The process of evaluating
English cycle cities
Kevin Mayne
The opportunity
.
Growing recognition that cycling contributes to tackling:
• Obesity
• Traffic congestion
• Climate chang...
Planning for cycling
– the value of cycle
infrastructure
Economic
case for
cycling
Analysis of the
cycling towns
investmen...
Economic case
But where’s the evidence?
.
Economic
benefits of
cycling are not
fully
understood
Cycling not
viewed as a
mainstream
mode ...
Translating benefits into hard
numbers – the SQW study
. The measurable benefits of cycling:
• Improvements in general hea...
10% of 10 yr olds are
clinically obese, 29%
are overweight
Adult obesity
currently costs
£8bn pa
50,000
deaths pa
are from...
Valuing the benefits of cycling
. The value of cycling is higher where:
• Inactive people become active
• Older people are...
•
Low High
Low
High
Ageofadditionalcyclists
Proportion of cycle trips that replace car trips
Health Health/pollution
conge...
Economic case >
Investment case
The investment case
.
• A 50% increase in trips
between 2005 and 2015
will generate savings of
£1.3 billion
Investment in ...
Implications for infrastructure
.
Cost of project Number of
additional cyclists
needed
£10,000 1
£100,000 11
£1,000,000 109
Investment case >
evidence base
Cycling City and Towns
Phase one:
• Original six Cycling
Demonstration Towns
appointed in 2005
• Cycling England has
inves...
Phase one: The CDT programme
• First phase: October 2005 –
October 2008
• All towns funded at approx £5
per head per year,...
Phase one: A taste of
CDT achievements
• Aylesbury – Gemstone
Cycle Network
• Brighton and Hove –
Cycle Freeway Network
an...
Cycling Demonstration Towns
– programme ingredients
• Cycle parking in schools
• Bike It
• Bikeability training
• Engageme...
The results
Source data
Continuous cycle count data
Quarterly manual cycle count data
School travel data
Counts of parked bikes
Behavi...
Major themes addressed by
findings
The effectiveness of targeting investment
The importance of high quality provision
Dist...
Key results from phase one
• Cycle counts up in all six
towns, by between 10% and
57%
• Cycling levels increased on
averag...
Physical activity assessment
• European
Prospective
Investigation into
Cancer (EPIC)
• Asks about
activity in usual
week
•...
The effectiveness of targeting investment:
growth in cycling to schools
Hands Up
0.0% 1.0% 2.0% 3.0% 4.0% 5.0% 6.0% 7.0%
2...
Lessons in growing cycling:
a marked change in the rate of growth
0
20
40
60
80
100
120
140
160
Aug-06 Feb-07 Sep-07 Mar-0...
Lessons in growing cycling:
increasing the rate of growth
100
150
200
250
300
350
400
450
Jan-98 May-99 Sep-00 Feb-02 Jun-...
Headline comparison with
London
60%
80%
100%
120%
140%
160%
180%
200%
220%
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
years
indexofcyclinglevels
Lo...
Lift Off for Cycling
• Appraisal by the Department for Transport
– The benefit to cost ratio is at least 3:1, and
may be a...
Phase two: The Cycling City and
Towns
• In 2008 another 11 more
Cycling Towns and a Cycling
City were recruited
• CDTs now...
Planning for cycling
– the value of cycle
infrastructure
Economic
case for
cycling
Analysis of the
cycling towns
investmen...
The process of evaluating English cycle cities
The process of evaluating English cycle cities
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

The process of evaluating English cycle cities

517

Published on

Kevin Mayne, Cycling England

Published in: Sports
0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
517
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
2
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
4
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
  • Personal Travel Fact Sheet produced by the DfT reported that:
    87% of adults agree that everyone should be encouraged to cycle to assist their health
    help the environment (79%)
    ease congestion (73%)
  • €1.467bn rounded up to €1.5bn
  • The existing six Cycling Demonstration Towns were appointed in 2005. The Towns have continued apace over the last year with their programmes to embed cycling firmly into their cultures, and have seen significant increases in
    cycling levels as a result.
    They will continue to be funded for the next three years to ensure that their initial successesare translated into long term and sustained behaviour change.
  • The core hypothesis was that investment at European levels and co-ordinated activity on both infrastructure improvements and ‘smarter choice’ behavioural change measures, cycling could be shifted to year on year growth – provided that investment was maintained continuously and consistently.
    Each town developed its own programme of activities, designed to take best advantage of local opportunities.
    Three principle characteristics on which selection of the Towns was based:
    Ambition of their programme to increase short urban trips by bike
    The commitment and involvement of senior members and officers
    The commitment of the local authority to match fund the CD grant
  • Each of the six towns focused on different but equally effective strategies and tactics to get more people in their region pedalling – both hard and soft measures spanning infrastructure and promotion.For example, Aylesbury has built seven cycle routes which are named and coloured after gemstones and are easily identifiable to the public.  It has also pursued a radical new approach to the signage on all the routes, obtaining Department for Transport permission to count down to destinations in minutes rather than miles. 
    Aylesbury – The Aylesbury Gemstone Cycle Network links communities with schools, hospitals and places of work
    Brighton and Hove – Cycle Freeway Network and Personalised Travel Planning Programme
    Darlington – The Local Motion campaign was launched to help people consider their travel options, new routes into the town centre were created and 96% of primary schools in the area run Bikeability training
    Derby – Focus on children and young people, introducing everything from after school clubs to revamping the BMX track
    Exeter – Engaged with local employers to help encourage more people to cycle to work
    Lancaster with Morecambe – Expanded cycle routes in the area by 30km, created over 700 new parking spaces and more than 1,000 people have benefited from some kind of cycle training
  • A number of programme elements were common to all six towns; for example, a focus in schools – cycle parking, Bike It officer support, Bikeability training; engagement with the local business community; major cycling events and publicity.
     
    This section highlights only those key features of each town’s specific focus of activity.
  • Across the six CDTs, cycling levels increased on average by 28% in 3 years. This exceeds the growth rate in London. The biggest increase was 57% in Darlington. This was in sharp contrast to the trend for other medium urban areas, which showed no overall increase over a similar period.
     
    The proportion of occasional cyclists (people cycling for at least 30 minutes a month) increased in the CDTs, but not in other local authorities.
     
    The proportion of regular cyclists (people cycling for at least 30 minutes, three times per week) also increased in the CDTs, but not in other local authorities.
     
    The CDT programme benefitted even the most physically inactive people: there was a statistically significant decrease in the proportion of people classed as “physically inactive” in the six towns. This is especially important in terms of public health benefits.
  • With the success of the original six Cycling Demonstration Towns, we sought to expand the programme further. In June 2008, Bristol was announced as the UK's first official Cycling City, together with a further 11 Cycling Towns across England winning a share of a record £100m investment package to pioneer innovative ways to increase cycling in their areas.
    Our 11 other towns are launching similar programmes – collectively amounting to a £100m investment package.
    With the expansion of the Cycling Towns programme, over 2.5 million adults and children will now benefit from levels of investment equivalent to the best European cycling cities.
    11 other towns:
    Blackpool
    Cambridge
    Chester
    Colchester
    Leighton/Linslade
    Shrewsbury
    Southend on Sea
    Southport with Ainsdale
    Stoke
    Woking
    York
  • The process of evaluating English cycle cities

    1. 1. The process of evaluating English cycle cities Kevin Mayne
    2. 2. The opportunity . Growing recognition that cycling contributes to tackling: • Obesity • Traffic congestion • Climate change • Improving quality of life • Creating wealth through tourism and leisure • Rising transport prices • Recession
    3. 3. Planning for cycling – the value of cycle infrastructure Economic case for cycling Analysis of the cycling towns investment 1 2 3 Making the economic case Cycling as a mainstream mode of transport
    4. 4. Economic case
    5. 5. But where’s the evidence? . Economic benefits of cycling are not fully understood Cycling not viewed as a mainstream mode of transport Systematic under investment
    6. 6. Translating benefits into hard numbers – the SQW study . The measurable benefits of cycling: • Improvements in general health and fitness • Cutting pollution and CO2 emissions • Contribution to easing congestion
    7. 7. 10% of 10 yr olds are clinically obese, 29% are overweight Adult obesity currently costs £8bn pa 50,000 deaths pa are from illnesses caused by inactivity
    8. 8. Valuing the benefits of cycling . The value of cycling is higher where: • Inactive people become active • Older people are persuaded to cycle • Where cycling replaces a car trip, particularly in urban areas • Where the journey is a regular trip These are conservative indications - no allowance has been made for reductions in obesity / for children cycling / for the social benefits of cycling
    9. 9. • Low High Low High Ageofadditionalcyclists Proportion of cycle trips that replace car trips Health Health/pollution congestion Pollution/ congestion £176 per additional cyclist £382 per additional cyclist £87 per additional cyclist £293 per additional cyclist The value of a cyclist
    10. 10. Economic case > Investment case
    11. 11. The investment case . • A 50% increase in trips between 2005 and 2015 will generate savings of £1.3 billion Investment in cycling projects shows a return of between 3:1 and 4.5:1
    12. 12. Implications for infrastructure . Cost of project Number of additional cyclists needed £10,000 1 £100,000 11 £1,000,000 109
    13. 13. Investment case > evidence base
    14. 14. Cycling City and Towns Phase one: • Original six Cycling Demonstration Towns appointed in 2005 • Cycling England has invested £17m in these six towns
    15. 15. Phase one: The CDT programme • First phase: October 2005 – October 2008 • All towns funded at approx £5 per head per year, matched by the local authority – total investment £10 per head • All towns ‘medium-sized’; larger ones focussed effort on part of their population • Consistent, co-ordinated investment and ‘joined-up’ measures leads to a step- change in cycling levels
    16. 16. Phase one: A taste of CDT achievements • Aylesbury – Gemstone Cycle Network • Brighton and Hove – Cycle Freeway Network and Personalised Travel Planning • Darlington – Local Motion campaign • Derby – Focus on children and young people • Exeter – Engaged with local employers • Lancaster with Morecambe – Expanded cycle routes in the area
    17. 17. Cycling Demonstration Towns – programme ingredients • Cycle parking in schools • Bike It • Bikeability training • Engagement with the local business community • Major cycling events • Publicity
    18. 18. The results
    19. 19. Source data Continuous cycle count data Quarterly manual cycle count data School travel data Counts of parked bikes Behaviour and attitude surveys Workplace travel survey data
    20. 20. Major themes addressed by findings The effectiveness of targeting investment The importance of high quality provision Distribution of cycling activity Lessons in growing cycling
    21. 21. Key results from phase one • Cycle counts up in all six towns, by between 10% and 57% • Cycling levels increased on average by 28% in the three years • Increase in number of people cycling • Increase in physical activity amongst the most inactive • Comparator towns do not show this
    22. 22. Physical activity assessment • European Prospective Investigation into Cancer (EPIC) • Asks about activity in usual week • Includes cycling in categories • Validated against accelerometers • Predictive of all- cause mortality
    23. 23. The effectiveness of targeting investment: growth in cycling to schools Hands Up 0.0% 1.0% 2.0% 3.0% 4.0% 5.0% 6.0% 7.0% 2004/05 2005/06 2006/07 2007/08 2008/09 Percentage of pupils cycling to school Hands Up - all schools Hands Up - primary schools Hands Up - secondary schools DatafromDarlington
    24. 24. Lessons in growing cycling: a marked change in the rate of growth 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 Aug-06 Feb-07 Sep-07 Mar-08 Oct-08 Date Mediandailycount DatafromDarlington
    25. 25. Lessons in growing cycling: increasing the rate of growth 100 150 200 250 300 350 400 450 Jan-98 May-99 Sep-00 Feb-02 Jun-03 Nov-04 Mar-06 Aug-07 Dec-08 Date Mediandailycount DatafromDerby
    26. 26. Headline comparison with London 60% 80% 100% 120% 140% 160% 180% 200% 220% 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 years indexofcyclinglevels London 0=2000/01 CDTs 0=2006 Caution! Figures are approximate and indicative only; work in progress Base year for London = first year of strategic London-wide focus & investment Base year for CDTs = first full calendar year of CDT project
    27. 27. Lift Off for Cycling • Appraisal by the Department for Transport – The benefit to cost ratio is at least 3:1, and may be as high as 5 or 6:1 if benefits are sustained over 30 years. – These calculations are based on conservative assumptions, and do not include all the benefits of the programme.
    28. 28. Phase two: The Cycling City and Towns • In 2008 another 11 more Cycling Towns and a Cycling City were recruited • CDTs now in the second phase – all Towns funded until 2011 • New Towns are benefiting from the experience of the original six • £100m investment package • Over 2.5 million people to benefit
    29. 29. Planning for cycling – the value of cycle infrastructure Economic case for cycling Analysis of the cycling towns investment 1 2 3 Conclusion: The Economic case proven! Cycling as a mainstream mode of transport
    1. A particular slide catching your eye?

      Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.

    ×