View stunning SlideShares in full-screen with the new iOS app!Introducing SlideShare for AndroidExplore all your favorite topics in the SlideShare appGet the SlideShare app to Save for Later — even offline
View stunning SlideShares in full-screen with the new Android app!View stunning SlideShares in full-screen with the new iOS app!
Because Vitamin A deficiency, which leads to blindness, is such a vital problem in developing countries, often causing fatal diseases, scientists aimed to develop a GM crop that produced beta carotene (a Vitamin A precursor) (Beyer).
Four steps to ensure the success of this endeavor include (Beyer)…
Research to comprehend the regulation of beta-carotene production in rice.
Introducing this method to rice farmers and the varieties of rice.
Test the nutrition and safety of the method.
Introduce into industries to fight Vitamin A deficiency.
To produce this GM crop of rice, scientists first isolated the genetic coding for beta carotene synthesis pathways. Second, the rice was transformed with the genes to create ‘building blocks for beta-carotene.’ Finally, the transformed rice plants are analyzed to check the quality of the beta-carotene that is produced (Beyer).
The final grains are yellow, therefore they are called ‘Golden Rice.’
Because when herbicides are sprayed on fields, they cannot distinguish from crops and weeds, scientists have developed GM crops that are resistant to non-selective herbicides (Herbicide Resistant Crops).
The most common forms of herbicide resistant crops are soybean, maize, rapeseed, and cotton (Herbicide Resistant Crops).
These crops have been modified to contain a gene resistant to herbicides (Herbicide Resistant Crops).
They can deactivate the active ingredient, making it easier for farmers to control weeds.