Population census in india
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Population census in india

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THE POPULATION CENSUS IN INDIA is a main topic in indian demography..this ppt contains basic information regarding indian census... ...

THE POPULATION CENSUS IN INDIA is a main topic in indian demography..this ppt contains basic information regarding indian census...
it was presented & uploaded by:
MANOJKUMAR A
1st m.tech urban & regional planning..
IDS MANASAGANGOTHRI , MYSORE, KARNATAKA

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  • 1. Population Census in India Presented By: MANOJKUMAR A
  • 2. CENSUS: “Population census is the total process of collecting, compiling, analyzing or otherwise disseminating demographic, economic and social data pertaining, at a specific time, of all persons in a country or a well defined part of a country. As such, the Census provides a snapshot of the country’s population and housing at a given point of time.”
  • 3. * A census is the procedure of systematically acquiring and recording information about the members of a given population. It is a regularly occurring and official count of a particular population. The term is used mostly in connection with national population and housing censuses *An official usually periodic, enumeration of population often including the Collection of related demographic information.
  • 4. HISTORY OF CENSUS Rig Veda – 800-600 BC Ain-e-Akbari – Mughal King Akbar (16th Century) 1872 – the first systematic Census conducted all over India 1881 – the first synchronous Census conducted all over India 1951 – the first Census of Independent India 2011 – the 15th since1872 – the 7th since Independence
  • 5. IMPORTANCE OF CENSUS The census provides information on size, distribution and socio-economic, demographic and other characteristics of the country's population. The data collected through the census are used for administration, planning and policy making as well as management and evaluation of various programmes by the government, researchers, commercial and private enterprises, etc. .
  • 6. CENSUS OF INDIA First regular census -1871 Last census - 2011 Done after every 10 years Census 2011 will mark a milestone as the National Population Register (NPR) will also be prepared Usually conducted at the end of the first quarter of the First year in each decade.
  • 7. National population register The National Population Register (NPR) is a Register of usual residents of the country. The 15th Indian census was conducted in two phases house listing and population enumeration. The database is maintained by the Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India
  • 8. NPR 1st Phase: HOUSELISTING & HOUSING CENSUS AND COLLECTION OF DATA ON NATIONAL POPULATION REGISTER April to September 2010 2nd Phase: POPULATION ENUMERATION 9th to 28th February 2011 8
  • 9. Features of NPR All these provisions make it compulsory for the citizens of India to register in the database. The registration with NPR gives identity card which Commonly known as “Aadhar card.”
  • 10. • As per Section 14A of the Citizenship Act 1955 as amended in 2004, it is compulsory for every citizen of the country to register in the National Register of Indian Citizens (NRIC). • The creation of the National Population Register (NPR) is the first Step towards preparation of the NRIC. Out of the universal dataset of residents, the subset of citizens would be derived after due verification of the citizenship status. Therefore, it is compulsory for all usual residents to register under the NPR.
  • 11. Components 1.Textual data: it includes basic and additional Information of households. 2.Biometric data : it includes biometric and fingerprints 3.Service logs: it includes service flags and service register.
  • 12. NPR - UTILITY Create a comprehensive identity database in the country Help in better targeting of the benefits and services under the Government schemes / programmes Improve planning Strengthen security of the country
  • 13. Items of Information: NPR 1 Name of person 6 Sex 11 Present address of usual residence 2 Relationship to Head 7 Date of Birth 12 Duration of stay at present address 3 Father’s Name 8 Marital Status 13 Permanent Residential Address 4 Mother’s Name 9 Place of Birth 14 Occupation / Activity 5 Spouse’s Name 10 Nationality as Declared 15 Educational Qualification Above details to be collected from all Usual Residents Photograph, Finger Print and Iris (if approved) to be collected for Usual Residents aged 15 years and above
  • 14. POPULATION CENSUS 2011 The Census of India 2011 which started on 1st of April in 2010 is a historical landmark in Indian history. This will be largest census in human history till date ever done by any government in the world.  Government of India will collect data from each and every household in the states and union territories of India.  The Census 2011 is the 15th National Census of India undertaken by the government after a gap of 10 years.
  • 15. POPULATION CENSUS 2011 The major highlights of the Census 2011 (Provisional ) are as under: *The population of India has increased by more than 181 million during the decade 2001-2011. *Percentage growth in 2001-2011 is 17.64; males 17.19 and females 18.12. *2001-2011 is the first decade (with the exception of 1911-1921) which has actually added lesser population compared to the previous decade. *Uttar Pradesh (199.5 million) is the most populous State in the country followed by Maharashtra with 112 million.
  • 16. *Population (0-6 years) 2001-2011 registered minus (-)3.08 percent growth with minus (-)2.42 for males and -3.80 for females. *Overall sex ratio at the national level has increased by 7 points to reach 940 at Census 2011 as against 933 in Census 2001. This is the highest sex ratio recorded since Census 1971 and a shade lower than 1961. Increase in sex ratio is observed in 29 States/UTs. *Kerala with 1084 has the highest sex ratio followed by Puducherry with 1038, Daman & Diu has the lowest sex ratio of 618.
  • 17. REFERENCE: Mospi.gov.in censusindia.gov.in
  • 18. Thank you