Herbs of Spring for the       Gulf CoastFavorites for culinary and landscaping              possibilities         Presente...
Popular Herbs for SpringAlliums                 ParsleyArtemesias              RosemaryBorage                  SageDill   ...
How Many Ways can You Grow?• Containers : Pots, Hanging Baskets,  Anything that drains well.• Existing Gardens: Among the ...
Growing Basics• Soil preparation (proper drainage, pH balance,  and nutrients).• Sun exposure (hours of sun/shade for each...
AnnualsPlants that grow, flower, set seed, and die inone season          •   Culinary Basil          •   Cilantro         ...
Perennial Woody HerbsGenerally grow more slowly and prefer to dry           out between waterings   •   Rosemary     •   B...
Containers
Stacked Tipsy PotsHerb Society Member demonstration at Southern Living Idea House, 2012
Need Portability    Need    Good    Drainage
Easy Building Project
Herb Spiral                              Fast drainage                              at topEach plantis placed foroptimum  ...
Herb Spiral TrialExperiment….Mix it up…..Raise it up1.   March
Herb Spiral Trial Herb spiralallows mixedplantings in a small area   2.   May
Herb Spiral Trial          Rosemary topiary in top of Spiral3. 9 months later
Herbs Get Front and CenterHot peppers                     Mint                                SunflowersVegetables        ...
Get Going                                   Seeds                            Nursery                            grown plan...
Gray Leafed Herbs• Rosemary, Lavender, Sage, Artemesia, Thyme• All need light watering but dislike humidity• Pea gravel + ...
Plant Gray Plants for                    Contrast and Texture      Artemesia                Culinary sage            Rosem...
Oregano and Oregano Flavored Herbs     Cuban oregano(Plectranthus amboinicus)                            Oreganum vulgare ...
Thymes             • Plant in several areas             • Trim often             • Plant on a bump             • Mulch wit...
Rosemary
Rocky, Well Drained Raised BedUprightRosemary,Cubanoregano,purple basil,salviacocciniaArbor GateTomball Tx.
Cilantro                          Coriander                        Changes to                 Honey bees                  ...
Mints•   Peppermint•   Chocolate Mint•   Spearmint•   Pineapple Mint•   Lemon Mint•   Mojito Mint•   Swiss Mint•   Red Ste...
Grow Mints in Wide Pots to Keep       Them in Bounds                  Bury pot for                  root barrier         M...
Lemon Balm and Lime Balm        (Melissa officinalis)                        Lemon balmVariegated lemon balm   Give aftern...
Lemon Grass and Lemon Verbena                    Strong lemon flavor
Mexican Mint Marigold  (Tagetes lucida)                • Substitute for French                  tarragon, it has a        ...
Borage
Garlic Chives (Allium tuberosum)Very tolerant to adverseconditions, will reseedeasily. Great in thelandscape.       Flat l...
Beautiful Basils
More BasilsAfrican Blue Hybrid              Rosie Thai Basil?    (ornamental)    attracts bees                            ...
Citrus and Hybrid Basils       Mrs. Burns       lemon      Tabriz                          Basil perpetou                 ...
Damage CausesInsectDamage1. Wipe down leaves and clip off damage.              Die Back, usually from too2. Spray with soa...
Damage Causes                GrasshoppersSpider mites     Aphids                               Thrips
Damage Causes  Chewing wormsgrasshopper or snail      damage
Damage Control     Safer’s Soap Spray             Pruning
HERB the Protector
Basil ready to cook!
Preserving For Later Use• Freezing In Oil or Butter• Freezing In Stock Or Water• Drying   – Strip Leaves From Branches    ...
Adding Flavor to Your Life• *Start with a tablespoon of fresh herb mixed with  unsalted butter to taste flavor. 2-3 Tbs. f...
Culinary TipsTough leaves like lemon verbena and lemonbalm should be chopped finely before usingor infused to add flavorLe...
Herbs of Spring for the Gulf Coast
Herbs of Spring for the Gulf Coast
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Transcript of "Herbs of Spring for the Gulf Coast"

  1. 1. Herbs of Spring for the Gulf CoastFavorites for culinary and landscaping possibilities Presented by Jeanie Dunnihoo
  2. 2. Popular Herbs for SpringAlliums ParsleyArtemesias RosemaryBorage SageDill ThymeFennel BasilsLemon balm CatnipMexican mint marigold LavenderMints Salad Burnet
  3. 3. How Many Ways can You Grow?• Containers : Pots, Hanging Baskets, Anything that drains well.• Existing Gardens: Among the landscape or vegetable gardens.• Special Herb Garden: Formal or not.
  4. 4. Growing Basics• Soil preparation (proper drainage, pH balance, and nutrients).• Sun exposure (hours of sun/shade for each plant type)• Spacing (proper plant spacing to allow maximum growth of the plants)• Grouping (grouping like-growing plants and complementary plants together)
  5. 5. AnnualsPlants that grow, flower, set seed, and die inone season • Culinary Basil • Cilantro • Dill • Borage • Nasturtium • Stevia
  6. 6. Perennial Woody HerbsGenerally grow more slowly and prefer to dry out between waterings • Rosemary • Bay Laurel • Lavender • Salad Burnet • Sage • Pelargoniums • Artemesias • Oregano • Thyme
  7. 7. Containers
  8. 8. Stacked Tipsy PotsHerb Society Member demonstration at Southern Living Idea House, 2012
  9. 9. Need Portability Need Good Drainage
  10. 10. Easy Building Project
  11. 11. Herb Spiral Fast drainage at topEach plantis placed foroptimum Center is about 4 feetexposure tallanddrainage
  12. 12. Herb Spiral TrialExperiment….Mix it up…..Raise it up1. March
  13. 13. Herb Spiral Trial Herb spiralallows mixedplantings in a small area 2. May
  14. 14. Herb Spiral Trial Rosemary topiary in top of Spiral3. 9 months later
  15. 15. Herbs Get Front and CenterHot peppers Mint SunflowersVegetables Rosemary Oregano Thyme
  16. 16. Get Going Seeds Nursery grown plantPlant what you like anda new one to try
  17. 17. Gray Leafed Herbs• Rosemary, Lavender, Sage, Artemesia, Thyme• All need light watering but dislike humidity• Pea gravel + sand to add to pot mix for faster drainage (Water lightly)• Use raised clay pots or raised bed• Mulch with rocks, crushed egg shells, dry wood chunks or gravel
  18. 18. Plant Gray Plants for Contrast and Texture Artemesia Culinary sage Rosemary They are usually drought tolerantCurry scented Helichrysim Lavender Godwin Creek Purple culinary sage
  19. 19. Oregano and Oregano Flavored Herbs Cuban oregano(Plectranthus amboinicus) Oreganum vulgare Mexican Oregano (Poliomentha longiflora
  20. 20. Thymes • Plant in several areas • Trim often • Plant on a bump • Mulch with loose materialRoots form at basein semi woody zone
  21. 21. Rosemary
  22. 22. Rocky, Well Drained Raised BedUprightRosemary,Cubanoregano,purple basil,salviacocciniaArbor GateTomball Tx.
  23. 23. Cilantro Coriander Changes to Honey bees Wasps Coriander seedBeneficial bee Lady beetles
  24. 24. Mints• Peppermint• Chocolate Mint• Spearmint• Pineapple Mint• Lemon Mint• Mojito Mint• Swiss Mint• Red Stemmed Apple Mint• Cross Pollinated Mystery MINT
  25. 25. Grow Mints in Wide Pots to Keep Them in Bounds Bury pot for root barrier Mints tolerate some shade and need moisture
  26. 26. Lemon Balm and Lime Balm (Melissa officinalis) Lemon balmVariegated lemon balm Give afternoon shade for better flavor
  27. 27. Lemon Grass and Lemon Verbena Strong lemon flavor
  28. 28. Mexican Mint Marigold (Tagetes lucida) • Substitute for French tarragon, it has a similar flavor. • Fall bloomer. • Save some in butter for winter.
  29. 29. Borage
  30. 30. Garlic Chives (Allium tuberosum)Very tolerant to adverseconditions, will reseedeasily. Great in thelandscape. Flat leaves
  31. 31. Beautiful Basils
  32. 32. More BasilsAfrican Blue Hybrid Rosie Thai Basil? (ornamental) attracts bees Siam Queen Thai Basil
  33. 33. Citrus and Hybrid Basils Mrs. Burns lemon Tabriz Basil perpetou Varigated Aussie sweetie. Tastes similar to sweet basil.
  34. 34. Damage CausesInsectDamage1. Wipe down leaves and clip off damage. Die Back, usually from too2. Spray with soapy water first. Rinse. much overhead water.3. Use neem only if necessary.1 Remove damaged leaves. Avoid splashing water on leaves. Cold damage Cercospora leaf spot
  35. 35. Damage Causes GrasshoppersSpider mites Aphids Thrips
  36. 36. Damage Causes Chewing wormsgrasshopper or snail damage
  37. 37. Damage Control Safer’s Soap Spray Pruning
  38. 38. HERB the Protector
  39. 39. Basil ready to cook!
  40. 40. Preserving For Later Use• Freezing In Oil or Butter• Freezing In Stock Or Water• Drying – Strip Leaves From Branches • Place on drying screen inside in the South (due to generally high humidity outside) – Microwave • Use a low setting and test minute by minute to judge for appropriate dryness (works well with Parsley and Chives)
  41. 41. Adding Flavor to Your Life• *Start with a tablespoon of fresh herb mixed with unsalted butter to taste flavor. 2-3 Tbs. fresh = 1 Tbs. dry*• Harvest small leaves in 6” stems and strip or use whole then remove.• Med leaves like basil, oregano, sage, slice or cut with scissors. Can be used on stem then removed.• Parsley is a blending herb. brings out other flavors and mellows strong ones. Add toward the end when heating.
  42. 42. Culinary TipsTough leaves like lemon verbena and lemonbalm should be chopped finely before usingor infused to add flavorLemon grass should be pounded to breakup flavor cells. Best to remove stalksBay leaves should not be eaten.Remove before eating dish

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