Basic Spanish | Lesson 14 | Definite & indefinite articles (a, an, the, some)

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culturealley.com/spanish : Learn Spanish for free using self-paced audio-visual lessons and interactive practice exercises - CultureAlley - master conversations, grammar, vocabulary and more! This lessons teaches the important interrogatives 'Who' and "whose' and focuses conversation around basic sentences such as 'Who is he?" "whose photo is this?" etc.. and finishes by teaching us how to use 'no' with the 'to-be' verb! To study this at your own pace, take quizzes and explore more lessons go to www.culturealley.com. See you at the Alley!

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Basic Spanish | Lesson 14 | Definite & indefinite articles (a, an, the, some)

  1. 1. a/an un/una Lesson 14 | Definite & indefinite articles the el/la/los/las
  2. 2. ¡Hola! Lesson 14 on Basic Spanish!
  3. 3. English Spanish I am Yo estoy We are Nosotros estamos You (informal) are Tú estás You (informal, pl) are Vosotros estáis He is / She is / You (formal) are Él / Ella / Usted está You are / They are Ustedes/ Ellos / Ellas están Revision : Forms of ‘Estar’
  4. 4. Revision English Spanish How are you (inf.)? ¿Cómo estás? How are you (formal)? ¿Cómo está usted? I am fine Estoy bien Can I smoke? ¿Puedo fumar? Yes Sí Where is the toilet? ¿Dónde está el baño?
  5. 5. 1 Definite and indefinite article Lesson objectives
  6. 6. We will learn the difference between definite and indefinite articles and their usage in Spanish! What’s in store today?
  7. 7. The difference between definite articles and indefinite articles can be observed in the following two sentences: 1. Give me the red pen 2. Give me a pen Imagine a box full of pens, with a blue, green, black and one red pen, so when we say 'give me the red pen' we are referring to a particular pen, while the sentence 'give me a pen' could refer to any pen Definite and indefinite articles
  8. 8. Thus, the difference between definite articles and indefinite articles is that definite articles (like the) are associated with specific or particular items while indefinite articles (like a and an) may refer to any item Definite and indefinite articles
  9. 9. In English, 'the' is used as the definite article regardless of gender or count (singular/plural) Example: The woman The women The man The men The definite article 'the'
  10. 10. In Spanish, the definite article 'the' has four forms Examples: el gato = the male cat los gatos = the male/mixed cats (group) la gata = the female cat las gatas = the female cats (group) Thus, in Spanish, the forms of 'the' vary based on gender and count The definite article 'the'
  11. 11. The definite article 'the' Gender Singular Plural Masculine/ Mixed el los Feminine la las
  12. 12. The masculine plural definite article (los) is also used to indicate a group of mixed gender Thus, 'los gatos' could refer to a group of 3 male cats, or it could refer to a group of 2 female cats and one male cat Grammar tip
  13. 13. So remember! Gender Singular Plural Masculine/ Mixed el los Feminine la las
  14. 14. 1 2 3 The books (Hint : books = libros : masculine) Try yourself El libros Los libros Las libros
  15. 15. 1 2 3 Solution The books (Hint : books = libros : masculine) El libros Los libros Las libros
  16. 16. 1 2 3 The magazine (Hint : magazine = revista : feminine) Try yourself El revista La revista Las revista
  17. 17. 1 2 3 Solution The magazine (Hint : magazine = revista : feminine) El revista La revista Las revista
  18. 18. We saw earlier that nouns in Spanish take up either masculine or feminine gender We noted that masculine forms usually end in -o (eg: libro = books) and feminine in -a (eg: revista = magazine) and for plural forms we add an -s at the end Remember these rules as these will help you identify the gender of the noun and thus the form of articles to use with it Grammar tip
  19. 19. In English, we use 'a', 'an' and 'some' for indefinite articles Examples: A book An egg Some books Some eggs The word some is used as a functional plural of a/an Indefinite articles
  20. 20. In Spanish, the indefinite article has 4 forms, depending on whether the noun is masculine, feminine, singular or plural un gato = a male cat unos gatos = some male/mixed cats una gata = a female cat unas gatas = some female cats Indefinite articles
  21. 21. Indefinite articles Gender Singular (a/an) Plural (some) Masculine/ Mixed un unos Feminine una unas
  22. 22. Un/ Una can refer to 'one' or 'a'/'an' Example: One book = Un libro A book = Un libro One magazine = Una revista A magazine = Una revista Grammar tip
  23. 23. 1 2 3 Some books Try yourself Un libros Unos libros Unas libro
  24. 24. 1 2 3 Solution Some books Un libros Unos libros Unas libro
  25. 25. 1 2 3 A pen (Hint : pen = pluma) Try yourself Una pluma Un pluma Unos pluma
  26. 26. 1 2 3 Solution A pen (Hint : pen = pluma) Una pluma Un pluma Unos pluma
  27. 27. 1 2 3 Some eggs (Hint : eggs = huevos : masculine) Try yourself Unas huevos Un huevos Unos huevos
  28. 28. 1 2 3 Some eggs (Hint : eggs = huevos : masculine) Solution Unas huevos Un huevos Unos huevos
  29. 29. 1 2 3 An egg Try yourself Una hueva El huevo Un huevo
  30. 30. 1 2 3 An egg Solution Una hueva El huevo Un huevo
  31. 31. Let's revise : The definite article 'the' Gender Singular Plural Masculine/ Mixed el los Feminine la las
  32. 32. Let's revise : Indefinite articles Gender Singular (a/an) Plural (some) Masculine/ Mixed un unos Feminine una unas
  33. 33. Culture Leaf
  34. 34. Culture leaf : National day! Spain's National Day is held on 12 October, the day celebrated in other countries as Columbus Day or Día de la Raza, and commemorates the anniversary of Christopher Columbus's arrival in the Americas A military parade is held in Madrid celebrating the occasion http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Columbus_Day
  35. 35. In the next lesson, we will learn some common expressions of time! What’s next?
  36. 36. Content Team CultureAlley, Okairy Zuñiga, Tomasa Merino http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_Day Voice over Jorge Garcia Rey Images http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Christopher_Columbus3 .jpg Credits
  37. 37. See you at the Alley!
  38. 38. Lesson 15 |Common expressions of time!

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