Surname 1Name:University:Course:Tutor:Date: Essay about Lebanon Lebanon is a country of its own in Middle East with a rich background hence the reasonof its rich aspect of cultural, economical, political, sectarianism and social as compared to othercountries in Middle East. Despite of it having 18 religious communities it’s an oasis of peacebecause the different religious groupings having been living together in harmony which is anissue that most countries with multi religious communities have not been able to liveharmoniously in peace (Collelo Par 4). Lebanon has embraced democracy in dissemination of information and creation ofawareness to its citizen. Therefore, it has a large number of newspapers which according toregistrar of publication and news there are 40 daily newspapers, which report without fear orfavor in issues which are affecting the citizen, government or any organization which is ofinterest of Lebanese. Lebanese value education and they are aware of its role in development of the countryhence it has strived to establishment of 42 universities which ensure that it has educated itshuman resource. With such large number of institution of higher learning it has ensure that itscitizens are highly effective hence they contribute to development of the country. Apart fromeducation they have also improved their medical services which are 10 times better than UnitedStates or even Europe. Due to its well established training institution it has been able to train
Surname 2many Doctors and health providers to a rate of 1 doctor per every 10 people while in Europeand United States it has 1 doctor for every 100 patients. According to Lebanon has been a pillar of religion in the world having been mentioned75 times in the Old testaments is a fact that it has significant role in shaping of the religiontoday all over the world for both Christians and Muslims despite of the fact that Muslims forms70% of 4.5 Million Lebanese who lives in Lebanon. The fact that Lebanon is mentioned in the old testaments is a proof that it has been inexistence for many years which are believed to be 4000 years. It has the oldest name of anation/country which is in existence today because it has been able to retain its name over theyears due to its uniqueness in historical development of religion. Amazingly it’s the onlyAsian/African country which does not have a desert despite of it being surrounded by countrieswhich most of its acreage is desert. As compared to the size of other neighboring countries, Lebanon is considered to beone of the most populated countries in the region. The first alphabet of the noun Lebanon wasfirst created in Byblos, which is one of the cities in Lebanon. The country host historical sites,for instance, the one and only temple of Jupiter that is under existence, is hosted by Baalbek,which is a region in Lebanon. This temple in other words is referred to as the main Roman god,while Baalbek is referred to as the city of the sun. Amongst the countries in the world, Lebanon is the only country that has most bookswritten about it. This might be an indication that, the country’s population comprises of manyeducated people. This might also be an indication that, it is one of the most loved countries, aseven authors from other countries get interested in it. This has made the country much famous.Considering victory, Lebanon amongst all other strongest countries in the world, is the only
Surname 3country that has defeated Israel, not just once, but twice. In most cases, Israel is perceived asbeing one of the countries with strongest military in the world. In addition, it has the bestmilitary weapons in the world. Never the less, the military recruit training program of Israel isranked amongst the best in the world, but it was defeated by Lebanon in May 2000 and July2006. This indicates that, though Lebanon is taken to be an underdog in military activities, ithas the strongest military operations. In the Arabic world, all states have dictatorial kind of leadership, apart from Lebanon,which has non-dictatorial leadership style. The country has the president who is voted in by thepeople. This shows that, it is the government is made up of the people by the people for thepeople, hence most peaceful Arabic country. One of the most memorable events that have made Lebanon to be one of the mostfamous countries in the world is that, Jesus Christ made his first miracle at Qana, which is oneof the cities in Lebanon. Other events in the country are many. For instance, the Phoenicians,who are the original inhabitants of Lebanon, were the once who built the first boat and as aresult, they were the first to sail ever in history. In addition, the first school of law in the wholeworld was first built in Lebanon in downtown Beirut. This shows that, Lebanon was the firstcountry to embrace law in the world. One of the most lovable things about Lebanon is that, it iscalled the God’s Country on Earth. This is based on the reason that, it is claimed that, cedartrees were planted by the Hand of God Himself and this is the reason as to why they are calledthe Cedars of God, (Collelo, par 8).Lebanon has a rich aspect of cultural, economical, political, sectarianism and social ascompared to other countries in Middle East. Historically Lebanese were mainly identified withtheir family. As a result, there was a clash between this identity and the process of national
Surname 4integration and cohesion. The division in the society was both into sectarian and thesocioeconomic, with the later cutting across the confessional lines. The manifestation of the family’s primacy in the life of the Lebanese was evident inprivate/personal relations, financial status, the political endeavors and all other life phases.Politically, the competition exists amongst the families mainly for power and prestigious gains.The uprising personalities gain a lot of support from the combination of the kinsmen; this is afactor that most leaders base on in their struggle foe the leadership positions. Most employersin the business sector prefer to hire their close family members, the family enterprises areoperated by either a union of brothers or cousins who merge all their resources for the purposesof creating large business empires. Family members who seemed to be wealthy were given theresponsibility of sharing their worth with the unfortunate relatives, in most cases the urbanrelatives or the expatriates played this role by giving financial support to their kinsmen in thevillage. The had a great influence on the personal sphere , for instance, an individuals access tothe determinants of social mobility such as Education , Wealth and prominence. The family’sstatus had a direct link to the individual’s success and hence the conformity to the establishedfamily code of behavior, this was partly to maintain the honor of the family. The family wasregarded as the molding tool responsible for shaping an individual in accordance to theambitions and the group’s long term ambitions. Individuals were expected to be loyal and offerservice to the family in return for status protection, financial/social support and lifeopportunities. In the Lebanese society, the family unit was highly regarded and it commanded thehighest loyalty. A team of the American sociologists set out in 1959 and conducted a successful
Surname 5study at the University of Beirut, the results of which the results showed that in most groupingswhich included; Christians, Muslims, males, females, and the students, the family loyalty wasranked first. This was followed closely with religion, nationality, Tribe or ethnic group and thepolitical in that order. The results were the exact reflection of the Lebanese attitudes in 1987.The 1975 Civil war had a great influence to the Lebanese family by helping increase theprimordial ties. The idea of ethnicity and family consciousness was boosted by the emergencyof the Christian and the Islamic fundamentalism. The Maronites, are a good example of thefamilial idealism where the Phalange party’s Motto has a motto which recognizes God, theirhomeland and the family. The family members in a Lebanese set up, were assigned the roles by a the familywhich was responsible for the assignment of all the chores basing on the gender and physicalability (Picard, 78)). The Lebanese accorded superior status to men both in the society as a whole and also in thenuclear family unit; therefore most Lebanese have patriarchal family structures. The fatherfigure has its origin from the economical point of view since the father is regarded as themaster and the overall owner of the properties. The father is the main producer and the centralpillar upon which everybody depends on for survival. In the rural parts of Lebanon, womenhave a chance to supplement through participation in simple peasant chores but still the abovenotion of chauvinism prevails. This being an Arab society, chauvinism precedes the Islamreligion.
Surname 6 Works CitedCollelo, Thomas. Lebanons Culture. 1987. Available at http://www.ghazi.de/society.htmlHaffar, Dana & Shehadi, Nadim. Lebanon: A History of Conflict and Consensus. London: I.B.Tauris. 1988.Picard, Elizabeth. Lebanon, a Shattered country: Myths and Realities of the Wars in Lebanon. New York: Holmes & Meier. 2002. Print.The Office of Electronic Information. Lebanon: International Religious Freedom Report 2008. 2008. Available at: http://www.state.gov/g/drl/rls/irf/2008/108487.htm