Basic Mandarin Chinese | Lesson 8 | Asking others what they do!

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Learn Mandarin Chinese for free using self-paced audio-visual lessons and interactive practice exercises - CultureAlley - master conversations, grammar, vocabulary and more! This lesson introduces us to the concept of professions, and shows a short conversation between a student and a teacher! We also learn how to say 'no' in sentences, such as " i am not a teacher' or 'i am not a student'! To study this at your own pace, take quizzes and explore more lessons go to www.culturealley.com. See you at the Alley!

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Basic Mandarin Chinese | Lesson 8 | Asking others what they do!

  1. 1. To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  2. 2. Nǐ hǎo Lesson 8 on Basic Mandarin! To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  3. 3. Revision English Mandarin I Wǒ To be surnamed Xìng To be named Jiào Honourable Guì Question particle Ne What about you, and you Nǐ ne May I ask Qǐng wèn To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  4. 4. Revision English Wáng Péng May I ask your honorable family name? Mandarin Qǐng wèn , nín guì xìng? My family name is Lǐ, Lǐ Yǒu and you? Wǒ xìng Lǐ, nǐ ne? Wáng Péng My family name is Wáng Wǒ xìng Wáng To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  5. 5. Revision English Mandarin What Shénme Name Míngzi Miss Xiǎo jiě Mister/ mr. Xiān sheng To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  6. 6. Revision English Lǐ Yǒu Wáng Péng Mandarin My name is Yǒu, what is Wǒ jiào Yǒu, nǐ jiào your name? shénme míngzi? My name is Wáng Péng Wǒ jiào Wáng Péng To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  7. 7. Revision English Lǐ Yǒu Wáng Péng Mandarin Mr. Wáng , what is Wáng xiān sheng, nǐ your name? jiào shénme míngzi Miss Lǐ, what is your Lǐ xiǎo jiě, nǐ jiào name? shénme míngzi To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  8. 8. Revision English Mandarin Wáng May I ask your honorable family Qǐng wèn, nín guì Péng name? xìng? Lǐ Yǒu Wáng Péng Lǐ Yǒu Wáng Péng My family name is Lǐ, and you? Wǒ xìng Lǐ, nǐ ne? My family name is Wáng Wǒ xìng Péng My name is Yǒu, what is Wǒ jiào Yǒu, nǐ jiào your name? shénme míngzi? I am called Wáng Péng Wǒ jiào Wáng Péng To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  9. 9. Lesson objectives 1 Learning professions! To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  10. 10. What's in store today? Today we will learn how to state your profession and ask someone their own! To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  11. 11. Professions Student = Xuésheng To study = xué Coupled with ‘sheng’, ‘xuésheng’ becomes student To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  12. 12. Tonal tip ‘xuésheng’ uses the mid rising tone (2nd tone) on ‘xué’ and a neutral tone (5th tone) on ‘sheng’ Let’s hear you say ‘xuésheng’ To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  13. 13. Professions Teacher = Lǎoshī old = lǎo master = shī The two come together to mean ‘teacher’ To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  14. 14. Tonal tip ‘lǎo’ is pronounced with a falling rising tone (3rd tone) while ‘shī’ is pronounced with a high level tone (1st tone) Let’s hear you say ‘Lǎoshī’ To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  15. 15. Let’s revise! English Mandarin Student Xuésheng Teacher Lǎoshī To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  16. 16. Professions You ↓ Nǐ are ↓ shì a teacher ↓ lǎoshī To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  17. 17. Professions You are a teacher Nǐ shì lǎoshī Shì = 'to-be' To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  18. 18. Grammar tip Please note that there are no articles in Mandarin While the English translates to 'You are a teacher', the Mandarin counterpart, ‘Nǐ shì lǎo shī' only translates to ‘You are teacher' To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  19. 19. Professions I ↓ Wǒ am ↓ shì a student ↓ xuésheng To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  20. 20. Professions I am a student Wǒ shì xuésheng Shì = 'to-be' To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  21. 21. Grammar tip As stated earlier, verbs in Mandarin do not change form like verbs in English, thus, is, are, am = Shì To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  22. 22. Let's see if you remember… To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  23. 23. Pick the right option How do we say 'you are a teacher'? 1 2 3 nǐ shì lǎoshī wǒ shì xuésheng nǐ shì xuésheng To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  24. 24. Pick the right option How do we say 'you are a teacher'? 1 2 3 nǐ shì lǎoshī wǒ shì xuésheng nǐ shì xuésheng To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  25. 25. Moving on.. Let's see how can we convert these statements into questions! If you recall, you will remember that 'ma' is a question particle, that changes a sentence to a question To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  26. 26. Professions Are ↓ Shì you a ↓ nǐ student ↓ xuésheng question particle ↓ ma To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  27. 27. Professions Are you a student? Nǐ shì xuésheng ma? To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  28. 28. Professions Are ↓ Shì you a ↓ nǐ teacher ↓ lǎoshī question particle ↓ ma To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  29. 29. Professions Are you a teacher? Nǐ shì lǎoshī ma? To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  30. 30. Moving on… Now that we've learnt to say 'I am a student', lets see how do we say 'I am not a student' To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  31. 31. Grammar tip To answer a question in the negative, drop the 'ma' and insert a negative adverb—usually 'bù' before the verb (bù means 'no, not') To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  32. 32. Tonal tip 'bù', meaning ‘not’ uses the falling tone or the fourth tone Let’s hear you say 'bù' To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  33. 33. Tonal tip 'bù’, becomes ‘bú’ (it changes from fourth tone to second tone), when used alongside another falling/ fourth tone We say ‘bù hǎo’, and ‘bú shì’ To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  34. 34. Introducing profession I ↓ Wǒ am ↓ shì not ↓ bú a teacher ↓ lǎoshī To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  35. 35. Introducing profession I'm not a teacher Wǒ bú shì lǎoshī Literally = 'I not am a teacher' Also note the 2nd tone in ‘bú’ To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  36. 36. Introducing profession I ↓ Wǒ am ↓ shì not ↓ bú a student ↓ xuésheng To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  37. 37. Introducing profession I'm not a student Wǒ bú shì xuésheng Literally = 'I not am a student' To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  38. 38. Let's see if you remember… To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  39. 39. Pick the right option How do we say 'I am not a student'? 1 2 3 Wǒ bú shì xuésheng Wǒ bú shì lǎo shī Nǐ shì xuésheng ma? To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  40. 40. Pick the right option How do we say 'I am not a student'? 1 2 3 Wǒ bú shì xuésheng Wǒ bú shì lǎo shī Nǐ shì xuésheng ma? To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  41. 41. Now lets try and have a conversation! To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  42. 42. Conversation What’s ↓ Shénme his/her ↓ tā family name ↓ xìng To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  43. 43. Conversation What's his/her family name? Tā xìng shénme? We do not use the question particle 'ma' over here, as 'shénme' = 'what' already supplies it To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  44. 44. Conversation Is ↓ Shì ……. ↓ ……. a teacher ↓ lǎoshī question particle ↓ ma To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  45. 45. Conversation Is … a teacher? . .. shì lǎoshī ma? We use the question particle 'ma' over here, as there is no other question particle here To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  46. 46. Let's revise! English Mandarin Mark Are you a student? Nǐ shì xuésheng ma? Lisa I am a student Wǒ shì xuésheng Lisa Are you a teacher? Nǐ shì Lǎoshī ma? Mark I am not a teacher Wǒ bú shì lǎo shī To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  47. 47. Point to note Till now, we have learnt three question particles, ma, ne and shénme Let us go over the usage of each! To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  48. 48. Revision Question particle Usage English Mandarin Ma yes/no questions You good? Nǐ hǎo ma? repetitive I’m very good, questions and you? Ne Shénme ‘What’ What’s his/her family name ? Wǒ hěn hǎo, nǐ ne? Tā xìng shénme? To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  49. 49. Culture leaf To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  50. 50. Culture leaf The Great Wall of China was built over 2,000 years ago, by Qin Shi Huangdi, the first emperor of China during the Qin Dynasty After subjugating and uniting China from seven Warring States, the emperor connected and extended four old fortification walls along the north of China that originated about 700 B.C. To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  51. 51. Culture leaf In Mandarin, the wall is called as "Wan-Li Qang-Qeng" meaning "Thousand Miles Long City Wall" The Great Wall is one of the largest building construction projects ever completed. It stretches across the mountains of northern China, winding north and northwest of Beijing To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  52. 52. Culture leaf The great wall of China was listed as a world heritage site by UNESCO back in 1987 only! It is one of the most appealing attractions all around the world owing to its architectural grandeur and historical significance To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  53. 53. What's next? In the next lesson, we will learn nationalities and ask/tell nationalities! To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  54. 54. Credits Content Team CultureAlley, Sunny Dang http://www.travelchinaguide.com/china_great_wall/ http://www.enchantedlearning.com/subjects/greatwall/Al labout.html Images http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:A_chinese_home _decorated_for_New_Years.jpg Snowyowls To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  55. 55. See you at the Alley! To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin

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