Basic Mandarin Chinese | Lesson 9 | Ask people their nationalities and backgrounds!

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Learn Mandarin Chinese for free using self-paced audio-visual lessons and interactive practice exercises - CultureAlley - master conversations, grammar, vocabulary and more! This lesson teaches you how to ask where someone is from and also to tell them your nationality.To study this at your own pace, take quizzes and explore more lessons go to www.culturealley.com. See you at the Alley!

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Basic Mandarin Chinese | Lesson 9 | Ask people their nationalities and backgrounds!

  1. 1. To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  2. 2. Nǐ hǎo Lesson 9 on Basic Mandarin! To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  3. 3. Revision English Mandarin Student Xuésheng Teacher Lǎoshī To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  4. 4. Revision 'bù’, becomes ‘bú’ (it changes from fourth tone to second tone), when used alongside another falling/ fourth tone We say ‘bù hǎo’, and ‘bú shì’ To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  5. 5. Revision English Mandarin Mark Are you a student? Nǐ shì xuésheng ma? Lisa I am a student Wǒ shì xuésheng Lisa Are you a teacher? Nǐ shì Lǎoshī ma? Mark I am not a teacher Wǒ bú shì lǎo shī To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  6. 6. Revision Question particle Usage English Mandarin Ma yes/no questions You good? Nǐ hǎo ma? repetitive I’m very good, questions and you? Ne Shénme ‘What’ What’s his/her family name ? Wǒ hěn hǎo, nǐ ne? Tā xìng shénme? To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  7. 7. Lesson objectives 1 Nationalities To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  8. 8. What's in store today? Today we will learn about nationalities, and have conversations regarding nationalities! Let’s start by learning a few nationalities! To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  9. 9. Grammar tip Note that, while in English, people from China are referred to as ‘Chinese’, their translation in Mandarin is not 'Chinese' but 'Chinese people’ The Mandarin word for ‘people’, that is ‘Rén’, follows each nationality To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  10. 10. Tonal tip Chinese people = Zhōngguó rén Zhōngguó is pronounced with a high level tone on the first ‘o’ and a mid rising tone on the second ‘o’ Let’s hear you say Zhōngguó rén To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  11. 11. Tonal tip American people = Měiguó rén Měiguó is pronounced with a falling rising tone on the ‘e’ and a mid rising tone on the ‘o’ Let’s hear you say Měiguó rén To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  12. 12. Tonal tip English people = Yīngguó rén Yīngguó is pronounced with a high level tone on the ‘i’ and a mid rising tone on the ‘o’ Let’s hear you say Yīngguó rén To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  13. 13. Tonal tip French people = Fǎguó rén Fǎguó is pronounced with falling rising tone on ‘a’ and a mid rising tone on the ‘o’ Let’s hear you say Fǎguó rén To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  14. 14. Revision English Mandarin Chinese people Zhōngguó rén American people Měiguó rén English people Yīngguó rén French people Fǎguó rén Rén = People To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  15. 15. Moving on… Great! Now that we have learnt vocabulary, let’s use it in a conversation! To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  16. 16. Nationalities I ↓ Wǒ am ↓ shì Chinese ↓ Zhōngguó people ↓ rén To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  17. 17. So remember! While in English, people from China are referred to as ‘Chinese’, their translation in Mandarin is not 'Chinese' but 'Chinese people’ The meaning however, remains the same To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  18. 18. Nationalities I am Chinese Wǒ shì Zhōngguó rén Literally, ‘I am Chinese person’ To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  19. 19. Grammar tip Note that, Mandarin does not differentiate between singular and plural , and therefore the word 'rén' can be used for both, a single person as well as people To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  20. 20. Nationalities He is American people ↓ Shì ↓ tā ↓ Měiguó ↓ rén To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  21. 21. Nationalities He is American Tā shì Měiguó rén Literally, ‘He is American person’ To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  22. 22. Nationalities Is ↓ Shì he ↓ tā English ↓ Yīngguó people ↓ rén ? ↓ ma? To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  23. 23. Nationalities Is he English/British? Tā shì Yīngguó rén ma? Literally, ‘He is English person?’ To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  24. 24. Nationalities Are ↓ Shì you ↓ nǐ French ↓ Fǎguó people ↓ rén ? ↓ ma? To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  25. 25. Nationalities Are you French? Nǐ shì Fǎguó rén ma? Literally, ‘You are French people?’ To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  26. 26. Grammar tip-Yes and no The answers to 'Yes and No' type questions are given referring to the verbs or adjectives used in the question Let's take an example! To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  27. 27. Nationality Yes, he is Shì Shì here implying that 'I am (French)' To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  28. 28. Grammar tip Similarly, to deny the statement, we just add the negative 'bù' and we get an answer! But remember, when 'bù' is used with another fourth tone, it changes to second tone To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  29. 29. Learning 'to-be' verb No,he isn’t Bú shì Bú shì here implying that 'He is not (French)' To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  30. 30. Let's see if you remember… To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  31. 31. Pick the right option How do we say 'Is he Chinese?' 1 2 3 Nǐ shì Zhōngguó rén ma? Wǒ shì Zhōngguó rén? Tā shì Zhōngguó rén ma? To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  32. 32. Solution How do we say 'Is he Chinese?' 1 2 3 Nǐ shì Zhōngguó rén ma? Wǒ shì Zhōngguó rén? Tā shì Zhōngguó rén ma? To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  33. 33. Moving on… Now let us learn how to ask someone where they are from! Let’s take a look at the vocabulary! To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  34. 34. Grammar tip Where are you from? literally translates to You are which country people? in Mandarin Note that which takes the same place as the answer would Example: You are which country people? I am China country people To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  35. 35. Nationality You are which country people ↓ nǐ ↓ shì ↓ nǎ ↓ guó ↓ rén To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  36. 36. Nationality Where are you from? Nǐ shì nǎ guó rén? Literally, 'You are which country person?' To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  37. 37. Grammar tip 'Are you from...?’ literally translates to ‘You are .... person?’ in Mandarin Note that the country takes the same place as the answer would Example: You are America person? I am America person To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  38. 38. Nationality You ↓ nǐ are ↓ shì American ↓ Měiguó person ↓ rén ? ↓ ma? To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  39. 39. Nationality Are you from America? Nǐ shì Měiguó rén ma? Literally, 'You are Měiguó person' To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  40. 40. Nationality I ↓ Wǒ am ↓ shì America ↓ Měiguó person ↓ rén To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  41. 41. Nationality I am from America Wǒ shì Měiguó rén Literally, 'I am America person' To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  42. 42. Vocabulary list English Mandarin Japanese Ri běn rén Korean Hán guó rén Vietnamese Yuènán rén Filipino (Philippines) Fēilǜbīn rén Chinese Zhōngguó rén American Měiguó rén English Yīngguó rén French Fǎguó rén To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  43. 43. Let's see if you remember… To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  44. 44. Pick the right option How do we say 'Where are you from'? 1 2 3 Nǐ shì nǎ guó rén? Nǐ shì rén ma? Nǐ shì lǎoshī? To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  45. 45. Solution How do we say 'Where are you from'? 1 2 3 Nǐ shì nǎ guó rén? Nǐ shì rén ma? Nǐ shì lǎoshī? To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  46. 46. Moving on.. Now let us learn how to say two things at once, for example, I'm a student, I'm also Chinese For this we will have to learn the adverb 'also' Also = Yě To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  47. 47. Grammar tip In Mandarin, adverbs, especially one syllable adverbs, normally appear after subjects and in before verbs The adverb 'Yě' can't be put before the subject or at the very end of a sentence To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  48. 48. Adverb 'Yě' I ↓ Wǒ am ↓ shì also ↓ yě Chinese ↓ Zhōngguó person ↓ rén To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  49. 49. Adverb 'Yě' I am also Chinese Wǒ yě shì Zhōngguó rén Literally, 'I also am China person' To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  50. 50. Let's see if you remember… To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  51. 51. Pick the right option How do we say 'I am also Chinese'? 1 2 3 Wǒ yě shì Zhōngguó rén Wǒ bú shì Zhōngguó rén Yě wǒ shì Zhōngguó rén To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  52. 52. Solution How do we say 'I am also Chinese'? 1 2 3 Wǒ yě shì Zhōngguó rén Wǒ bú shì Zhōngguó rén Yě wǒ shì Zhōngguó rén To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  53. 53. Let's revise! English Mandarin Mark Are you Chinese? Nǐ shì Zhōngguó rén ma? Lisa Yes, I am Shì Lisa Where are you from? Nǐ shì nǎ guó rén? Mark I am from Japan Wǒ shì Riběn rén To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  54. 54. Culture leaf To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  55. 55. Culture leaf The Shēngxiào better known in English as the Chinese Zodiac, is a scheme that relates each year to an animal and its reputed attributes, according to a 12-year mathematical cycle It has wide currency in several East Asian countries such as China, Vietnam, Korea and Japan To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  56. 56. Culture leaf In Chinese astrology the animal signs assigned by year represent what others perceive you as being. There are also animal signs assigned by month (called inner animals), by day (called true animals) and hours (called secret animals) In total, this makes for 103,680 possible combinations that a person might be! To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  57. 57. What's next? In the next lesson we will learn about familial relations! To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  58. 58. Credits Content Team CultureAlley, Sunny Dang http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chinese_zodiac Images http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:12_zodiac.jpg Rosemania To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  59. 59. See you at the Alley! To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin

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