What is Alcohol• A colourless volatile flammable liquid, C2H5OH, that is the intoxicating constituent of wine, beer, spirits• It is classed as a depressant, meaning that it slows down vital functions• As for how it affects the mind, it is best understood as a drug that reduces a person’s ability to think rationally
Alcohol in Society• Alcohol is the #1 drug problem in the U.S.• There are more than 12 million alcoholics in the U.S.• Three-fourths of all adults drink alcohol; 6% are alcoholics• Americans spend a total of $197 million each day on alcohol• Nearly 7 million persons age 12 to 20 are binge drinkers• 75% of all high school seniors report being drunk at least once
Alcohol Deaths• In the U.S., a person is killed in an alcohol- related car accident every 30 minutes• one-third of all suicides involve the use of alcohol.• 39 percent of all traffic fatalities involve alcohol.
Alcohol in History• Alcohol was discovered • Alcohol has had 10,000 years ago. The early unquestionable products used to product importance throughout alcohol were berries, milk, history. It was a very grain and grapes. It wasn’t important trade product long until it was discovered that alcohol produced since its discovery and pleasant and enjoyable was of great importance effects after consumption. to the economy of many From here on, alcohol countries. Alcohol has found its way into every been served in bars for culture and country in the almost as long as it has world. It even became part been known about. This of some religious rites. gave it great importance Aside from water, alcohol is since these were places one of the oldest drinks in existence. were locals would gather to meet and discuss many different things.
Prohibition• Consumption of alcohol during • Repeal Day hosts recommend prohibition was not illegal. enjoying a virgin drink first• July first is known as the • Huge gang activity increase during "thirsty first“ the prohibition due to the gangs controlling manufacturing of• Speakeasy got their names alcohol and distribution because one would have to • Al Capone started his career in whisper a code word for entry Gang activity by smuggling• When FDR signed an banned alcohol into cities across amendment to the Volstead the eastern seaboard Act, he was quoted saying "I • The Great Depression was a major think this would be a good factor in the repeal of Prohibition time for a beer" as people could make more• After prohibition, only half of money and spend more money with Alcohol being legal, the the breweries previously government can also tax it as well. opened reopened.
Alcohol influences History• Changed Alexander the greats conquests• Created bacteriology & process of pasteurisation• Saved humanity from dysentery disease• Helped democracy in Ukraine• Created first human societies
Short Term Effects• A relaxing effect• Reduced tension• Lowered inhibitions• Poor concentration• Slow reflexes• Slow reaction time• Reduced coordination• Slower brain activity• Sensations and perceptions that are less clear
Long Term Effects• Disrupts normal brain development;• Liver damage and cirrhosis of the liver;• Brain cells die, decreasing brain mass;• Stomach and intestinal ulcers and destroyed organs;• Blood pressure increases, causing heart disease, heart attack, or stroke;• Male sperm production decreases;• Lower levels of iron and vitamin B, causing anemia;• Alcoholism;• Death; and• Fetal alcohol syndrome in unborn children.
Conclusion• Alcohol is a drug that if used moderately and by the appropriate people can be a very enjoyable event, however, if abused and used hap-hazardly can cause disastrous results to yourself and those around you so follow what the TV ads say and please, drink responsibly.