Basic Spanish | Lesson 4 | The to-be verb 'Ser' - Get your basics right!

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culturealley.com/spanish : Learn Spanish for free using self-paced audio-visual lessons and interactive practice exercises - CultureAlley - master conversations, grammar, vocabulary and more!This lesson covers the basic building block for conversations in Spanish - the to-be verb 'ser' and its forms (like soy, es, eres, sois, somos) in Spanish. You will learn how to say 'I am', 'You are', He/She is', 'They are', 'We are' etc. to form sentences like 'I am American', 'She is Spanish', 'I am Mark' and so on. To study this at your own pace, take quizzes and explore more lessons go to www.culturealley.com. See you at the Alley!

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Basic Spanish | Lesson 4 | The to-be verb 'Ser' - Get your basics right!

  1. 1. I am Yo soy Lesson 4 | The to-be verb ‘Ser’
  2. 2. ¡Hola! Lesson 4 on Basic Spanish!
  3. 3. Singular (I) Plural (We) I/ We Yo Nosotros/as Revision
  4. 4. You Singular Plural Informal Tú Vosotros/as Formal Usted Ustedes Revision
  5. 5. Singular Plural He/ They (male/mixed) Él Ellos She/ They (female) Ella Ellas Revision
  6. 6. 1 To-be verb and its usage Lesson objectives
  7. 7. Before we move on to topics like conversations and introductions, it is essential to cover the most basic aspect of Spanish : the to-be verb Just like in English, where almost every sentence has a form of the 'to-be' verb like 'is/ am/ are' - Spanish also has several forms of the 'to-be' verb 'To-be' verb
  8. 8. 'To-be’ verb can be translated to ser and estar in Spanish Here are the forms of ‘to-be’ verb in English: to be I am you are he/she is we are you-all are they are 'To-be' verb
  9. 9. 'To-be’ verb can be translated to ser and estar in Spanish 'To-be' verb
  10. 10. Ser is used for permanent situations (eg: what something is) while Estar for temporary situations (eg: what something does temporarily) Ser : Soy de America = I am from America (permanent) Estar : Estoy en la oficina = I am at the office (temporary) Spanish uses derived forms of verbs like in this case Ser-> Soy and Estar-> Estoy Ser vs. Estar
  11. 11. ‘Ser’ and ‘Estar’ are both translations of the ‘to-be’ verb However, they differ in their usage This lesson will focus on ‘Ser’ and we will take up ‘Estar’ in a later lesson Ser vs. Estar
  12. 12. Ser = ‘to-be’ verb (I am, he is, you are); is used to describe: • Physical characteristics • Personality traits • A country/city/place of origin • Time • Ownership • Professions Ser
  13. 13. Just like the 'to-be' verb in English, Ser also has several forms depending on the subject So, let's look at Ser and its forms in Spanish Ser
  14. 14. Forms of Ser Pronoun Corresponding form of Ser Yo (I) soy Nosotros / Nosotras (We, male / female group) somos
  15. 15. Forms of Ser Pronoun Corresponding form of Ser Tú (You informal) eres Vosotros (You, plural informal) sois Usted (You formal) es Ustedes (You, plural formal) son
  16. 16. Forms of Ser Pronoun Corresponding form of Ser Él / Ella (He/ She) es Ellos / Ellas (They, male / female group) son
  17. 17. I am Yo soy We are Nosotros somos You are (informal) Tú eres You are (plural) Vosotros sois You are (formal) Usted es You are (plural, formal) Ustedes son He / She is Él / Ella es They are Ellos / Ellas son Alright...let's revise!
  18. 18. As you may have noticed, just like in English, the form of 'to-be' verb or Ser does not depend on the gender of the subject Eg: Él es and Ella es Grammar Tip
  19. 19. The verbs for Usted/Ustedes work the same as for Él/Ellos For singular : we use 'es' For plural : we use 'son' Grammar Tip
  20. 20. Ser - examples English Spanish I (female) am Mexican Yo soy mexicana You (inf.) are Argentinean Tú eres argentino He is Colombian Él es colombiano She is Costa Rican Ella es costarricense We are Peruvians Nosotros somos peruanos You (inf, pl.) are Spanish Vosotros sois españoles You are Venezuelans Ustedes son venezolanos
  21. 21. Do you remember that names of nationalities are not capitalized in Spanish? In Spanish, although names of countries and cities are capitalized, words derived from them (eg: nationalities) are not! Do you remember?
  22. 22. 1 2 3es soissoy I am = Yo __ Exercise : Pick the right Ser form
  23. 23. 1 2 3 Solution I am = Yo __ es soissoy
  24. 24. 1 2 3somos soissoy Carlos and you are = Carlos y tú __ Exercise : Pick the right Ser form
  25. 25. 1 2 3 Carlos and you are = Carlos y tú sois Solution somos soissoy
  26. 26. 1 2 3eres sones You (inf, sing.) are = Tú ___ Exercise : Pick the right Ser form
  27. 27. 1 2 3 You (inf, sing.) are = Tú eres Solution es eres son
  28. 28. 1 2 3somos sones Carlos and I are (We are) = Carlos y Yo __ Exercise : Pick the right Ser form
  29. 29. 1 2 3 Carlos and I are (We are) = Carlos y Yo somos Solution es somos son
  30. 30. 1 2 3 Carlos and José are = Carlos y José __ Exercise : Pick the right Ser form somos sonsois
  31. 31. 1 2 3 Carlos and José are = Carlos y José son Solution sois somos son
  32. 32. I am American American = americano Try yourself
  33. 33. I am American Yo soy americano Solution
  34. 34. The verb forms often make some pronouns (like Yo) unnecessary Hence, Yo soy americano can also be translated as Soy americano Grammar Tip : Omitting pronouns
  35. 35. Revision I am Yo soy We are Nosotros somos You are (informal) Tú eres You are (plural) Vosotros sois You are (formal) Usted es You are (plural, formal) Ustedes son He / She is Él / Ella es They are Ellos / Ellas son
  36. 36. Culture leaf An important Spanish holiday is 'Semana Santa' (Holy Week) It is celebrated a week before Easter
  37. 37. Culture leaf People honour local patron saints People decorate the streets, build bonfires, set off fireworks and hold large parades, bullfights, and beauty contests
  38. 38. In the next lesson we move on to conversations with a focus on introductions! What’s next?
  39. 39. Content Team CultureAlley, Okairy Zuñiga, Tomasa Merino Martín http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Semana_Santa Voice over Jorge Garcia Rey Pictures http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Folio_173v_- _The_Entry_into_Jerusalem.jpg Credits
  40. 40. See you at the Alley!
  41. 41. Lesson 5 | Introducing yourself

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