Hudson Research Ethics


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Hudson Research Ethics

  1. 1. Research Ethics Psychology Conference 15 / 1 / 2010
  2. 2. Why have Research Ethics? <ul><li>Promote the aims of research </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pursuit of knowledge – public confidence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Data integrity – prohibitions against fabrication and falsification </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Promotion of values that are essential for collaboration </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Accountability </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Data sharing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Authorship and credit for research </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Promotion of moral and social norms </li></ul><ul><ul><li>social responsibility </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>human rights </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>animal welfare </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>compliance with the law </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>health and safety </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Stage I (1947 – 1989) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Protection of the Subject </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Stage II (1990 – 2000) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>AIDS and Cancer Patients publicly and legally challenged medical researchers about the time taken to develop cures for fatal diseases. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Right to service – The Control group (no treatment) is being denied equal access to services that may benefit them. </li></ul></ul>Ethical Developments
  5. 5. Research Project <ul><li>“… students undertake a detailed self-directed study in an area of interest.” (Draft Subject Outline, p.1, 2009) </li></ul><ul><li>Application of research can be </li></ul><ul><ul><li>work-related research </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>subject related research </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>community based research </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>technical or practical research </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Guidelines on Conducting Ethical Study and Research <ul><li>SACE BOARD WEBSITE </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  7. 7. SACE BOARD GUIDELINES When conducting research you must be honest and ethical. You need to follow these guidelines: Be sensitive to other people’s feelings. Respect the dignity and worth of all people involved in your research. Be aware of their age, gender, cultural or language background, disability or socio-economic status. Informed consent Voluntary consent
  8. 8. Guidelines continued: Make sure you gain appropriate permission from your school and parent guardian. Confidentiality Acknowledge other people’s words and ideas. Have your research approved by your teacher before you start. Make sure that you feel safe at all times. Do not put yourself at risk. If you have any concerns it may be wise to take an adult with you. Follow any particular ethical guidelines that may be required of your subject.
  9. 9. <ul><li>Action Research </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Learning to use oil paints </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Growing organic vegetables in a range of soils </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Learning to surf / skateboard </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Immersion/Participatory/Experimental Research </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Participate in a rally / work experience </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Care for a parent </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lead a youth camp / musical production </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Overseas exchange </li></ul></ul>Types of Research
  10. 10. Research Types cont. <ul><li>Story and Cultural Research </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Family History, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Indigenous Stories </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Immigrant Experiences </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Enterprise Research </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Run a business </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Develop computer accounting systems </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Technological Research </li></ul><ul><ul><li>build a robot, mechanical pump, repair a clock </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Issues? <ul><li>All the research projects presented as examples are undeniably worthy – and safe. </li></ul><ul><li>What happens when a students wants to research: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Youth suicide </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Teenage sexuality </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Needle free beaches </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Attitudes towards new arrivals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Research recreational drug use </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12.   Issues? <ul><li>2. Approval of the Research Project wrests with ‘the teacher’. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Psychology Research programs are approved independently of schools. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Psychology ethical guidelines are supported by an approved program of research. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Where do teachers stand if research ‘goes wrong’? </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Issues? <ul><li>3. Cultural sensitivity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>How sensitive will students be to different cultural groups? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Do you let some students do the research but not others? </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Issues <ul><li>4. Ethics covers all aspects of the research, not just the topic of research. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Participation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Procedures </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Data collection and assessment </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Reporting </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Will all teachers be aware of this? </li></ul><ul><li>It is not clear in the SACE Board Guidelines </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Will teachers approve the topic but be less mindful of ‘the other bits’? </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Thoughts <ul><li>Schools should have a panel assess the suitability of the research projects undertaken. </li></ul><ul><li>A member of Administration should be part of this approval process. </li></ul><ul><li>Students should be provided with a document confirming the school’s approval of research that engages others in some way. </li></ul>