A Design Artifact for Functional
Assessment of Construction Projects
A support for architectural design competition
CC2013...
Agenda
7/12/2013 2
Cyril MAUGER
I. Introduction
II. Context
III. Issue
IV. Contribution
V. Application
VI. Conclusion
CC20...
37/12/2013
Cyril MAUGER
I. Introduction: Scope
Conceptual
Phase
Design
Phase
Industrialisation
Phase
Production
Phase
Use
...
47/12/2013
Cyril MAUGER
II. Context
CC2013, Budapest, Hungary, July 6-9th 2013
Functional
Diagram
Requirements
Definition
...
57/12/2013
Cyril MAUGER
III. Issue
Functional Diagram
CC2013, Budapest, Hungary, July 6-9th 2013
• Functional requirements...
67/12/2013
Cyril MAUGER
III. Issue
Architectural Design Competition
CC2013, Budapest, Hungary, July 6-9th 2013
Project A P...
77/12/2013
Cyril MAUGER
IV. Contribution
A Design Artefact: the Meta-Space diagram
CC2013, Budapest, Hungary, July 6-9th 2...
87/12/2013
Cyril MAUGER
V. Application
Functional Diagram Analysis
CC2013, Budapest, Hungary, July 6-9th 2013
AI.1
EI.1
DI...
97/12/2013
Cyril MAUGER
V. Application
Architectural Design Competition: Analysis
CC2013, Budapest, Hungary, July 6-9th 20...
107/12/2013
Cyril MAUGER
CC2013, Budapest, Hungary, July 6-9th 2013
DI.1CI.1BI.1
AI.1
EI.1
Project B
DI.1CI.1BI.1
AI.1
EI....
117/12/2013
Cyril MAUGER
CC2013, Budapest, Hungary, July 6-9th 2013
DI.1
CI.1
BI.1
AI.1
EI.1
Project B
DI.1
CI.1
BI.1
AI.1...
12
VI. Conclusion
7/12/2013
Cyril MAUGER
Contribution
• Meta-Space diagram as a design artefact for functional assessment
...
13
VI. Conclusion
7/12/2013
Cyril MAUGER
Perspectives
• Application on a bigger case study (Library of the University of L...
7/12/2013 14
Cyril MAUGER
Thanks for your attention !
Any questions?
CC2013, Budapest, Hungary, July 6-9th 2013
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A Design Artifact for the Functional Assessment of Construction Projects

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In architectural design process, architects’ drawings provide spatial visualization of the project answering the client’s requirements gathered in the brief. Their assessment is usually performed manually by following a set of evaluation criteria defined by the client. Functional assessment is based on activities textually described in the brief and graphically synthesized in functional diagrams. As it is performed manually and considering the large amount of requirements contained in a brief, only a limited set of requirements could be checked and the overall coherence of the analysis often remains difficult. This paper proposes a design artifact, called the meta-space diagram, aiming at supporting this functional assessment. This design artifact is based on a literature review on functional modeling in Engineering as well as on space layout techniques used in Architecture (e.g. graph, bubble diagram). A retrospective analysis of an existing building, its brief and subsequent plans, serves as a basis to develop and to first evaluate the proposed design artifact. The meta-space diagram is an enhanced oriented and labeled graph. It can model two kinds of artifacts in the same form: activities and processes described by the client in the brief, and architects’ space proposals. As the building should support the service it is supposed to provide, both meta-space diagrams have to match. Alignment between the two models is ensured by spatial allocation and grouping based on the client’s requirements. The meta-space diagram tackles issues related to loss of information/requirements and imprecision between the brief and the proposals. It provides elements to be discussed by the client and the architect to make evolve both the brief and/or the design toward compliance with what the client really wants. It constitutes a first step toward automation of the functional assessment. The next step is its application on a larger case study to confirm the first presented results.

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A Design Artifact for the Functional Assessment of Construction Projects

  1. 1. A Design Artifact for Functional Assessment of Construction Projects A support for architectural design competition CC2013, Budapest, Hungary, July 6-9th 2013 Cyril MAUGER cyril.mauger@tudor.lu Cyril MAUGER
  2. 2. Agenda 7/12/2013 2 Cyril MAUGER I. Introduction II. Context III. Issue IV. Contribution V. Application VI. Conclusion CC2013, Budapest, Hungary, July 6-9th 2013
  3. 3. 37/12/2013 Cyril MAUGER I. Introduction: Scope Conceptual Phase Design Phase Industrialisation Phase Production Phase Use Phase Commercialisation Phase Inception Feasibility Conceptual Phase Design Strategy Programmatic Concept Requirements Definition Business Need Concept Proposal Design Concept CC2013, Budapest, Hungary, July 6-9th 2013 Architectural Design Competition Architectural Programming
  4. 4. 47/12/2013 Cyril MAUGER II. Context CC2013, Budapest, Hungary, July 6-9th 2013 Functional Diagram Requirements Definition Req./Spec. Brief • Ex-post facto case study • Multimedia Library in France (2008) • Public Construction (MOP Law, 1985) • Architectural Design Competition
  5. 5. 57/12/2013 Cyril MAUGER III. Issue Functional Diagram CC2013, Budapest, Hungary, July 6-9th 2013 • Functional requirements • Processes, Activities, … • Set of minimal requirements
  6. 6. 67/12/2013 Cyril MAUGER III. Issue Architectural Design Competition CC2013, Budapest, Hungary, July 6-9th 2013 Project A Project B Project CFunctional Diagram • Manual assessment (lengthy) • Limited set of criteria (incomplete) • Overall coherence analysis difficult to ensure => How to support this functional assessment?
  7. 7. 77/12/2013 Cyril MAUGER IV. Contribution A Design Artefact: the Meta-Space diagram CC2013, Budapest, Hungary, July 6-9th 2013 Meta-Space = Ideal Virtual Space that gathers all required conditions to perform an activity. Meta-Space Diagram = An enhanced oriented and labeled graph. Activity 1 Resource i Activity 2 Resource i Activity 3 Resource i + ii Meta-Space 1 Meta-Space 2 Meta-Space 3 Functional Space I 12 m² Requirement Processing Resource i + ii Physical Space A 12 m² Functional Diagram PlanMeta-Space DiagramBrief
  8. 8. 87/12/2013 Cyril MAUGER V. Application Functional Diagram Analysis CC2013, Budapest, Hungary, July 6-9th 2013 AI.1 EI.1 DI.1 CI.1 BI.1 AI.1 EI.1 DI.1 CI.1 BI.1
  9. 9. 97/12/2013 Cyril MAUGER V. Application Architectural Design Competition: Analysis CC2013, Budapest, Hungary, July 6-9th 2013 DI.1CI.1BI.1 AI.1 EI.1 Project A DI.1CI.1BI.1 AI.1 EI.1 Project B DI.1CI.1BI.1 AI.1 EI.1 Project C
  10. 10. 107/12/2013 Cyril MAUGER CC2013, Budapest, Hungary, July 6-9th 2013 DI.1CI.1BI.1 AI.1 EI.1 Project B DI.1CI.1BI.1 AI.1 EI.1 Project A Functional Diagram AI.1 EI.1 DI.1 CI.1 BI.1 Project C DI.1CI.1BI.1 AI.1 EI.1 V. Application Architectural Design Competition: Assessment
  11. 11. 117/12/2013 Cyril MAUGER CC2013, Budapest, Hungary, July 6-9th 2013 DI.1 CI.1 BI.1 AI.1 EI.1 Project B DI.1 CI.1 BI.1 AI.1 EI.1 Project A Functional Diagram AI.1 EI.1 DI.1 CI.1 BI.1 Project C DI.1 CI.1 BI.1 AI.1 EI.1 V. Application Architectural Design Competition: Discussions Discussions: Client / Architects, deltas between Demand / Offer
  12. 12. 12 VI. Conclusion 7/12/2013 Cyril MAUGER Contribution • Meta-Space diagram as a design artefact for functional assessment • Unique graphical representation of Activities/Processes & Spaces • Case study gave an insight of its practical applicability CC2013, Budapest, Hungary, July 6-9th 2013 Limitations • Global analysis of the proposals • Ex-post facto case study • Small case study
  13. 13. 13 VI. Conclusion 7/12/2013 Cyril MAUGER Perspectives • Application on a bigger case study (Library of the University of Luxembourg) • Information model based on information from the brief • BIM integration, link with IFC (Kiviniemi, 2005) • Automation of the assessment • Integration to CAD tools for ‘‘a live functional assessment’’ CC2013, Budapest, Hungary, July 6-9th 2013 Esc2 1/2/ 3 Esc3 1/2/ 3 Esc1 1/2/ 3 Esc4 1/2/ 3 C12 62.9 C22 22.4 C32 38.2 C42 9.4 C52 280.6 C62 31.4 C72 152.7 C82 189.9 C92 31.4 C102 9.4 C112 38.2 C122 108.7 C142 343.5 C132 49.4 C152 176 C162 88 C182 19.1 C172 39.5 L12 T12
  14. 14. 7/12/2013 14 Cyril MAUGER Thanks for your attention ! Any questions? CC2013, Budapest, Hungary, July 6-9th 2013
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