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Chapter 1 Introduction to EMS Systems
<ul><ul><ul><li>► The EMS System </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>► The Emergency Medical Responder </li></ul></ul></ul...
The EMS System <ul><li>Components of the EMS System </li></ul>► Communication Centers ► Air Medical Transports ► Hospitals...
The EMS System ► Specially Trained Personnel ► Ambulances ► Fire Departments ► Rescue Squads
The EMS System <ul><li>In-Hospital Care System </li></ul><ul><li>► Emergency  Departments </li></ul><ul><li>► Specialty Ho...
The EMS System <ul><li>Medical Oversight </li></ul><ul><li>► Medical Director </li></ul><ul><li>► Off-Line Medical  Direct...
The Emergency Medical Responder <ul><li>Roles and Responsibilities </li></ul>“ Emergency Medical Responders are trained to...
The Emergency Medical Responder <ul><li>Roles and Responsibilities </li></ul><ul><li>► Personal Safety </li></ul><ul><ul><...
The Emergency Medical Responder <ul><li>Roles and Responsibilities </li></ul><ul><li>► Traits </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Teacha...
The Emergency Medical Responder <ul><li>Roles and Responsibilities </li></ul><ul><li>► Traits </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Emotio...
The Emergency Medical Responder <ul><li>Skills </li></ul>EMRs should be able to: ► Assess For and Manage Hazards on Scene ...
The Emergency Medical Responder <ul><li>Skills </li></ul>EMRs should be able to: ► Gather Pertinent Information from Patie...
The Emergency Medical Responder <ul><li>Skills </li></ul><ul><li>EMRs should be able to: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>► Properly ...
The Emergency Medical Responder <ul><li>Skills </li></ul><ul><li>EMRs should be able to: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>► Properly ...
The Emergency Medical Responder <ul><li>Skills </li></ul><ul><li>EMRs should be able to: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>► Perform B...
The Emergency Medical Responder <ul><li>Skills </li></ul><ul><li>EMRs should be able to: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>► Assess an...
The Emergency Medical Responder <ul><li>Skills </li></ul><ul><li>EMRs should be able to: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>► Assist a ...
The Emergency Medical Responder <ul><li>Skills </li></ul><ul><li>EMRs should be able to: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>► Move Pati...
The Emergency Medical Responder <ul><li>Skills </li></ul><ul><li>EMRs should be able to: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>► Deliver O...
The Emergency Medical Responder <ul><li>Equipment, Tools, and Supplies </li></ul>The D.O.T. has recommended that EMRs  hav...
The Emergency Medical Responder <ul><li>Equipment, Tools, and Supplies </li></ul>► Eye Protector (Paper Cup or Cone) ► Sti...
The Emergency Medical Responder <ul><li>Equipment, Tools, and Supplies </li></ul><ul><li>► Blood Pressure Kits </li></ul><...
The Emergency Medical Responder <ul><li>Advances in Technology </li></ul>GPS Navigation  and Tracking Click the image to e...
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Ch01

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  • This is the Title Screen for this lesson.
  • Compliment the students on entering the Emergency Medical Responder program. Explain that helping others in their time of greatest need—when they are sick, injured, or possibly even dying—is a tremendous honor and not something that just anyone can do well. Let the students know that they are entering a modern public-service system (known as EMS) that has a great history of invention, accomplishment, innovation, and excellence—all with a core focus on helping people and saving lives. Explain that regardless of their reason for attending the training—whether for job skills, advancement, requirement, or just personal interest—they are on their way to becoming an important and necessary component of their community’s EMS system.
  • Briefly explain each EMS component and how they assist with the overall mission of an EMS system.
  • Give a brief overview describing how a hospitals emergency department works to stabilize patients and then move them to the appropriate in-hospital department. Go over the basic types of specialty hospitals and identify any in your area.
  • Identify your local EMS system’s Medical Director and give examples of off-line and on-line medical direction.
  • Pass around these various PPE items as you are discussing them.
  • Describe how each of these traits is important for an Emergency Medical Responder to have.
  • Describe how each of these traits is important for an Emergency Medical Responder to have.
  • As you introduce these items, reassure students that you will be covering each of these skills individually later in the course.
  • As you introduce these items, reassure students that you will be covering each of these skills individually later in the course.
  • As you introduce these items, reassure students that you will be covering each of these skills individually later in the course.
  • As you introduce these items, reassure students that you will be covering each of these skills individually later in the course.
  • As you introduce these items, reassure students that you will be covering each of these skills individually later in the course.
  • As you introduce these items, reassure students that you will be covering each of these skills individually later in the course.
  • As you introduce these items, reassure students that you will be covering each of these skills individually later in the course.
  • As you introduce these items, reassure students that you will be covering each of these skills individually later in the course.
  • Check with your local system, these skills may or may not be required. If they are, reassure students that you will be covering each of these skills individually later in the course.
  • Pass around these various items as you are discussing them.
  • Pass around these various PPE items as you are discussing them.
  • Pass around these various PPE items as you are discussing them.
  • Explain the basics of GPS navigation and how it benefits patients, responding personnel and EMS agencies.
  • Transcript of "Ch01"

    1. 1. Chapter 1 Introduction to EMS Systems
    2. 2. <ul><ul><ul><li>► The EMS System </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>► The Emergency Medical Responder </li></ul></ul></ul>Introduction
    3. 3. The EMS System <ul><li>Components of the EMS System </li></ul>► Communication Centers ► Air Medical Transports ► Hospitals ► Law Enforcement
    4. 4. The EMS System ► Specially Trained Personnel ► Ambulances ► Fire Departments ► Rescue Squads
    5. 5. The EMS System <ul><li>In-Hospital Care System </li></ul><ul><li>► Emergency Departments </li></ul><ul><li>► Specialty Hospitals </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Traumas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Strokes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Burns </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cardiac Problems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pediatrics </li></ul></ul>
    6. 6. The EMS System <ul><li>Medical Oversight </li></ul><ul><li>► Medical Director </li></ul><ul><li>► Off-Line Medical Direction </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Protocols </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(Standing Orders) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>► On-Line Medical Direction </li></ul>
    7. 7. The Emergency Medical Responder <ul><li>Roles and Responsibilities </li></ul>“ Emergency Medical Responders are trained to reach patients, find out what is wrong, provide emergency care and, only when necessary and without causing further injury, move patients. These individuals are usually the first trained personnel to reach the patient.”
    8. 8. The Emergency Medical Responder <ul><li>Roles and Responsibilities </li></ul><ul><li>► Personal Safety </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Disposable Gloves </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Barrier Devices </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Protective Eyewear </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Face Masks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gowns or Aprons </li></ul></ul>Click the image to enlarge
    9. 9. The Emergency Medical Responder <ul><li>Roles and Responsibilities </li></ul><ul><li>► Traits </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Teachable </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Responsible </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Honest and Realistic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tactful and Respectful </li></ul></ul>
    10. 10. The Emergency Medical Responder <ul><li>Roles and Responsibilities </li></ul><ul><li>► Traits </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Emotionally in Control </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Disciplined </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Understanding of Stress </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Healthy </li></ul></ul>
    11. 11. The Emergency Medical Responder <ul><li>Skills </li></ul>EMRs should be able to: ► Assess For and Manage Hazards on Scene ► Gain Access to Patients in Vehicles ► Gain Access to Patients in Buildings ► Evaluate the Possible Cause of an Illness or Injury
    12. 12. The Emergency Medical Responder <ul><li>Skills </li></ul>EMRs should be able to: ► Gather Pertinent Information from Patient or Bystanders ► Properly Utilize Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) ► Conduct an Appropriate Patient Assessment ► Gather Accurate Vital Signs
    13. 13. The Emergency Medical Responder <ul><li>Skills </li></ul><ul><li>EMRs should be able to: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>► Properly Document Assessment Findings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>► Relate Signs and Symptoms to Illness or Injury </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>► Evaluate and Manage a Patient’s Airway and Breathing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>► Perform CPR </li></ul></ul>
    14. 14. The Emergency Medical Responder <ul><li>Skills </li></ul><ul><li>EMRs should be able to: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>► Properly Utilize an AED </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>► Control Bleeding </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>► Assess and Manage Shock </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>► Provide Care for Patients with Closed and Open Injuries </li></ul></ul>
    15. 15. The Emergency Medical Responder <ul><li>Skills </li></ul><ul><li>EMRs should be able to: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>► Perform Basic Dressing and Bandaging </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>► Assess and Care for Possible Injuries to Bones and Joints </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>► Assess and Care for Possible Injuries to the Head and Face </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>► Assess and Care for Possible Injuries to the Neck and Spine </li></ul></ul>
    16. 16. The Emergency Medical Responder <ul><li>Skills </li></ul><ul><li>EMRs should be able to: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>► Assess and Care for Possible Heart Attacks, Strokes, Seizures, and Diabetic Emergencies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>► Identify and Care for Poisoning Cases </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>► Assess and Care for Burns </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>► Assess and Care for Heat- and Cold-Related Emergencies </li></ul></ul>
    17. 17. The Emergency Medical Responder <ul><li>Skills </li></ul><ul><li>EMRs should be able to: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>► Assist a Mother in Delivering Her Baby </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>► Provide Initial Care for the Newborn </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>► Identify and Care for Drug and Alcohol Abuse Patients </li></ul></ul>
    18. 18. The Emergency Medical Responder <ul><li>Skills </li></ul><ul><li>EMRs should be able to: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>► Move Patients (When Necessary) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>► Perform Triage at a Multiple Casualty Incident </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>► Work within the Structure of an Incident Management System </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>► Work Under the Direction of More Highly Trained Personnel </li></ul></ul>
    19. 19. The Emergency Medical Responder <ul><li>Skills </li></ul><ul><li>EMRs should be able to: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>► Deliver Oxygen </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>► Apply or Assist in Applying a Traction Splint </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>► Apply or Assist in Applying a Cervical Collar </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>► Assist in Securing a Patient to a Long Spine Board or Similar Device Used to Immobilize a Patient’s Spine </li></ul></ul>
    20. 20. The Emergency Medical Responder <ul><li>Equipment, Tools, and Supplies </li></ul>The D.O.T. has recommended that EMRs have access to and be familiar with: <ul><ul><li>► Appropriate Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>► Triangular Bandages </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>► Roller-Type Bandages </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>► Gauze Pads and Trauma Dressings </li></ul></ul><ul><li>► Occlusive Dressings </li></ul><ul><li>► Adhesive Tape </li></ul><ul><li>► Bandage Shears </li></ul>
    21. 21. The Emergency Medical Responder <ul><li>Equipment, Tools, and Supplies </li></ul>► Eye Protector (Paper Cup or Cone) ► Stick (for Tourniquet) ► Blankets and Pillows ► Upper and Lower Extremity Splint Sets The D.O.T. has recommended that EMRs have access to and be familiar with:
    22. 22. The Emergency Medical Responder <ul><li>Equipment, Tools, and Supplies </li></ul><ul><li>► Blood Pressure Kits </li></ul><ul><li>► Basic Extrication Tools, Such As: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Jack </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Screwdriver </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pliers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hammer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Knife </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rope </li></ul></ul>The D.O.T. has recommended that EMRs have access to and be familiar with:
    23. 23. The Emergency Medical Responder <ul><li>Advances in Technology </li></ul>GPS Navigation and Tracking Click the image to enlarge
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