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Iradiasi buah apel
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Iradiasi buah apel

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  • 1. Application of Irradiation on Sliced Apple Cynthia Setiawan 0811010019
  • 2. What’s inside?AppleCommon Problem in Marketing and DistributionRadiation TechnologyApplication of Radiation on AppleProcess StepsProcedures AnalysisAdvantages of RadiationDisadvantages of Radiation
  • 3. What’s inside?AppleCommon Problem in Marketing and DistributionRadiation TechnologyApplication of Radiation on AppleProcess StepsProcedures AnalysisAdvantages of RadiationDisadvantages of Radiation
  • 4. Apple Temperature • Temperate zone Respiration • Non-climacteric • Low temperature Storage • Relative humidity maintenance • Nutritional Quality • Organoleptic • Functional
  • 5. Apple Temperature • Temperate zone Respiration • Non-climacteric • Low temperature Storage • Relative humidity maintenance • Nutritional Quality • Organoleptic • Functional
  • 6. Quality of Apple Organoleptic Quality Nutritional Functional
  • 7. Quality of Apple Organoleptic Quality Nutritional Functional
  • 8. Nutritional Quality of Apple Carbo 95% Phenols Fat 3% Apple Fiber Protein 2,4% 2% Water Vitamins 85,6%
  • 9. Quality of Apple Organoleptic Quality Nutritional Functional
  • 10. Quality of Apple Organoleptic Quality Nutritional Functional
  • 11. Functional Quality of Apple Flavonoids • Anti-oxidant • Anti-carcinogen • Anti-asthma • Blood sugar suppressant • Etc.
  • 12. Quality of Apple Organoleptic Quality Nutritional Functional
  • 13. Quality of Apple Organoleptic Quality Nutritional Functional
  • 14. Organoleptic Quality of Apples • Firm Texture • Crispy • Sweet Flavor • Astringent Aroma • Organic acid • Reddish Color yellow • Off-white
  • 15. What’s inside?AppleCommon Problem in Marketing and DistributionRadiation TechnologyApplication of Radiation on AppleProcess StepsProcedures AnalysisAdvantages of RadiationDisadvantages of Radiation
  • 16. What’s inside?AppleCommon Problem in Marketing and DistributionRadiation TechnologyApplication of Radiation on AppleProcess StepsProcedures AnalysisAdvantages of RadiationDisadvantages of Radiation
  • 17. Common Problem in Marketing andDistribution Deterioration Demand Environment
  • 18. Common Problem in Marketing andDistribution Deterioration Demand Environment
  • 19. Deterioration Lower Price• Nutrition • Tax• Functional • Consumer • Exchange• Organoleptic • Distributor • Common • Farmer wealth Lower Quality Loss Income
  • 20. Common Problem in Marketing andDistribution Deterioration Demand Environment
  • 21. Common Problem in Marketing andDistribution Deterioration Demand Environment
  • 22. Demand Supplying
  • 23. Common Problem in Marketing andDistribution Deterioration Demand Environment
  • 24. Common Problem in Marketing andDistribution Deterioration Demand Environment
  • 25. Environment
  • 26. EnvironmentMarketing Distribusi
  • 27. Common Problem in Marketing andDistribution Quality Demand Apple Shelf-life Distribution
  • 28. What’s inside?AppleCommon Problem in Marketing and DistributionRadiation TechnologyApplication of Radiation on AppleProcess StepsProcedures AnalysisAdvantages of RadiationDisadvantages of Radiation
  • 29. What’s inside?AppleCommon Problem in Marketing and DistributionRadiation TechnologyApplication of Radiation on AppleProcess StepsProcedures AnalysisAdvantages of RadiationDisadvantages of Radiation
  • 30. Radiation Technology Extend Shelf-life Minimally Keeping Process Fresh Radiation
  • 31. Radiation Technology Source Labeling Radiation Effect Mechanism
  • 32. Radiation Technology Source Labeling Radiation Effect Mechanism
  • 33. Source of Radiation Electron Beam X Ray Gamma ray • Cobalt-60 • Cesium-137
  • 34. Radiation Technology Source Labeling Radiation Effect Mechanism
  • 35. Radiation Technology Source Labeling Radiation Effect Mechanism
  • 36. Effect of Radiation Insects Shelf-life Chemical Controlling Extending Change
  • 37. Radiation Technology Source Labeling Radiation Effect Mechanism
  • 38. Radiation Technology Source Labeling Radiation Effect Mechanism
  • 39. Mechanism of Radiation Emitting rays • Light passing trough plate (Radioisotope) • Produce rays of electron, photon, or neutron Radiolysis of H2O • Radiation + H2O  H2O+ + e • H2O+  H+ + OH• • e + H2O  H2O-  H• + OH- Cell destruction • Damage DNA • Decrease functionality and permeability of membrane • Leaking of electrolyte
  • 40. Mechanism of Radiation Emitting rays • Light passing trough plate (Radioisotope) • Produce rays of electron, photon, or neutron Radiolysis of H2O • Radiation + H2O  H2O+ + e • H2O+  H+ + OH• • e + H2O  H2O-  H• + OH- Cell destruction • Damage DNA • Decrease functionality and permeability of membrane • Leaking of electrolyte
  • 41. Radiolysis of H2O• Structure change• Slow down the maturity• Nutrient damage• Flavor change• Formation of new compounds• Free radical recombination
  • 42. Radiation Technology Source Labeling Radiation Effect Mechanism
  • 43. Radiation Technology Source Labeling Radiation Effect Mechanism
  • 44. Labeling • FDA • Information for consumer • Radura symbol • Petal • Center circle • Stripped outer circle • Claimming “treated by irradiation” or “treated with radiation”
  • 45. What’s inside?AppleCommon Problem in Marketing and DistributionRadiation TechnologyApplication of Radiation on AppleProcess StepsProcedures AnalysisAdvantages of RadiationDisadvantages of Radiation
  • 46. What’s inside?AppleCommon Problem in Marketing and DistributionRadiation TechnologyApplication of Radiation on AppleProcess StepsProcedures AnalysisAdvantages of RadiationDisadvantages of Radiation
  • 47. Application of Radiation on Apple Quality Demand Apple Shelf-life Distribution
  • 48. Application of Radiation on Apple Quality Demand Radiated Shelf-life Apple Distribution
  • 49. Application of Radiation on Apple Quality Demand Radiated Shelf-life Apple Distribution
  • 50. Application of Radiation on Apple Quality Demand Radiated Shelf-life Apple Distribution
  • 51. Application of Radiation on Apple Quality Demand Radiated Shelf-life Apple Distribution
  • 52. Application of Radiation on Apple Quality Demand Radiated Shelf-life Apple Distribution
  • 53. Application of Radiation on Apple Quality Demand Radiated Shelf-life Apple Distribution
  • 54. Application of Radiation on Apple Sanitation Tools Water
  • 55. Application of Radiation on Apple Sanitation Tools Water
  • 56. Application of Radiation on Apple Sanitation Tools Water
  • 57. Application of Radiation on Apple Sanitation Tools Water
  • 58. Application of Radiation on Apple Electron Beam X Ray Gamma ray • Cobalt-60 • Cesium-137
  • 59. Application of Radiation on Apple Electron Beam X Ray Gamma ray • Cobalt-60 • Cesium-137
  • 60. Cesium-137 Gamma Ray Electron • 0,51 MeV charge Penetrability • 30 – 40 cm Holding time • minutes • High energy photon + radioisotope = High Mechanism energy electron + H2O = Free radicals
  • 61. What’s inside?AppleCommon Problem in Marketing and DistributionRadiation TechnologyApplication of Radiation on AppleProcess StepsProcedures AnalysisAdvantages of RadiationDisadvantages of Radiation
  • 62. What’s inside?AppleCommon Problem in Marketing and DistributionRadiation TechnologyApplication of Radiation on AppleProcess StepsProcedures AnalysisAdvantages of RadiationDisadvantages of Radiation
  • 63. Process Steps Specification of Apple • Rome Beauty apple • Commercially harvested • Farming at Batu • Weight: 0,1 kg of each • CAS: 1,5% O2 + 0,5% CO2 (N2 equivalent) + 1,5°C + RH 98%
  • 64. Process Steps Preparation • Common temperature: 8°C • Sorting: by specification • Cleaning: 300 ppm NaOCl solution (pH 9,2) • Slicing: 8 slices + remove seeds
  • 65. Process Steps Preparation • Dipping: Calcium ascorbate 3,5% solution 2 – 3 minutes in container 2,5 liters (48 slices) • Draining: Plastic drainer
  • 66. Process Steps Preparation • Packing: Multilayer Polyolefin 12 x 18 cm (8 slices ~ 160 grams) • Gas transmission rate • O2: 15,3 nmol/m2/s/kPa (3000 mL/m2/24 hours/atm) • CO2: 50 nmol/m2/s/kPa (9800 mL/m2/24 hours/atm)
  • 67. Process Steps Irradiation • Source: Cesium-137 • Gamma ray • Targeted dosage: 1,6 KGy • Actual dosage: 0,08 KGy 52 seconds • 4°C
  • 68. Process Steps Harvesting Transporting Receiving Storaging • By farmer • From farmer • Inspection • CAS • To processor
  • 69. Process Steps Cleaning & Trimming Slicing Sanitizing • If necessary • 8 slices • Tools • Rotten part • Materials • Unwanted • Worker part
  • 70. Process Steps Dipping Packaging Radiating • CaA 3,5% • Primary • Cs-137 packing gamma ray
  • 71. Process Steps Packing Distributing • Secondary • From packing processor Consumption • To retail, consume r
  • 72. What’s inside?AppleCommon Problem in Marketing and DistributionRadiation TechnologyApplication of Radiation on AppleProcess StepsProcedures AnalysisAdvantages of RadiationDisadvantages of Radiation
  • 73. What’s inside?AppleCommon Problem in Marketing and DistributionRadiation TechnologyApplication of Radiation on AppleProcess StepsProcedures AnalysisAdvantages of RadiationDisadvantages of Radiation
  • 74. Procedures Analysis Sorting Distributing Storaging Radiating Cooling Radiated Apple Packaging Cleaning Dipping Slicing
  • 75. Procedures Analysis - Variety - Ripeness - Roundness - Color Sorting - Specification Distributing Storaging Radiating Cooling Radiated Apple Packaging Cleaning Dipping Slicing
  • 76. Procedures Analysis - CAS Sorting - 1,5% O2 - 0,5% CO2 + Distributing Storaging N2 equivalent - 1,5 C - RH 98% Radiating Cooling Radiated Apple Packaging Cleaning Dipping Slicing
  • 77. Procedures Analysis Sorting Distributing Storaging -8 C Radiating Cooling - 9000 Btu Radiated Apple Packaging Cleaning Dipping Slicing
  • 78. Procedures Analysis Sorting Distributing Storaging Radiating Cooling Radiated Apple - Chlorinated Packaging Cleaning water - NaOCl 30 ppm (pH 9,2) Dipping Slicing - Alcohol 70% - Trimming
  • 79. Procedures Analysis Sorting Distributing Storaging Radiating Cooling Radiated Apple Packaging Cleaning Dipping Slicing - Low width - High surface - Convenience - Bulk density
  • 80. Procedures Analysis Sorting Distributing Storaging Radiating Cooling Radiated Apple Packaging Cleaning - Browning Dipping Slicing - Discoloration - Firmness - vitamin C
  • 81. Procedures Analysis Sorting Distributing Storaging Radiating Cooling Radiated Apple - Dirt Packaging Cleaning - Aesthetic- Communication - Polyolefin Dipping Slicing
  • 82. Procedures Analysis Sorting Distributing Storaging Radiating Cooling - 1,6 Kgy Radiated Apple -4 C Packaging Cleaning Dipping Slicing
  • 83. Procedures Analysis - Export Sorting - High-end - CAP Distributing Storaging Radiating Cooling Radiated Apple Packaging Cleaning Dipping Slicing
  • 84. Procedures Analysis Materials/Processes Price (IDR) / kg end product“Rome Beauty” apple 12.000,00Sorting 200,00Storaging 500,00Cooling 500,00Cleaning and Sanitizing 225,00Slicing 310,00Dipping 15,00Packaging 50,00Radiation 800,00Distribution 2.000,00Margin (1 USD = 8500 IDR) 12.500,00 TOTAL (3.5 USD) ~ 29.100,00
  • 85. What’s inside?AppleCommon Problem in Marketing and DistributionRadiation TechnologyApplication of Radiation on AppleProcess StepsProcedures AnalysisAdvantages of RadiationDisadvantages of Radiation
  • 86. What’s inside?AppleCommon Problem in Marketing and DistributionRadiation TechnologyApplication of Radiation on AppleProcess StepsProcedures AnalysisAdvantages of RadiationDisadvantages of Radiation
  • 87. Advantages of Radiation Microbial destruction Decrease ethylene production rate Stability of heat-labile compound Cost reduction by Cs-137 Exchange gain
  • 88. What’s inside?AppleCommon Problem in Marketing and DistributionRadiation TechnologyApplication of Radiation on AppleProcess StepsProcedures AnalysisAdvantages of RadiationDisadvantages of Radiation
  • 89. What’s inside?AppleCommon Problem in Marketing and DistributionRadiation TechnologyApplication of Radiation on AppleProcess StepsProcedures AnalysisAdvantages of RadiationDisadvantages of Radiation
  • 90. Disadvantages of Radiation Nutrition loss Firmness decreasing Oxide forming Unable to destruct virus
  • 91. Disadvantages of Radiation Long-term use uncertainty Domestic consumer rejection Decreasing field work Inapplicable for home industry
  • 92. Thank You

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