ORCID Update & Other Researcher Identifiers (2011 Annual Meeting)

ORCID Update & Other Researcher Identifiers (2011 Annual Meeting)






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  • Thank you for giving me the opportunity to update you on ORCID and the many researcher identifier initiatives out there.
  • Here is our goal…
  • We have publicly announced our 10 principles. They govern everything that ORCID does.
  • While working on ORCID, I have learned that there are three times when researchers seem to care the most about their researcher identity…This marries up well to the three main constituents of ORCID: Academia, Funders, Publishers.
  • Here are some of our newest participants: Highwire, BMJ Group, Frontiers and Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery
  • We are seeing about 12 new participants every month. Academic institutions are the fastest growing segment.
  • We currently have 276 participants from 40 countries. 111 participants from 19 countries are from Europe, compared to 118 from USA/Canada, or 40% each.
  • Every progress report deserves a Gantt chart. You can see that 2010 was mostly dedicated to establishing the not-for-profit organization, defining our principles and scope, and testing some preliminary (alpha) software.
  • 2011 is about building the system and defining the business using sponsorship to stay afloat. If all goes well we will have our first phase system ready in early 2012 in time for the ORCID board to take a decision about going live. This is a big decision as once we start registering ORCIDs, we are committed to making them persistent.
  • Here is the main way in which we see publishers and their authors interacting with ORCID. This will allow publishers to light up all of those author links with information about authors.
  • (Credit: Geoff Bilder)ORCID will ultimately combine the strengths of self-asserted, socially-validated, and organizationally-asserted identity systems.self-asserted identity systems are familiar to us from the internet, where most non-commerce systems are self-asserted. In other words, the subject chooses what to say about themselves. In ORCID- researchers will be able to edit and manage their own profiles.socially-validated identity systems work by exploiting others in the network to provide a check on self-assertion. So, for instance, popular technical advice sites like “Stack Overflow” use peers to check and validate advice given by other members of the community. ORCID- being an system open to all researchers- will enable researchers to inspect each others claims and assertions. organizationally-asserted identity are the gold standard of identity, in that they are considered to be the most reliable- but also the most expensive to run (think DMV or passport office). Still ORCID will also encourage organizations to make assertions about researchers as well, such as:a) Brown University asserts that Josiah Carberry is a faculty memberb) Mellon Foundation asserts Josiah Carberry was awarded a grantc) Nature asserts that Josiah Carberry was the author of this paperBy exploiting the best of these different identity approaches- we aim to distribute the work of disambiguation and quality control amongst all the major ORCID stakeholders.
  • Credit: Geoff Bilder
  • Credit: Geoff Bilder ORCID will start with self-claims and organizationally-asserted claim sources as we begin to build our Claim Store.
  • Credit: Geoff Bilder
  • There are many silo initiatives: subject specific, government-sponsored, society specific. Most if not all have value. Let’s look at a few.
  • Almost every society has some kind of name project under way. It is not a surprise to see that many societies are ORCID participants. Martin Fenner, the chair of the ORCID Outreach Group is writing a comprehensive article about Researcher Identifiers. You can follow his progress via his blog. If you know of others, please send them to me or Martin Fenner.
  • ORCID plans to be the one to bridge the other scholarly author identification systems by registering the identifiers of all other relevant standalone services (silos big and small)
  • So what makes ORCID different?
  • Thank you!

ORCID Update & Other Researcher Identifiers (2011 Annual Meeting) ORCID Update & Other Researcher Identifiers (2011 Annual Meeting) Presentation Transcript

  • ORCID Update &Other Researcher Identifiers CrossRef Annual Members Meeting 15 November 2011 Howard Ratner (@hratner) Chairman, ORCID, Inc. CTO, Executive VP, Nature Publishing Group
  • 10 Principles1. ORCID will work to support the creation of a permanent, clear and unambiguous record of scholarly communication by enabling reliable attribution of authors and contributors.2. ORCID will transcend discipline, geographic, national and institutional, boundaries.3. Participation in ORCID is open to any organization that has an interest in scholarly communications.4. Access to ORCID services will be based on transparent and non-discriminatory terms posted on the ORCID website.5. Researchers will be able to create, edit, and maintain an ORCID ID and profile free of charge.
  • 10 Principles6. Researchers will control the defined privacy settings of their own ORCID profile data.7. All profile data contributed to ORCID by researchers or claimed by them will be available in standard formats for free download (subject to the researchers own privacy settings) that is updated once a year and released under the CC0 waiver.8. All software developed by ORCID will be publicly released under an Open Source Software license approved by the Open Source Initiative. For the software it adopts, ORCID will prefer Open Source.9. ORCID identifiers and profile data (subject to privacy settings) will be made available via a combination of “no charge” and “for a fee” APIs and services. Any fees will be set to ensure the sustainability of ORCID as a not-for-profit, charitable organization focused on the long-term persistence of the ORCID system.10. ORCID will be governed by representatives from a broad cross-section of stakeholders, the majority of whom are not-for-profit, and will strive for maximal transparency by publicly posting summaries of all board meetings and annual financial reports.
  • Key Constituents Why? Joins faculty Joins student body Helps track output ofResearcher faculty and students Helps perform research assessment of grantees Applies for grant Streamline data input Creates author links - to publications - to collaborators Submits - to other forms of Manuscript communication
  • 275+ Participants
  • NewestParticipants(Sep-Oct 2011)
  • ORCID is open to any organization with an interest in scholarly communication
  • ORCID transcends discipline, geographic,national and institutional boundaries 276 participating organizations as of 3 November 2011
  • Timeline 2010Feb March April May June July Aug Sept Oct Nov Dec Build Sandbox Alpha Prototyping ORCID Members Demonstration and Alpha Testing Organization Creation Wellcome /MIT Survey Principles/Scope Defined Alpha Testing Profile Exchange Research & Development
  • Timeline 2011-12Q1 2011 Q2 2011 Q3 2011 Q4 2011 Q1 2012 Q2 2012 Q3 2012 Q4 2012 Build Phase 1 - Semantico API information released 11/11 Start Registering ORCIDs Build Phase 2 Obtain Loans & Sponsorship StaffSponsorship Drive 1 Start Collecting Fees Drive 2 Hired VIVO Technology Research $2 million Mellon achieved Business/Marketing Research Profile Exchange Research & Development
  • Researcher Profile UpdatedORCID<->DOI pairings Researcher submitted to ORCID Registers Author - ORCID - Publisher - CrossRef - InteractionMetadata, along with ORCID passed to ORCID manuscript submissiondeposited to CrossRef system Content Published Manuscript processed
  • Development Progress: ApproachAlpha Phase 1 Phase 1.x and 2• Completed Spring 2010 • Development underway • Development 2012+• Self-claim oriented • Development by Semantico • Will address assertions by wide• Limited light integration with a under contract with ORCID group of third parties few participant services • Development led by Geoff • Will extend capabilities for• Demonstration capabilities Bilder alternate roles and other types transitioning to ORCID source • Will provide core for future of contributions code by end of year production service • Will provide mechanisms for • Will focus on currently active automatic de-duplication of researchers third party donated records
  • Development: Phase 1 Features Core ResearcherID.com functionality plus: • Institutional seeding of profiles (i.e. batch upload, alerting) • Delegated management of profiles • Profile exchange into grant/manuscript submission systems • Fine-grained control of privacy settings at the claim level – public = “share with anybody” – protected = “share with parties authorized via OAuth” – private = “do not share” • ORCID identifier resolution (both via GUI and REST API) • Metadata search (both GUI and REST API)15
  • Self-asserted +socially-validated +organizationally-asserted identity =more credible assertion Self-Asserted Socially-Validated Organizationally-Validated Identity Identity Identity Disambiguated Identity
  • Phase 1 Disambiguation Concept
  • Assertion Collection Concept Top Level Partners
  • More Assertions = More Credibility
  • Development Progress: Query API Query API will support the following query typesName Key Returned DescriptionBio ORCID Profile metadata Given a party, give me name and affiliation dataWorks ORCID List of work Given a party, tell me what works metadata they have contributed toFull ORCID Profile metadata, Given an party, tell me what works work metadata and they have contributed to, name and ORCIDs affiliation dataWork Work identifiers ORCIDs & Given a work, tell me what parties are (e.g. DOIs) associated responsible for it metadataSearch ORCID, Work ORCIDs & Given whatever metadata I have, give identifiers, or associated me a ranked list of potential parties profile metadata metadata identified by that metadata
  • Development Approach: OAuth• API document also addresses OAuth integration with external sites• OAuth development will leverage work done by Gudmundur Thorisson on VIVO-ORCID mini-grant• ORCID will provide a stand-alone server code set with sample responses for integration development of community partner sites.
  • ORCID Phase 1 in Development for Q2 2012Running on“localhost”
  • Brown UniversityPsychoceramicsProfessor
  • BrownUniversity
  • Other Researcher ID Initiatives• Contributor ID (CrossRef) (http://www.crossref.org/CrossTech/2009/02/an_interview_about_author_ids.html) – prototype concept project of CrossRef whose learnings have been rolled into ORCID (general science) – CrossRef is an ORCID participant and board member• Scopus Author Identifier (http://help.scopus.com/robo/projects/schelp/h_autsrch_intro.htm) – standalone commercial service (general science) – Elsevier is an ORCID participant, board member, and Business and Technical Working Group member• ResearcherID (Thomson Reuters) (http://www.researcherid.com/) – standalone service that provided much of the basis for ORCID (general science) – T-R is an ORCID participant, board member, and Business and Technical Working Group member• RePeC (Research Papers in Economics) (http://www.repec.org) – standalone not-for-profit service (Economics) – RePeC is an ORCID participant and active Technical Working Group member• Names Project (http://names.mimas.ac.uk) – standalone not-for-profit project backed by JISC (UK government) – JISC is an ORCID participant and Technical Working Group member
  • Other Researcher ID Initiatives• VIVO (http://www.vivo.org) – NIH funded national network of scientists run by institutions. (Biomedicine) – VIVO software installed locally and provides semantic web-compliant date into network – ORCID participant and funder• ArXiv author identifiers (http://arxiv.org/help/author_identifiers) – standalone service (Physics) – Cornell is an ORCID participant and board member• International Standard Name Identifier (ISNI) (http://www.isni.org) – separate initiative started by RROs for RROs. Identifies everything including fictional names and names of things (think boats) – Supported by Proquest/Bowker – ORCID is trying to find a way to engage with ISNI in a mutually beneficial way• Lattes (http://lattes.cnpq.br/english) – Used by Brazilian MCT [Science and Technology Ministry], FINEP [Projects and Studies Financing], CAPES/MEC [Personal Improvement Coordination/Ministry of Education], and all institutional actors, such as the Brazilian scientific community, as a curricular information system. (Brazilian Government) – evaluation of competences of candidates to scholarships and/or research support – selection of consultants, members of committees and advising groups – VIVO participant and in discussions with ORCID• Digital Author Identifier (DAI) – http://www.surffoundation.nl/en/themas/openonderzoek/infrastructuur/Pages/digitalauthoridentifierdai.as px – a new one! Not affiliated with ORCID
  • Other Researcher ID Initiatives• Society Initiatives – ACM Digital Library – AIP UniPhy – American Chemical Society – IEEE – …• NLM PubMed Author Profile• Google Academic Profiles• Microsoft Academic SearchMore information found at Martin Fenner’s Blog: http://blogs.plos.org/mfenner/author-identifier-overview/
  • What Makes ORCID Different?• Only not-for-profit contributor identifier initiative dedicated to an open and global service focused on scholarly communication• ORCID is backed by a non-profit organization with over 275 participants behind it• ORCID is backed by many different stakeholders• Publishers are an important ORCID stakeholder but are just one part• ORCID is serious about building an open system• ORCID is the only researcher identifier that is not limited to discipline, institution or geographic area• ORCID is the one to bridge them all by registering the identifiers of all other relevant standalone services (silos big and small)
  • Come Join Us Howard Ratner h.ratner@orcid.org Join us at www.orcid.orgFollow us on Twitter @orcid