Social Media and Scholarly Communication

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Presentation by Geoffrey Bilder at the ISMTE European Conference, October 2010

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  • I was puzzled by slides 118-122. Answer comes from a useful interview at http://blogs.wiley.com/publishingnews/2009/06/18/your-starter-for-ten/
    (search for 'key messages' to get to the interesting part)
    In each of the above sentences, you can see that there are several italicized words and, without too much thought, you can tell that in each case, the word has been italicized for a different reason. But a computer has no way of telling that the word “Nature” has been italicized because it is a the title of a journal whereas the word “zeitgeist” has been italicized because it is a foreign phrase and the word “sure” has been italicized to indicate voiced emphasis. The problem is that web pages are full of examples like this where important semantic information is usable for humans but not for computers. This is particularly true in online scholarly articles where researchers record the names of chemicals, compounds, processes, people, places, concepts, etc. in narrative form and thus, effectively make the content difficult for a computer to read and process.
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  • Quick pick best slides: 56 - how we select a book
    104-implications of where people's attention is
    107-academic translation 'see the realtime annotated bibliography of Dr. W...'
    131 'Help researchers use machines to discover what they should pay attention to'
    156-'The Early Modern Internet' :) Yes, it is!
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Social Media and Scholarly Communication

  1. 1. Social Media and Scholarly Communication ISMTE, 2010 Oct. 19th, 2010 Geo rey Bilder Oxford, UK Director of Strategic Initiatives Wednesday, 20 October 2010
  2. 2. Wednesday, 20 October 2010
  3. 3. • A framework for thinking about applying technology to scholarly communication. • A simplistic overview of two technology trends (Web 2.0, Web 3.0). • Guidelines of developing a culture and infrastructure that supports innovation. • Some historical context. Wednesday, 20 October 2010
  4. 4. A problem Wednesday, 20 October 2010
  5. 5. http://onion.com/dD593t Wednesday, 20 October 2010
  6. 6. Average Number of Article Readings per Year and Average Minutes per Reading by University Faculty in the US (percent change) 90 68 45 Readings Minutes per Reading 23 North 0 -23 -45 1977 1993 2000-2003 2004-2006 Carol Tenopir Wednesday, 20 October 2010
  7. 7. Researcher as “author” Wednesday, 20 October 2010
  8. 8. Researcher as “author” Wednesday, 20 October 2010
  9. 9. Researcher as “author” Researcher as “reader” Wednesday, 20 October 2010
  10. 10. Researcher as “author” Researcher as “reader” Wednesday, 20 October 2010
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  16. 16. • 64 million tweets per day. • 2.7 million tweets per hour. • 44,481 tweets per minute. • 741 tweets per second. http://royal.pingdom.com/2010/06/08/twitter-now-2-billion-tweets-per-month/ Wednesday, 20 October 2010
  17. 17. Wednesday, 20 October 2010
  18. 18. Help Researchers Practice “Reading Avoidance.” Wednesday, 20 October 2010
  19. 19. “Strategic Reading” http://dx.doi.org://10.1126/science.1157784 Wednesday, 20 October 2010
  20. 20. What have we done in the past to address this? Wednesday, 20 October 2010
  21. 21. Brand Wednesday, 20 October 2010
  22. 22. Brand Is it relevant? Is it good? Is it important? Wednesday, 20 October 2010
  23. 23. Wednesday, 20 October 2010
  24. 24. “Trust Me” Wednesday, 20 October 2010
  25. 25. Wednesday, 20 October 2010
  26. 26. Paratext Wednesday, 20 October 2010
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  32. 32. “The unusual colors are just wonderful books and as the name says, in very unsusual colors as books go. They will make a very eye catching focal point.” Wednesday, 20 October 2010
  33. 33. Brand Is it relevant? Is it good? Is it important? Wednesday, 20 October 2010
  34. 34. Brand Is it relevant? Is it good? Is it important? provenance infrastructure Wednesday, 20 October 2010
  35. 35. Brand Is it relevant? Is it good? Is it important? * What is it? * What has been done * Who do we * Where can to it? credit it to? I get it? * Who * What are * What refers provides their to it? stewardship credentials? of it? *What does it refer to? provenance infrastructure Wednesday, 20 October 2010
  36. 36. http://www.laspositascollege.edu/library/magazines_journals.php Wednesday, 20 October 2010
  37. 37. http://www.laspositascollege.edu/library/magazines_journals.php Wednesday, 20 October 2010
  38. 38. http://www.laspositascollege.edu/library/magazines_journals.php Wednesday, 20 October 2010
  39. 39. Let’s play a game... Wednesday, 20 October 2010
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  55. 55. Wednesday, 20 October 2010
  56. 56. Selecting A Book • title page • publisher’s “blurb” • contents page • preface • index • bibliography • leaf though the book Wednesday, 20 October 2010
  57. 57. Web 2.0 Made Simplistic Wednesday, 20 October 2010
  58. 58. http://headrush.typepad.com/creating_pa Wednesday, 20 October 2010
  59. 59. read + write Wednesday, 20 October 2010
  60. 60. Blogs Wednesday, 20 October 2010
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  68. 68. Wednesday, 20 October 2010
  69. 69. Wikis Wednesday, 20 October 2010
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  79. 79. Wednesday, 20 October 2010
  80. 80. Social Bookmarking & Categorization Wednesday, 20 October 2010
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  100. 100. Wednesday, 20 October 2010
  101. 101. And So On... Wednesday, 20 October 2010
  102. 102. Wednesday, 20 October 2010
  103. 103. Wednesday, 20 October 2010
  104. 104. Implications • What person X is blogging • What person X is bookmarking • What person X is listening to • What person X is taking pictures of • What person X's travel schedule is • What books X is reading or planning on reading Wednesday, 20 October 2010
  105. 105. Wednesday, 20 October 2010
  106. 106. Wednesday, 20 October 2010
  107. 107. Implications (Academic) • See the realtime annotated bibliography of Dr. W • Show all the ways in which people that you trust have categorized resource X • See how your taxonomy compares to the taxonomy of Dr.Y • See all the resources that your research group is categorizing as Z Wednesday, 20 October 2010
  108. 108. Help researchers help each other discover what they should pay attention to. Wednesday, 20 October 2010
  109. 109. Help researchers help each other to “not read.” Wednesday, 20 October 2010
  110. 110. Web 3.0 Made Simplistic Wednesday, 20 October 2010
  111. 111. read + write + compute Wednesday, 20 October 2010
  112. 112. A small digression... Wednesday, 20 October 2010
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  115. 115. Wednesday, 20 October 2010
  116. 116. Crucial question for publishers is: “If ‘hiding’ information in unstructured text is a problem- then shouldn’t we be exploring new ways to “publish”? Wednesday, 20 October 2010
  117. 117. So how did we get here? Wednesday, 20 October 2010
  118. 118. Let’s play a another game... Wednesday, 20 October 2010
  119. 119. I just read Perdido Street Station. Wednesday, 20 October 2010
  120. 120. I am sure that I turned the gas off. Wednesday, 20 October 2010
  121. 121. There is no I in the word Team. Wednesday, 20 October 2010
  122. 122. The book captured the zeitgeist of the time. Wednesday, 20 October 2010
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  124. 124. Wednesday, 20 October 2010
  125. 125. SPARQL Wednesday, 20 October 2010
  126. 126. SPARQL http ://api.ingentaconnect.com/content/cabi/nrr/latest?format=rss Wednesday, 20 October 2010
  127. 127. SPARQL http ://api.ingentaconnect.com/content/cabi/nrr/latest?format=rss PREFIX rdf: <http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#> PREFIX foaf: <http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/> SELECT DISTINCT ?name WHERE { ?x rdf:type foaf:Person . ?x foaf:name ?name } ORDER BY ?name Wednesday, 20 October 2010
  128. 128. SPARQL http ://api.ingentaconnect.com/content/cabi/nrr/latest?format=rss PREFIX rdf: <http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#> PREFIX foaf: <http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/> SELECT DISTINCT ?name WHERE { ?x rdf:type foaf:Person . ?x foaf:name ?name } ORDER BY ?name Wednesday, 20 October 2010
  129. 129. Blog Journal A Journal B Wiki Personal Website OPAC Wednesday, 20 October 2010
  130. 130. Blog Journal A Journal B Wiki Personal Website OPAC Wednesday, 20 October 2010
  131. 131. Help researchers use machines to discover what they should pay attention to. Wednesday, 20 October 2010
  132. 132. Wednesday, 20 October 2010
  133. 133. In the last 5 years ... a set of innovative techniques – collectively termed ‘web 2.0’ – have enabled people to become producers as well as consumers of information. It has been suggested that these relatively easy-to-use tools, and the behaviours which underpin their use, have enormous potential for scholarly researchers, enabling them to communicate their research and its findings more rapidly, broadly and effectively than ever before. http://www.rin.ac.uk/our-work/communicating-and-disseminating-research/use-and-relevance-web-20-researchers Wednesday, 20 October 2010
  134. 134. OK, so how do we experiment with this stuff? Wednesday, 20 October 2010
  135. 135. It sounds like this could get expensive. Wednesday, 20 October 2010
  136. 136. ...And take a long time. Wednesday, 20 October 2010
  137. 137. Wednesday, 20 October 2010
  138. 138. Wednesday, 20 October 2010
  139. 139. Wednesday, 20 October 2010
  140. 140. “What I’m writing here is the single most important take-away from my Sun years, and it fits in a sentence: The community of developers whose work you see on the Web, who probably don’t know what ADO or UML or JPA even stand for, deploy better systems at less cost in less time at lower risk than we see in the Enterprise. This is true even when you factor in the greater flexibility and velocity of startups.” Tim Bray http://www.tbray.org/ongoing/When/201x/2010/01/02/Doing-It-Wrong Wednesday, 20 October 2010
  141. 141. “What I’m writing here is the single most important take-away from my Sun years, and it fits in a sentence: The community of developers whose work you see on the Web, who probably don’t know what ADO or UML or JPA even stand for, deploy better systems at less cost in less time at lower risk than we see in the Enterprise. This is true even when you factor in the greater flexibility and velocity of startups.” Tim Bray http://www.tbray.org/ongoing/When/201x/2010/01/02/Doing-It-Wrong Wednesday, 20 October 2010
  142. 142. Wednesday, 20 October 2010
  143. 143. Wednesday, 20 October 2010
  144. 144. Analysis Design Implementation Testing Wednesday, 20 October 2010
  145. 145. Analysis Design Implementation Testing Time ∞ Wednesday, 20 October 2010
  146. 146. Analysis Implementation Time ∞ Wednesday, 20 October 2010
  147. 147. • processes and tools • comprehensive documentation • detailed contract negotiation • follow a plan Wednesday, 20 October 2010
  148. 148. Agile Manifesto Wednesday, 20 October 2010
  149. 149. We are uncovering better ways of developing software by doing it and helping others do it. Through this work we have come to value: Individuals and interactions OVER processes and tools Working software OVER following a plan Customer collaboration OVER contract negotiation Responding to change OVER comprehensive documentation That is, while there is value in the items on the right, we value the items on the left more. http://agilemanifesto.org/ Wednesday, 20 October 2010
  150. 150. Kent Beck Mike Beedle Arie van Bennekum Alistair Cockburn Ward Cunningham Martin Fowler James Grenning Jim Highsmith Andrew Hunt Ron Je ries Jon Kern Brian Marick Robert C. Martin Steve Mellor Ken Schwaber Je Sutherland Dave Thomas Wednesday, 20 October 2010
  151. 151. Analysis Design Implementation Testing Wednesday, 20 October 2010
  152. 152. Wednesday, 20 October 2010
  153. 153. Time ∞ Wednesday, 20 October 2010
  154. 154. Time ∞ Wednesday, 20 October 2010
  155. 155. Wednesday, 20 October 2010
  156. 156. The Early Modern Internet Wednesday, 20 October 2010
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  162. 162. "The new wave is not value added, it's garbage-subtracted." -Esther Dyson http://davenet.scripting.com/1994/12/01/estherdysonondavenet.html Wednesday, 20 October 2010
  163. 163. Thank You gbilder@crossref.org Wednesday, 20 October 2010
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