Books of the bible
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  • 1. Books of the Bible
  • 2. TESTAMENTSComes from the Latin Word: testamentum = written agreement - latter & weaker translationOriginated from the Hebrew Word: berith = covenant
  • 3. Did you know that there are 2General Divisions of the Bible?1 Old Testament2 New Testament
  • 4. Old Testament  Accounts the loving relationship of God with His Chosen People New TestamentContinuation of the first and accounts the loving relationship between God and the people of God through Jesus Christ
  • 5. Old Testament New Testament Sealed with the blood  Sealed with the blood of of animal offerings the saviour, Jesus Christ  Narrates the love to  Narrates the love to His people despite of His people through the unfaithfulness person of Jesus Christ
  • 6. What is a Canon? The word canon comes from a Greek word that means "standard" or"measurement." It simply refers to the list of writings that are considered authoritative within a religious group. Source: http://www.cresourcei.org/canonot.html
  • 7. Why do we have different Canons? There was no "official" canon for either Judaism or Christianity until tensions between the two traditions forced official lists to be made.  debated in both Eastern Orthodoxy and Protestantism as late as the 16th century. Source: http://www.cresourcei.org/canonot.html
  • 8. Hebrew The Law (Torah): 1. Genesis 2. Exodus Canon Latter Prophets: 3. Leviticus 11. Isaiah 4. Numbers 12. Jeremiah 5. Deuteronomy 13. Ezekiel Historical Books: 14. The Writings (The 20. Daniel Twelve) 21. Ezra-Nehemiah 15. Song of SongsThe Prophets (Nebhim): 22. Chronicles 16. Ruth 6. Joshua 17. Lamentation 7. Judges 18. Esther 8. Samuel 19. Ecclesiastes 9. Ruth 10. Kings
  • 9. ProtestantPentateuch: Genesis 1 canon 3 Wisdom Books:  Job  Prophets: Isaiah 4 Exodus  Psalms  Jeremiah Leviticus  Proverbs  Lamentations Numbers  Ecclesiastes  Ezekiel Deuteronomy  Daniel  Song of Songs  Hosea  Joel  AmosHistorical Books:  2 Kings 2  Obadiah Joshua  1 Chronicles  Jonah Judges  2 Chronicles  Micah Ruth  Ezra  Nahum 1 Samuel  Nehemiah  Habakkuk 2 Samuel  Esther  Zephaniah  Malachi 1 Kings
  • 10. Catholic canon PROTESTANT CANON + 1 Esdras 2 Esdras Tobit Judith Additions to Esther Wisdom of Solomon Ecclesiasticus Baruch Letter of Jeremiah Prayer of Azariah Susanna Bel and the Dragon Prayer of Manasseh 1 Maccabees 2 Maccabees
  • 11. There are mainly four reasons:1. They abound in historical andgeographical inaccuracies andanachronisms.2. They teach doctrines which arefalse and foster practices which areat variance with inspired Scripture.3. They resort to literary types anddisplay an artificiality of subjectmatter and styling out of keepingwith inspired Scripture.4. They lack the distinctiveelements which give genuine Why do non-Catholic authoritiesScripture their divine character, reject the Apocrypha as being asuch as prophetic power and poeticand religious feeling. part of the sixty six books of the canon?
  • 12. Why does Apocrypha included in Catholic Bible?Even the Roman Catholic Church did not dogmaticallydeclare the Apocrypha to be inspired until the Council ofTrent in the sixteenth century. The Apocrypha alsoincluded teachings that could help Rome defend itsdoctrine against growing Protestant criticism. Forinstance, Martin Luther had forcefully argued againstRome’s practice of selling pardons from purgatory. Tobit 12:9 supports the practice, stating, "…almsgivingsaves one from death and expiates every sin." Even someCatholic writers acknowledge that Trent’s decision toaccept the Apocrypha as inspired is problematic. Source: http://www.reachingcatholics.org/rcbible.html
  • 13. New Testament Matthew 1 Timothy Mark 2 Timothy Luke Titus John Philemon Acts Hebrews Romans James 1 Corinthians 1 Peter 2 Corinthians 2 Peter Galatians 1 John Ephesians 2 John Philippians 3 John Colossians Jude 1 Thessalonians Revelation 2 Thessalonians