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Chicago style term paper autism

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Chicago style term paper autism

Chicago style term paper autism

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  • 1. Autism AUTISM Name: Grade Course: Tutor’s Name: (30, August, 2010)
  • 2. Autism 2 Autism Introduction The essay critically analyzes autism. It expresses sensitivity and experience towardsthe disorder on the basis of a movie Autism: The musical, Susie Rubin and Temple Grandin.The paper defines what autism is, briefly discusses the various types of autism and itcharacteristics. The essay also evaluates on why autism is on the rise and proposes possiblemeasures which would be taken by educators to understand, teach and bring the best instudents with such disorders. Finally, based on the wonderful stories of the individuals in thevideos watched, the paper ends on a positive note which conforms that these individuals areequally important people in the society. Autism According to the Autism Society of America, autism refers to an intricatedevelopmental disability that usually occurs within the first three years of human lifedevelopment which is caused due to disorder of neural development which affects normalfunctioning of the brain. Hence, impairing communication skills as well as social interaction,it is estimated that out of 150 births there is a possibility of one being autistic. This has beenarticulated that autism is four times more in boys than girls. Those who are affected eitheradults or children usually demonstrates trouble whenever they are communicating eitherverbally or non-verbally, Leisure or play activities as well as being unable to interact withothers1. Autism is among five others that are categorized as pervasive developmentaldisorders. A neurological disorder is distinguished by extreme and persistent impairment in a1 Bishop, D. (1989). Autism, Aspergers Syndrome and Semantic-Pragmatic Disorder: Where are the boundaries? British Journal of Disorders of Communication. 24:107-121. Retrieved on August 31, 2010 from http://www.mugsy.org/bishop.htm
  • 3. Autism 3number of developmental stages. It has been agreed by scholars and medical experts thatautism causes are based strongly on genetics, although the genetics of autism is verycomplex2. Other factors such as environment, epigenetic factors and synaptic dysfunctionhave also proved to contribute to autism. Types of autism The five different type of autism are categorized on the basis of their severity andlevels of functioning. They include; pervasive developmental disorder; individuals in thisgroup do not meet criteria of the other four categories3. Aspergers syndrome, victims showvaried characteristics of autism and severity range from mild to severe. Children do notsocialize and exhibit difficulty when changing routine tasks, they cannot read body language,have reduced sensitivity to pain and very high sensitivity to noise and light. However, theyare of average intelligence. Childhood disintegrative disorder; include individuals who exhibit severe regressionin communications and social interaction. Individuals seem to be normal at early age untilthey attain the age of 2-4 years when the problems arises. Kenner’s or classic autistic disorder; is the most common and severity range frommild to profound. Kids show inability to share enjoyment with age mates, unable to socialize,repetitive language, they are not able to start or maintain conversation, constant fixation withobjects and not flexibility in terms of routine. All these symptoms appear within the firstthree years of childhood.2 Neuroimmunedr. (2010). Autism and the Immune Connection. Retrieved on August 31, 2010 from http://www.neuroimmunedr.com/Articles/Autism___PDD/immuneconnection.pdf3 Shawn, J. (2010). There are Five Different Types of Autism Disorders. Retrieved on August 31, 2010 from http://ezinearticles.com/?There-Are-5-Different-Types-of-Autism-Disorders&id=1592117
  • 4. Autism 4 Rett syndrome mostly occurs in female and its is characterized by poor growth of thehead. The pronounced symptom is loss of muscle tone, problem in crawling and walking.Individual seem to stop using hands but rather develop pigeonholed hand movements e.g.clapping. Severity is manifested if they do not perform motor functions, individuals seem tobe growing normally, but later they are stunted and loss abilities and skills. Characteristics of Autism According to Autism Society of America (ASA), the common characteristics ofautism are clearly depicted in the area of communication and these symptoms manifestthemselves between age two and six years. The common characteristics are that theindividuals are not able to coo at the age of twelve months. They are also unable to point orgesture after one year, by one year and four months, the child is not in a position to utter evena word, by the age of two years the child is unable to say two or more words and similarlyloose social skills and language abilities. Other general characteristics include; child may avoid cuddling, exhibit self injuriousmanners when disturbed for instance pricking their skin, eye, knocking their head or bitingthemselves. They also exhibit difficulty when socializing with other kids, do not fear danger,either over or under sensitive to pain, a times they avoid eye contact, prefer being alone mostof the times and may show paroxysm for no good reason. In addition autism individuals mayinappropriately laugh, show prolonged repetitive play, may echo words or phrases, showdifficulties expressing what they need and may use gesture. They usually have inappropriateattachment to objects and a time may spin objects or even themselves. Why autism is on a rise One of the major causes which foster the rise of autism are decisions which parentsmake during conception or during pregnancy. It has been revealed by researchers that aparamount number of parent bases their diagnosis of this epidemic on biomedical approach
  • 5. Autism 5which is costly and majority of them tire from this approach broke and frustrated. Usuallythese are the result of neglect and non-monitoring of the parent on the child development.Thus these symptoms are not detected when they should have been to facilitate medicationwhich is proposed for such dysfunction in the child life4. These preventive measures includesvaccination and attending nutritional counseling seminars which are offered to pregnant andmothers by clinics and hospitals. Lack of knowledge has left many mothers feeling guilty ofthe conditions that their children develop which deters socialization. Another major cause of this epidemic is environmental and predispositions aspectssuch as dysfunctional vaccine offered to the child. Due to the development of thisdysfunction, researchers have developed many vaccines some which are defective and mayeven cultivate the child chance of getting this phenomenon. Majority of the experts are busydebating the theories behind autism than implementing remedies5. Thus this has challengedthe couples whom are contemplating pregnancy to resolve to get advice from mothers whohave undergone this epidemic and helped their children overcome it. Usually the couples endup being misdiagnosed on which measures to take and thus follow unethical medical planswhich result are injurious. This happens as the medical experts whom are supposed to beassisting are busy debating theories which are mainly concerned with the futureimplementation forgetting the current situation. Nutrition on pregnant mothers is another issue which has been the major cause ofautism arise. Nutrition seminars are instilled by clinics and hospital to mitigate this epidemic.4 Bishop, D. (1989). Autism, Aspergers Syndrome and Semantic-Pragmatic Disorder: Where are the boundaries? British Journal of Disorders of Communication. 24:107-121. Retrieved on August 31, 2010 from http://www.mugsy.org/bishop.htm5 Barresi, J & Boore, C. (1996). Intentional Relations and Social Understanding. Behavioral and Brain Science. 1996 (19): 107-154. Retrieved on August 31, 2010 from http://jbarresi.psychology.dal.ca/Papers/B&M %20%20BBS1996.pdf
  • 6. Autism 6However, majority of the expectant mothers are usually busy and don not concentrate on theirdiet thus paving way for condition which might favor autism. Lifestyle also influence rise ofautism. Some of the activity which triggers autism includes alcohol consumption, tobacco,junk foods and being exposed to constituent which fosters toxins or chemical element whichmay affect the unborn baby6. Discontinuing of breast feeding is another cause, this is because the child immunesystem kicks in after the 18th month and early discontinuation would mean that the child isexposed to diseases without immunity. When breast feeding is ceased on early stages of thechild life then there are high chances of the child getting autism. What educators should understand, teach and bring out the best of Autism students One major element that the educators should have in mind is that this is only adysfunctional condition which with proper administration it can be mitigated. Through properadministration of care and consistence classroom routine which ensures that the students arewell catered for psychologically and mentally to embrace edification. The educators shoulduse visual media print to elaborate and catch the attention of the student so that they mayenjoy learning. Vides like The Musical, Susie Rubin and Temple Grandin are among the mostrecommended visual prints which may attempt to attract and put the focus on autism studentin line with the learning programs. Ample exercise programs would also assist in developinggood communication and interaction to these students. Dance programs are also essential toenable communication through play. The tutor will enhance the student to be able to generatecommunication skills through these routines which are easily adaptable7.6 Barresi, J & Boore, C. (1996). Intentional Relations and Social Understanding. Behavioral and Brain Science. 1996 (19): 107-154. Retrieved on August 31, 2010 from http://jbarresi.psychology.dal.ca/Papers/B&M %20%20BBS1996.pdf7 Regan, T. (2008). Autism: The Musical. DVD, New York: Docurama Studio
  • 7. Autism 7 People living autism The director of the video “Autism: The Musical” have been able to capture theproblems which children encounter when they have autism. Furthermore, it also illustrates onhow personalities struggle to communicate with their peers. It shows on how a child wouldloose self esteem and confidence hence being unable to expression them selves. It also showshow the parents of such children have unconditional love towards the children and how theyensure that they are able to support the children to communicate and motivate them to buildup their confidence. The characters in the movie have been instrumental in creation ofawareness on how a child with autism would be supported in the society. This have been anoble cause which has enlightened the communities on how they can be able to detect thedisorder at early development of the children and how they could be taken care of the childand the most appropriate way to support and train them to be at per with other children whodo not have such disorders. While Dr. Temple Grandin in his video “Temple Grandin” being one highfunctioning individual with autism in the world has been an encouragement and hope to thechildren and parents whose children are suffering from autism. He can been able tocommunicate eloquently despite of the childhood challenges which he had in development ofhis speech. He has been an aspiration to the children’s living with autism can really overcomechallenges of having autism and better their livelihood.
  • 8. Autism 8 ReferencesBarresi, J & Boore, C. (1996). Intentional Relations and Social Understanding. Behavioral and Brain Science. 1996 (19): 107-154. Retrieved on August 31, 2010 from http://jbarresi.psychology.dal.ca/Papers/B&M%20%20BBS1996.pdfBishop, D. (1989). Autism, Aspergers Syndrome and Semantic-Pragmatic Disorder: Where are the boundaries? British Journal of Disorders of Communication. 24:107-121. Retrieved on August 31, 2010 from http://www.mugsy.org/bishop.htmNeuroimmunedr. (2010). Autism and the Immune Connection. Retrieved on August 31, 2010 from http://www.neuroimmunedr.com/Articles/Autism___PDD/immuneconnection.pdfRegan, T. (2008). Autism: The Musical. DVD, New York: Docurama StudioShawn, J. (2010). There are Five Different Types of Autism Disorders. Retrieved on August 31, 2010 from http://ezinearticles.com/?There-Are-5-Different-Types-of-Autism- Disorders&id=1592117

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