Basic Punjai | Lesson 9 | At the school

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Basic Punjai | Lesson 9 | At the school

  1. 1. To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Punjabi
  2. 2. Sat sri akāl Lesson 9 on Basic Punjabi! To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Punjabi
  3. 3. Lesson objects 1 Vocabulary : Concept of Time 2 At the school / with school friends To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Punjabi
  4. 4. Revision : Prepositions (Postpositions) In English, prepositions usually come before subject/ noun. ​ Hence they are called Pre-positions Eg: In Chicago On Monday However, in Punjabi, prepositions are actually used as ‘postpositions’ and usually come after the subject Eg: Chicago vich Monday utē To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Punjabi
  5. 5. Revision English Which languages do you speak? Punjabi Tusi Kihaṛiyan bhāśāvāṁ bolde ho? Do you speak English? Ki tusi angrezi bolde ho? Does anyone speak English? Ki kō‘ī angrezi bolda ho? What is the meaning of this word? Ih shabd da ki matlab hai? What is the meaning of this sentence? Ih vāk da ki matlab hai? I understood Maiṁ samajh gi'ā / gai I did not understand Mainū samajh nahīṁ ā'i'ā To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Punjabi
  6. 6. Lesson objects 1 Vocabulary : Concept of Time 2 At the school / with school friends To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Punjabi
  7. 7. Time concept English Punjabi Now Huṇ Later Phēr Before Pahilāṁ Morning Savērē Afternoon Dupahir Evening śhām Night Rāt To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Punjabi
  8. 8. Time concept English Punjabi Today Aj Yesterday Kal Tomorrow Kal Day after tomorrow Parsoṁ Week Hafatā/ haftē This week Ih haftē Last week Pichlē haftē Next week Aglē haftē Two weeks Do haftē Month Mahīnā To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Punjabi
  9. 9. Days of week English Punjabi Sunday Aitavār Monday Sōmavār Tuesday Magalavār Wednesday Budhavār Thursday Vravār Friday śukaravār Saturday śanīvār To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Punjabi
  10. 10. Month names English Punjabi January Janvarī February Farvarī March Mārach April Aprail May Ma'ī June Jun July Julai August Agast September Sitambar October Aktūbar November Navabar December Disambar To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Punjabi
  11. 11. Lesson objects 1 Vocabulary : Concept of Time 2 At the school / with school friends To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Punjabi
  12. 12. Conversations : At the school Can you solve this question? I know the answer Sorry for being late I forgot my notebook Can I borrow your pen? Where is Harpreet? She is sick. She is on leave To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Punjabi
  13. 13. At the school Can you solve this question? To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Punjabi
  14. 14. At the school Can kī you tusī solve hal this ih question sawal To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Punjabi
  15. 15. Grammar tip Hal in itself is not a complete verb. The ​ complete verb is “hal karna” To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Punjabi
  16. 16. At the school Can kī you tusī solve hal karna this ih question sawal To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Punjabi
  17. 17. Grammar tip “Hal karna” when used with second person pronoun translates as “Hal kar sakde ho” To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Punjabi
  18. 18. At the school Can kī you tusī solve hal kar sakde ho this ih question sawal To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Punjabi
  19. 19. At the school Can you solve this question? Kī tusī ih sawal hal kar sakde ho? To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Punjabi
  20. 20. Grammar tip To make the sentence more complete, “nu” is added. “nu” translates to “to” So, literally it means can you provide a solution to this question To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Punjabi
  21. 21. At the school Can you solve this question? Kī tusī ih sawal nu hal kar sakde ho? To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Punjabi
  22. 22. At the school I know the answer To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Punjabi
  23. 23. At the school I mainū know padā hai the answer javāb To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Punjabi
  24. 24. At the school I know the answer Mainū javāb padā hai Mainū = to me The answer is known to me To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Punjabi
  25. 25. At the school I know the answer (of this) Mainū ihdā javāb padā hai To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Punjabi
  26. 26. Grammar tip Ihdā = Of this where 'Ih' = this Since “of " = "dā” becomes a postposition when translated to Punjabi it follows “this” To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Punjabi
  27. 27. At the school Sorry for being late To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Punjabi
  28. 28. At the school Sorry for coming late Dēr valōṁ ā'uṇā la'ī māf karein Valōṁ = from (from delay) la'ī = for ; ā'uṇā = to come Literally : Sorry for the sake of coming (from) delay To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Punjabi
  29. 29. Grammar tip Maf in itself is not a complete verb Maf karna is a complete verb Since we are apologetic here The context becomes formal, hence maf karein To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Punjabi
  30. 30. At the school I forgot my notebook To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Punjabi
  31. 31. At the school I maiṁ forgot bhul gia my āpṇī notebook notebook To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Punjabi
  32. 32. Grammar tip Āpṇī = personal / mine..you can also use meri, but āpṇī is a more correct form for a sentence like “I forgot my” or “I like my” Meri is more common for “She is my sister” It is common to use “gia” after verbs which show that the task has happened in the past Eg: samajh gia (understood), bhul gia (forgot) To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Punjabi
  33. 33. At the school I forgot my notebook Maiṁ āpṇī notebook bhul gia To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Punjabi
  34. 34. At the school Can I borrow your pen? To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Punjabi
  35. 35. At the school Can I borrow your pen kī maiṁ udhār lai sakda hāṁ tuhāḍā pen To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Punjabi
  36. 36. Grammar tip udhār lai sakda hāṁ literally translates to ​ “take loan” (take for a short duration) Lai = take As ​ we read earlier, sakda hai communicates the ability ​ do something and complete to the verb To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Punjabi
  37. 37. At the school Can I borrow your pen? Kī maiṁ tuhāḍā pen udhār lai sakda hāṁ? To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Punjabi
  38. 38. At the school Where is Harpreet? To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Punjabi
  39. 39. At the school Where Kithē is hai Harpreet Harpreet To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Punjabi
  40. 40. At the school Where is Hapreet? Harpreet kithē hai? To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Punjabi
  41. 41. At the school She is sick To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Punjabi
  42. 42. At the school She Uh is hai sick bimar To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Punjabi
  43. 43. At the school She is sick Uh bimar hai To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Punjabi
  44. 44. At the school She Uh is hai on utē leave chutti To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Punjabi
  45. 45. At the school She is on leave Uh chutti utē hai To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Punjabi
  46. 46. Revision : Conversation English Punjabi Can you solve this question? Kī tusī ih sawal nu hal kar sakde ho ? I know the answer Mainū javāb padā hai Sorry for coming late Dēr valōṁ ā'uṇā la'ī māf karein I forgot my notebook Maiṁ āpṇī notebook bhul gia Can I borrow your pen? kī maiṁ tuhāḍā pen udhār lai sakda hāṁ ? Where is Hapreet? Harpreet kithē hai? She is sick Uh bimar hai She is on leave Uh chutti utē hai To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Punjabi
  47. 47. See you at the Alley! To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Punjabi

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