To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
Nǐ hǎo
Lesson 3 on Basic Mandarin!
To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
Revision - Tones

To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
Revision-Vocabulary
English

Mandarin

Mother

Mā

Hemp

Má

Horse

Mǎ

Scold

Mà

You (informal)

Nǐ

You (formal)

Nín

...
Revision

English

Hello (informal)
Hello (formal)

Mandarin

Nǐ hǎo
Nín hǎo

Tone
falling rising,
falling rising
mid risi...
Lesson objectives

1

Basic greetings

To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
What's in store today?

Alright! So you now know how to say
'hello' in Mandarin!
Let's move on and look at some
other gree...
Vocabulary

English

Mandarin

Type

Nǐ

Pronoun

Good

Hǎo

Adj

Question particle

Ma

Yes/no questions

You (singular,
...
Greetings and pleasantries
How are you?
'How are you?' is literally translated as
'you good?' in Mandarin
We saw that Nǐ h...
Greetings and pleasantries

You good = Nǐ hǎo
To convert this into a question (you good?),
we only need to add a question ...
Tonal tip
As a question particle, 'ma' is pronounced using a
neutral tone which carries a soft falling sound, as
if the so...
Greetings : How are you?

How are you?

Nǐ hǎo ma?

Literally : you good?

To view this with Audio and practice games, vis...
Grammar tip

Ma is a question particle
Adding the particle ‹ma› to the end of a sentence
makes a statement into a question...
Grammar tip

Ma is usually used for questions which can be
answered by a yes/no
Eg: Nǐ hǎo ma? = you good?
Can be answered...
So remember!

'Ma' is pronounced using a neutral tone which
carries a soft falling sound, as if the sound
is fading away

...
Tonal tip

Let's try saying Nǐ hǎo ma?
It is said using a mid rising tone for Nǐ, a
rising falling tone for 'Hǎo'and a neu...
Let's see if you remember…

To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
Pick the right option

How do we say, 'How are you?'

1

2

3

Nǐ hāo ma?

Nǐ hǎo ma?

Nǐ háo ma?

To view this with Audio...
Solution

How do we say, 'How are you?'

1

2

3

Nǐ hāo ma?

Nǐ hǎo ma?

Nǐ háo ma?

To view this with Audio and practice...
Responding to : how are you?
Let's see how to answer the question
How are you? / you good? = 'Nǐ hǎo ma?'
You will say 'I ...
Vocabulary

English

Mandarin

Type

I, Me

Wǒ

Pronoun

Very

Hěn

Adv.

Good

Hǎo

Adj.

Also / too

Yě

Adv.

Shì

Verb...
Pronunciation tip

Before moving on, lets take a look
at the pronunciations for the new
words we've just learnt!

To view ...
Tonal tip

I, Me = Wǒ
It is pronounced using a
'falling rising' tone (3rd)

To view this with Audio and practice games, vi...
Tonal tip

Let's try and say Wǒ
It is said with a 'falling rising' tone - also
known as the third tone, Wǒ

To view this w...
Tonal tip

Very = Hěn
It is also pronounced using a
'falling rising' tone (3rd)

To view this with Audio and practice game...
Tonal tip

Let's try and say Hěn
It is said with a 'falling rising' tone - also
known as the third tone, Hěn

To view this...
Tonal tip

Good = Hǎo
It is also pronounced using a
'falling rising' tone (3rd)

To view this with Audio and practice game...
Tonal tip

Let's try and say Hǎo
It is said with a 'falling rising' tone - also
known as the third tone, Hǎo

To view this...
Tonal tip

'To-be' verb = Shì
( 'To-be' verbs include : is, am, are, etc...)
It is pronounced using a
'falling' tone (4th)...
Tonal tip

Let's try and say Shì
It is said with a 'falling' tone - also known as
the fourth tone, Shì

To view this with ...
Moving on...

Great! Now that we know
how to pronounce these words,
let's use them in a sentence!

To view this with Audio...
Responding to : how are you?

I

am

very

good

↓

↓

↓

↓

Wǒ

shì

hěn

hǎo

In Chinese, 'am', 'is', 'are' etc.
are not...
Grammar tip
We noticed that we did not translate 'am' in
the last sentence
Unlike English, in Chinese, the 'to-be' verb
(s...
Responding to : how are you?

I am very good / I am very well

Wǒ hěn hǎo

'am' is not translated

To view this with Audio...
So do you remember?

Very good = Hěn hǎo
I am very good = Wǒ hěn hǎo

To view this with Audio and practice games, visit ww...
Let's see if you remember…

To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
Pick the right option

'How are you?' translates as?

1

2

3

Nǐ hǎo ma?

Nǐ hǎo

Wǒ hěn hǎo

To view this with Audio and...
Solution

'How are you?' translates as?

1

2

3

Nǐ hǎo ma?

Nǐ hǎo

Wǒ hěn hǎo

To view this with Audio and practice gam...
Pick the right option

'I am very good' translates as?

1

2

3

Nǐ hǎo

Wǒ shì
hěn hǎo

Wǒ hěn
hǎo

To view this with Aud...
Solution

'I am very good' translates as?

1

2

3

Nǐ hǎo

Wǒ shì
hěn hǎo

Wǒ hěn
hǎo

To view this with Audio and practi...
Moving on…

While responding to 'how are you?' you
would often say :
'I am very good, and you?'
Let's see how we say this ...
Responding to : how are you?

Now you know
I am very good = Wǒ hěn hǎo
To additionally ask 'and you?' we need to
learn one...
Tonal tip

'Ne' is spoken in a neutral tone
It is pronounced using a soft falling sound,
as if the sound is fading away
Le...
Grammar tip
Ne is also a particle used to convert
statements to questions
Ending with 'ne' makes a question when the
conte...
Responding to : how are you?

I

am

very

good,

and

you?

↓

↓

↓

↓

Wǒ

hěn

hǎo,

nǐ ne?

Remember! In Mandarin, 'am...
Responding to : how are you?

nǐ ne? = and you?
We used 'ne' here as we were answering to
'how are you?' by saying 'I am g...
Responding to : how are you?

I am very good, and you?

Wǒ hěn hǎo, nǐ ne?

'am' is not translated

To view this with Audi...
Responding to : I am good, and you?

You can also reply to 'I am good, and you?'
by saying 'I am also very good'
For this ...
Tonal tip

Also = Yě
It is pronounced using a
'falling rising' tone (3rd)

To view this with Audio and practice games, vis...
Tonal tip

Let's try and say Yě
It is said with a 'falling rising' tone - also
known as the third tone, Yě

To view this w...
Responding to : I am good, and you?

I

am

also

very

good

↓

↓

↓

↓

Wǒ

yě

hěn

hǎo

Remember!In Mandarin, 'am',
'i...
Grammar tip

We can just say 'also very good'
instead of saying
'I am also very good'

To view this with Audio and practic...
Responding to : how are you?

Also very good

Yě hěn hǎo

Literally : also very good

To view this with Audio and practice...
Let's see if you remember…

To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
Pick the right option

How do we say 'I am also very good'
in Mandarin?

1

2

3

Nǐ
hěn hǎo
ma

Nǐ
yě hěn
hǎo

Wǒ
yě hěn
...
Solution

How do we say 'I am also very good'
in Mandarin?

1

2

3

Nǐ
hěn hǎo
ma

Nǐ
yě hěn
hǎo

Wǒ
yě hěn
hǎo

To view ...
Pick the right option

What tone does 'yě' carry?

1

2

3

High
level

Falling
rising

Mid
rising

To view this with Audi...
Solution

What tone does 'yě' carry?

1

2

3

High
level

Falling
rising

Mid
rising

To view this with Audio and practic...
Pick the right option

What tone does 'ne' carry?

1

2

3

Neutral

Falling

High level

To view this with Audio and prac...
Solution

What tone does 'ne' carry?

1

2

3

Neutral

Falling

High level

To view this with Audio and practice games, v...
Vocabulary for today
English

Mandarin

Type

I, Me

Wǒ

Pronoun

Nǐ

Pronoun

Very

Hěn

Adv

Good

Hǎo

Adj

Also / too
...
Let's practice

English

Mandarin

Lisa

Hello!

Nǐ hǎo

Mark

Hello!

Nǐ hǎo

Lisa

How are you?

Nǐ hǎo ma?

Mark

I am ...
Culture Leaf

To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
Culture leaf : Yin and yang

The concept of yin and yang (Pinyin:
yīnyáng)originates in ancient Chinese philosophy,
which ...
Culture leaf : Yin and yang
Many natural dualities — e.g., dark and
light,female and
male, low and high, cold and hot, wat...
What's next?

In the next lesson, we will learn more
greetings and pleasantries and common
phrases like 'thank you'!

To v...
Credits
Content
Team Culture Alley, Sunny Dang
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yin_and_yang

Images
http://en.wikipedia.org/w...
See you at the Alley!
To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
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Basic Mandarin Chinese | Lesson 3 | Learn other useful greetings!

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Learn Mandarin Chinese for free using self-paced audio-visual lessons and interactive practice exercises - CultureAlley - master conversations, grammar, vocabulary and more! This lesson covers some delightful greetings like hello, how are you?, I am fine, I am good etc.
To study this at your own pace, take quizzes and explore more lessons go to www.culturealley.com. See you at the Alley!

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Basic Mandarin Chinese | Lesson 3 | Learn other useful greetings!

  1. 1. To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  2. 2. Nǐ hǎo Lesson 3 on Basic Mandarin! To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  3. 3. Revision - Tones To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  4. 4. Revision-Vocabulary English Mandarin Mother Mā Hemp Má Horse Mǎ Scold Mà You (informal) Nǐ You (formal) Nín Good Hǎo To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  5. 5. Revision English Hello (informal) Hello (formal) Mandarin Nǐ hǎo Nín hǎo Tone falling rising, falling rising mid rising, falling rising To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  6. 6. Lesson objectives 1 Basic greetings To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  7. 7. What's in store today? Alright! So you now know how to say 'hello' in Mandarin! Let's move on and look at some other greetings To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  8. 8. Vocabulary English Mandarin Type Nǐ Pronoun Good Hǎo Adj Question particle Ma Yes/no questions You (singular, informal) To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  9. 9. Greetings and pleasantries How are you? 'How are you?' is literally translated as 'you good?' in Mandarin We saw that Nǐ hǎo = You good We just need to convert it to a question now... To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  10. 10. Greetings and pleasantries You good = Nǐ hǎo To convert this into a question (you good?), we only need to add a question particle; ‹ma› To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  11. 11. Tonal tip As a question particle, 'ma' is pronounced using a neutral tone which carries a soft falling sound, as if the sound is fading away Let’s try and say 'ma' Great! Now let's try it in a question! To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  12. 12. Greetings : How are you? How are you? Nǐ hǎo ma? Literally : you good? To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  13. 13. Grammar tip Ma is a question particle Adding the particle ‹ma› to the end of a sentence makes a statement into a question To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  14. 14. Grammar tip Ma is usually used for questions which can be answered by a yes/no Eg: Nǐ hǎo ma? = you good? Can be answered by saying 'yes/no' To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  15. 15. So remember! 'Ma' is pronounced using a neutral tone which carries a soft falling sound, as if the sound is fading away To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  16. 16. Tonal tip Let's try saying Nǐ hǎo ma? It is said using a mid rising tone for Nǐ, a rising falling tone for 'Hǎo'and a neutral tone for the question particle 'ma' To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  17. 17. Let's see if you remember… To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  18. 18. Pick the right option How do we say, 'How are you?' 1 2 3 Nǐ hāo ma? Nǐ hǎo ma? Nǐ háo ma? To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  19. 19. Solution How do we say, 'How are you?' 1 2 3 Nǐ hāo ma? Nǐ hǎo ma? Nǐ háo ma? To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  20. 20. Responding to : how are you? Let's see how to answer the question How are you? / you good? = 'Nǐ hǎo ma?' You will say 'I am very good' or 'I am very well' Let’s learn the vocabulary for this! To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  21. 21. Vocabulary English Mandarin Type I, Me Wǒ Pronoun Very Hěn Adv. Good Hǎo Adj. Also / too Yě Adv. Shì Verb 'To-be' verb (is, am, are) To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  22. 22. Pronunciation tip Before moving on, lets take a look at the pronunciations for the new words we've just learnt! To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  23. 23. Tonal tip I, Me = Wǒ It is pronounced using a 'falling rising' tone (3rd) To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  24. 24. Tonal tip Let's try and say Wǒ It is said with a 'falling rising' tone - also known as the third tone, Wǒ To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  25. 25. Tonal tip Very = Hěn It is also pronounced using a 'falling rising' tone (3rd) To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  26. 26. Tonal tip Let's try and say Hěn It is said with a 'falling rising' tone - also known as the third tone, Hěn To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  27. 27. Tonal tip Good = Hǎo It is also pronounced using a 'falling rising' tone (3rd) To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  28. 28. Tonal tip Let's try and say Hǎo It is said with a 'falling rising' tone - also known as the third tone, Hǎo To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  29. 29. Tonal tip 'To-be' verb = Shì ( 'To-be' verbs include : is, am, are, etc...) It is pronounced using a 'falling' tone (4th) To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  30. 30. Tonal tip Let's try and say Shì It is said with a 'falling' tone - also known as the fourth tone, Shì To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  31. 31. Moving on... Great! Now that we know how to pronounce these words, let's use them in a sentence! To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  32. 32. Responding to : how are you? I am very good ↓ ↓ ↓ ↓ Wǒ shì hěn hǎo In Chinese, 'am', 'is', 'are' etc. are not used with adjectives To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  33. 33. Grammar tip We noticed that we did not translate 'am' in the last sentence Unlike English, in Chinese, the 'to-be' verb (shì = am, is, are) is not used with adjectives (good, bad etc.) I am very good = Wǒ hěn hǎo = I very good To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  34. 34. Responding to : how are you? I am very good / I am very well Wǒ hěn hǎo 'am' is not translated To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  35. 35. So do you remember? Very good = Hěn hǎo I am very good = Wǒ hěn hǎo To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  36. 36. Let's see if you remember… To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  37. 37. Pick the right option 'How are you?' translates as? 1 2 3 Nǐ hǎo ma? Nǐ hǎo Wǒ hěn hǎo To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  38. 38. Solution 'How are you?' translates as? 1 2 3 Nǐ hǎo ma? Nǐ hǎo Wǒ hěn hǎo To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  39. 39. Pick the right option 'I am very good' translates as? 1 2 3 Nǐ hǎo Wǒ shì hěn hǎo Wǒ hěn hǎo To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  40. 40. Solution 'I am very good' translates as? 1 2 3 Nǐ hǎo Wǒ shì hěn hǎo Wǒ hěn hǎo To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  41. 41. Moving on… While responding to 'how are you?' you would often say : 'I am very good, and you?' Let's see how we say this in Mandarin… To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  42. 42. Responding to : how are you? Now you know I am very good = Wǒ hěn hǎo To additionally ask 'and you?' we need to learn one new question particle, 'ne' To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  43. 43. Tonal tip 'Ne' is spoken in a neutral tone It is pronounced using a soft falling sound, as if the sound is fading away Let’s try and pronounce 'Ne' To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  44. 44. Grammar tip Ne is also a particle used to convert statements to questions Ending with 'ne' makes a question when the context is already known nǐ ne? = and you? A common circumstance is when you wish to repeat a question that was just asked To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  45. 45. Responding to : how are you? I am very good, and you? ↓ ↓ ↓ ↓ Wǒ hěn hǎo, nǐ ne? Remember! In Mandarin, 'am', 'is', 'are' etc. are not used with adjectives To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  46. 46. Responding to : how are you? nǐ ne? = and you? We used 'ne' here as we were answering to 'how are you?' by saying 'I am good, and you? ' hence we were repeating the question To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  47. 47. Responding to : how are you? I am very good, and you? Wǒ hěn hǎo, nǐ ne? 'am' is not translated To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  48. 48. Responding to : I am good, and you? You can also reply to 'I am good, and you?' by saying 'I am also very good' For this we will need to learn how to say 'also' To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  49. 49. Tonal tip Also = Yě It is pronounced using a 'falling rising' tone (3rd) To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  50. 50. Tonal tip Let's try and say Yě It is said with a 'falling rising' tone - also known as the third tone, Yě To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  51. 51. Responding to : I am good, and you? I am also very good ↓ ↓ ↓ ↓ Wǒ yě hěn hǎo Remember!In Mandarin, 'am', 'is', 'are' etc. are not used with adjectives To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  52. 52. Grammar tip We can just say 'also very good' instead of saying 'I am also very good' To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  53. 53. Responding to : how are you? Also very good Yě hěn hǎo Literally : also very good To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  54. 54. Let's see if you remember… To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  55. 55. Pick the right option How do we say 'I am also very good' in Mandarin? 1 2 3 Nǐ hěn hǎo ma Nǐ yě hěn hǎo Wǒ yě hěn hǎo To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  56. 56. Solution How do we say 'I am also very good' in Mandarin? 1 2 3 Nǐ hěn hǎo ma Nǐ yě hěn hǎo Wǒ yě hěn hǎo To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  57. 57. Pick the right option What tone does 'yě' carry? 1 2 3 High level Falling rising Mid rising To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  58. 58. Solution What tone does 'yě' carry? 1 2 3 High level Falling rising Mid rising To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  59. 59. Pick the right option What tone does 'ne' carry? 1 2 3 Neutral Falling High level To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  60. 60. Solution What tone does 'ne' carry? 1 2 3 Neutral Falling High level To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  61. 61. Vocabulary for today English Mandarin Type I, Me Wǒ Pronoun Nǐ Pronoun Very Hěn Adv Good Hǎo Adj Also / too Yě Adv Ne Question particle You (singular, informal) Ma Question particle (yes/no questions) To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  62. 62. Let's practice English Mandarin Lisa Hello! Nǐ hǎo Mark Hello! Nǐ hǎo Lisa How are you? Nǐ hǎo ma? Mark I am very good, and you? Wǒ hěn hǎo, nǐ ne? Lisa I am also very good Yě hěn hǎo To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  63. 63. Culture Leaf To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  64. 64. Culture leaf : Yin and yang The concept of yin and yang (Pinyin: yīnyáng)originates in ancient Chinese philosophy, which describes two opposing but complementary forces found in all things in the universe Literally meaning 'shadow and light' To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  65. 65. Culture leaf : Yin and yang Many natural dualities — e.g., dark and light,female and male, low and high, cold and hot, water and fire, earth and air — are thought of as manifestations of yin and yang (respectively) Everything has both Yin and Yang aspects - E.g. We could not have appreciated 'Light' had there been no 'Darkness' and 'Shadow (a form of darkness)' could not have To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin existed without there being 'Light'!
  66. 66. What's next? In the next lesson, we will learn more greetings and pleasantries and common phrases like 'thank you'! To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  67. 67. Credits Content Team Culture Alley, Sunny Dang http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yin_and_yang Images http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Guanhua.png User: Raghith http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Pinyin_Tone_Char User : Wereon To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  68. 68. See you at the Alley! To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
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