India;  Bucket Drip Irrigation - Chapin Living Waters
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India; Bucket Drip Irrigation - Chapin Living Waters

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India; Bucket Drip Irrigation - Chapin Living Waters

India; Bucket Drip Irrigation - Chapin Living Waters

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India; Bucket Drip Irrigation - Chapin Living Waters Document Transcript

  • 1. Bucket Drip Irrigation Bucket Drip Irrigation • For Flower Crops • For Vegetable Crops • Can be constructed in any zoneThis training was prepared by the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) team of Otto Gonzalez-USDA Foreign Agricultural Service (TeamLeader), Jon Fripp (Civil Engineer) and Chris Hoag (Wetland Plant Ecologist)-USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service (Civil Engineers).Fripp and Hoag were the primary authors of this material. The U.S. AID provided funding support for the USDA team. Water into bucket and drips out of the drip Bucket drip irrigation lines onto the plants is simple irrigation: •Been Used Worldwide •Not Expensive •Low Pressure •Saves Water •Fertilizer ApplicationWater into bucket once ortwice a day. This depends on:•Type of plants 700 pounds of tomatoes•Soils from one kit in one year•Temperature (100 plants)•Recent Weather•Wind Photo from Chapin Living Waters Foundation 1
  • 2. Bucket Chapin Bucket DripFilter Irrigation Kits We will look at the •Filter screen steps to build and use Stand •Water Supply Line a bucket drip •Drip Line Water Supply Lines Remember the basics of irrigation Need to add: •Bucket •Stand Drip Lines •Plants •Be sure the filter screen is clean The first step is to drill a hole in •You will need to clean it periodically the bottom of a clean bucket •Clean by washing it, not by rubbing it with fingers 2
  • 3. •Examine the fittings Bucket•Notice how they will be •Bucket is placed onassembled into the bucket stand at highest end of•They must be tight garden •The stand should be at Stand least 1 meter high 1 meterThe water supply lines go into the rubber stopper Connect the water supply line to the drip line 3
  • 4. •Stretch the drip line acrossthe garden•Avoid folds or creases•Do not vary elevation bymore than 1 foot•Drip line should be incontact with the soil•Weight the drip line downwith rocks•The drip opening should be •Close end of drip lineon top of the line •Fold over twice and put in sleeve •Can also tie with string Carefully pour clean water into the bucket •Look for wet spots •Mark them •Place plants where there is a drip 4
  • 5. •Plants should go where the drip will beNotice that the drip should be on top of the drip line •Try to avoid getting soil on the drip line •Can place mulch over line to reduce evaporation loss of water Plants should be down slope of the drip Clogging can be a problem. May need to cover the bucket top to keep dust and sand from blowing to bucket 5
  • 6. If hole becomes blocked or the drip becomes slow: Can also flush the lines •Do not use a pin to clear the hole •Rub your finger across the hole and blow into it This is done by opening the ends of the drip lines and pouring clean water through it. If stored •Flush clean water thru The Chapin bucket the opened drip lines. drip irrigation kits •Clean the filter screen should last 5 to 7 •Carefully roll the drip years with proper care lines •Do not fold the drip linesPhoto from John Tiedeman 6
  • 7. •Can apply fertilizer to •If you are using a the irrigation water. compost tea for •The fertilizer will go fertilizer, be sure to straight to the plant pour it through a heavy clothTest TimeWhat is wrong here? Test Time What is wrong here? Answer: line is bent Answer: line is not flat 7
  • 8. Test TimeWhat is wrong here? Questions?Hint: this is the inside of the drip bucket. Answer: water is too dirty. The irrigation water needs to be cleaner. Dirty water can clog the openings 8