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Prologue blog and quizlet

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Transcript

  • 1. Myers’ PSYCHOLOGY Prologue: The Story of Psychology
  • 2. Starter #1: ContemporaryPsychology What is psychology? What is this?
  • 3. Quizlet Screencast:How to use it. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xqafUoIgk0I
  • 4. Objectives for today: Explore and utilize AP Psychology Blog Sign up for Quizlet Print and use Quizlet flash cards Return signed AP Psych agreement by tomorrow Take notes on Prologue lecture Ask questions
  • 5. Print Flash Cards (large)for credit
  • 6. Prologue:Psychology’s Roots Prescientific Psychology  Is the mind connected to the body or distinct?  Are ideas inborn or is the mind a blank slate filled by experience?
  • 7. Prologue:Psychology’s Roots
  • 8. Prologue:Psychology’s Roots Psychological Science Is Born  Empiricism  Knowledge comes from experience via the senses  Science flourishes through observation and experiment
  • 9. Prologue:Psychology’s Roots Wilhelm Wundt opened the first psychology laboratory at the University of Liepzig (c. 1879)
  • 10. Prologue:Psychology’s Roots Structuralism used introspection (looking in) to explore the elemental structure of the human mind
  • 11. Prologue:Psychology’s Roots Functionalism focused on how behavioral processes function- how they enable organism to adapt, survive, and flourish
  • 12. Prologue:Psychology’s Roots  Psychological Science Develops  Wundt--German philosopher and physiologist  James--American philosopher  Pavlov--Russian physiologist  Freud--Austrian physician  Piaget--Swiss biologist
  • 13. Prologue:Psychology’s RootsFigure 1- British Psychological Society membership
  • 14. Prologue:Psychology’s Roots Definition of Psychology  The science of behavior (what we do) and mental processes (sensations, perceptions, dreams, thoughts, beliefs, and feelings)
  • 15. Prologue: ContemporaryPsychology  Psychology’s Big Issues  Nature-nurture controversy  the relative contribution that genes and experience make to development of psychological traits and behaviors
  • 16. Prologue: ContemporaryPsychology  Natural selection  principle that those inherited trait variations contributing to survival will most likely be passed on to succeeding generations
  • 17. Prologue: ContemporaryPsychology  Psychology’s Perspectives
  • 18. Prologue: ContemporaryPsychology  Psychology’s Perspectives  A lot depends on your viewpoint
  • 19. Prologue: ContemporaryPsychology Psychology’s Subfields  Basic Research  Biological psychologists explore the links between brain and mind  Developmental psychologists study changing abilities from womb to tomb  Cognitive psychologists study how we perceive, think, and solve problems
  • 20. Prologue: ContemporaryPsychology Psychology’s Subfields  Basic Research  Personality psychologists investigate our persistent traits  Social psychologists explore how we view and affect one another
  • 21. Prologue: ContemporaryPsychology Psychology’s Subfields  Applied Research  Industrial/organizational psychologists study and advise on behavior in the workplace  Clinical psychologists study, assess, and treat people with psychological disorders
  • 22. Prologue: ContemporaryPsychology Psychiatry  A branch of medicine dealing with psychological disorders  Practiced by physicians who sometimes use medical (for example, drug) treatments as well as psychotherapy