The Politics & Morality of Slavery American Dreams Teacher Institute Dr. David Brodnax, Sr.
Slave population in 1860 <ul><li>4 million slaves in the United States </li></ul><ul><li>Quintupled since 1790 </li></ul><...
Slave population, 1820 & 1860 <ul><li>1820 1860 </li></ul><ul><li>United States 1,538,125 3,953,760 </li></ul><ul><li>Nort...
Slave concentration, 1820
Slave concentration, 1860
Working cotton
Working cotton
Working cotton
Working cotton
Working cotton
Working cotton
Working cotton
Working corn
Working corn
Working rice
Working rice
Working rice
Fishing
Fishing
Fishing
Herding cattle
Domestic servants
Domestic servants
Domestic servants
Domestic servants
Domestic servants
Artisans/Craftsmen
Cities with large slave populations <ul><li>Baltimore </li></ul><ul><li>New Orleans </li></ul><ul><li>Atlanta </li></ul><u...
Urban slavery
Urban slavery
Urban slavery
Urban slavery
Urban slavery
Making turpentine
Cutting timber
Slave family
Slave wedding
Slave row
Slave row
Slave row
Slave clothing
Keeping a garden & chickens
Br’er Rabbit
Social life
Social life
Social life
Social life
Social life
Social life
The “Invisible Institution”
Ring shout
Slave funeral
Slave funeral
Types of slave resistance <ul><li>Large-scale resistance </li></ul><ul><li>Small-scale resistance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ru...
Runaway slave
Seminole Country
Great Dismal Swamp
Great Dismal Swamp
Haitian Revolution (1791-1804)
Haitian Revolution (1791-1804)
Haitian Revolution (1791-1804)
Gabriel’s Conspiracy:  Richmond, VA (1800)
German Coast Rebellion: New Orleans area (1811)
Denmark Vesey Conspiracy: Charleston, SC (1822)
Nat Turner Rebellion:  Southampton County, VA (1831)
Nat Turner Rebellion:  Southampton County, VA (1831)
Nat Turner Rebellion:  Southampton County, VA (1831)
Nat Turner Rebellion:  Southampton County, VA (1831)
Southampton County, VA
Brodnax, VA
William Seward:  “Irrepressible Conflict”
Abolitionist movement
Emancipation dates <ul><li>Haiti 1793 </li></ul><ul><li>Dominican Republic 1822 </li></ul><ul><li>Chile 1823 </li></ul><ul...
Frederick Douglass & William Lloyd Garrison
Douglass & Garrison
Abolitionist movement
Abolitionist movement
Elijah Lovejoy’s murder in Alton (1837)
Free Soil Doctrine
“ Necessary evil”
“ Positive good”
Proslavery Doctrine <ul><li>Religious Argument </li></ul><ul><li>Economic Argument </li></ul><ul><li>Comparative Argument ...
Proslavery Doctrine <ul><li>Religious Argument </li></ul><ul><li>Economic Argument </li></ul><ul><li>Comparative Argument ...
Proslavery Doctrine <ul><li>Religious Argument </li></ul><ul><li>Economic Argument </li></ul><ul><li>Comparative Argument ...
Proslavery cartoon (1841)
Proslavery cartoon (1851)
Proslavery Doctrine <ul><li>Religious Argument </li></ul><ul><li>Economic Argument </li></ul><ul><li>Comparative Argument ...
Proslavery Doctrine <ul><li>Religious Argument </li></ul><ul><li>Economic Argument </li></ul><ul><li>Comparative Argument ...
Missouri Compromise (1820)
Compromise of 1850
Uncle Tom’s Cabin  by  Harriet Beecher Stowe (1852)
Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854
Antislavery broadside
Bleeding Kansas
Bleeding Kansas
Bleeding Kansas
Bleeding Kansas
Preston Brooks’ assault on  Charles Sumner (1856)
Dred Scott  decision (1857)
John Brown’s raid on  Harper’s Ferry (1859)
John Brown’s raid on  Harper’s Ferry (1859)
John Brown’s raid on  Harper’s Ferry (1859)
John Brown’s raid on  Harper’s Ferry (1859)
John Brown
John Brown
John Brown
The war begins (April 1861)
“ General Strike”
“ General Strike”
“ General Strike”
“ General Strike”
“ General Strike”
“ General Strike”
“ General Strike”
Union laborers
Union laborers
Emancipation Proclamation (1863)
Emancipation Proclamation (1863)
Emancipation Proclamation (1863)
Emancipation Proclamation (1863)
U.S. Colored Troops
Private Charles Griffin, 29 th  U.S.C.I.
African American visions of freedom <ul><li>(1) family </li></ul><ul><li>(2) land </li></ul><ul><li>(3) safety </li></ul><...
Family
Family
Family
Family
Land
Safety
Voting rights
Education
Churches
Churches
Education
Education
Freedman’s Bureau
President Andrew Johnson
14 th  Amendment (1868)
Black Congressmen
Ku Klux Klan (1866)
Ku Klux Klan
Ku Klux Klan
Ku Klux Klan
Redemption
“ Birth of a Nation” (1915) <ul><li>http://video.google.com/videoplay?docid=6688165513470959198&q=birth+of+a+nation </li><...
“ Birth of a Nation” (1915)
The “Lost Cause” Ideology
War of Northern Aggression
Lee’s tomb
Robert E. Lee
Robert E. Lee
Stonewall Jackson
Stonewall Jackson
General James Longstreet
Racial stereotypes: Mammy
Racial stereotypes: Jezebel
Racial stereotypes: Uncle Tom
Racial stereotypes: Uncle Tom
Racial stereotypes: Sambo
Racial stereotypes: Pickaninny
Racial stereotypes: Pickaninny
Racial stereotypes: Brute
Racial stereotypes: Brute
William A. Dunning of Columbia
“ Waving the bloody shirt”
Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes
50 th  Anniversary of Gettysburg
50 th  Anniversary of Gettysburg
Stone Mountain, GA
Stone Mountain, GA
Robert E. Lee memorial
Stonewall Jackson memorial
Stonewall Jackson memorial
Jefferson Davis memorial
“ Faithful Slave” memorial
“ Gone with the Wind” (1939)
 
 
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Brodnax 2

  1. 1. The Politics & Morality of Slavery American Dreams Teacher Institute Dr. David Brodnax, Sr.
  2. 2. Slave population in 1860 <ul><li>4 million slaves in the United States </li></ul><ul><li>Quintupled since 1790 </li></ul><ul><li>25% of white southerners owned slaves </li></ul><ul><li>1% of slaveholders owned more than 50 </li></ul><ul><li>Male field hand cost $1,200 ($21,000 today) </li></ul>
  3. 3. Slave population, 1820 & 1860 <ul><li>1820 1860 </li></ul><ul><li>United States 1,538,125 3,953,760 </li></ul><ul><li>North 19,108 64 </li></ul><ul><li>South 1,519,017 3,953,696 </li></ul><ul><li>Upper South 965,514 1,530,229 </li></ul><ul><li>Delaware 4,509 1,798 </li></ul><ul><li>Kentucky 127,732 225,483 </li></ul><ul><li>Maryland 107,397 87,189 </li></ul><ul><li>Missouri 10,222 114,931 </li></ul><ul><li>North Carolina 205,017 331,059 </li></ul><ul><li>Tennessee 80,107 275,719 </li></ul><ul><li>Virginia 425,153 490,865 </li></ul><ul><li>Washington D.C. 6,377 3,185 </li></ul><ul><li>Lower South 533,503 2,423,467 </li></ul><ul><li>Alabama 41,879 435,080 </li></ul><ul><li>Arkansas 1,617 111,115 </li></ul><ul><li>Florida 61,745 </li></ul><ul><li>Georgia 149,654 462,198 </li></ul><ul><li>Louisiana 69,064 331,726 </li></ul><ul><li>Mississippi 32,814 436,631 </li></ul><ul><li>South Carolina 258,475 402,406 </li></ul><ul><li>Texas 182,566 </li></ul>
  4. 4. Slave concentration, 1820
  5. 5. Slave concentration, 1860
  6. 6. Working cotton
  7. 7. Working cotton
  8. 8. Working cotton
  9. 9. Working cotton
  10. 10. Working cotton
  11. 11. Working cotton
  12. 12. Working cotton
  13. 13. Working corn
  14. 14. Working corn
  15. 15. Working rice
  16. 16. Working rice
  17. 17. Working rice
  18. 18. Fishing
  19. 19. Fishing
  20. 20. Fishing
  21. 21. Herding cattle
  22. 22. Domestic servants
  23. 23. Domestic servants
  24. 24. Domestic servants
  25. 25. Domestic servants
  26. 26. Domestic servants
  27. 27. Artisans/Craftsmen
  28. 28. Cities with large slave populations <ul><li>Baltimore </li></ul><ul><li>New Orleans </li></ul><ul><li>Atlanta </li></ul><ul><li>Richmond </li></ul><ul><li>Washington D.C. </li></ul><ul><li>Charleston </li></ul><ul><li>Memphis </li></ul><ul><li>Louisville </li></ul>
  29. 29. Urban slavery
  30. 30. Urban slavery
  31. 31. Urban slavery
  32. 32. Urban slavery
  33. 33. Urban slavery
  34. 34. Making turpentine
  35. 35. Cutting timber
  36. 36. Slave family
  37. 37. Slave wedding
  38. 38. Slave row
  39. 39. Slave row
  40. 40. Slave row
  41. 41. Slave clothing
  42. 42. Keeping a garden & chickens
  43. 43. Br’er Rabbit
  44. 44. Social life
  45. 45. Social life
  46. 46. Social life
  47. 47. Social life
  48. 48. Social life
  49. 49. Social life
  50. 50. The “Invisible Institution”
  51. 51. Ring shout
  52. 52. Slave funeral
  53. 53. Slave funeral
  54. 54. Types of slave resistance <ul><li>Large-scale resistance </li></ul><ul><li>Small-scale resistance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Running away </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Permanent </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Temporary </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Marronage </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Resisting while remaining a slave </li></ul></ul>
  55. 55. Runaway slave
  56. 56. Seminole Country
  57. 57. Great Dismal Swamp
  58. 58. Great Dismal Swamp
  59. 59. Haitian Revolution (1791-1804)
  60. 60. Haitian Revolution (1791-1804)
  61. 61. Haitian Revolution (1791-1804)
  62. 62. Gabriel’s Conspiracy: Richmond, VA (1800)
  63. 63. German Coast Rebellion: New Orleans area (1811)
  64. 64. Denmark Vesey Conspiracy: Charleston, SC (1822)
  65. 65. Nat Turner Rebellion: Southampton County, VA (1831)
  66. 66. Nat Turner Rebellion: Southampton County, VA (1831)
  67. 67. Nat Turner Rebellion: Southampton County, VA (1831)
  68. 68. Nat Turner Rebellion: Southampton County, VA (1831)
  69. 69. Southampton County, VA
  70. 70. Brodnax, VA
  71. 71. William Seward: “Irrepressible Conflict”
  72. 72. Abolitionist movement
  73. 73. Emancipation dates <ul><li>Haiti 1793 </li></ul><ul><li>Dominican Republic 1822 </li></ul><ul><li>Chile 1823 </li></ul><ul><li>Costa Rica/El Salvador/Guatemala/ 1824 </li></ul><ul><li>Honduras/Nicaragua </li></ul><ul><li>Mexico 1829 </li></ul><ul><li>Bolivia 1831 </li></ul><ul><li>British West Indies 1838 (1834) </li></ul><ul><li>Uruguay 1846 (1830) </li></ul><ul><li>French West Indies 1848 </li></ul><ul><li>Danish West Indies 1848 </li></ul><ul><li>Colombia/Ecuador/Peru/ 1854 (1821) </li></ul><ul><li>Panama/Venezuela </li></ul><ul><li>Argentina 1861 (1813) </li></ul><ul><li>Paraguay 1862 (1842) </li></ul><ul><li>Netherlands Antilles/Suriname 1863 </li></ul><ul><li>United States 1865 </li></ul><ul><li>Puerto Rico 1873 </li></ul><ul><li>Cuba 1886 (1880) </li></ul><ul><li>Brasil 1888 (1871) </li></ul>
  74. 74. Frederick Douglass & William Lloyd Garrison
  75. 75. Douglass & Garrison
  76. 76. Abolitionist movement
  77. 77. Abolitionist movement
  78. 78. Elijah Lovejoy’s murder in Alton (1837)
  79. 79. Free Soil Doctrine
  80. 80. “ Necessary evil”
  81. 81. “ Positive good”
  82. 82. Proslavery Doctrine <ul><li>Religious Argument </li></ul><ul><li>Economic Argument </li></ul><ul><li>Comparative Argument </li></ul><ul><li>Humanitarian Argument </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific Argument </li></ul>
  83. 83. Proslavery Doctrine <ul><li>Religious Argument </li></ul><ul><li>Economic Argument </li></ul><ul><li>Comparative Argument </li></ul><ul><li>Humanitarian Argument </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific Argument </li></ul>
  84. 84. Proslavery Doctrine <ul><li>Religious Argument </li></ul><ul><li>Economic Argument </li></ul><ul><li>Comparative Argument </li></ul><ul><li>Humanitarian Argument </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific Argument </li></ul>
  85. 85. Proslavery cartoon (1841)
  86. 86. Proslavery cartoon (1851)
  87. 87. Proslavery Doctrine <ul><li>Religious Argument </li></ul><ul><li>Economic Argument </li></ul><ul><li>Comparative Argument </li></ul><ul><li>Humanitarian Argument </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific Argument </li></ul>
  88. 88. Proslavery Doctrine <ul><li>Religious Argument </li></ul><ul><li>Economic Argument </li></ul><ul><li>Comparative Argument </li></ul><ul><li>Humanitarian Argument </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific Argument </li></ul>
  89. 89. Missouri Compromise (1820)
  90. 90. Compromise of 1850
  91. 91. Uncle Tom’s Cabin by Harriet Beecher Stowe (1852)
  92. 92. Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854
  93. 93. Antislavery broadside
  94. 94. Bleeding Kansas
  95. 95. Bleeding Kansas
  96. 96. Bleeding Kansas
  97. 97. Bleeding Kansas
  98. 98. Preston Brooks’ assault on Charles Sumner (1856)
  99. 99. Dred Scott decision (1857)
  100. 100. John Brown’s raid on Harper’s Ferry (1859)
  101. 101. John Brown’s raid on Harper’s Ferry (1859)
  102. 102. John Brown’s raid on Harper’s Ferry (1859)
  103. 103. John Brown’s raid on Harper’s Ferry (1859)
  104. 104. John Brown
  105. 105. John Brown
  106. 106. John Brown
  107. 107. The war begins (April 1861)
  108. 108. “ General Strike”
  109. 109. “ General Strike”
  110. 110. “ General Strike”
  111. 111. “ General Strike”
  112. 112. “ General Strike”
  113. 113. “ General Strike”
  114. 114. “ General Strike”
  115. 115. Union laborers
  116. 116. Union laborers
  117. 117. Emancipation Proclamation (1863)
  118. 118. Emancipation Proclamation (1863)
  119. 119. Emancipation Proclamation (1863)
  120. 120. Emancipation Proclamation (1863)
  121. 121. U.S. Colored Troops
  122. 122. Private Charles Griffin, 29 th U.S.C.I.
  123. 123. African American visions of freedom <ul><li>(1) family </li></ul><ul><li>(2) land </li></ul><ul><li>(3) safety </li></ul><ul><li>(4) voting rights </li></ul><ul><li>(5) education </li></ul>
  124. 124. Family
  125. 125. Family
  126. 126. Family
  127. 127. Family
  128. 128. Land
  129. 129. Safety
  130. 130. Voting rights
  131. 131. Education
  132. 132. Churches
  133. 133. Churches
  134. 134. Education
  135. 135. Education
  136. 136. Freedman’s Bureau
  137. 137. President Andrew Johnson
  138. 138. 14 th Amendment (1868)
  139. 139. Black Congressmen
  140. 140. Ku Klux Klan (1866)
  141. 141. Ku Klux Klan
  142. 142. Ku Klux Klan
  143. 143. Ku Klux Klan
  144. 144. Redemption
  145. 145. “ Birth of a Nation” (1915) <ul><li>http://video.google.com/videoplay?docid=6688165513470959198&q=birth+of+a+nation </li></ul>
  146. 146. “ Birth of a Nation” (1915)
  147. 147. The “Lost Cause” Ideology
  148. 148. War of Northern Aggression
  149. 149. Lee’s tomb
  150. 150. Robert E. Lee
  151. 151. Robert E. Lee
  152. 152. Stonewall Jackson
  153. 153. Stonewall Jackson
  154. 154. General James Longstreet
  155. 155. Racial stereotypes: Mammy
  156. 156. Racial stereotypes: Jezebel
  157. 157. Racial stereotypes: Uncle Tom
  158. 158. Racial stereotypes: Uncle Tom
  159. 159. Racial stereotypes: Sambo
  160. 160. Racial stereotypes: Pickaninny
  161. 161. Racial stereotypes: Pickaninny
  162. 162. Racial stereotypes: Brute
  163. 163. Racial stereotypes: Brute
  164. 164. William A. Dunning of Columbia
  165. 165. “ Waving the bloody shirt”
  166. 166. Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes
  167. 167. 50 th Anniversary of Gettysburg
  168. 168. 50 th Anniversary of Gettysburg
  169. 169. Stone Mountain, GA
  170. 170. Stone Mountain, GA
  171. 171. Robert E. Lee memorial
  172. 172. Stonewall Jackson memorial
  173. 173. Stonewall Jackson memorial
  174. 174. Jefferson Davis memorial
  175. 175. “ Faithful Slave” memorial
  176. 176. “ Gone with the Wind” (1939)

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