Basic Punjabi | Lesson 2 | Common useful phrases & Grammar

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Basic Punjabi | Lesson 2 | Common useful phrases & Grammar

  1. 1. To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Punjabi
  2. 2. Sat sri akāl Lesson 2 on Basic Punjabi! To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Punjabi
  3. 3. Lesson objects 1 Common useful Phrases 2 Grammar To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Punjabi
  4. 4. Revision English Punjabi Hello Sat Sri Akāl Who Kauṇ Are Hō You Tusī I Maiṁ Am Hāṁ A ik Student Vidi'ārathī This Ih Is Hai To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Punjabi
  5. 5. Revision English Punjabi Potato Ālū Onion Pi'āz Tomato Tamāṭar Peas Maṭar Carrot Gājar Cucumber Khīrā Spinach Pālak To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Punjabi
  6. 6. Revision English Punjabi Cauliflower Gōbhī Banana Kēlā Apple Sēb Mango Amb Pomegranate Anār Grapes Angūr To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Punjabi
  7. 7. Lesson objects 1 Common useful Phrases 2 Grammmar To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Punjabi
  8. 8. Common Phrases English Punjabi Open Khul'hā Closed Band Entrance Dāḵẖlā Exit/out Nikās/Bāhar Push Dhakko Pull Khicho Bathroom Gusalkhana Men Mard Women Tīvī'āṁ Forbidden Varjat/manhan To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Punjabi
  9. 9. Common Addresses English Punjabi Mr. śrī Mrs. śrīmatī Mr.(Sikh) sardār Mrs.(Sikh) sardārnī Sir srīmān Dr. ḍākṭar To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Punjabi
  10. 10. Lesson objects 1 Conman useful phrases 2 Grammar To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Punjabi
  11. 11. Common Pronouns English Punjabi I Maiṁ Me(or “to me”) Mainū We Asīṁ You Tusīṁ She Uh He Uh They Uh This Ih To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Punjabi
  12. 12. Common Pronouns English Punjabi I am Mark Maiṁ Mark hāṁ We are boys Asīṁ munde hāṁ You are Lisa Tusīṁ Lisa hō She is Juan Uh Juan hai He is Jin Uh Jin hai They are boys Uh munḍē hai To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Punjabi
  13. 13. Grammar tip.. I/ We (Maiṁ/Asīṁ) are first person pronouns, hence we use “hāṁ” for “am/are” You (Tusīṁ) is a second person pronoun, hence we use “hō” for “are” are He/ She/ They are third person pronouns, hence we use “hai” for “is/are” To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Punjabi
  14. 14. Forms of “to-be verb” English Punjabi Is Hai Are(first person) Hāṁ Are(second person) Hō Am Hāṁ Hāṁ is pronounced as “h+aa+slight n” To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Punjabi
  15. 15. Common Pronouns (possessive) English Punjabi My/Mine Mērī/Mērā Our Sāḍī/Sāḍā Your Tuhāḍī/Tuhāḍā Her Usdā/Usdī His Usdā/Usdī To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Punjabi
  16. 16. Try yourself She is Geet She is my mother She is your aunt She is her friend He is her teacher To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Punjabi
  17. 17. Solution She is Geet Uh Geet hai To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Punjabi
  18. 18. Solution She is my mother Uh mērī māṁ hai To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Punjabi
  19. 19. Solution She is your aunt Uh tuhāḍī cācī hai To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Punjabi
  20. 20. Solution She is her friend Uh Usdī dōsata hai To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Punjabi
  21. 21. Solution He is her teacher Uh Usdā gurū hai To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Punjabi
  22. 22. Grammar tip Note the use of Usdī vs. Usdā Usdī is used because the “friend” here is a female Usdā is used because the “teacher” here is a male To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Punjabi
  23. 23. Revision English Punjabi She is Geet Uh Geet hai She is my mother Uh mērī māṁ hai She is your aunt Uh tuhāḍī cācī hai She is her friend Uh Usdī dōsata hai He is her teacher Uh Usdā gurū hai To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Punjabi
  24. 24. Common Interrogations English Punjabi How/of what kind? kivēṁ How much/many? Kinna/kinne What? Kī When? Kadōṁ Where? kithē Who? Kauṇ Why? ki'uṁ To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Punjabi
  25. 25. Basic Conversation Speaker English Lisa Hello, Who is he? Mark Hello, He is Aman Lisa Who is she? Mark She is Sonia Mark Sonia is his sister Lisa What is this? Mark This is a computer To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Punjabi
  26. 26. Basic Conversation Speaker English Punjabi Lisa Who is he? Uh Kauṇ hai Mark He is Aman Uh Aman hai Lisa Who is she? Uh Kauṇ hai Mark She is Sonia Uh Sonia hai Mark Sonia is his sister Uh Usdī bhaiṇ hai Lisa What is this? Ih kī hai Mark This is a computer Ih ik computer hai To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Punjabi
  27. 27. Revision–Common Signs English Punjabi Open Khul'hā Closed Band Entrance Dāḵẖlā Exit/out Nikās/Bāhar Push Dhakko Pull Khicho Bathroom Gusalkhana Men Mard Women Tīvī'āṁ Forbidden Varjat/manhan To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Punjabi
  28. 28. Revision - Common Addresses English Punjabi Mr. śrī Mrs. śrīmatī Mr.(Sikh) sardār Mrs.(Sikh) sardārnī Sir srīmān Dr. ḍākṭar To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Punjabi
  29. 29. Revision - Common Pronouns English Punjabi I Maiṁ Me(or “to me”) Mainū We Asīṁ You Tusīṁ She Uh He Uh They Uh This Ih To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Punjabi
  30. 30. Revision - Common Interrogations English Punjabi How/of what kind? kivēṁ How much/many? Kinna/kinne What? Kī When? Kadōṁ Where? kithē Who? Kauṇ Why? ki'uṁ To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Punjabi
  31. 31. Festivals of Punjab Punjab – the “Land of rivers” is also known as the “Land of festivals” Lohri Baisakhi Hola mohalla Sangrand Teeyan To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Punjabi
  32. 32. Festivals of Punjab Lohri is an extremely popular agricultural winter festival celebrated throughout Punjab and in parts of Haryana, Himachal Pradesh and Jammu It is celebrated on January 13th and is traditionally associated with the harvest of the rabi crops (sown in autumn, harvested in winters) People take peanuts, rewri, flour, butter and various food items to places of religious worship to thank God for a good harvest To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Punjabi
  33. 33. Festivals of Punjab Baisakhi (also known as Vaishakhi, or Vasakhi) is a religious as well as harvest festival and New Year Day also In Sikhism, as the Khalsa was founded on same day in 1699 It is celebrated on April 13th and celebrations include parades and Nagar Kirtan observances Prayers, Processions, raising of the Nishan Sahib flag To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Punjabi
  34. 34. Festivals of Punjab Hola Mahalla is a Sikh Olympics event which most often falls in March, lasts for a week, and consists of camping out and various displays of fighting prowess and bravery, followed by kirtan, music, and poetry. Visitors sit together in pangats (Queues) and eat food of the langars To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Punjabi
  35. 35. Festivals of Punjab Sangrand means the first day of month. Special divans take place at Gurdwaras when Guru Arjan’s Baramaha is read in addition to the performance of usual services. Devotees turn up in large numbers and bring offerings, especially of karah prasad. To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Punjabi
  36. 36. Festivals of Punjab Teeyan is the women's dance festival Giddha can be seen at its best during the celebrations in the month of Sawan (Rains). The dancing usually takes place on the bank of some river. Swings are thrown over the branches and singing, swinging and dancing is seen. To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Punjabi
  37. 37. See you at the Alley! To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Punjabi

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