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Basic Spanish | Lesson 12 | Talking about family, friends and pets!
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Basic Spanish | Lesson 12 | Talking about family, friends and pets!

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Culturealley.com/spanish : Learn Spanish for free using self-paced audio-visual lessons and interactive practice exercises - CultureAlley - master conversations, grammar, vocabulary and more! This …

Culturealley.com/spanish : Learn Spanish for free using self-paced audio-visual lessons and interactive practice exercises - CultureAlley - master conversations, grammar, vocabulary and more! This lesson covers some delightful conversations around talking about one's family, parents, siblings, friends and pets. It covers vocabulary on family relations and conversations. It also introduces the irregular verb 'tener' = 'to have'. To study this at your own pace, take quizzes and explore more lessons go to www.culturealley.com. See you at the Alley!

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  • 1. Do you have siblings? ¿Tienes hermanos? Lesson 12 | Talking about family, friends & pets
  • 2. ¡Hola! Lesson 12 on Basic Spanish!
  • 3. Revision : Possessive adjectives English Spanish My Mi (s) Your (informal) Tu (s) His/ Her/ Your (formal)/Their Su (s) Our Nuestro (-a, -os, -as) Your (informal, pl) Vuestro (-a, -os, -as)
  • 4. Revision : Family relations English Spanish Father Papá / Padre Mother Mamá / Madre Parents Padres Brother (s) Hermano (s) Sister (s) Hermana (s) Siblings (mixed) Hermanos Son Hijo Daughter Hija
  • 5. Revision : Family relations English Spanish Grandfather Abuelo Grandmother Abuela Grandparents Abuelos Uncle Tío Aunt Tía Cousin (male) Primo Cousin (female) Prima
  • 6. Speaker English Spanish Lisa Hi! Mark, Who is she? ¡Hola! Mark, ¿Quién es ella? Mark Hi! She is my sister, Martha ¡Hola! Ella es mi hermana, Martha Lisa Who is he? ¿Quién es él? Mark He is our father Él es nuestro padre Revision : Conversation (part 1)
  • 7. Speaker English Spanish Lisa And she? ¿Y ella? Mark She is our aunt Ella es nuestra tía Mark’s aunt Who is she, Mark? ¿Quién es ella, Mark? Mark She is my friend, Lisa Ella es mi amiga, Lisa Revision : Conversation (part 2)
  • 8. 1 Talking about family & pets Lesson objectives
  • 9. Today we will learn some advanced conversations around talking about family and pets! What’s in store today?
  • 10. Lisa : Do you have siblings? Mark : Yes, I have two siblings Mark : And you? Lisa : I have one brother and one sister Mark : Do you have pets? Lisa : Yes, I have a dog and a cat Mark : Good! I have two cats Today’s conversation
  • 11. To learn how to say : 'Do you have any siblings?', let’s learn the forms of the irregular verb ‘To-have’ To have = Tener (i->e) Remember, the (i->e) indicates that 'tener' will undergo spelling change except with 'nosotros' and 'vosotros' Let’s begin
  • 12. Forms of irregular verb ‘To-have’ English Spanish I have Yo tengo We have Nosotros tenemos You (informal) have Tú tienes You (informal, pl) have Vosotros tenéis You (formal) have/ He/ She has Usted/ Él/ Ella tiene You (formal, pl have)/ They have Ustedes/ Ellos/ Ellas tienen Not tieno
  • 13. The forms of ‘to-have’ = tener are exactly the same as a verb ending in ‘er’ except with ‘I’ or ‘Yo’ where it takes up the form of ‘tengo’ Did you notice?
  • 14. Do you have any siblings? We just convert the statement into a question tone by adding ¿? Do you have siblings? ¿ Tú tener hermanos?
  • 15. Do you have any siblings? You (informal, sing.) have = tienes Do you have siblings? ¿ Tú tienes hermanos?
  • 16. So now you know! Do you have siblings? ¿Tienes hermanos?
  • 17. Hermanos could mean mixed siblings (boys and girls) or just male siblings However, if we want to refer to only female siblings, we would use hermanas Grammar tip
  • 18. Yes, I have two siblings Sí, (yo) tener dos hermanos Do you have any siblings?
  • 19. Do you have any siblings? Yes, I have two siblings Sí, (yo) tengo dos hermanos
  • 20. So now you know! Yes, I have two siblings Sí, tengo dos hermanos I have = (Yo) tengo
  • 21. Let’s now try the first half of our conversation Lisa : Do you have any siblings Mark : Yes, I have two siblings Mark : And you? Lisa : I have one brother and one sister Moving on…
  • 22. Speaker English Spanish Lisa Do you have siblings? ¿Tienes hermanos? Mark Yes, I have two siblings Sí, tengo dos hermanos Mark And you? ¿Y tú? Lisa I have one brother and one sister Tengo un hermano y una hermana Conversation (part 1)
  • 23. 1 2 3 I have two sisters Try yourself Tengo dos hermanas Tieno dos hermanas Tengo dos hermanos
  • 24. 1 2 3 I have two sisters Solution Tengo dos hermanas Tieno dos hermanas Tengo dos hermanos
  • 25. 1 2 3 He has two siblings (Assume : mixed siblings) Try yourself Él tienes dos hermanos Él tiene dos hermanos Él tiene dos hermanas
  • 26. 1 2 3 He has two siblings (Assume : mixed siblings) Solution Él tienes dos hermanos Él tiene dos hermanos Él tiene dos hermanas
  • 27. Let’s now look at the second part of our conversation, talking about pets! Moving on…
  • 28. Vocabulary English Spanish Pet(s) Mascotas (same for singular/ plural) Cat Gato/a Dog Perro/a Fish Pez Parrot Loro Bird Pájaro Pescado also translates to fish, but refers to 'dead fish'; like in 'fish & chips'
  • 29. An easy way to remember the fact that 'Pets' are called 'Mascotas' is that mascots are usually animals How do you remember these words?
  • 30. 'rr' in Spanish can also be referred to as 'rolled r' The pronunciation is almost with a vibrating sound So, try saying 'Perro' (dog) again Pronunciation tip
  • 31. A cat = Gato If you want to explicitly say that you have ‘a female cat’ or a ‘a male cat’ then add words like una (for female) and un (for male) before the word Gato and change 'Gato' to 'Gata' Grammar tip
  • 32. Speaker English Spanish Lisa Do you have pets? ¿Tienes mascotas? Mark Yes, I have a dog and a (female) cat Sí, tengo un perro y una gata Mark Good! I have two cats ¡Bien! Tengo dos gatos Conversation (part 2)
  • 33. 1 2 3 A (female) dog Try yourself Una perro Una perra Perro
  • 34. 1 2 3 A (female) dog Solution Una perro Una perra Perro
  • 35. Revision : Forms of irregular verb ‘To-have’ English Spanish I have Yo tengo We have Nosotros tenemos You (informal) have Tú tienes You (informal, pl) have Vosotros tenéis You (formal) have/ He/ She has Usted/ Él/ Ella tiene You (formal, pl have)/ They have Ustedes/ Ellos/ Ellas tienen Not tieno
  • 36. Revision English Spanish Pet(s) Mascotas (same for singular/ plural) Cat Gato/a Dog Perro/a Fish Pez Parrot Loro Bird Pájaro Pescado also translates to fish, but refers to 'dead fish'; like in 'fish & chips'
  • 37. Culture Leaf
  • 38. Culture leaf : Quinceañera! Literally: One (girl) who is fifteen It is the celebration of a girl's fifteenth birthday in parts of Latin America A Quinceañera after mass
  • 39. In this celebration, the quinceañera is accompanied by her parents, godparents, court of honor, friends and family The birthday girl usually delivers fifteen candles to people who she considers were most influential in her development during her fifteen years It is often accompanied by a speech This ceremony is also known as the Tree of Life Culture leaf : Quinceañera!
  • 40. Formal entry - A grand entrance by the Quinceañera is made once most guests have been seated Formal toast - An optional but usual part of the reception generally initiated by the parents or godparents of the birthday girl Culture leaf : Quinceañera!
  • 41. First dance - Usually a waltz where the girl dances with her father Family dance - Usually a waltz involving just the immediate relatives, the godparents, and the closest friends of the girl Culture leaf : Quinceañera!
  • 42. The most popular gifts are: Chocolates Perfumes Clothes Make up Handbags Culture leaf : Quinceañera!
  • 43. In the next lesson, we will learn making some small talk with new people! What’s next?
  • 44. Content Team CultureAlley, Okairy Zuñiga, Tomasa Merino Voice over Jorge Garcia Rey Images http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Quincea%C3%B1eraSan FranValleBravo.JPG User: AlejandroLinaresGarcia Credits
  • 45. See you at the Alley!
  • 46. Lesson 13 | Small talk with new people!

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