Basic Hindi | Lesson 1 | Introductions & Hello and Goodbye

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Basic Hindi | Lesson 1 | Introductions & Hello and Goodbye

  1. 1. To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  2. 2. Namastē! Lesson 1 | Basic Hindi To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  3. 3. Lesson objects 1 Introduction 2 Hello and Goodbye 3 Basic question and sentence structure To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  4. 4. Lesson objects 1 Introduction 2 Hello and Goodbye 3 Basic question and sentence structure To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  5. 5. Introduction The language हं– An official language ​ India द of One of the most widely spoken languages : ~500 Mil speakers WW ​ Significant communities in US, UK, Canada, Nepal, South Africa To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  6. 6. Introduction हं/ Hindi द Member of Indo-Euro ​ language family Vocabulary evolved from Sanskrit Alphabet scheme - Devanagari To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  7. 7. lesson object 1 Introduction 2 Hello and Goodbye 3 Basic question and sentence structure To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  8. 8. Greetings : Hello! Hello Namastē To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  9. 9. Greetings There are generally no time elemental greetings in Hindi such as good morning, good afternoon, etc… Namastē is the most universal greeting It is said with hands folded and a small gesture of bowing Namastē literally means 'I bow to you' To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  10. 10. Greetings It is customary to touch the feet of elders Namaskār is the more formal​ form of Namastē To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  11. 11. Pronunciation Tip Did you notice the 'ā' in Namaskār The sound of ā is 'aa' like in father The same goes for 'ē' in Namastē The sound is like 'e' in eight To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  12. 12. Common Gestures The infamous Indian head bobble Indians are often seen performing a cryptic 'head bobble' indicating a 'YES' or 'OK' if moved up and down and 'NO' if moved from side to side! To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  13. 13. Norms in India To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  14. 14. Culturally Speaking – Showing respect jī (जी) may be added to the words 'yes' and 'no' to give it a more polite tone Jī may also be added to a person's name as a sign of respect -to relations like 'grandfather (dādā jī) -to people’s names/ surname to show respect *Eg: In India, Mahatma Gandhi is known simply as Gandhijī (गां धीजी) To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  15. 15. Culturally Speaking – Comfort zone In India, even shaking hands with a member of the opposite sex is not very common in smaller towns and villages Casual hugging and kissing on the cheek may also be considered inappropriate - although these are slowly becoming common in the larger towns or metros To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  16. 16. Goodbye Goodbye Namastē In Hindi, the salutation for hello and goodbye remains 'namastē' itself To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  17. 17. Culturally Speaking - Showing respect Older people or authority figures (bosses, Govt. officers etc.) are generally addressed with 'Sir' or 'Ma’am' after their names To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  18. 18. Lesson objects 1 Introduction to India and cultural norms 2 Hello and Goodbye 3 Basic question and sentence structure To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  19. 19. Basic question structure Who are you? To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  20. 20. Common Interrogations Who Kaun are haiṁ you āp You = āp is usually used when addressing someone formally We will stick to the formal forms for the introductory lessons To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  21. 21. Grammar Tip In English, we usually have the interrogation at the beginning of the sentence This is not the case in Hindi​ The interrogation follows the subject for 'Wh' type of questions To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  22. 22. Basic question structure Who are you? Āp kaun haiṁ? 'Wh' Question Structure Subject | Interrogation |'to-be' verb To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  23. 23. Pronouncing ‘Āp’ You (Āp) stresses on the first ā The pronunciation follows the same pattern​ in ‘harp’ as Phonetically, we would write harp as hārp To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  24. 24. Pronouncing haiṁ The last ṁ in haiṁ is pronounced nasally and carries a slight 'n' sound to it like in 'angst' To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  25. 25. So, remember! The order for Hindi is Subject | Interrogation |'to-be' verb This is the format in case of ​ 'What / How' questions To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  26. 26. Sentence Structure Moving on, let’s look at the basic sentence structure in Hindi! To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  27. 27. Sentence Structure Lisa eats Apples Lisa = subject Eats = verb Apples = object English sentence structure Subject | Verb | Object To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  28. 28. Hindi sentence structure Lisa Lisā eats khātī hai apple sēb To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  29. 29. Hindi sentence structure Lisa eats apples Lisā sēb khātī hai Here, sentence structure becomes subject | object | verb + 'to-be' verb (SOV) It becomes khātī, as Lisa is a female We shall discuss verbs, and gender later To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  30. 30. Hindi sentence structure In some sentences, there are no ‘objects’ Eg : ‘I am Lisa’ has no direct object For the sake of simplicity, we assume Lisa to be the object of the sentence To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  31. 31. Basic sentence structure I am Lisa To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  32. 32. Basic sentence structure I Maiṁ am hooṁ lisa Lisā To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  33. 33. Hindi sentence structure I = Maiṁ = Subject Lisa = Lisā = (Object) Am = Hooṁ = 'to-be' verb Remember, Hindi sentence structure: Subject | Object | 'to-be' verb To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  34. 34. Basic sentence structure I am Lisa Maiṁ Lisā hooṁ Sentence structure Subject | (object) | 'to-be' verb To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  35. 35. Remember! Sentence structure Subject | (object*) | 'to-be' verb *An assumed object will always To view this with Audio ande put in brackets b practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi ​
  36. 36. Examples English Hindi I am British Maiṁ Briṭiśha hooṁ I am pretty Maiṁ sundar hooṁ To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  37. 37. Try yourself Problem 1 : ​ Who are you? (hint : who = kaun) Problem 2 : I am Lisa (hint : am = hooṁ) To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  38. 38. Solution : Sentence Structure English Hindi Who are you? Āp kaun haiṁ? I am Lisa Maiṁ Lisā hooṁ To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  39. 39. Try yourself Problem 1 : Lisa ​ eats oranges (hint : Oranges = Santarē) Problem 2 : I am Indian (hint : Indian = Bhāratīya) To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  40. 40. Solution – Problem 1 Lisa Lisā eats khātī hai oranges santarē To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  41. 41. Solution – Problem 1 Lisa eats oranges Lisā santarē khātī hai Sentence structure Subject | object | verb | 'to-be' verb To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  42. 42. Solution – Problem 2 I Maiṁ am hooṁ Indian Bhāratīya To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  43. 43. Solution I am Indian Maiṁ Bhāratīya hooṁ Sentence structure Subject | (object) | 'to-be' verb To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  44. 44. Revision English Hindi Hello Namastē Who are you? Āp kaun haiṁ? Lisa eats apples Lisā sēb khātī hai I am Lisa Maiṁ Lisā hooṁ I am British Maiṁ Briṭiśha hooṁ I am pretty Maiṁ sundar hooṁ Lisa eats oranges Lisā santarē khātī hai I am Indian Maiṁ Bhāratīya hooṁ To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  45. 45. Culture Leaf To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  46. 46. Culture Leaf A culture leaf each lesson gives you a taste of the peculiarities, eccentricities and traditions that are the bearers of Indian culture We hope that you blend in their environment and soak in all their goodness! Happy learning! To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  47. 47. Culture Leaf The world's first University was established in India The University was established in 700 B.C. at ​ the place of Taxila To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  48. 48. What’s Next? In the next lesson, we will learn basic pronouns, the ‘to-be’ verb and use them in sentences! To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  49. 49. Credits Content : CultureAlley Culture Leaf http://tinyurl.com/2qusr7 Images http://tinyurl.com/n9brl76 To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi
  50. 50. Dhan'yavād! See you at the Alley! To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Hindi

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