal Al Qahtani<br />
    2. 2. Tell me, and I will forget. Show me, and I may remember. Involve me, and I will understand- Confucius, 450 B.C.<br />
    3. 3. Adult Learning Principles<br />
    4. 4.
    5. 5. Where do we learn ?<br />
    6. 6. We learn from <br />Schools , Collages and Universities <br />
    7. 7. We learn around<br />Campus<br />
    8. 8. We learn from <br />Our achievements <br />
    9. 9. We learn in <br />Places of worship (Mosque)<br />
    10. 10. We learn on <br />Jobs<br />
    11. 11. We learn to <br />Save Others <br />
    12. 12. We learn through <br />Volunteering <br />
    13. 13. We learn from<br />Other cultures <br />
    14. 14. We learn at <br />Play<br />
    15. 15. We learn by <br />Watching TV<br />
    16. 16. We learn by <br />Reading<br />
    17. 17. We learn by <br />
    18. 18. Exploring the World <br />
    19. 19. We learn<br />NOT what to become !<br />
    20. 20. We learn to <br />Teach our Children <br />
    21. 21. LEARNING <br />LEARNING <br />LEARNING <br />LEARNING <br />LEARNING <br />LEARNING <br />
    22. 22. knowledge<br />skills<br />behaviors<br />values<br />Andragogy<br />
    23. 23.
    24. 24. 1833<br />Alexander Kapp<br />
    25. 25. Plato’s Educational Ideas<br />
    26. 26. 1833<br />He describes the lifelong necessity to learn. In about 60 pages he argues that education, self-reflection, and educating the character are the first value in human life<br />
    27. 27. 1833<br />He then refers to vocational education of the healing profession, soldier, educator, orator, ruler, and men as family father<br />
    28. 28. 1833<br />Kappdoes not explain the term Andragogik ! <br />
    29. 29. 1833<br />He does not develop a theory, but justifies ‘andragogy’ as the practical necessity of the education of adults<br />
    30. 30. 1833<br />1921<br />Rosenstock<br />
    31. 31. 1833<br />1921<br />1926<br />Eduard C. Lindeman<br />
    32. 32. 1833<br />1921<br />1926<br />1968<br />Malcolm Knowles<br />
    33. 33. 1833<br />1921<br />1926<br />1980<br />
    34. 34.
    35. 35.
    36. 36. <ul><li>Pedagogy "paid," meaning child "agogos," meaning leading
    37. 37. The art and science of teaching children
    38. 38. Andragogy (andr - 'man')
    39. 39. The art and science of helping adults learn </li></ul> (Knowles, 1980)<br />
    40. 40.
    41. 41.
    42. 42.
    43. 43. 1<br />Adult are autonomous ,self directed and internally <br />motivated<br />
    44. 44. 2<br />Adults bring life experiences and knowledge to learning experiences<br />
    45. 45. 3<br />Adults are goal oriented<br />
    46. 46. 4<br />Adults are relevancy oriented<br />
    47. 47. 5<br />Adults are practical<br />
    48. 48. 6<br />Adult learners like to be respected<br />
    49. 49.
    50. 50. Activity 1<br />Jeopardy Style Learning Game<br />
    51. 51. How can I use adult learning principles to facilitate student learning on placement?<br />
    52. 52.
    53. 53. Motivation and barriers <br />
    54. 54. What is motivation?<br /><ul><li>Internal state that arouses directs and maintains behavior. (woolfolk,p.372)
    55. 55. Distinction is often mad between Intrinsic & Extrinsic motivation.</li></li></ul><li>Adults want to learn<br /><ul><li>Relevant, applicable information
    56. 56. Favor interaction
    57. 57. To have the opportunity to challenge
    58. 58. Build upon their own knowledge and experiences
    59. 59. Adults learn differently in work and rates, each person’s background, experiences, ability and learning styles.</li></li></ul><li>
    60. 60. Sources of Motivation<br /><ul><li>Social relationships : new friends, associations and friendships
    61. 61. External expectations : instructions from someone else
    62. 62. Social welfare : to improve ability to serve mankind
    63. 63. Personal advancement : higher status in a job ,Profession security
    64. 64. Escape/stimulation :to relieve boredom, provide a break in the routine
    65. 65. Cognitive interest :to learn for the sake of learning, seek knowledge</li></li></ul><li>Unlike children and teenagers…….<br />How<br />
    66. 66. Barriers to Adult Learning<br /><ul><li>Home and Work Responsibilities
    67. 67. Low self-esteem
    68. 68. Unconfident in own abilities
    69. 69. Fear of ridicule or failures</li></li></ul><li>Motivation factors <br />can also be a barrier?<br />
    70. 70. Find ways to enhance their reasons<br />Find ways to decrease the perceived barriers<br />
    71. 71.
    72. 72.
    73. 73.
    74. 74. Strength<br />Andragogy<br />Weakness<br />
    75. 75. Strength<br />Flexibility<br /><ul><li>Very self-directed and allows the learner to take control of his or her learning
    76. 76. Vbroad based and the method can be implemented in a variety of educational situations </li></li></ul><li>Strength<br />Broad applicability<br /><ul><li>Touches every field
    77. 77. The more a learning situation requires teaching a student complex matters, the more application of an andragogical approach makes sense
    78. 78. While the elements of the model are interdependent, they can be applied individually</li></li></ul><li>Strength<br />Perspective of the Learner<br />“Andragogy’score adult learning principles take the learner seriously. They go beyond basic respect for the learner and view the adult learner as aprimary source of data for making sound decisions regarding the learning process,”Knowles et al. (1998, 183)<br />
    79. 79. Weakness<br />Hartree (1984) questioned whether there was a theory at all, suggesting that perhaps these were just principles of good practice, or descriptions of “what the adult learner should be like” (p. 205).<br />
    80. 80. Weakness<br />Historically, andragogy has been hard to classify. It has been referred to as "a theory of adult education, theory of adult learning, theory of technology of adult learning, method of adult education, technique of adult education, and a set of assumptions.“ ! <br />
    81. 81. Weakness<br />Knowles himself came to concur that andragogy is less a theory of adult learning than “a model of assumptions about learning or a conceptual framework that serves as a basis for an emergent theory” (1989, p. 112).<br />
    82. 82. Weakness<br />Although the principles behind andragogy are very applicable in most adult learning situations it is not necessarily limited to implementation within adult learning ! <br />
    83. 83. Weakness<br />Led Knowles himself to revise his thinking as to whether andragogy was just for adults and pedagogy just for children. ?!!<br />
    84. 84. Weakness<br />Between 1970 and 1980 he moved from an andragogy versus pedagogy position to representing them on a continuum ranging from teacher-directed to student-directed learning.<br />
    85. 85. Weakness<br />This acknowledgment by Knowles resulted in andragogy being defined more by the learning situation than by the learner<br />
    86. 86.
    87. 87. LearningSTYLE<br />
    88. 88.
    89. 89.
    90. 90. Adults exhibit a variety of learning styles, and there<br />is no one "right" way of learning. They learn indifferent ways at different times and for varyingreasons<br />
    91. 91. <ul><li>Kolb Learning Style Inventory (LSI): Self-scoring and interpretation booklet. David A. Kolb (1976)
    92. 92. The Manual of Learning Styles, by Peter Honey and Alan Mumford (1992).Provides an introduction to learning styles with advice on how to administer and interpret the The Learning StylesQuestionnaire
    93. 93. VARK (Visual, Aural, Read/write, Kinaesthetic). A guide to learning styles by Nick Fleming (1992) Website
    94. 94. Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) (1993) </li></li></ul><li>MBTI<br />Myers-Briggs Type Indicator <br />A psychometric questionnaire designed to measure psychological preferences in how people perceive the world and make decisions<br />From the typological theories proposed by Carl Gustav Jung<br />
    95. 95. 1913<br />Jung firstspokeabouttypologyat theMunichPsychologicalCongress<br />
    96. 96. 1913<br />1923<br /> Jung's Psychological Types was published in English translation (having first been published in German in 1921)<br />
    97. 97. 1913<br />1923<br />1926<br />1928<br />Katharine Briggs' first publications are two articles describing Jung's theory, in the journal New Republic (Meet Yourself Using the Personality Paint Box) and (Up From Barbarism)<br />
    98. 98. 1913<br />1923<br />1926<br />1928<br />1929<br />Isabel Briggs Myers, wrote a prize-winning mystery novel Murder Yet to Come, using typological ideas<br />
    99. 99. 1913<br />1923<br />1926<br />1928<br />1929<br />The "Briggs-Myers Type Indicator®" was created<br />1942<br />
    100. 100. 1913<br />1923<br />1926<br />1928<br />1929<br />The indicator changed its name to the modern form <br />(Myers-Briggs Type Indicator®)<br />1942<br />1956<br />
    101. 101. Extraversion–Introversion (E–I)<br />Sensing–Intuition (S–N)<br />Thinking–Feeling (T–F)<br />Judgment–Perception (J–P)<br />
    102. 102.
    103. 103. Activity 2<br />By more than two million people worldwide each year <br />(Myers & Briggs Foundation, 2007)<br />
    104. 104. MBTI codes and personality matrix <br />
    105. 105.
    106. 106. Extraversion–Introversion (E–I)<br /><ul><li> The majority of undergraduate students are extraverts !
    107. 107. The majority of university faculty are introverts
    108. 108. Learn by explaining to others
    109. 109. Enjoy working in groups
    110. 110. Consider group exercises and projects </li></ul>Thinking Aloud Paired Problem Solving (TAPPS) method<br />
    111. 111. Extraversion–Introversion (E–I)<br /><ul><li>Introvertsfind energy in the inner world of ideas, concepts, and abstractions.
    112. 112. Want to understand the world.
    113. 113. Concentrators and reflective thinkers
    114. 114. Like frameworks that integrate or connect the subject matter
    115. 115. Chunking
    116. 116. Compare/ contrast table, flowchart, or concept map </li></li></ul><li>Sensing–Intuition (S–N)<br /><ul><li> Sensing people are detail oriented, want facts, and trust them ("just the facts“ )
    117. 117. The majority of undergraduates are sensing students
    118. 118. The majority of university faculty are intuitive
    119. 119. Prefer organized, linear, and structured lectures </li></li></ul><li>Sensing–Intuition (S–N)<br />Seek out patterns and relationships among the facts they have gathered. They trust hunches and their intuition and look for the "big picture “ <br /><ul><li>Prefer discovery learning.</li></li></ul><li>Thinking–Feeling (T–F)<br /><ul><li>About 64% of all males have a preference for thinking, while only about 34% of all females have a preference for thinking
    120. 120. The majority of university faculty have a preference for thinking
    121. 121. Decide things impersonally on analysis, logic, and principle
    122. 122. Like clear course and topic objectives
    123. 123. objectives are precise and action-oriented.</li></li></ul><li>Thinking–Feeling (T–F)<br /><ul><li>They focus on human values and needs as they make decisions or arrive at judgments.
    124. 124. They tend to be good at persuasion and facilitating differences among group members.
    125. 125. Feeling students like working in groups, especially harmonious groups. They enjoy the small group exercises</li></li></ul><li>Judgment–Perception (J–P)<br /><ul><li>The majority of undergraduate students are judging students
    126. 126. The majority of university faculty also have a preference for judging
    127. 127. Judging students often reach too-quick closure when analyzing cases
    128. 128. a second-look meeting is recommended
    129. 129. Decisive, planful and selfregimented
    130. 130. They focus on completing the task, only want to know the essentials, and take action quickly (perhaps too quickly).
    131. 131. They plan their work and work their plan.
    132. 132. Deadlines are sacred. Their motto is: just do it! </li></li></ul><li>Judgment–Perception (J–P)<br /><ul><li>Per ccurious, adaptable, and spontaneous.
    133. 133. Start many tasks, want to know everything about each task, and often find it difficult to complete a task.
    134. 134. Deadlines are meant to be stretched. Their motto is: on the other hand ... .
    135. 135. Often postpone doing an assignment until the very last minute.
    136. 136. They are not lazy. Quite to the contrary, they seek information to the very last minute (and sometimes beyond). </li></ul>Complex project or paper into a series of<br /> sub-assignments and providing deadlines for each sub-assignment <br />
    137. 137.
    138. 138. Thank you<br />

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