This is a free product.Please visit www.d-waste.com for top qualityReports,    Presentations  &   Applicationsconcerning w...
Hard situation in Greece                           3
Waste management in trouble                          4
It always seems impossibleuntil it is done
6
7
8
9
Impossiblebut doable         10
Democracy: heritage & solution                            11
12
Global situation: production, consumptionand…                                 13
Urbanisation and use of resourcesMore urbanisation: (mega-)citiesMore use of material resources(Sustainability is not just...
Planetary Boundaries                            1515
Scarce resources                   16
Chain managementChanging the dynamics of patterns of production andconsumption through WASTE management                   ...
The ideal for our current production process                          Consumer/             Producer                      ...
The real end of our current production process…90% landfilling in Brasil, no better in Asia & Africa                      ...
EU export of waste                     20
Products and some producers                         21
Towards a green economyTextile        Aluminium      Electronics   X/Y/Z            Instruments                           ...
Relevance waste & recyclingMotor green economy, cross-cutting impact                                        23            ...
The market and the playing fieldLevel playing    Sustainable playing                                  24    field         ...
25
Who pays the bill?!                      26
Result producers responsibility           €475/ton           plastics           €65/ton           furniture               ...
Total turnover of recycling of seven key recyclables in the EU2004 and 2006–2009                                          ...
EU Approach: The Waste HierarchyInstead of landfilling shift to sorting andrecycling,    organise sufficient but not too m...
People employed in recycling activities in the EU per millioninhabitants: the business & the jobs!    Overall employment r...
Recycling society and economy including Producers Responsibility                    Purchase                       of     ...
EPR consequencesEPR digs into the municipal responsibility for wastecollection• Municipalities desire:  • Coherent waste s...
Financial & policy instruments• National instruments:  • Landfill ban and tax  • Incineration tax (Flanders)  • Minimum st...
Policy toolbox                                                    Communication           Raw material label              ...
A (European) resources strategy needs a good balance:    Public  Private and Municipality  Producer                     ...
Crisis: ASSOCIATIONS!                        36
Alliances for sustainable production and consumption Government                                         PLATFORM (UN: UNEP...
Rio+20 Brasil: Waste & Recycling potential        Landfill – Waste to Energy - Recycling                                  ...
EU Approach:impact Waste Hierarchy, on climate and… jobs  bottom-up               CO2-impact         Preven               ...
Rio+20 Brasil:Waste & Recycling potentialGreenHouseGas-emissions (MtCO2eq/yr)                                       40    ...
Businesswise, the CO2-market                 Financing CO2-potential of recyclingRecycling+ business                      ...
United Nations & waste management  Liberation after UNFCCC COP17 DurbanArgentina     Australia   Austria        Bosnia/Her...
International cooperation      Waste     sector   is   formally      recognised over 20 times (!) in      final declaratio...
“Every disadvantage has its advantage”                               44
Feasibility: overall result             Less waste             Resources back in the loop             Private money pollut...
Feasibility and inspiration in Greece                                46
Feasibility back in Holland                              47
48
AMSTERDAM 2012                 49
Back to the Netherlands• Waste collection• Waste treatment• Cleansing• Winter service                                   50
51
52
Let’s talk money! Organising the means for sustainability including municipal waste management
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Let’s talk money! Organising the means for sustainability including municipal waste management

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This is a presentation of Erik de Baedts President of the Municipal Waste Europe (MWE) and Managing Director of the Royal Dutch Waste Management Association (NVRD). It was first presented at the 4th International Conference of HSWMA "Solid Waste Management in Crisis: New Challenges and Perspectives" held at the Technical University of Athens, Greece on November 30 - December 1, 2012. His presentation focuses on the means for sustainability including municipal waste management.

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Let’s talk money! Organising the means for sustainability including municipal waste management

  1. 1. This is a free product.Please visit www.d-waste.com for top qualityReports, Presentations & Applicationsconcerning waste management issues.
  2. 2. Hard situation in Greece 3
  3. 3. Waste management in trouble 4
  4. 4. It always seems impossibleuntil it is done
  5. 5. 6
  6. 6. 7
  7. 7. 8
  8. 8. 9
  9. 9. Impossiblebut doable 10
  10. 10. Democracy: heritage & solution 11
  11. 11. 12
  12. 12. Global situation: production, consumptionand… 13
  13. 13. Urbanisation and use of resourcesMore urbanisation: (mega-)citiesMore use of material resources(Sustainability is not just energy!) 14Yet collection and recycling is moredifficult in (mega-) cities with highrise
  14. 14. Planetary Boundaries 1515
  15. 15. Scarce resources 16
  16. 16. Chain managementChanging the dynamics of patterns of production andconsumption through WASTE management 17
  17. 17. The ideal for our current production process Consumer/ Producer Citizen Municipalities/ Waste sector 18
  18. 18. The real end of our current production process…90% landfilling in Brasil, no better in Asia & Africa Health, Hygiene Environment, Climate Social Responsibility => Sustainable? 19 19
  19. 19. EU export of waste 20
  20. 20. Products and some producers 21
  21. 21. Towards a green economyTextile Aluminium Electronics X/Y/Z Instruments Design EcodesignDesign Resources Resources ProducersCarpet / Sector Responsibility?Fashion DesignProduction Production Reimbursement Industry schemes?Retail Marketing Consumption PositiveConsumption Consumption triggers? - Knowledge Waste Management - Sorting (treatment) 22 - Logistics 2009 © NVRD
  22. 22. Relevance waste & recyclingMotor green economy, cross-cutting impact 23 23
  23. 23. The market and the playing fieldLevel playing Sustainable playing 24 field field
  24. 24. 25
  25. 25. Who pays the bill?! 26
  26. 26. Result producers responsibility €475/ton plastics €65/ton furniture €80/ton electroni€60/ton cs 27textiles
  27. 27. Total turnover of recycling of seven key recyclables in the EU2004 and 2006–2009 28
  28. 28. EU Approach: The Waste HierarchyInstead of landfilling shift to sorting andrecycling, organise sufficient but not too muchwaste to energy, then focus on prevention and 29reuse
  29. 29. People employed in recycling activities in the EU per millioninhabitants: the business & the jobs! Overall employment related to materials recovery in Europe increased from 422 inhabitants per million in 2000 to 611 in 2007, increase of 45 % 700 600 500 Recycling 400 Wholesale of waste 300 and scraps 200 Total 100 0 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 30 30
  30. 30. Recycling society and economy including Producers Responsibility Purchase of products Producer Consumer / citizen Reuse of resources Recycling Disposal waste 31 resource
  31. 31. EPR consequencesEPR digs into the municipal responsibility for wastecollection• Municipalities desire: • Coherent waste system for their public space • Control over service level degree municipality • Acceptable costs citizens• Producers desire: • Control over resources stream for their specific material • Best results waste collection at lowest cost • Clear distribution of responsibilities in law needed – Separate collection of wastes by municipalities – Financing by producers/importers for their resources – The polluter pays: producers pay for their claim on public waste 32 management
  32. 32. Financial & policy instruments• National instruments: • Landfill ban and tax • Incineration tax (Flanders) • Minimum standards recycling / treatment • PRODUCERS RESPONSIBILITY • Recycling fees for products (WEEE/packg) • Recycling targets for producers • Max. residual waste for municipalities• Municipal Waste Tax per household• Variable pricing (pay as you throw) • Per kg of waste offered • By size of the bin • By frequency of collection 33 • Or combinations of the above
  33. 33. Policy toolbox Communication Raw material label Service level degree Ecodesign Producer ConsumerUse of secondary raw Pay as you throw material in products Producer responsibility Deposit return systems Recycling targets Municipality Clear feasible Knowledge sharing Residual waste targets Inter municipal Treatment taxes Optimization of 34 logistics cooperation
  34. 34. A (European) resources strategy needs a good balance: Public  Private and Municipality  Producer 35
  35. 35. Crisis: ASSOCIATIONS! 36
  36. 36. Alliances for sustainable production and consumption Government PLATFORM (UN: UNEP/UNDP, UNFCCC [GCF], EU) Design Design Resources Ecodesign Industry I.D.N. International Resources Producers Fashion / Sector Designers Network Responsibilty Carpet Design F.G.I. Fashion Group Int. Production Production C.E. Consumer Electronics Association (www.ce.org) Industry Reimbursement? Retail Marketing NGO’S Positive triggers E.E.B. European Consumption Consumption Consumption Environmental Bureau Greenpeace? BEUC (Consumers) Drivers apart from public or corporate responsibility: From Cradle Academia •Innovation & Technology to practice 37 Waste Management •Economic Sustainability ISWA •A competitive advantage
  37. 37. Rio+20 Brasil: Waste & Recycling potential Landfill – Waste to Energy - Recycling 38 38
  38. 38. EU Approach:impact Waste Hierarchy, on climate and… jobs bottom-up CO2-impact Preven Prevention tion Reuse Reuse Recycling Recycling Recovery Recovery Landfill Landfill 39
  39. 39. Rio+20 Brasil:Waste & Recycling potentialGreenHouseGas-emissions (MtCO2eq/yr) 40 40
  40. 40. Businesswise, the CO2-market Financing CO2-potential of recyclingRecycling+ business Value on the CO2 Market; global or within Brazil 2012 2020 2030Materials % Mton CO2 $ 10/ton CO2 $ 20/ton CO2 $ 30/ton CO2Paper and board 14,7% -9.027 90.266.214 180.532.429 270.798.643Glass 2,8% -1.25 1.253.406 2.506.813 3.760.219Organic waste 54,9% -5.526 55.255.520 110.511.039 165.766.559Textiles 1,8% -1.266 12.660.116 25.320.231 37.980.347Steel 1,3% -1.788 17.881.468 35.762.937 53.644.405Aluminum 0,4% -1.356 13.559.932 27.119.864 40.679.796PE (hard) 1,9% -28.303 283.030.360 566.060.720 849.091.080PE (film) 15,0%PP 1,9% -3.889 38.890.123 77.780.245 116.670.368PET 1,5% -4.620 46.200.172 92.400.344 138.600.516Tetrapak 1,4% -628 6.283.734 12.567.468 18.851.201Wood 0,3% -209 2.086.852 4.173.704 6.260.556Stone-like material 0,8% 24 -237.562 -475.124 -712.686 41Other 1,3% 0 0 0Total -56.713 USD 567.130.335 USD 1.134.260.670 USD 1.701.391.005 41
  41. 41. United Nations & waste management Liberation after UNFCCC COP17 DurbanArgentina Australia Austria Bosnia/Herzegovina Brazil Bulgaria Canada P.R. ChinaDenmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland India Israel Italy Japan Latvia Malaysia New Zealand Nigeria Norway Portugal Romania Serbia Singapore South Korea Spain Sweden Switzerland 42 Netherlands Turkey United Kingdom USA 42
  42. 42. International cooperation Waste sector is formally recognised over 20 times (!) in final declarations of UN- Rio+20 Sustainability summit including the need for financing! 43
  43. 43. “Every disadvantage has its advantage” 44
  44. 44. Feasibility: overall result Less waste Resources back in the loop Private money polluters organised Municipalities deliver higher service Lower claim on public infrastructure 45
  45. 45. Feasibility and inspiration in Greece 46
  46. 46. Feasibility back in Holland 47
  47. 47. 48
  48. 48. AMSTERDAM 2012 49
  49. 49. Back to the Netherlands• Waste collection• Waste treatment• Cleansing• Winter service 50
  50. 50. 51
  51. 51. 52

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