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2011 One-Man Band Reporting
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2011 One-Man Band Reporting

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2011 presentation for college journalists about workflows to make one-man band reporting easier. Discusses multimedia storytelling, multitasking on assignment, video, audio, photography, writing for ...

2011 presentation for college journalists about workflows to make one-man band reporting easier. Discusses multimedia storytelling, multitasking on assignment, video, audio, photography, writing for the web, SEO and social media.

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  • Intro: Who am I, what have I done and what do I do? Who are you? How many are “photographers”? How many are “reporters”? How many don’t know what you are? 
  • The definition of one-man band reporting varies from company to company and job to job.
  • TWO MOST IMPORTANT SKILLS These are the basis for everything we do regardless of platform
  • - I also expect one-man bands to understand libel and copyright laws.
  • IMAGE COMPOSITION Know the rule of thirds Know basic lighting principles No backlighting Good use of available light Good use of sunlight Basic Photoshop: It’s not a must have, but a good to have
  • One-man band reporting is about time and task management. How many of you consider yourselves organized? What are your organization methods? (e.g., to-do lists, calendars, checklists, systems?) I’m going to give you my process: Four questions.
  • You may or may not have the opportunity to choose your own equipment. How many of you are shopping for gear now?
  • The decision depends on your primary focus and your budget. Canon Vixia HF M32 is a prosumer video camera with still capability, and it runs around $600
  • DIFFERENT DEADLINES:- Know how to prioritize for multiple platforms.
  • Try not to switch back and forth between tasks Focus the bulk of your time on your main element
  • DIFFERENT DEADLINES:- Know how to prioritize for multiple platforms.
  • What equipment would you take to this assignment? What’s the first thing you would do after arriving on scene? What’s the second thing you would do? What’s the first thing you would edit? Say a protest breaks out at the courthouse and police begin arresting people. What piece of equipment do you pick up first?
  • What equipment would you take to this assignment? What’s the first thing you would do after arriving on scene? What’s the second thing you would do? … What’s the first thing you would edit? Say a protest breaks out at the courthouse and police begin arresting people. What piece of equipment do you pick up first?
  • Darren Durlach, WBFF Baltimore Facts and emotion Good writing and good shooting Listening and looking What other elements might he have to collect as a one-man band?

Transcript

  • 1. J U G G L I N G E Q U I P M E N T , T I M E A N D T A S K S One-Man Band Reporting
  • 2. What is One-Man Band Reporting?  At a TV Station  Shooting  Writing  Editing  Stand-Ups  At a Newspaper  Writing  Photography
  • 3. What is One-Man Band Reporting?  Online  Writing  Editing  Photography  Video  Social Media  Graphics
  • 4. What is One-Man Band Reporting? Or all of the above!
  • 5. All One-Man Bands Need: THE TWO MOST IMPORTANT JOURNALISM SKILLS!  Writing  Image Composition
  • 6. Basic Writing Skills • “TV style” • Typically progressive tense • Written to be heard • Images/sound set the scene • “Newspaper style” • Typically past tense • Written to be read • Writer describes scene • Varying styles • Written to be found: • SEO, Keywords, Geo-tags PRINT WRITING A-V WRITING ONLINE WRITING • AP Style • Grammar • Spelling • Timecode
  • 7. Basic Photography Skills  Image Composition  Rule of Thirds  Basic Lighting  Basic Photoshop
  • 8. Universal One-Man Band Dilemma: What is my process?  What do I do first?  What do I do next?
  • 9. The One-Man Band Process Question 1: What story elements do I need to have at the end of the day?  Make a checklist! Written Article Photos Video Package Facebook and Twitter Updates
  • 10. The One-Man Band Process Question 2: Where will the story elements be displayed?  In Print:  1A? 2B? Special section?  Online:  Homepage or link?  On-Air:  Lead story or b-block segment?
  • 11. The One-Man Band Process Question 3: How long should each element be?  Written: Is it a short post or an investigative article?  Photos: 1-2 accompanying photos or a full gallery?  Video: Is this a VO-SOT or a full package?
  • 12. The One-Man Band Process Question 4: What supporting elements am I responsible for?  Social media updates?  Graphics?  Blogs?  User-generated submissions?
  • 13. Pre-Reporting Process  List story elements needed in order of priority  Take only the equipment you need  Choose equipment that serves multiple purposes
  • 14. Equipment  What to look for in a camera? o Still Camera with video capability? o Video camera with still capability? o External microphone jack o Tripod mount
  • 15. Equipment  What can your smartphone do? o Camera+ o Autostitch o iPhone 4s Upgrade
  • 16. Equipment  What other equipment should you consider? o Tripod o Wireless microphone o Basic lighting kit o External hard drive o Thumb drives
  • 17. Reporting Process  Keep Deadlines in Mind! Mobile = Immediately Web = As soon as possible Broadcast = Show Time Slot (5:00, 6:00, 11:00, etc.) Print = Press Time (Daily, weekly, monthly, etc.)
  • 18. Reporting Process  Get your LEAST important elements done first. o Example: If you just need 1-2 photos, but video is your main story element, shoot your photos first and then focus 100% on your video. o Exceptions: In breaking news or situations where the primary action is happening quickly and infrequently, collect your main element first.
  • 19. Reporting Process  Use your tools: o Can your video camera be your audio recorder? o Can you take pictures of rosters or notes? o Get creative!
  • 20. Reporting Process  Before you leave, review your checklist: o Did you forget anything?
  • 21. Post-Production Process  Edit in order of deadline! Mobile = Immediately Web = As soon as possible Broadcast = Show Time Slot (5:00, 6:00, 11:00, etc.) Print = Press Time (Daily, weekly, monthly, etc.) Learn to do a quick edit followed by a quality edit. (NOTE: “Quick” should not mean “inaccurate”!)
  • 22. Assignment! You’re a one-man band journalist for a local online news website in Clearwater, Florida. Today, at the Pinellas County Courthouse in downtown Clearwater, jurors are being selected for the high profile Casey Anthony trial, which is scheduled to begin next month in Orlando. We’d like social media updates throughout the day as well as a written report with a few accompanying photos. However, the main story element will be a video package. 1. What major story elements do you need to have at the end of the day? 2. Where will each element be displayed? 3. How long should each story element be? 4. What additional components are your responsible for?
  • 23. Assignment! You’re a one-man band journalist working for a television station in Baltimore, Maryland. The TV station broadcasts at 5:00 p.m., 6:30 p.m. and 11:00 p.m. every weekday, and they also update a website throughout the day. On your to way work at 4:00 p.m. you spot a plume of smoke rising from a cluster of buildings about a mile from downtown. You rush to the scene and find five fire engines lined up battling a blaze that appears to engulf an apartment complex. Spectators are gathering to watch, and you hear someone say that a lady is still stuck in the building. 1. What story elements do you need to collect in order of priority? 2. Where do you think each element might be displayed? 3. How long should each story element be? 4. What additional components should you collect?
  • 24. C’Mon Son
  • 25. Questions
  • 26. Instructor Crystal L. Lauderdale crystal@crystallauderdale.com