Basic Spanish | Lesson 13 | Meeting new friends (how are you?, I am fine), using verb estar

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Culturealley.com/spanish : Learn Spanish for free using self-paced audio-visual lessons and interactive practice exercises - CultureAlley - master conversations, grammar, vocabulary and more! In this …

Culturealley.com/spanish : Learn Spanish for free using self-paced audio-visual lessons and interactive practice exercises - CultureAlley - master conversations, grammar, vocabulary and more! In this lesson we will learn something that is peculiar to Mandarin alone - 'measure words'! Let's see what they mean and how they're used! In English, we often have words defining the type of object being discussed. For example, a 'loaf' of bread, a 'flock' of sheep, a 'glass' of water etc...Mandarin uses a similar part of speech called 'Measure words' that may refer to the number, shape, or specification of an object.To study this at your own pace, take quizzes and explore more lessons go to www.culturealley.com. See you at the Alley!

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  • 1. How are you? ¿Cómo estás? Lesson 13 | Meeting new friends I am fine Estoy bien
  • 2. ¡Hola! Lesson 13 on Basic Spanish!
  • 3. Revision : Possessive adjectives English Spanish My Mi (s) Your (informal) Tu (s) His/ Her/ Your (formal)/Their Su (s) Our Nuestro (-a, -os, -as) Your (informal, pl) Vuestro (-a, -os, -as)
  • 4. Revision : Family relations English Spanish Father Papá / Padre Mother Mamá / Madre Parents Padres Brother (s) Hermano (s) Sister (s) Hermana (s) Siblings (mixed) Hermanos Son Hijo Daughter Hija
  • 5. Revision : Family relations English Spanish Grandfather Abuelo Grandmother Abuela Grandparents Abuelos Uncle Tío Aunt Tía Cousin (male) Primo Cousin (female) Prima
  • 6. Revision : Forms of irregular verb ‘To-have’ English Spanish I have Yo tengo We have Nosotros tenemos You (informal) have Tú tienes You (informal, pl) have Vosotros tenéis You (formal) have/ He/ She has Usted/ Él/ Ella tiene You (formal, pl have)/ They have Ustedes/ Ellos/ Ellas tienen Not tieno
  • 7. Revision English Spanish Pet(s) Mascotas (same for singular/ plural) Cat Gato Dog Perro Fish Pescado Parrot Loro Bird Pájaro
  • 8. 1 2 To-be verb ‘estar’ Making small talk
  • 9. Today we will learn the second form of the to-be verb – ‘estar’ and then use it for conversations around making small talk with people! So let’s get started with the forms of Estar! What’s in store today?
  • 10. 1 2 To-be verb ‘estar’ Making small talk
  • 11. Ser is used for permanent situations (eg: what something is ) while Estar for temporary situations (eg: what something does temporarily) Example Ser = Soy de America = I am from America (permanent) Estar = Estoy en la oficina = I am at the office (temporary) Soy and Estoy are forms of Ser and Estar when used with 'Yo' or 'I' Ser vs. Estar
  • 12. English Spanish I am Yo estoy We are Nosotros estamos You (informal) are Tú estás You (informal, pl) are Vosotros estáis He is / She is / You (formal) are Él / Ella / Usted está They are/ You (formal, pl) are Ellos / Ellas / Ustedes están Forms of ‘Estar’
  • 13. Examples I am at the office (Yo) estoy en la oficina I am = Yo estoy
  • 14. Examples She is in the class Ella está en la clase She is = Ella está
  • 15. Since we said 'la oficina' and 'la clase' we know that office and class take up feminine forms in Spanish Hence, we used the feminine form of 'the' or 'la' Grammar tip
  • 16. Examples They are at the hospital Ellos/as están en el hospital They are = Ellos/as están
  • 17. The = El when used with masculine nouns The = La when used with feminine nouns Hence, office (oficina) and class (clase) take up feminine forms while hospital takes up masculine form Do you remember?
  • 18. Examples Where are you? ¿Dónde estás (tú)?
  • 19. In all the examples we saw, we used estar as they all referred to temporary situations like being at a place Why did we use 'Estar'?
  • 20. 1 2 3 He is at the church Church = Iglesia (takes up feminine gender) Try yourself Él está en la iglesia Él estás en la iglesia Él está en el iglesia
  • 21. 1 2 3 He is at the church Church = Iglesia (takes up feminine gender) Solution Él está en la iglesia Él estás en la iglesia Él está en el iglesia
  • 22. English Spanish I am Yo estoy We are Nosotros estamos You (informal) are Tú estás You (informal, pl) are Vosotros estáis He is / She is / You (formal) are El / Ella / Usted está You are / They are Ellos / Ellas / Ustedes están Let's revise!
  • 23. 1 2 To-be verb ‘estar’ Making small talk Lesson objectives
  • 24. Mark goes to a new coffee shop, Lisa is one of the workers there Mark : Hello! How are you? Lisa : I am fine Mark : Can I smoke? Lisa : Yes Mark : Where is the toilet? Conversation
  • 25. English Spanish How? ¿Cómo? Fine Bien Smoke Fumar Toilet Baño Some new vocabulary!
  • 26. Making small talk How are you (informal)? ¿Cómo estás?
  • 27. We used ‘estar’ and not ‘ser’ in the last sentence (How are you = ¿Cómo estás?) as ‘How are you’ refers to a temporary situation, meaning : how are you right now? Why did we use ‘Estar’?
  • 28. Let's now learn how would we ask the same question to someone in a formal situation? Moving on...
  • 29. Making small talk How are you (formal)? ¿Cómo está usted?
  • 30. Making small talk I am fine (Yo) estoy bien
  • 31. Again, I am fine (Yo estoy bien) also refers to a temporary situation, meaning, I am fine right now Why did we use ‘Estar’?
  • 32. Let’s revise the conversation we learnt! English Spanish How are you (inf.)? ¿Cómo estás? How are you (formal)? ¿Cómo está usted? I am fine Estoy bien
  • 33. Making small talk Can I smoke? ¿Puedo fumar?
  • 34. Did you notice that in the last sentence, the verb ‘To smoke’ = ‘Fumar’ did not change its form? This is because we already conjugated (changed form) the verb ‘Can’ = ‘Poder (o->ue)’ I can = Puedo I can smoke = Puedo fumar Hence, Can I smoke = ¿Puedo fumar? Grammar tip
  • 35. Making small talk Where is the toilet? ¿Dónde está el baño?
  • 36. Since we said 'el baño' we know that toilet or baño takes up masculine form in Spanish Grammar tip
  • 37. Let’s revise the conversation we learnt! English Spanish How are you (inf.)? ¿Cómo estás? I am fine Estoy bien Can I smoke? ¿Puedo fumar? Yes Sí Where is the toilet? ¿Dónde está el baño?
  • 38. 1 2 3 Where is the bar? Bar = Bar (takes up masculine form) Try yourself ¿Dónde estás el bar? ¿Dónde está la bar? ¿Dónde está el bar?
  • 39. 1 2 3 Where is the bar? Bar = Bar (takes up masculine form) Solution ¿Dónde estás el bar? ¿Dónde está la bar? ¿Dónde está el bar?
  • 40. 1 2 3 How are you (informal)? Try yourself ¿Cómo es? ¿Cómo eres? ¿Cómo estás?
  • 41. 1 2 3 How are you (informal)? Solution ¿Cómo es? ¿Cómo eres? ¿Cómo estás?
  • 42. 1 2 3 How are you (formal)? Try yourself ¿Cómo estás? ¿Cómo eres usted? ¿Cómo está usted?
  • 43. 1 2 3 How are you (formal)? Solution ¿Cómo estás? ¿Cómo eres usted? ¿Cómo está usted?
  • 44. Another common question which we can ask while making small talk is asking someone's birthday Moving on...
  • 45. Some new vocabulary! English Spanish When? ¿Cuándo? Birthday Cumpleaños
  • 46. Birthday = Cumpleaños is loosely derived from Cumple (koompl-e) = meet/ comply Años (aa-ny-osh) = years old Loosely meaning to comply with being another year old Grammar tip
  • 47. Making small talk When is your birthday? ¿Cuándo es tu cumpleaños? Your (informal) = Tu
  • 48. To respond to questions like 'When is your birthday?' - you would need to understand how to say dates in Spanish We will cover this in future lessons... For now, let's revise what we saw today and then learn about Tango dancing! Responding to : When is your birthday?
  • 49. Revision English Spanish How are you (inf.)? ¿Cómo estás? I am fine Estoy bien Can I smoke? ¿Puedo fumar? Yes Sí Where is the toilet? ¿Dónde está el baño?
  • 50. Culture Leaf
  • 51. Culture leaf : Tango dance! Tango dance originated in Rio de la Plata (Argentina- Uruguay border), and spread to the rest of the world soon after A couple dances Argentine Tango
  • 52. Tango was inscribed onto the UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage Lists in Oct, 2009 Culture leaf : Tango dance!
  • 53. Don't hang around the dance floor if you're not dancing Don't stay in a high-traffic dance area if you are trying to show someone a new step Don't stop in the outer lane while dancing. Those are the faster lanes on the dance floor and the slower lane in the middle Culture leaf : Tango dance – Do(s) and Don’t(s)!
  • 54. Don't talk too much while dancing Do bring a towel if you sweat a lot Do dress nicely, don't wear jeans, sneakers or other casual attire Culture leaf : Tango dance – Do(s) and Don’t(s)!
  • 55. In the next lesson, we will learn some common expressions of time! What’s next?
  • 56. Content Team CultureAlley, Okairy Zuñiga, Tomasa Merino Voice over Jorge Garcia Rey Images http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:TangoCouple.jpg User: Raphael Koerich Credits
  • 57. See you at the Alley!
  • 58. Lesson 14 |Some more common expressions of time!