Herbs of Spring for the Gulf CoastFavorites for culinary and landscaping possibilities Presented by Jeanie Dunnihoo
Popular Herbs for SpringAlliums ParsleyArtemesias RosemaryBorage SageDill ThymeFennel BasilsLemon balm CatnipMexican mint marigold LavenderMints Salad Burnet
How Many Ways can You Grow?• Containers : Pots, Hanging Baskets, Anything that drains well.• Existing Gardens: Among the landscape or vegetable gardens.• Special Herb Garden: Formal or not.
Growing Basics• Soil preparation (proper drainage, pH balance, and nutrients).• Sun exposure (hours of sun/shade for each plant type)• Spacing (proper plant spacing to allow maximum growth of the plants)• Grouping (grouping like-growing plants and complementary plants together)
AnnualsPlants that grow, flower, set seed, and die inone season • Culinary Basil • Cilantro • Dill • Borage • Nasturtium • Stevia
Perennial Woody HerbsGenerally grow more slowly and prefer to dry out between waterings • Rosemary • Bay Laurel • Lavender • Salad Burnet • Sage • Pelargoniums • Artemesias • Oregano • Thyme
Herb Spiral Fast drainage at topEach plantis placed foroptimum Center is about 4 feetexposure tallanddrainage
Herb Spiral TrialExperiment….Mix it up…..Raise it up1. March
Herb Spiral Trial Herb spiralallows mixedplantings in a small area 2. May
Herb Spiral Trial Rosemary topiary in top of Spiral3. 9 months later
Herbs Get Front and CenterHot peppers Mint SunflowersVegetables Rosemary Oregano Thyme
Get Going Seeds Nursery grown plantPlant what you like anda new one to try
Gray Leafed Herbs• Rosemary, Lavender, Sage, Artemesia, Thyme• All need light watering but dislike humidity• Pea gravel + sand to add to pot mix for faster drainage (Water lightly)• Use raised clay pots or raised bed• Mulch with rocks, crushed egg shells, dry wood chunks or gravel
Plant Gray Plants for Contrast and Texture Artemesia Culinary sage Rosemary They are usually drought tolerantCurry scented Helichrysim Lavender Godwin Creek Purple culinary sage
More BasilsAfrican Blue Hybrid Rosie Thai Basil? (ornamental) attracts bees Siam Queen Thai Basil
Citrus and Hybrid Basils Mrs. Burns lemon Tabriz Basil perpetou Varigated Aussie sweetie. Tastes similar to sweet basil.
Damage CausesInsectDamage1. Wipe down leaves and clip off damage. Die Back, usually from too2. Spray with soapy water first. Rinse. much overhead water.3. Use neem only if necessary.1 Remove damaged leaves. Avoid splashing water on leaves. Cold damage Cercospora leaf spot
Preserving For Later Use• Freezing In Oil or Butter• Freezing In Stock Or Water• Drying – Strip Leaves From Branches • Place on drying screen inside in the South (due to generally high humidity outside) – Microwave • Use a low setting and test minute by minute to judge for appropriate dryness (works well with Parsley and Chives)
Adding Flavor to Your Life• *Start with a tablespoon of fresh herb mixed with unsalted butter to taste flavor. 2-3 Tbs. fresh = 1 Tbs. dry*• Harvest small leaves in 6” stems and strip or use whole then remove.• Med leaves like basil, oregano, sage, slice or cut with scissors. Can be used on stem then removed.• Parsley is a blending herb. brings out other flavors and mellows strong ones. Add toward the end when heating.
Culinary TipsTough leaves like lemon verbena and lemonbalm should be chopped finely before usingor infused to add flavorLemon grass should be pounded to breakup flavor cells. Best to remove stalksBay leaves should not be eaten.Remove before eating dish