Basic Mandarin Chinese | Lesson 13 | Learn about 'measure' words!

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Learn Mandarin Chinese for free using self-paced audio-visual lessons and interactive practice exercises - CultureAlley - master conversations, grammar, vocabulary and more! In this lesson we will learn something that is peculiar to Mandarin alone - 'measure words'! Let's see what they mean and how they're used! In English, we often have words defining the type of object being discussed. For example, a 'loaf' of bread, a 'flock' of sheep, a 'glass' of water etc...Mandarin uses a similar part of speech called 'Measure words' that may refer to the number, shape, or specification of an object.To study this at your own pace, take quizzes and explore more lessons go to www.culturealley.com. See you at the Alley!

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Basic Mandarin Chinese | Lesson 13 | Learn about 'measure' words!

  1. 1. To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  2. 2. Nǐ hǎo Lesson 13 on Basic Mandarin! To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  3. 3. Revision - Occupations English Mandarin Teacher Lǎoshī Lawyer Lǜshī Doctor Yīsheng Engineer Gōng chéng shī Manager Jīng lǐ Accountant Kuài Jì Housewife Jiā tíng zhǔ fù Retired Tuì xiū le To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  4. 4. Revision English Mandarin I am a doctor Wǒ shì Yīsheng She is a manager Tā shì Jīng lǐ He is an accountant Tā shì kuài jì I am retired Wǒ shì tuì xiū le To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  5. 5. Revision English Mandarin What does your father do? Nǐ bàba zuò shénme gōngzuò My father is a lawyer Wǒ bàba shì lǜshī What do you do? Nǐ zuò shénme gōngzuò I am an engineer Wǒ shì gōng chéng shī To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  6. 6. Revision Speaker English Mandarin Mark How are you? Nǐ hǎo ma? Lisa Not bad! How are you? Bú cuò! Nǐ hǎo ma? Mark I am also very good! Wǒ Yě hěn hǎo! Lisa This is my father Tā shì wǒ bàba Mark What does your father do? Nǐ bàba zuò shénme gōng zuò? To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  7. 7. Revision Speaker Lisa English My father is a lawyer,and you? Mandarin Wǒ bàba shì lǜshī,nǐ ne? Mark I am an engineer Wǒ shì Gōng chéng shī Lisa What does your mother do? Mark My mother is a housewife Wǒ māma shì jiā tíng zhǔ fù Lisa What do you do? Nǐ zuò shénme gōngzuò ? Mark I am a doctor Wǒ shì Yīsheng Lisa Wonderful! Taì hǎo le! Nǐ māma zuò shénme gōng zuò? To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  8. 8. Lesson objectives 1 Measure words To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  9. 9. What's in store today? Today we will learn something that is peculiar to Mandarin alonemeasure words! Let’s see what they mean and how they're used! To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  10. 10. Measure word - Definition In English, we often have words defining the type of object being discussed For example, a ‘loaf’ of bread, a ‘flock’ of sheep, a ‘glass’ of water etc… To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  11. 11. Measure word - Definition Mandarin uses a similar part of speech called ‘Measure words’ that may refer to the number, shape, or specification of an object To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  12. 12. Measure word - Definition A vital point about Mandarin measure words is that ‘every noun requires a measure word’ While in English, we can say, ‘three goats’, in Mandarin we say ‘three ( measure word) goats’ To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  13. 13. Measure word - Definition There are more than hundred measure words in Mandarin, today we will cover a few relevant ones only! To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  14. 14. Measure words Measure word for something flat (bed, photo, paper) Zhāng Zhāng is pronounced with a high level tone To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  15. 15. Measure words Great! Now let’s learn how to say ‘One photo’! Since we've already learnt that one = yí (mid rising) let’s see how do we say photo in Mandarin! To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  16. 16. Measure words Photo Zhào piàn Both Zhào and piàn are pronounced with a falling tone on 'a' To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  17. 17. Measure words One photo Yí zhāng zhào piàn Literally : One (measure word) photo To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  18. 18. Measure words Let’s take another example and see how to say 'One/ A piece of paper' We already learnt that one = yí (mid rising) Now let’s see how do we say one piece of paper in Mandarin! To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  19. 19. Measure words One piece of paper Yì zhāng zhǐ Paper = Zhǐ It is pronounced using a falling rising tone To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  20. 20. Measure words Great! Now let’s learn how to say ‘One/a boy’! Since we’ve already learnt that one = yí (mid rising) let’s see how do we say boy in Mandarin! To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  21. 21. Measure words Boy Nán háizi Male = Nán Kid/Child = Háizi To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  22. 22. Measure words Measure word for people/ general things Ge Pronounced with a neutral tone, when in doubt, use 'ge' To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  23. 23. Measure words One boy Yí ge nán háizi One (measure word) boy To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  24. 24. Measure words Let's now try ‘A schoolbag’! Since we've already learnt that one = yí (mid rising) let’s see how do we say 'A schoolbag' in Mandarin! To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  25. 25. Measure words A schoolbag Yí ge shūbāo book/letter = Shū to hold/ wrap/ include = bāo It is pronounced using high level tones To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  26. 26. Let's see if you remember… To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  27. 27. Pick the right option How do we say ‘boy’ in Mandarin ? 1 2 3 Nán háizi Nán sheng Yí háizi To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  28. 28. Solution How do we say ‘boy’ in Mandarin ? 1 2 3 Nán háizi Nán sheng Yí háizi To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  29. 29. Pick the right option How do we say, ‘One photo’ in Mandarin? 1 2 3 Yí zhào zhāng piàn Yí zhāng zhào piàn Yí zhào piàn zhāng To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  30. 30. Solution How do we say, ‘One photo’ in Mandarin? 1 2 3 Yí zhào zhāng piàn Yí zhāng zhào piàn Yí zhào piàn zhāng To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  31. 31. Moving on… Measure words are also inserted between a demonstrative pronoun, (such as this, that) and a noun Let’s learn how to say ‘this’ and ‘that’ in Mandarin! To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  32. 32. Measure words This Zhè Zhè is pronounced with a falling tone To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  33. 33. Measure words That Nà Nà is pronounced with a falling tone To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  34. 34. Measure words Great! Now let’s say ‘This photo’! To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  35. 35. Measure words This photo Zhè zhāng zhào piàn This (measure word) photo To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  36. 36. Measure words Good! Now let’s say ‘That boy’! To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  37. 37. Measure words That boy Nà ge nán háizi That (measure word) boy To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  38. 38. Grammar tip Remember, that a demonstrative and a noun always have a measure word in between Demonstrative | Measure word | Noun To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  39. 39. Measure words Let's take a look at some more examples! We will try and say 'This is a pen' 'This is not a pencil' 'That is not a dictionary' 'That is a book' To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  40. 40. Measure words Measure word for stick like objects (pen, chopsticks) Zhī Zhī is pronounced using a high level tone To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  41. 41. Measure words This is a pen Zhè shì zhī bǐ Pen = Bǐ bǐ is pronounced using a falling rising tone To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  42. 42. Measure words This is not a pencil Zhè bú shì zhī qiānbǐ Pencil = Qiānbǐ qiānbǐ is pronounced with a high level tone on 'a' and a falling rising tone on 'i' To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  43. 43. Measure words Measure word for 'volume' (any bound print or written matter) Běn Běn is pronounced with a falling rising tone To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  44. 44. Measure words That is not a dictionary Nà bú shì běn zìdiǎn Dictionary = Zìdiǎn Zìdiǎn is pronounced with a falling tone on 'i' and a falling rising tone on 'a' To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  45. 45. Measure words That is a book Nà shì běn shū Book = Shū Shū is pronounced with a high level tone To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  46. 46. Let’s see if you remember… To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  47. 47. Pick the right option How do you say ‘this’ in Mandarin? 1 2 Yí Zhè To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  48. 48. Solution How do you say ‘this’ in Mandarin? 1 2 Yí Zhè To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  49. 49. Pick the right option How do we say ‘that boy’ in Mandarin? 1 2 3 Nà ge nán háizi Ge nà nán háizi Wǒ ge nán háizi To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  50. 50. Solution How do we say ‘that boy’ in Mandarin? 1 2 3 Nà ge nán háizi Ge nà nán háizi Wǒ ge nán háizi To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  51. 51. Pick the right option What does ‘Yí’ mean? 1 2 3 Boy Measure word One To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  52. 52. Solution What does ‘Yí’ mean? 1 2 3 Boy Measure word One To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  53. 53. Revision - Measure words English Mandarin Measure word for flat objects Zhāng Measure word for people/general Ge This Zhè That Nà Measure word for 'stick like objects' Zhī Measure word for 'volume' Běn To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  54. 54. Revision English Mandarin One photo Yí zhāng zhào piàn A piece of paper Yì zhāng zhǐ One boy Yí ge nán háizi A schoolbag Yí ge shūbāo This photo Zhè zhāng zhào piàn That boy Nà ge nán háizi This is a pen Zhè shì zhī bǐ This is not a pencil Zhè bú shì zhī qiānbǐ That is not a dictionary Nà bú shì běn zìdiǎn That is a book Nà shì běn shū To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  55. 55. Culture leaf To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  56. 56. Culture leaf The dragon boat festival, or Duānwǔ, is celebrated between late May and early June every year It is to commemorate the death of an ancient poet, Qu Yuan, who lived 2000 year ago To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  57. 57. Culture leaf His advice to the king of Chu, was to hire honest people, rather than his favourites; and for this he was banished from the kingdom On hearing later that the kingdom fell, he threw himself into the Miluo river and drowned to death To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  58. 58. Culture leaf The people of Chu, threw bamboo shafts full of rice into the river, so that the fish would eat rice and not his body Till day, people throw rice dumplings into the river to revisit the sacrifice To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  59. 59. Culture leaf Today the day is also celebrated by ‘dragonboat’ races to commemorate the poet Many weeks are spent creating elaborate dragon boats which are similar to canoes To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  60. 60. What's next? In the next lesson we will learn question formation and negations! To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  61. 61. Credits Content Team CultureAlley, Sunny Dang http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Duanwu_Festival Images http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Dragon_Boat_Fest al_in_Haiwei,_Ronggui,_2011.jpg Caiguanhao To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin
  62. 62. See you at the Alley! To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin

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