Employment RelationsEMPLOYMENT RELATIONS ISSUES RELATING TO AGED WORKERS IN SINGAPORE                               Name: ...
Employment Relations               2              Employment Relations Issues Relating To Aged Workers in Singapore       ...
Employment Relations           3       The country is currently facing four main issues that are related to the employment...
Employment Relations           4       The elderly in Singapore are deprived of their lifelong savings, in that, they can’...
Employment Relations            5        The employers on the other hand, recommend that the employees who are older andco...
Employment Relations   6Domestic Product (GDP) of the country, as the levels of unemployment are not very high ascompared ...
Employment Relations   7                                          ReferencesChia, Sue-Ann. Singapore and Japan lead in kee...
Employment Relations       8Tan, Kenneth. Renaissance Singapore? Economy, Culture, and Politics. Singapore, NUS Press,    ...
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Chicago style essay report on employment relations issues relating to aged workers in singapore

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Chicago style essay report on employment relations issues relating to aged workers in singapore

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Chicago style essay report on employment relations issues relating to aged workers in singapore

  1. 1. Employment RelationsEMPLOYMENT RELATIONS ISSUES RELATING TO AGED WORKERS IN SINGAPORE Name: Grade Course: Tutor’s Name: (Day, Month, Year)
  2. 2. Employment Relations 2 Employment Relations Issues Relating To Aged Workers in Singapore Singapore is an island country located in Asia. The country that had briefly merged withMalaysia, got its independence in 1965 from British, and after the country attained itsindependence in 1965, it embarked on a thorough industrialization program in order to provideits foreign investors with incentives aimed at boosting the industry and economy of the country1.These measures were introduced by the government in order to attract foreign investors to comeinvest in the country. In the mid 1970s, the country had been able to handle the cases of unemployment, as ithad low population of around 3 million people but it managed to secure its population with thenecessary employment opportunity. The small population of the island country would not be ableto provide the total number of man power the country required2, and this resulted to the countryto be dependent on foreign workers in order to provide their manpower to its fast growingnumbers of industries. This provided an opportunity to migrants who came in the country to offer its growingindustries with manpower, its neighboring Asian countries such as Malaysia, Thailand,Philippine and other Indian sub-countries, to come into the country to offer its growing industrieswith labor it was missing. Singapore’s government and Parliament set measures that would helpin regulating the flow of foreign workers; this is when the government imposed a levy on theforeign workers3, while the parliament approved several penalties aimed at discouragingemployers from hiring illegal immigrants.1 Tann, Nick. Age Discrimination, (2010). http://www.idebate.org/debatabase/topic_details.php?topicID=293. (Accessed September 15th, 2010)2 Correspondent. Lee Kuan Yew: No retirement age for Singapore workers, 2010. http://www.temasekreview.com/2010/07/29/lee-kuan-yew-no-retirement-age-for-singapore-workers/. (Accessed September 15th, 2010)3 Employee Relations. Employee relations in Singapore - current issues and problems, 1996. http://www.accessmylibrary.com/article-1G1-19806350/employee-relations-singapore-current.html. (Accessed September 15th, 2010)
  3. 3. Employment Relations 3 The country is currently facing four main issues that are related to the employment; thisincludes issues such as illegal immigrants who are flocking into industrial department of thecountry, the impacts of the country relocating its industries and investments to other countries4.Privatization of its states owned companies, and lastly, the existence of an ageing workforce inthe country. These are some of the major problems that are being encountered in this islandcountry. In this paper, we are going to highlight on the cases related to the ageing work force ofSingapore workers. The country has in the past been implicated in cases of extending the agelimit of retiring in the country, the initial age of retirement age was 55 years, and it was extendedto 60 years as a result of a growing economic5. The improved nutritional and better medical carein the country, increased the life expectancy of Singaporean citizen to between 70-78 years in theyear 1993, and there are still plans by the government to convince the employers to increase theretirement age to 67 years, While it argues that the percentage population reaching 60 years andabove is 25% of the total people in Singapore6. This perception of the government in attempts aimed at increasing the retirement agefrom 60 -67, is eliciting mixed reactions on the employers who are seeing that the old employeesare less productive as compared to the young workers, the employers also claimed that, if thegovernment insisted that the age of retirement should be increased to 67 years, then the wagesystem should be modified7; as most of them are non skilled and it will take the company toretrain them on ways of using the new trends in the industrial markets.4 My paper. Retain workers beyond age 65, 2010. http://www.asiaone.com/News/AsiaOne+News/Singapore/Story/A1Story20100817-232420.html. (Accessed September 15th, 2010)5 Tan, Lucky. (2008). "Human Rights and Maids...." Diary of a Singaporean Mind. 13 July 2008.6 Blogger. http://singaporemind.blogspot.com/2008/07/human-rights-and-maids.html. (Accessed September 15th, 2010)7 Wei, Jamie and Ee Wen. “More Domestic Workers Seeking Help." The Straits Times, 6 July 2008. http://www.straitstimes.com/free/story/stistory_255050.html. (Accessed September 15th, 2010)
  4. 4. Employment Relations 4 The elderly in Singapore are deprived of their lifelong savings, in that, they can’t be ableto retire easily; as this will subject them to suffering that will be result from lack of money tosustain them8, after retiring before the set age limit of retiring. This makes the old to work inorder to sustain themselves9. The government of Singapore has extended the retirement age to 60 years in attemptsaimed at blocking, or reducing the numbers of foreign workers getting in the country, andblocking the real Singapore citizens from employment; this is when the government tries toconvince the employers to further extend the retirement age from 60 -67 years. These are waysthat the government is implementing to reduce the flow of foreign workers10, who will occupyand block the employment opportunity for the youths in the country. The government has also taken measures that offer stiff penalties on any employer foundin the act of discriminating against age11. This has been clearly seen when the employers areencouraged to increase the retirement of their workers to from the current 60-67 years, they arealso advised to retain till they attain 65 years, and they should never discriminate any newemployees on matters based on their age12. Thus, they should offer thee workers with equalopportunity during the recruitment exercise, and also offer the old workers with the renewedcontracts.8 Tan Chwee-Huat, Employee Relations.1979. Online.9 Varia, Nisha. Maid to Order: Ending Abuses against Migrant Domestic Workers in Singapore. Human Rights Watch. 2005. Human Rights Watch. Dec. 2005. Human Rights Watch, 2008. http://hrw.org/reports/2005/singapore1205/index.htm. (Accessed September 15th, 2010)10 Government of Singapore. More Employees Work Beyond Age 62 In Singapore, 2010. http://www.thegovmonitor.com/world_news/asia/more-employees-work-beyond-age-62-in-singapore-32822.html. (Accessed September 15th, 2010)11 Correspondent. Domestic Worker Abuse, 2009. http://domesticworkerabuse.pbworks.com/. (Accessed September 15th, 2010)12 Lee, Han Shih. "Silence on maid abuse must end." Business Times 27 July 2002. http://www.singapore- window.org/sw02/020727bt.htm. (Accessed September 15th, 2010)
  5. 5. Employment Relations 5 The employers on the other hand, recommend that the employees who are older andconsidered unproductive, should be subjected to a certain cut on their monthly pay. This isbecause, most of them are considered less productive and attentive as compared to the youngworkers. This are ways that the employers are trying to implement in the attempts aimed atdiscouraging the attempts of the government, of encouraging the employing of the old workersas they believe that they are less productive as compared to the young workers13. The stiff penalties that were passed by the Singapore parliament on employers whoemploy illegal immigrants, has to some extent reduced the cases of employers employing foreignworkers; because the government no longer issues out work permits to the foreign workers14.This has resulted to shortage of employees in the country, and this to some extent, has forced theemployers to rely on the services of the old employees who are domestic citizens of the country.This is because the cost of hiring foreign workers will /is very expensive as compared to the oldcitizens. In conclusion, the Singapore government is trying to reduce and at the same time controlthe rates of employment in the country15. By placing measures that will benefit its citizens; this isby providing policies and measures that will restrict the employers in the country to employforeign workers, and thus rendering domestic citizens jobless16. With these policies, it hasbecome easy for the citizens of Singapore to get employment, and this increases the Gross13 Chia, Sue-Ann. Singapore and Japan lead in keeping seniors at work: study, 2010. http://www.chinapost.com.tw/asia/singapore/2010/04/11/252104/Singapore-and.htm. (Accessed September 15th, 2010)14 Tan Chwee-Huat. Employee relations in Singapore - current issues and problems, Employee Relations, Journal, 18 No 3 (1996): 48 – 61.15 Blogger. http://singaporemind.blogspot.com/2008/07/human-rights-and-maids.html. (Accessed September 15th, 2010)16 King, Rodney. The Singapore Miracle, Myth and Reality. Lexington, Insight Press, 2008.
  6. 6. Employment Relations 6Domestic Product (GDP) of the country, as the levels of unemployment are not very high ascompared to other developing nations. The Singapore government has achieved its goal in providing employment opportunitiesto its citizens17; therefore it has been one of the most successful countries with little casesreported of unemployment being experienced in the country.17 Tan, Kenneth. Renaissance Singapore? Economy, Culture, and Politics. Singapore, NUS Press, 2007.
  7. 7. Employment Relations 7 ReferencesChia, Sue-Ann. Singapore and Japan lead in keeping seniors at work: study, 2010. http://www.chinapost.com.tw/asia/singapore/2010/04/11/252104/Singapore-and.htm. (Accessed September 15th, 2010)Correspondent. Domestic Worker Abuse, 2009. http://domesticworkerabuse.pbworks.com/. (Accessed September 15th, 2010)Correspondent. Lee Kuan Yew: No retirement age for Singapore workers, 2010. http://www.temasekreview.com/2010/07/29/lee-kuan-yew-no-retirement-age-for- singapore-workers/. (Accessed September 15th, 2010)Employee Relations. Employee relations in Singapore - current issues and problems, 1996. http://www.accessmylibrary.com/article-1G1-19806350/employee-relations-singapore- current.html. (Accessed September 15th, 2010)Government of Singapore. More Employees Work Beyond Age 62 In Singapore, 2010. http://www.thegovmonitor.com/world_news/asia/more-employees-work-beyond-age-62- in-singapore-32822.html. (Accessed September 15th, 2010)King, Rodney. The Singapore Miracle, Myth and Reality. Lexington, Insight Press, 2008.Lee, Han Shih. "Silence on maid abuse must end." Business Times 27 July 2002. http://www.singapore-window.org/sw02/020727bt.htm. (Accessed September 15th, 2010)My paper. Retain workers beyond age 65, 2010. http://www.asiaone.com/News/AsiaOne+News/ Singapore/Story/A1Story20100817-232420.html. (Accessed September 15th, 2010)Tan Chwee-Huat, Employee Relations.1979. Online.Tan Chwee-Huat. Employee relations in Singapore - current issues and problems, Employee Relations, Journal, 18 No 3 (1996): 48 – 61.
  8. 8. Employment Relations 8Tan, Kenneth. Renaissance Singapore? Economy, Culture, and Politics. Singapore, NUS Press, 2007.Tan, Lucky. (2008). "Human Rights and Maids...." Diary of a Singaporean Mind. 13 July 2008. Blogger. http://singaporemind.blogspot.com/2008/07/human-rights-and-maids.html. (Accessed September 15th, 2010)Tann, Nick. Age Discrimination, (2010). http://www.idebate.org/debatabase/topic_details.php? topicID=293. (Accessed September 15th, 2010)Varia, Nisha. Maid to Order: Ending Abuses against Migrant Domestic Workers in Singapore. Human Rights Watch. 2005. Human Rights Watch. Dec. 2005. Human Rights Watch, 2008. http://hrw.org/reports/2005/singapore1205/index.htm. (Accessed September 15th, 2010)Wei, Jamie and Ee Wen. “More Domestic Workers Seeking Help." The Straits Times, 6 July 2008. http://www.straitstimes.com/free/story/stistory_255050.html. (Accessed September 15th, 2010)

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