Mark Spitz By age 10, Mark earned Jennyo 17 national age-group records and one world record. Thompsono Won 7 gold medals at 1972 Olympic games in Munich. o As a 14 yr. old, she won the 50m freestyle , placed 3rd ino In 1999 Spitz was ranked 100m freestyle in 1987 Pan Am 33rd in ESPN’s Sports Games. Century 50 Greatest Athletes – he was the only o Won 1st world championship in aquatic athlete to make 1991 as part of USA’s winning the list. 4x100 m freestyle relay team.o Most swimmers are clean o World record set in 50 and shaven, Mark was 100m freestyle in 1192 rebellious and swam with Olympics in Barcelona Spain. facial hair. He was well known for his iconic o Member of the Stanford mustache. University swim team, NCAA swim champions 4 consecutive years.
o An American swimmer who has won 16 Olympic medals – 6 Gold and Two Bronze in Athens in 2004 & 8 Gold at Beijing in 2008. o Phelps holds the record for most gold medals won in a single Olympics. o At age 15, he was the youngest American male swimmer at an Olympics in 68 years.o 2001 Phelps set a world record in the 200m butterfly. He has broken his own record 4 times in his career.o When learning to swim, Michael was afraid to put his face in the water, so the first stroke he mastered was backstroke.
o Swimming is a healthy activity that can be performed for a lifetime.o Swimming works practically every muscle in the body.o Swimming is a great cross-training element to any workout regimen. It develops great cardiovascular fitness and endurance.o Clearly swimming is an excellent weight loss program, but you will lose weight only! You will tone muscles!
o Swimming is easy on joints and ligaments, therefore elderly and arthritic persons can participate. o A very significant benefit of swimming is the disease it can prevent your body from -- Obesity, Diabetes, High blood sugar levels, High/Low blood pressure and Chronic heart disease just to name a few. o Swimming is an excellent source of exercise for pregnant women. The breast stroke, in particular, builds strong back muscles needed to support a growing belly.Swimming really does do a body good!
Why is what you eat so important? Acceptable Foods At least 8 glassesAfter heredity and training, nutrition plays the largest role of water a day in the quality of a swimmer’s performance. Bananas Orange juicePre-competition meals should be low in fat and high in carbohydrates. Chicken TurkeyA swimmer gets energy as their body breaks down carbohydrates. MilkProtein builds cells and make them stronger. Pasta RiceWater and sports drinks keep the body hydrated. Pancakes w/o syrupAvoid quick sugar highs, when they wear off swimmers are tired and Cereal barsweak. AVOID CANDY,Fruits and vegetables provide many needed vitamins and minerals. SODA AND FATTY FOODS EAT WELL SWIM WELL!!!
The Butterfly, Breast andFreestyle stroke all start fromthe starting block in aforward motion. Flip turns are required in Freestyle and Backstroke.
Backstroke start is in thewater in a crouched positionholding onto the startingblock. Butterfly & Breast stroke Turns Swim into the wall and do a two handed touch, and in one swift motion head to the other end of the pool.
The Backstroke1. Floating on the back in a horizontal position, kick legs up and down. Keep legs straight, but not rigid.2. Pivot slightly at waist and rotate the shoulders, windmill your arms. Keep one arm straight, raise it out of the water from the waist to a fully extended position. At the same time, the other arm should be bent and pulling a cupped hand along your side in the water, from the extended position back down to your side. Your hand should enter the water pinky-first.3. Keep your head floating back in the water, eyes looking up. Breathe normally. Blow air out of your nose to prevent water getting in the nose.4. Be careful not to hit your head on the pool wall. Most pools have flags hanging about 10 feet from the wall. Count the number of strokes it takes for you to get from the flags to the wall.
Freestyle1. Also called the front crawl or sidestroke.2. While swimming on your belly, keep legs straight, but not rigid. Kick up and down continuously.3. Move arms in the a windmill position opposite each other. While one arm is extended completely out, the other should be all the way back almost against the side of the body.4. Keep hands flat, pull the extended arm through the water beneath the body. Bend arms at the elbow .5. Lift the other arm out of the water and move it all the way forward as the first arm is pulling beneath you.6. Breathe on one side by turning the head to that side as the arm comes out of the water.
Breaststroke1. Dive into water with arms fully extended in front of you, legs directly behind you.2. Push your arms apart so they create a diagonal with your body.3. Pull elbows into the sides of the body, then bring hands together in front of the chest.4. While completing the last step, lift head, neck and upper chest out of water to breathe.5. Bending knees, bring feet towards your bottom, toes pointed outward. Make a circular motion with feet until they meet with legs fully extended once again. This is called a frog kick.Complete these motions as quickly aspossible.
Butterfly1. Hold legs together and extend arms above head.2. Kick legs up and down in a whipping motion, dolphin kick.3. Pull both arms simultaneously and symmetrically through the water beneath the body, along with a big kick.4. Lift head up and breathe while quickly pulling both arms out of the water and swing them forward. Head and arms reenter the water together as in a diving motion.
Other swimmers from other teams – individuals and relay teams The clock – you always want to beat your best personal time!
Swimmers earn points as they swimtheir individual events.Team scores are accumulated asindividuals and relay teams swimand earn points.Individual and teams awards arepresented.
Starts must be at the Open turns must be used starter’s horn. on Butterfly and Breaststroke. Forward starts must be Relay Medley must be swam used on all strokes in the order of back, breast, except backstroke. fly and free. When finishing a stroke, Flip turns must be both hands must touch the used on freestyle and wall simultaneously at, backstroke. above or below water level.
Two false starts by the If a swimmer is same swimmer results in submerged longer than 15 disqualification. meters out from the wall after any start. A swimmer who swims more than one leg in any Stroke cycle for Breast relay event. stroke is one arm stroke and one leg kick in that Alternating kicks used order. when swimming the Butterfly – simultaneous Swimmers who are not on kicks only. (Dolphin kick) the back when finishing the backstroke.