USGBC SC Chapter-SustainSC 2013_Building Commissioning - Sustainability Verification_Steve Krupka, CxA
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USGBC SC Chapter-SustainSC 2013_Building Commissioning - Sustainability Verification_Steve Krupka, CxA

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This seminar provides an ‘overview’ of Building Commissioning including Why, When, the Benefits, Costs, LEED “Commissioning Related” Credits, LEED Commissioning specific Credits (Fundamental ...

This seminar provides an ‘overview’ of Building Commissioning including Why, When, the Benefits, Costs, LEED “Commissioning Related” Credits, LEED Commissioning specific Credits (Fundamental and Enhanced Commissioning), and Measurement & Verification. This is the process for ‘Sustainability Verification’ of Systems & their Performance.

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USGBC SC Chapter-SustainSC 2013_Building Commissioning - Sustainability Verification_Steve Krupka, CxA USGBC SC Chapter-SustainSC 2013_Building Commissioning - Sustainability Verification_Steve Krupka, CxA Presentation Transcript

  • USGBC South Carolina Chapter Annual Conference SustainSC 2013 Myrtle Beach, SC April 26th, 2013 Building Commissioning Sustainability Verification LEED Specific (LS) (BD+C, ID+C, O+M, Homes) GBCI CE AIA CEU (HSW+SD) Steve Krupka, CxA, CPD, LEED-AP CxA Commissioning Authority www.CxA-CxA.com
  • Speaker Steve Krupka, CxA, CPD, LEED AP CxA Commissioning Authority www.CxA-CxA.com Steve is a Principal with CxA Commissioning Authority. He provides building commissioning and sustainability services. He has an Architectural and Construction Management education, with 31 years experience in the AEC industry primarily employed with top 50 AE and EC firms. His experience includes Architectural and Engineering Design, Design-Build Project Management, Construction Quality Control Management, Inspection, Engineering Technical Direction, Facility Assessment, and Building Commissioning. His project experience includes most all markets and complexities from Residential to Data Centers, Hospitals, Aquatic Museums, and Manufacturing. His vast and diversified experience provides insight from the perspective of the Designer, Contractor, Inspector, Commissioning Agent, and Owner‟s Representative.
  • US Green Building Council (USGBC) Approved Course as “LEED Specific” for the following LEED Accreditation Specialties LEED BD+C LEED ID+C LEED O+M LEED Homes LEED Specific (LS): 1 Green Building Certification Institute (GBCI) Approved Course for the following Continuing Education Credits (CEU) GBCI Continuing Education (GBC CE): 1 American Institute of Architects Approved Course for the following Continuing Education Units (CEU) AIA Continuing Education Units - HSW+SD (AIA CEU): 1 Building Commissioning is proven systematic process that provides documented confirmation, measurement, and verification that the building systems are of design, quality, construction and function in compliance with the Owner identified operational and sustainability needs. This seminar provides an „overview‟ of Building Commissioning including Why, When, the Benefits, Costs, LEED “Commissioning related” Credits, LEED Commissioning specific Credits (Fundamental and Enhanced Commissioning), and Measurement & Verification. This is the process for „Sustainability Verification‟ of your LEED projects. Building Commissioning Sustainability Verification
  • LEED Project Experience Participation in 20 Plus LEED Certified projects, including Silver, Gold and Platinum. Bank America Center – South LaSalle St, Chicago (1.2M sq ft) - EB 2.0 Silver 1775 Pennsylvania Ave, Washington DC – CS 2.0 Silver Bank America Corp, One Main Place, Dallas TX (32 floors and infrastructure Reno) – CI 2.0 Silver Bank America Corp Center, North Tyron St, Charlotte NC (1.1M sq ft) – EB 2008 Silver Center for the Intrepid, Brooke Army Medical Center, Ft Sam Houston, San Antonio TX - (65k sq ft, $50M) First-Of-Kind Rehabilitation Center for Returning Wounded Soldiers from Iraq/Afghanistan GSA Headquarters 1800 F Street, Washington DC (900k sq ft) – EB & NC Gold Howard Hughes Headquarters Expansion, Bethesda MD - NC & EB Thames Street Wharf, Morgan Stanley Corp, Baltimore MD – CS & CI US Department of Agriculture Headquarters Modernization 4A, Washington DC – EB & CI Silver UBS Bluestone Data Center, CT – NC Bank of America Corp, 730 15th Street NW, Replacement Fire Alarm Systems – EB Goldman Sachs, Data Center, Carter NJ – NC Arthur W. Christopher Community Center, Charleston SC – NC Gold Virtua Voorhees Acute Care Center, Voorhees NJ – NC & CI Walter Reed Naval Military Medical Center, Reno – EB Walter Reed Naval Military Medical Center, Wounded Soldiers B17 & 31 – NC Walter Reed Naval Military Medical Center, Main Operating Rooms (14) - EB and others . . . Speaker Steve Krupka, CxA, CPD, LEED AP CxA Commissioning Authority
  • Duke Energy Center (Wachovia/Wells Fargo), Charlotte NC CS 2.0 Platinum (first & tallest Office Tower, 1.5M sq ft, $1 Billion+. Also first to “require” all tenants pursue LEED CI) Includes a 48 story office tower, plus a 9 story podium building to house up to 2500 traders(4-stories), central mechanical plant (2-stories) and 24,000 SF Tier IV Data Center (two stories plus). Total fit-out area more than 825,000 SF. Future occupancy of 4,500 employees. Annual Savings: 5M kWh, 30M Gallons of Water, and 46% Reduction in Domestic via RR Mechanical Overview 5300 ton chiller plant (2N) 40,000 gallon chilled water storage Two 15,000 gallon fuel oil storage & one 10,000 gallon receiving tank provides 48 hour back up Full compartmentalization of chiller plant, including HVAC equipment and piping, fuel storage, fully redundant critical systems BMS and fuel oil risers CFD analysis Underfloor air distribution for trading floors Electrical Overview Dual Duke Power 25KV utility services feeds (2N) Main 12.47KV distribution to multiple double-ended substations Seven 2.25 MW-12.47 KVA generators to support data center and trading Dual generator paralleling switch gear (A&B) in separate compartments Twelve 750 KVA UPS modules configured as four separate parallel redundant systems (2N) Electrical Power Monitoring System Fire Protection Overview Pre-Action system for Data Center, Demarc Rooms and Electrical equipment rooms FM-200 systems for data center and demarc rooms Air Sampling Smoke Detection (ASSD) in Data Center Plumbing Overview Waterless Urinals Rainwater Harvesting 340,000 gallon cooling tower make-up water storage provides 48-hour back up 80,000 gallon domestic water storage provides 48-hour back
  • Building Commissioning is proven systematic “process” that provides documented confirmation, measurement, and verification that the building systems are of design, quality, construction and function in compliance with the Owner identified operational and sustainability needs (OPR). The “Process” is performed under a formal detailed Cx Plan. The Plan is a LIVE document maintained throughout the “Process” and the final deliverable product is a completed binder(s) or eDoc containing all the Commissioning Documents. Communication and organization of the Team and Process are a major contributing factor toward successful Commissioning. This seminar provides an „overview‟ of Building Commissioning including Why, When, the Benefits, Costs, LEED “Commissioning Related” Credits, LEED Commissioning specific Credits (Fundamental and Enhanced Commissioning), and Measurement & Verification. This is the process for „Sustainability Verification‟ of Systems & their Performance. What is Commissioning ?
  • ASHRAE Guideline 0: “A quality focused process for enhancing the delivery of a project. The process focuses upon verifying and documenting that the facility and all of its systems and assemblies are planned, designed, installed, tested, operated, and maintained to meet the Owner's Project Requirements.” BCxA: “A quality focused process for enhancing the delivery of a project. The process focuses upon verifying and documenting that the facility and all of its systems and assemblies are planned, designed, installed, tested, operated, and maintained to meet the Owner's Project Requirements.” A planned and integrated systematic process to ensure, through documented verification, that all Building Systems perform interactively according to the Owner's Project Requirements. What is Commissioning ? NIBS: the systematic process of ensuring that performance of the facility and its systems meet the functional and operational needs of the owner and occupants. ISPE: well planned, documented, & managed eng'ing approach to start-up & turnover of facilities, systems, & equip. to End- User that results in a safe & functional env. that meets estab'ed design req's & stakeholder expectations. USDOE: a systematic process of ensuring that all building systems perform interactively according to the design intent and the owner’s operational needs. COMMISSIONING DEFINITIONS ASHRAE: a quality- oriented process for achieving, verifying, and documenting that the performance of facility systems and assemblies meet defined objectives and criteria.
  • EAp1 (required) - Fundamental Commissioning EAc3 (up to 2 points) - Enhanced Commissioning EApc65 (1 point) – Monitoring Based Commissioning LEED Primary Subject Area Energy & Atmosphere (EA)
  • In addition to the following performed by the Commissioning Agent, the Commissioning Agent also provides review and verification of many other Credits (i.e. lighting control, day-lighting, building controls, IAQ, water conservation, etc.). The following are specifically the primary responsibility of the Commissioning Agent. NC CI CS Healthcare Commissioning: EAp1 – Required – Fundamental Commissioning of Building Energy Systems EAc3 – Up to 2 Points – Enhanced Commissioning EApc65 – 1 Point – Monitoring Based Commissioning Verification: EAc5 – Up to 3 Points – Measurement and Verification EQp2 – Required – Environmental Tobacco Smoke (ETS) Control (smoking rooms) EQc7.2 – 1 Point – Thermal Comfort – Verification EB Commissioning: EAp1 – Required – Energy Efficiency Best Management Practices – Planning, Documentation and Opportunity Assessment EAc2.1 – Up to 2 Points – Existing Building Commissioning – Investigation and Analysis EAc2.2 – Up to 2 Points – Existing Building Commissioning – Implementation EAc2.3 – Up to 2 Points – Existing Building Commissioning – Ongoing Commissioning Verification EAc2 – Up to 5 Points – Measurement and Verification EQp2 – Required – Environmental Tobacco Smoke (ETS) Control (smoking rooms) EQc7.2 – 1 Point – Thermal Comfort – Ventilation Schools-NC Commissioning: EAp1 – Required – Fundamental Commissioning of Building Energy Systems EAc3 – Up to 2 Points – Enhanced Commissioning EApc65 – 1 Point – Monitoring Based Commissioning Verification: EAc5 – Up to 3 Points – Measurement and Verification EQc7.2 – 1 Point – Thermal Comfort – Verification Commissioning Related LEED Credits per Rating System: BD+C, ID+C, O&M, Healthcare
  • Schools-EB v4 Draft Commissioning: EAp1 – Required – Energy Efficiency Best Management Practices (Planning, Documentation and Opportunity Assessment) EAc2.1 – 2 Points – Existing Building Commissioning – (Investigation and) Analysis EAc2.2 – 2 Points – Existing Building Commissioning – Implementation EAc2.3 – 3 Points – Existing Building Commissioning – Ongoing Commissioning Verification EQp2 – Required – Environmental Tobacco Smoke (ETS) Control (smoking rooms) EQc3 – 1 Point – Thermal Comfort – Ventilation Retail-NC Commissioning EAp1 – Required – Fundamental Commissioning of Building Energy Systems EAc3 – Up to 2 Points – Enhanced Commissioning EApc65 – 1 Point – Monitoring Based Commissioning Verification: EAc5 – Up to 3 Points – Measurement and Verification EQp2 – Required – Environmental Tobacco Smoke (ETS) Control (smoking rooms) EQc7.2 – 1 Point – Thermal Comfort – Employee Verification Healthcare Commissioning: EAp1 – Required – Fundamental Commissioning of Building Energy Systems EAc3 – Up to 2 Points – Enhanced Commissioning EApc65 – 1 Point – Monitoring Based Commissioning Verification: WEc2 – Up to 2 Points – Water Use Reduction – Measurement and Verification EAc5 – Up to 2 Points – Measurement and Verification EQc7 – 1 Point – Thermal Comfort – Design and Verification
  • When to Implement Commissioning ? Commissioning is most successful when implemented in the Planning Phase. Include the CxA (Owner’s Facility Maintenance and Design Engineers) in development of the Owner’s Project Requirements (OPR). This facilitates a complete and proper OPR. The CxA should also review the Design Engineer’s Scope of Work for appropriate inclusion of commissioning process related scope for the Design, Construction, and Warranty Phases. It is never too late to implement commissioning, but the continuity and conformity amongst the Team is subject to clear scope and responsibilities for the entire Team.
  • Value of Commissioning •Reduce energy and water waste. •Reduce CO2 and improve IAQ. •Adds Value to the building by optimizing comfort, performance, and operation. •Promotes Healthy working environment that promotes productivity. •Reduces operating costs. •Improves employee/occupant comfort. •Reduces operation and comfort complaints of occupants. •Increased Rents •Tenant Retention •Increase market value of the building. •Improves Operating Life of equipment. •Capital Cost Avoidance •Facility Maintainability. •Reliability of the Facility. •Reliability of the Facility O&M Personnel Training and Documentation. •Overall Quality of the Completed Initiative. Verifies the required, specified, submitted, contracted, and stated
  • Benefits of Commissioning In the 70’s and 80’s you had years to design and construct a project. The objective was to not have any Addendums or Change Orders. Due to the fast-tracking of design and construction, the high complexity of building systems, inter-operabilities, controls and energy management, Addendums have been commonplace (unfortunately). Each Subcontractor is responsible and test his own part of the work. Who’s verifying they have, and verifying the systems as a whole and the integration of the systems. Well, that would be the Commissioning Agent. The Commissioning Process intends to provide a Catch-All for “issues” during the Design, Submittal, and Construction Phases, before the they are constructed or become BIG ISSUES.
  • Benefits of Commissioning Imaging the indirect savings due to reduction in Warranty Call-Backs, Complaint time, Occupant Time, etc. The energy savings we can identify with all the systems working properly, operating schedule operating properly, and similar. Lawrence Berkley Laboratories performed a study of 20,000 (approx) buildings built since 1975 comparing buildings that Were Commissioning against those that Were Not. This study identified the Non-Energy Benefit cost savings due to lost time for calls and call backs came to an average of about 17 cents/SqFt/Year. It also identified that a building that is NOT Commissioned will cost about 8-20% more in energy cost to operate.
  • Benefits of Commissioning •Design Reviews: Savings are realized by reducing Change Orders by review for compliance with OPR, BOD, completeness of Scope, constructability, serviceability and communication of trade documents. •Bid Reviews (NOT LEED Req’d): Appropriate “Inclusion” of Commissioning Process. •Submittal Reviews: Another set of eyes for review of compliance with OPR, BOD, and systems inter-relationships. •Construction Installation Observation: Another set of eyes while the systems are accessible for observation. •Performance Verification: Functional Performance and Operations, fine-tuning, debugging, conflicts, faulty devices/equipment, Control Programming and Interfacing. Verification for operation, energy, comfort, and operational costs.
  • Benefits of Commissioning •TAB Verification (NOT LEED Req’d): (Test, Adjust, and Balance) Field Verification (spot checks, % samplings, full-verification) verifies operation settings for systems, and those receiving work, repairs, adjustment, or modification subsequent to Functional Testing. •Warranty Review: The identified “Issues”, newly realized “issues” of occupied operations, and modifications can be addressed, resolved, and fixes implemented prior to expiration of Warranties. •O&M Manual (Systems Manual) Review: for completeness of content. •Systems Operations & Maintenance Manual (SOMM) (NOT LEED Req’d): Detailed O&M that typically includes parts systems, parts lists, spares lists, complete performance, service, and maintenance instruction for the systems “As Installed and Configured” (not per piece of equipment/device), every operating sequence, mode, failure, recovery, and restart method and expected result, service and warranty contact info, and more…
  • Selecting a Commissioning Agent Selecting a CxA it is important to select a CxA with Technical expertise in “Commissioning” who also has technical experience in design. The CxA develops Design and Installation CheckLists, and the Functional Performance Test Procedures utilized to verify compliance with the OPR, BOD, and Construction Documents. The thorough and detailed continuous review, data collection, and coordination effort led by the CxA provides insight of the all-inclusive performance and operation of the systems provided by no single other Team member or Trade. The CxA’s scope and effort is concentrated on the performance, quality, and maintainability of the systems from start-to-finish. An “Independent Third-Party Commissioning Agent” under direct contract to the Owner is the preferred contractual arrangement. This brings objectivity and practical experience to the project to provide a consistent level of assurance that the Owner’s best interests will be served.
  • Selecting a Commissioning Agent Although Contractors may have the knowledge and capability to test the equipment they install, they may not be skilled at testing or diagnosing integration problems. It is difficult for Contractors to objectively test and assess their own work, especially since repairing deficiencies found through commissioning may increase their costs. Although Design Engineer‟s may have the knowledge to perform as the Commissioning Agent, they may have difficulty in performing proper testing, as most are not exclusively dedicated to Commissioning. The CxA needn't be a design engineer, GC, MEP, Controls, or TAB contractor. The CxA should be experienced in design, inspection, testing, and experience in leading and performing the Commissioning process and it‟s responsibilities (learned experience). LEED Fundamental Commissioning permits the CxA to be a member of the Design Firm, Contractor Firm, or Owner. LEED Enhanced Commissioning requires an “Independent Third-Party Commissioning Agent” not employed by, or subsidiary to, the Design Team Firm(s) or Contractor(s).
  • Selecting a Commissioning Agent The Commissioning Agents verifies whether or not the Contractor‟s documentation and systems met the Specification requirements. The Commissioning Agent identifies any perceived deficiency, or necessary Design improvement or change. The Commissioning Agent produces verification tests and reports that directs the actions of Contractors for testing purposes only by reference to the Design Engineer‟s design documents. The verification tests are repeated from the content of the Design Documents and Approved Submittals, developed in the format of a Test Procedure to demonstrate the required performance and produce the expected result. Commissioning reports may recommend corrective actions to be implemented by the Contractor or the Design.
  • Benefits of Commissioning While developing the Checks and Test is when most problems, issues, and discrepancies are found. Secondly is when they are tested, and we find many holes that were incomplete, not verified, not connected, not programmed, etc. by the Contractors as there are many hands bringing the building together. These are to be expected to an extent, but often the CxA is brought in to Test Phases to obtain partial occupancy while contractors are still piecing the puzzle and yet to thoroughly complete their own testing (which should be specified clearly). This is typical due to delivery schedules, lease schedules, and substantial completions. The Value that the CxA brings to the table is tremendous! The CxA is facilitating the team and managing the Cx Process to help the construction process to go as smoothly as possible.
  • Behind the Scenes 50% of the Cx Agent’s effort is performed behind the scenes reviewing, verifying, documenting, collecting data and detail, building and re-verifying the CheckLists and Test Procedures with every change order and submittal, updating and maintaining the Cx Plan, building the Final Cx Report and Systems Manuals, and coordinating with the Team. The consolidated product delivered by the CxA at the project completion reveals only the final data. Commissioning Agents utilizing Cloud or Web based systems, or documents accessible via the Web are the current trend to keep document management, data, status, and issues accessible to the Team. Cooperation with the SubContractors (MEP, Controls, TAB) and Vendors and a thorough and complete Scope of Work for Contractors inclusive of Commissioning efforts and responsibilities is of utmost importance.
  • When to Implement Commissioning ? Commissioning is most successful when implemented in the Planning Phase. Include the CxA (Owner’s Facility Maintenance and Design Engineers) in development of the Owner’s Project Requirements (OPR). This facilitates a complete and proper OPR. The CxA should also review the Design Engineer’s Scope of Work for appropriate inclusion of commissioning process related scope for the Design, Construction, and Warranty Phases.
  • When to Implement Commissioning ? It is important to involve the Commissioning Authority as early in the project as possible. This allows the Authority opportunity to review the design intent (OPR) and BOD for the project, and verify implementation. Additionally to begin scheduling Commissioning activities, and begin writing specifications into Bid Documents for Contractors. It is never too late to implement commissioning, but the continuity and conformity amongst the Team is subject to clear scope and responsibilities.
  • LEED v3 2009 EAp1 Fundamental Commissioning  Develop and Maintain a Commissioning Plan  Functional Performance Testing of Equipment & Systems  Commissioning Documentation EAc3 Enhanced Commissioning CxA is required to be an Independent-Third Party  Peer Review of Design and Submittals  Systems Operation Manual  8-10 Month Warranty/Occupancy Commissioning Review
  • FUNDAMENTAL Cx Sustainability Verification Engage a Commissioning Team that does NOT include individuals Directly responsible for Project Design or Construction Management. (individuals employed by those firms is permitted).
  • FUNDAMENTAL Cx Implement, or have a Contract in place to implement, the following Fundamental best practice Commissioning Procedures.
  • FUNDAMENTAL Cx Engage a Commissioning Team that does NOT include individuals Directly responsible for Project Design or Construction Management. (individuals employed by those firms is permitted).
  • FUNDAMENTAL Cx Review the Design Intent and the Basis of Design documentation. The Owner’s Project Requirements (OPR) Design Engineer’s – Basis of Design (BOD)
  • FUNDAMENTAL Cx Incorporate Commissioning requirements into the Construction Documents. Commissioning Specification Section(s), Commissioning Specification Sections for each Division, Commissioning specific requirements within appropriate Division Sections. Additionally includes equipment performance schedules, controls, and sequences of operations.
  • FUNDAMENTAL Cx Develop and utilize a Commissioning Plan. A live document identifying the Commissioning Process Detail, Cx Team, communication, milestones, deliverables, commissioned equipment & systems, roles and responsibilities, checks and tests to be performed, issues, and similar.
  • FUNDAMENTAL Cx Verify installation, functional performance, training, and operation and maintenance documentation. Field installation observation verification, Perform functional performance testing, Verify O&M (and Occupant) Training completed (as specified), Verify Contractor provided O&M Manuals provided, organized, and complete (as specified)
  • FUNDAMENTAL Cx Complete a Commissioning Report. Content of the Report is identified in the LEED Reference Guide.
  • FUNDAMENTAL Cx Verify installation, functional performance, training, and operation and maintenance documentation. Field installation observation verification, Perform functional performance testing, Verify O&M (and Occupant) Training completed (as specified), Verify Contractor provided O&M Manuals provided, organized, and complete (as specified)
  • ENHANCED Cx In Addition to the Fundamental Commissioning prerequisite (EAp1), Implement, or have a contract in place to implement, the following additional commissioning process activities.
  • ENHANCED Cx Designate an individual as the Commissioning Authority, independent of the firms represented on the Design and Construction Team, to lead the Commissioning Design Review activities prior to the end of Design Development. May be Subcontractor to the A/E. May be Construction Manager Not holding Constructor Contracts (not GC). Independent Consultant contracted to Owner. Owner Employee or Staff.
  • ENHANCED Cx Conduct a Review of the Project Energy related systems Contractor Submittals. Review Energy related Submittals.
  • ENHANCED Cx Develop a single Manual that contains the information required for Re- Commissioning the Energy related systems. Re-Commissioning Manual. Includes Test Scripts of the FPT’s, equipment and systems list, etc. Content identified in the LEED Reference Guides.
  • ENHANCED Cx Verify that the requirements for Training Operating Personnel and Occupants are Completed. Have a contract in place to Review operation with O&M Staff and Occupants including a Plan for resolution of Outstanding Commissioning related “issues” 8-10 months after Final Acceptance. Verity Training Completed. 8-10 Mo Operation Review with O&M and Occupants Plan for Resolution of Outsanding Items and Issues.
  • Existing Building Cx Re-Commissioning: Commissioning of previously commissioned facilities (or systems) Retro-Commissioning: Commissioning of facilities or systems that have not previously been commissioned. Continuous Commissioning: Monitoring (real-time), Trending, Data Logging of area, system, and equipment conditions, operations, status, sensors, setpoints, resets, control, energy and water usage, and similar to identify issues and opportunities for optimization of the systems.
  • Existing Building Cx Re-Commissioning & Retro-Commissioning: 5 % to 10 % Excess Operating Expense Savings from Re-Commissioning or Retro-Commissioning $15k/year in Incremental Operating Expenses 5% Excess duct leakage for an average facility with 12 AHUs and 200k cfm. $100,000 in Capital Savings, and $6,000/year Energy Savings for a 10% performance reduction on a 250-Ton AHU system, at approximate $4,000/Ton installation cost, due to extended run times. Utilities = 20% of total building operating cost. A 10% reduction on a 100,000sf building = approximately $20,000/yr
  • Measurement & Verification (M&V) Is the field measurement and verification of installed operating facility and system performance in comparison to the Design Engineer‟s identified energy model and basis of design benchmarks. (energy, water, CO2, IAQ, comfort, etc.)
  • $ Project Cost of Commissioning $ An Initial Budget Setting “Rule-of-Thumb” is • 2 to 3 % of Mechanical Construction Cost PLUS • 1 to 2 % of Electrical Construction Cost Varies based on: • Scale of the Project • Commissioning Scope (variables and extras) • Complexity of Systems • Quantity of Equipment and Systems to be Commissioned. This rule includes Design, Construction, Commissioning and Owner Team participation and costs.
  • Building Commissioning Sustainability Verification ? ? ? QUESTIONS ? ? ?