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Namastē!
Lesson 2 | Basic Hindi
To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
Lesson object

1

Basic pronouns
2 'to-be' verb

3 Basic sentences

To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www....
Revision
English

Hindi

Hello

Namastē

Who are you?

Āp kaun haiṁ?

Lisa eats apples

Lisā sēb khātī hai

I am Lisa

Mai...
Lesson objects

1

Basic pronouns
2 ''to-be' verb

3 Basic sentences

To view this with Audio and practice games, visit ww...
Basic pronouns

I

Maiṁ

To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
Basic pronouns

You

Āp

To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
Culturally speaking : Forms of you

In India, there are various forms of 'You'
which are usually used to differentiate
bet...
Pronouncing Āp

You (Āp) stresses on the first ā only
The pronunciation follows the same
pattern as in 'harp'
​
Phonetical...
Basic pronouns

We

Hum

To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
Basic pronouns

He

Vaha

Vaha is pronounced as
v +|unstressed a|+ h +|unstressed a
To view this with Audio and practice g...
Basic pronouns

She

Vaha

Vaha is pronounced as
v +|unstressed a|+ h +|unstressed a
To view this with Audio and practice ...
Basic Pronouns

Vaha can be used for both 'he' and 'she' - it is
neutral gender

To view this with Audio and practice game...
Basic pronouns

They

Yē / vē

To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
Basic Pronouns

We use Yē for people in close proximity
and Vē for people who are not in close proximity

To view this wit...
Basic pronouns

English

Hindi

I

Maiṁ

You

Āp

We

Hum

He

Vaha

She

Vaha

They

Yē / vē

To view this with Audio and...
Lets see if you remember…

To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
Exercise : Pick the right option

'We' translates to ___

1

2

3

Āp

Hum

Vaha

To view this with Audio and practice gam...
Solution

'We' translates to ___

1

2

3

Āp

Hum

Vaha

To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAll...
Recall what the other options translate as!

English

Hindi

You

Āp

He/she

Vaha

To view this with Audio and practice g...
Lesson object

1

Basic pronouns
2 'to-be' verb

3 Basic sentences

To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www....
Grammar tip

Just like English, the 'to-be' verb (am, is,
are) takes various forms in Hindi
The form it takes depends on t...
'to-be' verb

Am

Hooṁ

To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
Pronouncing hooṁ

The last ṁ in hooṁ is pronounced nasally
and carries a slight 'n' sound
to it like in 'angst'

ṁ is like...
'to-be' verb

Are

Haiṁ

To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
Pronouncing haiṁ

The last ṁ in haiṁ is pronounced nasally
and carries a slight 'n' sound to​
it like in 'angst'

ṁ is lik...
'to-be' verb

Is

Hai

To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
'to-be' verb

English

Hindi

Am

Hooṁ

Are

Haiṁ

Is

Hai

To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureA...
'to-be' verb

English

Hindi

I am

Maiṁ hooṁ

You are

Āp haiṁ

She is

Vaha hai

They are

Yē / vē haiṁ

To view this wi...
Try yourself
Problem 1 :
I am
​
Problem 2 :
He is
Problem 2 :
They are

To view this with Audio and practice games, visit ...
Solution

English

Hindi

I am

Maiṁ hooṁ

He is

Vaha hai

They are

Yē / vē haiṁ

To view this with Audio and practice g...
Examples

English

Hindi

I am Mark

Maiṁ Mārk hooṁ

She is Lisa

Vaha Lisā hai

He is John

Vaha John hai

They are Ameri...
Lesson objects

1

Basic pronouns
2 'to-be' verb

3 Basic sentences Basic sentences

To view this with Audio and practice ...
Basic sentences

I am an Indian

To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
Solution

I

am

an

Indian

Maiṁ

hooṁ

ēk

Bhāratīya

To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley...
Grammar tip

'an Indian'= 'one Indian'
Hence, it is translated as 'Ēk'
'Ēk' literally means 'one'...

To view this with Au...
Grammar tip

‘An Indian’= 'Ēk Bhāratīya'
Ēk takes up the form of an adjective here
describing the noun Bhāratīya (Indian)
...
Grammar tip

Ēk takes up the form of an adjective​
in 'Ēk Bhāratīya'
In Hindi adjectives always come before the
word they ...
Solution

I am an Indian

Maiṁ ēk Bhāratīya hooṁ

Sentence structure
Subject | adjective | object | 'to-be' verb
To view t...
So remember!

I am an Indian = Maiṁ ēk Bhāratīya hooṁ
Just like English, adjective come before the noun
they describe

To ...
Basic sentences

She is a girl

To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
Basic sentences

She
Vaha

is
hai

a
ēk

girl
laḍkī

To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.co...
Basic sentences

She is a girl

Vaha ēk laḍkī hai

Sentence structure
Subject | adjective | (object) | 'to-be' verb
To vie...
Basic sentences

You are a boy

To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
Basic sentences

You
Āp

are
haiṁ

a
ēk

boy
laḍkē

To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com...
Basic sentences

You are a boy

Āp ēk laḍkē haiṁ

Sentence structure
Subject | adjective | (object) | 'to-be' verb
To view...
Did you notice?

We are using laḍkē (plural) and not laḍkā
(singular) as we are addressing
the person as Āp
This is used a...
Use of Plural Forms - Showing Respect
You will notice, that in Hindi, the sentences where
you have to give respect to the ...
Revision: 'to-be' verb

English

Hindi

I am

Maiṁ hooṁ

You are

Āp haiṁ

She is

Vaha hai

They are

Yē / vē haiṁ

To vi...
Revision: Examples

English

Hindi

I am Mark

Maiṁ Mārk hooṁ

She is Lisa

Vaha Lisā hai

He is John

Vaha John hai

They...
Revision

English

Hindi

I

Maiṁ

You

Āp

We

Hum

He

Vaha

She

Vaha

They

Yē / vē

To view this with Audio and pract...
Revision

English

Hindi

I am

Maiṁ hooṁ

He is

Vaha hai

They are

Yē / vē haiṁ

To view this with Audio and practice g...
Revision

English

Hindi

I am an Indian

Maiṁ ēk Bhāratīya hooṁ

She is a girl

Vaha ēk laḍkī hai

You are a boy

Āp ēk l...
Culture leaf

To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
Culture leaf : Holidays in India
India, being a culturally diverse and zealous society,
celebrates various holidays
There ...
Culture leaf
The Kumbh Mela (or Grand Pitcher
Festival) is a huge Hindu religious festival
It takes place in India every 1...
What’s next?

In the next lesson we will learn basic
expressions, such as greetings ​
​
and
goodbyes!

To view this with A...
Credits
Content
CultureAlley

Culture leaf
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Public_holidays_in_India
Images
http://commons.wik...
Dhan'yavād!
See you at the Alley!
To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
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Basic Hindi | Lesson 2 | Basic pronouns

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Basic Hindi | Lesson 2 | Basic pronouns

  1. 1. Related Searches: ? Language Courses Free Language Courses Learning A New Language How To Learn Spanish Foreign Language Programs Language Study To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  2. 2. Namastē! Lesson 2 | Basic Hindi To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  3. 3. Lesson object 1 Basic pronouns 2 'to-be' verb 3 Basic sentences To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  4. 4. Revision English Hindi Hello Namastē Who are you? Āp kaun haiṁ? Lisa eats apples Lisā sēb khātī hai I am Lisa Maiṁ Lisā hooṁ I am British Maiṁ Briṭiśha hooṁ I am pretty Maiṁ sundar hooṁ Lisa eats oranges Lisā santarē khātī hai I am Indian Maiṁ Bhāratīya hooṁ To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  5. 5. Lesson objects 1 Basic pronouns 2 ''to-be' verb 3 Basic sentences To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  6. 6. Basic pronouns I Maiṁ To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  7. 7. Basic pronouns You Āp To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  8. 8. Culturally speaking : Forms of you In India, there are various forms of 'You' which are usually used to differentiate between formal and informal settings However, we would stick to the more common (and formal) form : Āp To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  9. 9. Pronouncing Āp You (Āp) stresses on the first ā only The pronunciation follows the same pattern as in 'harp' ​ Phonetically, we would write harp as hārp To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  10. 10. Basic pronouns We Hum To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  11. 11. Basic pronouns He Vaha Vaha is pronounced as v +|unstressed a|+ h +|unstressed a To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  12. 12. Basic pronouns She Vaha Vaha is pronounced as v +|unstressed a|+ h +|unstressed a To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  13. 13. Basic Pronouns Vaha can be used for both 'he' and 'she' - it is neutral gender To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  14. 14. Basic pronouns They Yē / vē To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  15. 15. Basic Pronouns We use Yē for people in close proximity and Vē for people who are not in close proximity To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  16. 16. Basic pronouns English Hindi I Maiṁ You Āp We Hum He Vaha She Vaha They Yē / vē To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  17. 17. Lets see if you remember… To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  18. 18. Exercise : Pick the right option 'We' translates to ___ 1 2 3 Āp Hum Vaha To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  19. 19. Solution 'We' translates to ___ 1 2 3 Āp Hum Vaha To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  20. 20. Recall what the other options translate as! English Hindi You Āp He/she Vaha To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  21. 21. Lesson object 1 Basic pronouns 2 'to-be' verb 3 Basic sentences To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  22. 22. Grammar tip Just like English, the 'to-be' verb (am, is, are) takes various forms in Hindi The form it takes depends on the subject (1st / 2nd / 3rd person) and whether the subject is singular/plural To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  23. 23. 'to-be' verb Am Hooṁ To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  24. 24. Pronouncing hooṁ The last ṁ in hooṁ is pronounced nasally and carries a slight 'n' sound to it like in 'angst' ṁ is like a short 'n' sound To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  25. 25. 'to-be' verb Are Haiṁ To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  26. 26. Pronouncing haiṁ The last ṁ in haiṁ is pronounced nasally and carries a slight 'n' sound to​ it like in 'angst' ṁ is like a short 'n' sound To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  27. 27. 'to-be' verb Is Hai To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  28. 28. 'to-be' verb English Hindi Am Hooṁ Are Haiṁ Is Hai To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  29. 29. 'to-be' verb English Hindi I am Maiṁ hooṁ You are Āp haiṁ She is Vaha hai They are Yē / vē haiṁ To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  30. 30. Try yourself Problem 1 : I am ​ Problem 2 : He is Problem 2 : They are To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  31. 31. Solution English Hindi I am Maiṁ hooṁ He is Vaha hai They are Yē / vē haiṁ To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  32. 32. Examples English Hindi I am Mark Maiṁ Mārk hooṁ She is Lisa Vaha Lisā hai He is John Vaha John hai They are Americans Yē Amērikans haiṁ To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  33. 33. Lesson objects 1 Basic pronouns 2 'to-be' verb 3 Basic sentences Basic sentences To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  34. 34. Basic sentences I am an Indian To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  35. 35. Solution I am an Indian Maiṁ hooṁ ēk Bhāratīya To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  36. 36. Grammar tip 'an Indian'= 'one Indian' Hence, it is translated as 'Ēk' 'Ēk' literally means 'one'... To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  37. 37. Grammar tip ‘An Indian’= 'Ēk Bhāratīya' Ēk takes up the form of an adjective here describing the noun Bhāratīya (Indian) To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  38. 38. Grammar tip Ēk takes up the form of an adjective​ in 'Ēk Bhāratīya' In Hindi adjectives always come before the word they describe To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  39. 39. Solution I am an Indian Maiṁ ēk Bhāratīya hooṁ Sentence structure Subject | adjective | object | 'to-be' verb To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  40. 40. So remember! I am an Indian = Maiṁ ēk Bhāratīya hooṁ Just like English, adjective come before the noun they describe To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  41. 41. Basic sentences She is a girl To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  42. 42. Basic sentences She Vaha is hai a ēk girl laḍkī To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  43. 43. Basic sentences She is a girl Vaha ēk laḍkī hai Sentence structure Subject | adjective | (object) | 'to-be' verb To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  44. 44. Basic sentences You are a boy To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  45. 45. Basic sentences You Āp are haiṁ a ēk boy laḍkē To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  46. 46. Basic sentences You are a boy Āp ēk laḍkē haiṁ Sentence structure Subject | adjective | (object) | 'to-be' verb To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  47. 47. Did you notice? We are using laḍkē (plural) and not laḍkā (singular) as we are addressing the person as Āp This is used as we are showing respect To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  48. 48. Use of Plural Forms - Showing Respect You will notice, that in Hindi, the sentences where you have to give respect to the person addressed, you use the plural forms of verbs and adjectives. Keep this in mind as we go forward. E.g You are a boy = Āp ēk laḍkē haiṁ (not Āp ēk laḍka hai) To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  49. 49. Revision: 'to-be' verb English Hindi I am Maiṁ hooṁ You are Āp haiṁ She is Vaha hai They are Yē / vē haiṁ To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  50. 50. Revision: Examples English Hindi I am Mark Maiṁ Mārk hooṁ She is Lisa Vaha Lisā hai He is John Vaha John hai They are Americans Yē Amērikans haiṁ To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  51. 51. Revision English Hindi I Maiṁ You Āp We Hum He Vaha She Vaha They Yē / vē To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  52. 52. Revision English Hindi I am Maiṁ hooṁ He is Vaha hai They are Yē / vē haiṁ To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  53. 53. Revision English Hindi I am an Indian Maiṁ ēk Bhāratīya hooṁ She is a girl Vaha ēk laḍkī hai You are a boy Āp ēk laḍkē haiṁ To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  54. 54. Culture leaf To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  55. 55. Culture leaf : Holidays in India India, being a culturally diverse and zealous society, celebrates various holidays There are three national holidays in India: Independence Day (India), Republic Day (India) and Gandhi Jayanti States and regions also have their own local festivals and holidays To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  56. 56. Culture leaf The Kumbh Mela (or Grand Pitcher Festival) is a huge Hindu religious festival It takes place in India every 12 years In 2001, 60 million people attended the Kumbh Mela, breaking the record for the world’s biggest gathering To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  57. 57. What’s next? In the next lesson we will learn basic expressions, such as greetings ​ ​ and goodbyes! To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  58. 58. Credits Content CultureAlley Culture leaf http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Public_holidays_in_India Images http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki User:Yosarian To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  59. 59. Dhan'yavād! See you at the Alley! To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
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