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CrossRef Annual Meeting, Cambridge, MA, November 2008, Ed Pentz

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CrossRef Executive Director Ed Pentz Reports on the state of the organization at the 2008 Annual Member Meeting

CrossRef Executive Director Ed Pentz Reports on the state of the organization at the 2008 Annual Member Meeting

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  • At the beginning of this year the board adopted a new mission statement. Creating the new mission statement involved a lot of discussion and compromise but its very important because the board does look to the mission statement to guide its work and discussions so I wanted to go through it in a little bit of detail today and explain the thinking behind it. First of all – you’ll notice that there is nothing in the mission about reference linking or DOIs. The mission is broad on purpose – reference linking is one particular service and DOIs are a tool to help the service work.
  • Good morning – I’d like to thank the committee for giving me the chance to present CrossCheck - it’s an honor to be shortlisted along with the other great projects. I’ll give an overview of the CrossCheck initiative and highlight how it is innovative in addressing a problem confronting the scholarly publishing industry.
  • So CrossRef has set up CrossCheck as cross-publisher service that uses innovative business arrangements to make screening scholarly content for plagiarism feasible and effective. One main point I’d like to make today is that CrossCheck is not just about technology – it’s a multi-pronged initiative involving many different organizations.
  • It has become increasingly difficult for publishers to ensure the originality of content that they publish. With increasing numbers of submissions and the ease of cutting and pasting on the internet there is a sense that plagiarism is a growing problem. There have been a few high profile cases and while there is actually little hard data about the level of plagiarism we have definitely heard from publishers that it is a big issue. From the publishers point of view even a small amount of plagiarism can undermine the trust and authority of scholarly journals.
  • So to give a quick overview of how the service works I’ll start with briefly describing how plagiarism detection works.
  • First of all – no technology can actually detect plagiarism. It’s better to describer the technology as a text matching system.
  • Of course, plagiarism implies intent and at the moment at least, computers can’t infer human intent.
  • The PD process: 1) You have a manuscript that you want to check 2) You need some documents to check it against
  • 2) You submit it to the PD system, which breaks the text up into small chunks and creates a “fingerprint” for the document. 3) It then searches a database of content to see if the fingerprints are shared by any of the documents already added to the database 4) The PD system then produces an “originality report” which shows the “percentage overlap” between documents. This report has to be *interpreted* by the person checking the document- and that is where the real work is.
  • The PD system will allow you to compare the document you are checking with database documents that share the same fingerprint. So the submitted manuscript is on the left and the database “hit” is on the right. The similar passages are highlighted. The similarity might be due to: 0) An attempt at plagiarism 1) Incorrect citation 2) Acceptable or unacceptable “self-plagiarism” 3) Reverse plagiarism (e.g. somebody copied an early manuscript and got it published first) 4) Coincidence 5) Acceptable copying...For instance...
  • Now I want to talk about the importance of databases – and this is where the innovative nature of CrossCheck really comes into play.
  • Remember the database? This is the critical part of the equation. If it doesn’t hold relevant data, it isn’t going to be helpful to you. This
  • And this is where CrossRef can immediately help- we represent the vast majority of people who can provide the relevant data. Prior to CrossCheck there was a chicken and egg situation. No PD detection system vendor had enough full text scholarly content indexed to make it worthwhile for an individual publisher to participate and no one publisher – not even Elsevier had enough content to “go it alone” (note that above is not meant to imply that those titles/publishers have agreed to participate- it is just meant ot illustrate relevant content.)
  • So part a main focus of the CrossCheck service is to build the database – to get publishers to participate in CrossCheck. When publishers sign up to participate in CrossCheck there are obligations that they take on -
  • Now this is where the technology comes in. CrossRef has partnered with iParadigms – creators of the Turnitin and iThenticate services – the market leaders in plagiarism detection software at the undergraduate and secondary school level. Prior to CrossCheck they faced the same problem as publishers faced in the old days of “bilateral link agreements”. You don’t want there to have to be negotiations between N publishers under N terms, etc. Very inefficient. So publishers can’t do this on their own and PD vendors can’t do this on their own.
  • CrossRef brings multiple publishers into system under consistent terms, etc. and help to create that all-important database.
  • Commercial PD systems (e.g. iParadigms) can support multiple specialized databases. Now it’s very important to note that iParadigms is the exclusive provider for CrossCheck for a limited time. In future it will be possible to have multiple PD providers. This flexibility will give the industry the ability to adopt any new services or technologies that come along.
  • Transcript

    • 1.  
    • 2. 9 th Annual Meeting Publishers International Linking Association, Inc. CrossRef 18 November 2008 Boston, MA
    • 3. Executive Director’s Report Ed Pentz
    • 4. The Team Ed Pentz Executive Director Lisa Hart Finance and Operations Manager Chuck Koscher Director of Technology Geoffrey Bilder Director of Strategic Initiatives Kirsty Meddings Product Manager Carol Meyer Business Dev and Marketing Manager Anna Tolwinska Membership and Marketing Coordinator Engineer Susan Collins Administrative Assistant Jon Stark Web Developer Tim Pickard System Analyst and Administrator Patricia Feeney Metadata Quality Coordinator
    • 5. The Board
      • Chairman - Robert Campbell Alternate: Craig Van Dyck WILEY-BLACKWELL John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
      • Treasurer - Linda Beebe Alternate: Gary VandenBos American Psychological Association
      • Beth Rosner Alternate: Stewart Wills American Association for the Advancement of Science
      • Tim Ingoldsby Alternate: Paul DeCillis American Institute of Physics
      • John R. White Alternate: Bernard Rous Association for Computing Machinery
      • Karen Hunter Alternate: Joep Verheggen Elsevier
      • Anthony Durniak Alternate: Gerry Grenier The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc. (IEEE)
      • Jerry Cowhig Alternate: Judith Barnsby IOP Publishing
    • 6. The Board
      • Howard Ratner Alternate: Jason Wilde Nature Publishing Group
      • Carol Richman Alternate: John Shaw Sage Publications
      • Wim van der Stelt Alternate: Ray Colon Springer Science + Business Media
      • Ian Bannerman Alternate: Bob Hecht Informa UK Limited (Taylor & Francis)
      • Thomas Connertz Alternate: David Stewart Thieme Publishing Group
      • Rebecca Simon Alternate: Gabriel Alvaro University of California Press
      • Garrett Kiely Alternate: University of Chicago Press
      • Karen AbramsonAlternate: Zsolt Silberer Wolters Kluwer Health
    • 7.  
    • 8.  
    • 9.  
    • 10. Deposits
    • 11. Queries and Matches
    • 12. Current Deposits
    • 13. Backfile Deposits
    • 14. DOI Clicks
    • 15. Financial Review Linda Beebe, Treasurer
    • 16. Overview
      • Financial Achievements
      • Financial Goals
      • 9-Month 2008 Highlights
      • Historical trends
      • Cash Investments
      • 2009 Draft Budget
      • Strategic Financial Issues
    • 17. Financial Achievements
      • Major milestone: All start-up loans and interest repaid May 2007
      • Fees – 4 th year with no deposit fee increase and 2 nd year with no Annual Member fee increase
        • Backfile fee lowered to $0.12 through 2008, $0.15 for 2009
      • Audit Committee working well
      • Successful 2007 audit with no adjustments
      • Policies and systems have grown with the organization
      • Annual Earned Income + good cash position = financial stability
    • 18. Financial Goals
      • Board started process of establishing a new long-term plan in early 2008
      • Financial Goals for PILA are…
    • 19. Agreed Financial Goals
        • Sustain core services as directed by members & board.
        • Make necessary capital investments to meet operational requirements.
        • Invest in new innovations.
        • Retain a minimum of 2 months operating cash plus next year’s capital spending on hand at all times.
        • Maintain a credit line of $250,000 to support current operations.
        • Establish a cash reserve fund ($.5 million) for future improvements to the core services.
    • 20. Revenues: Key Components $2,671,000 - 2008 YTD $713,000 $1,658,000 $300,000
    • 21. Expenses: Key Components $2,434,000 – 2008 YTD $1,359,000 $542,000 $380,000 $132,000 $21,000
    • 22. 9-Month 2008 Highlights
      • Revenue: $2,671k
        • $144k (9%) under budget
        • $20k (1%) under same period 2007
      • Expenses: $2,434k
        • $146k (6%) under budget
        • $68k (3%) up from same period 2007
          • Staff $1,359k 13%
          • Depreciation $ 97k -41%
          • IDF $ 209k 11%
          • Data Center $ 159k -32%
          • Legal/accounting $ 160k 13%
          • Meetings/Travel $ 132k -15%
    • 23. 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 LE 3,500 3,000 2,500 2,000 1,500 1,000 500 0 -500 -1,000 -1,500 -2,000 -2,500 -3,000 Income Statements – By Year Financial Overview 2000-2008 LE $000's 2,071 2,918 2,868 3,245 422 1,176 -786 -1,881 -2,722 91 -220 254 -45 536 478 -400 -501 -99 -2,624 -2,391 -1,641 -1,499 -422 521 257 770 3,140 -36 12 3,452 -3,250 214 3,629 -3,456 9 182
    • 24. 2,400 2,200 2,000 1,800 1,600 1,400 1,200 1,000 800 600 400 200 0 -200 Member Loans & Cash at Year-End 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 LE Financial Overview 2000-2008 LE $000's 1,241 2,000 1,400 600 819 1,198 1,950 1,700 935 1,125 454 389 1,200 1,486 1,136 0 1,224 0
    • 25. Cash $1,410,000 - 9/30/08 $910,000 $500,000
    • 26. Safe Cash Investments
    • 27. 2009 Draft Budget
      • Revenue - $3,798 (5% growth over 2008LE) –
        • Membership growth leveling off/most new members in lowest tier
      • Expenses - $3,618 (5% growth over 2008LE)
        • Investments in metadata quality, new initiatives
        • Maintain positive operating income
      • Cash balances remain good (now that all loans have been repaid)
    • 28. Strategic Financial Issues
      • Ensure the long term viability of CrossRef (our “will”) through long term planning
      • Consider rebates to members when appropriate – no fee increases are effectively rebates
      • Define broad principles for investment in start up initiatives (i.e., innovations)
      • All new initiatives to be self-sustaining
      • Monitor all fees and adjust if necessary
    • 29. Risks
      • Decline of Backfile deposits
      • Leveling off of growth of Current deposits
      • New members all in lowest fee category - increasing support costs
      • Main CrossRef System 5 years old – major investment needed for upgrade in 2009
    • 30. Risks
      • Collection on member & affiliate billings more challenging – some 90 days past due
      • IDF currently in good shape – other RAs seem to be picking up steam
      • Possible patent issues
    • 31. Summary
      • Excellent financial performance
      • All debt repaid
      • Fees steady or going down
      • Risks being addressed
      • CrossRef can expand and remain a viable non-profit for industry innovations.
    • 32. CROSSREF BOARD CANDIDATES
      • American Institute of Physics - Tim Ingoldsby
      • American Psychological Association - Linda Beebe
      • CSIRO Publishing - Andrew Stammer
      • IEEE - Tony Durniak
      • The Institute for Operations Research and the Management Sciences (INFORMS) - Patricia Shaffer
      • University of California Press - Rebecca Simon
    • 33.  
    • 34.  
    • 35.  
    • 36.  
    • 37. Mission Statement
      • To enable easy identification and use of trustworthy electronic content by promoting the cooperative development and application of a sustainable infrastructure
    • 38. Who’s Citing You? Discover how your publications are being cited and incorporate DOI links to the citing content into your online publication.
    • 39. How big is the CrossRef Cited-by Network?
      • One-third of the journals in CrossRef
      • 80 million cited-by relationships
      • More than 120 publishers
      • 6 million articles with deposited references
    • 40.  
    • 41.  
    • 42. CrossRef Metadata Services
    • 43.  
    • 44.  
    • 45.  
    • 46. Building on Success
      • Logical for CrossRef to have expanded role in helping to define and run new infrastructural services for scholarly and professional publishing
    • 47. It’s not good enough to sit on the fence and watch, you have to participate. The hardest challenge is to get competing forces to recognise what they compete on and to start to collaborate on the rest in order to make a new offer that is different because of the collaboration. One of the best examples in publishing was the Crossref initiative and organisation. Martyn Daniels, Brave New World Blog, Booksellers Association, UK and Ireland http://bookseller-association.blogspot.com/
    • 48.  
    • 49. CrossCheck An innovative, collaborative service Ed Pentz Executive Director CrossRef
    • 50.  
    • 51. CrossCheck
      • A cross-publisher service, based on innovative business agreements and licenses, that makes screening scholarly content for plagiarism feasible and effective
    • 52. The industry need
    • 53. How does PD work?
    • 54. Plagiarism detection system
    • 55.  
    • 56. Plagiarism: From a Latin word meaning “to kidnap”… the unauthorized use or close imitation of the language and thoughts of another author and the representation of them as one's own original work
    • 57. Document to check Database of potential source documents
    • 58. Text fingerprinting: a target document broken into short, normalized substrings which are then compared against a database of pre-indexed documents; originality report issued - must be interpreted by a human being
    • 59. submitted manuscript on left, database “hit” on right; similarities highlighted. Textual overlap might be due to: plagiarism attempt, incorrect citation, “self-plagiarism”, reverse plagiarism (when somebody copies an earlier manuscript but gets published first), coincidence, acceptable re-use Duplication of bibliographies is perfectly legitimate; a valid pre-print may exist; or a math paper might legitimately contain lots of quoted material and only a few lines of original text -- say, in the context of completing or extending a proof, etc.
    • 60. Importance of the databases
    • 61. Database as critical limiting factor; if it doesn’t hold the relevant pre-indexed content, you are PD checking in vain
    • 62. CrossRef has records for 30+ million scholarly articles, books, theses, conference proceedings, etc., registered
    • 63. Depositor CrossCheck Terms of Participation Must make available content on an ongoing basis in a timely manner. Content must be made available within no more than 7 days of online publication. Must deposit full, correct and current metadata along with DOIs including article title and all authors. Must make available full text of content to other CrossCheck participants Users of the service who are not CrossRef members who are participating in CrossCheck will only see snippets of text with a DOI link to the publisher full text. May not submit content to be checked until substantially all their own content is in the CrossCheck database. "CrossCheck Deposited": To be displayed on articles or other content to indicate that the item has been deposited into CrossCheck Deposited
    • 64. PD vendors would have a tough time building such a database on their own…
    • 65. ● AB SVENSK PAPPERSTIDNING ● ACADEMY OF TRAUMATOLOGY ● ACTA DERMATO-VENEREOLOGICA ● ACTA PRESS ● AGRICULTURAL HISTORY SOCIETY ● AHRC RESEARCH CENTRE ● AIR & WASTE MANAGEMENT ASSOCIATION ● AIS EDUCATOR ASSOCIATION ● AKADEMIAI KIADO RT ● ALEXANDRINE PRESS ● ALLERTON PRESS ● ALPHAMED PRESS ● AMERICAN ACADEMY OF IMPLANT DENTISTRY ● AMERICAN ACADEMY OF PEDIATRICS ● AMERICAN ACADEMY OF PERIODONTOLOGY ● AMERICAN ACCOUNTING ASSOCIATION ● AMERICAN ASSOCIATION FOR CANCER RESEARCH ● AMERICAN ASSOCIATION FOR CLINICAL CHEMISTRY ● AMERICAN ASSOCIATION FOR THE ADVANCEMENT OF SCIENCE (AAAS) (the publisher of SCIENCE) ● AMERICAN ASSOCIATION OF PETROLEUM GEOLOGISTS (AAPG/DATAPAGES) ● AMERICAN ASSOCIATION OF PHARMACEUTICAL SCIENTISTS ● AMERICAN ASSOCIATION ON MENTAL RETARDATION ● AMERICAN BOARD OF FAMILY MEDICINE ● AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY (ACS) ● AMERICAN CLEFT PALATE ASSOCIATION ● AMERICAN COLLEGE OF CHEST PHYSICIANS ● AMERICAN COLLEGE OF MEDICAL PHYSICS (ACMP) ● AMERICAN COLLEGE OF VETERINARY INTERNAL MEDICINE ● AMERICAN COLLEGE OF VETERINARY PATHOLOGISTS ● AMERICAN DAIRY SCIENCE ASSOCIATION ● AMERICAN DENTAL SOCIETY OF ANESTHESIOLOGY ● AMERICAN DIABETES ASSOCIATION ● AMERICAN ECONOMIC ASSOCIATION ● AMERICAN EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH ASSOCIATION ● AMERICAN FISHERIES SOCIETY ● AMERICAN GEOPHYSICAL UNION (AGU) ● AMERICAN INSTITUTE OF AERONAUTICS AND ASTRONAUTICS (AIAA) ● AMERICAN INSTITUTE OF PHYSICS (AIP) ● AMERICAN JOURNAL OF NEURORADIOLOGY ● AMERICAN JOURNAL OF SCIENCE ● AMERICAN MARKETING ASSOCIATION ● AMERICAN MATHEMATICAL SOCIETY (AMS) ● AMERICAN MEDICAL ASSOCIATION ● AMERICAN METEOROLOGICAL SOCIETY ● AMERICAN PEANUT RESEARCH AND EDUCATION SOCIETY ● AMERICAN PHARMACISTS ASSOCIATION ● AMERICAN PHYSICAL SOCIETY (APS) ● AMERICAN PHYSICAL THERAPY ASSOCIATION (APTA) ● AMERICAN PHYSIOLOGICAL SOCIETY ● AMERICAN PSYCHIATRIC PUBLISHING ● AMERICAN PSYCHOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION (APA) ● AMERICAN PUBLIC HEALTH ASSOCIATION ● AMERICAN ROENTGEN RAY SOCIETY ● AMERICAN SCHOOL OF CLASSICAL STUDIES AT ATHENS ● AMERICAN SCIENTIFIC PUBLISHERS ● AMERICAN SCIENTIST ● AMERICAN SOCIETY FOR BIOCHEMISTRY & MOLECULAR BIOLOGY (ASBMB) ● AMERICAN SOCIETY FOR BONE AND MINERAL RESEARCH ● AMERICAN SOCIETY FOR CELL BIOLOGY ● AMERICAN SOCIETY FOR CLINICAL INVESTIGATION (ASCI) ● AMERICAN SOCIETY FOR CLINICAL PATHOLOGY ● AMERICAN SOCIETY FOR EXPERIMENTAL NEUROTHERAPEUTICS ● AMERICAN SOCIETY FOR INVESTIGATIVE PATHOLOGY ● AMERICAN SOCIETY FOR MICROBIOLOGY ● AMERICAN SOCIETY FOR PHARMACOLOGY AND EXPERIMENTAL THERAPEUTICS ● AMERICAN SOCIETY OF AGRONOMY ● AMERICAN SOCIETY OF ANDROLOGY ● AMERICAN SOCIETY OF ANIMAL SCIENCE ● AMERICAN SOCIETY OF CIVIL ENGINEERS ● AMERICAN SOCIETY OF CLINICAL ONCOLOGY (ASCO) ● AMERICAN SOCIETY OF HEALTH SYSTEM PHARMACISTS ● AMERICAN SOCIETY OF HEMATOLOGY ● AMERICAN SOCIETY OF NEPHROLOGY ● AMERICAN SOCIETY OF PLANT BIOLOGISTS (ASPB) ● AMERICAN SOCIETY OF PLANT TAXONOMISTS ● AMERICAN SPEECH-LANGUAGE-HEARING ASSOCIATION ● AMERICAN STATISTICAL ASSOCIATION ● AMERICAN THORACIC SOCIETY ● AMERICAN VETERINARY MEDICAL ASSOCIATION ● AMMONS SCIENTIFIC ● THE ANGLE ORTHODONTIST ● ANNALS OF FAMILY MEDICINE ● ANNUAL REVIEWS ● ARNOLD PUBLISHERS ● ASM INTERNATIONAL ● ASME INTERNATIONAL ● ASSOCIATION FOR COMPUTATIONAL LINGUISTICS ● ASSOCIATION FOR COMPUTING MACHINERY (ACM) ● ASSOCIATION FOR RESEARCH IN VISION AND OPHTHALMOLOGY (ARVO) ● ASSOCIATION FOR THE ADVANCEMENT OF MEDICAL INSTRUMENTATION ● ASSOCIATION FOR VASCULAR ACCESS ● ASSOCIATION OF LEARNED AND PROFESSIONAL SOCIETY PUBLISHERS (ALPSP) ● ASTM INTERNATIONAL ● ATLANTIS PRESS ● AUSTRALIAN ACADEMIC PRESS ● AUSTRALIAN COMPUTER SOCIETY ● BAYWOOD PUBLISHING COMPANY INC. ● BC DECKER INC. ● BEECH TREE PUBLISHING ● BEGELL HOUSE ● BELLWETHER PUBLISHING ● BENTHAM SCIENCE ● BERGHAHN BOOKS ● BERKELEY ELECTRONIC PRESS ● BIOLOGICAL PROCEDURES ONLINE ● BIOMED CENTRAL LTD. ● BIOONE ● BIOPHYSICAL SOCIETY ● BIOSCIENTIFICA ● BLACKHORSE PUBLISHING ● BMJ PUBLISHING GROUP ● BRILL ACADEMIC PUBLISHERS ● BRITISH EDITORIAL SOCIETY OF BONE AND JOINT SURGERY ● BRITISH INSTITUTE OF NON-DESTRUCTIVE TESTING ● BRITISH INSTITUTE OF RADIOLOGY ● BRITISH PSYCHOLOGICAL SOCIETY ● BULLETIN OF THE ATOMIC SCIENTISTS ● CABI PUBLISHING ● CALIFORNIA INSTITUTE FOR HUMAN SCIENCE ● CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY PRESS (CUP) ● CANADIAN ACADEMIC ACCOUNTING ASSOCIATION ● CANADIAN ASSOCIATION OF OCCUPATIONAL THERAPISTS ● CANADIAN MEDICAL ASSOCIATION ● CANADIAN METEOROLOGICAL AND OCEANOGRAPHIC SOCIETY ● CANADIAN OPTHALMOLOGICAL SOCIETY ● CARDEN JENNINGS PUBLISHING CO. ● CARL HANSER VERLAG ● CARTOGRAPHY AND GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SOCIETY ● CELL STRESS SOCIETY INTERNATIONAL ● CENTER FOR PSYCHIATRIC REHABILITATION ● CENTERS FOR DISEASE CONTROL AND PREVENTION ● CENTRAALBUREAU VOOR SCHIMMELCULTURES ● CENTRE FOR BIOSCIENCE, UNIVERSITY OF LEEDS ● CFA INSTITUTE ● CLAY MINERALS SOCIETY ● COLD SPRING HARBOR LABORATORY PRESS (CSHL) ● COLLEGE ART ASSOCIATION ● COMMON GROUND ● COMMONWEALTH FORESTRY ASSOCIATION ● THE COMPANY OF BIOLOGISTS ● COMPARATIVE LEGISLATIVE RESEARCH CENTER ● COMPETENCE NETWORK PEDIATRIC ONCOLOGY & HEMATOLOGY ● CONSERVATION INTERNATIONAL ● CORNELL LABORATORY OF ORNITHOLOGY ● CROP SCIENCE SOCIETY OF AMERICA ● CSIRO PUBLISHING ● CURRENT BIODATA ● CZECH GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY ● CZECH GEOLOGICAL SURVEY ● DAAAM INTERNATIONAL ● DARTMOUTH COLLEGE LIBRARY ● DATA TRACE PUBLISHING COMPANY ● DEPARTMENT OF BIOMEDICAL IMAGING, UNIVERSITY OF MALAYA ● DEPARTMENT OF POLYMER ENGINEERING, SCIENTIFIC SOCIETY OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING, (BME) ● DIETITIANS OF CANADA ● DOVE MEDICAL PRESS ● DOWN SYNDROME EDUCATIONAL TRUST ● DUKE UNIVERSITY PRESS ● E-MED LTD. ● ECOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF AMERICA ● ECOMED PUBLISHERS ● EDICIONES DOYMA ● EDP SCIENCES ● THE ELECTROMAGNETICS ACADEMY ● ELECTRONIC JOURNAL OF BIOTECHNOLOGY ● ELSEVIER ● EMERALD (formerly MCB UP) ● EMW PUBLISHING ● THE ENDOCRINE SOCIETY ● ENGLISH LITERATURE IN TRANSITION ● ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH PERSPECTIVES ● EPI SCP (EL PROFESIONAL DE LA INFORMACION) ● EPP PUBLICATIONS LTD. ● EQUINE VETERINARY JOURNAL LTD. ● EQUINOX PUBLISHING LTD. ● ERDKUNDE ● ESTONIAN ACADEMY PUBLISHERS ● EUROPEAN ASSOCIATION OF AQUATIC MAMMALS ● EUROPEAN ASSOCIATION OF CARDIOTHORACIC SURGERY ● EUROPEAN OPTICAL SOCIETY ● EUROPEAN RESPIRATORY SOCIETY ● FACULTY OF FAMILY PLANNING AND REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH CARE ● FDI WORLD DENTAL PRESS LTD. ● FEDERATION OF AMERICAN SOCIETIES FOR EXPERIMENTAL BIOLOGY (FASEB) ● THE FEINSTEIN INSTITUTE FOR MEDICAL RESEARCH ● FIBRE DIFFRACTION REVIEW ● FISHERIES SCIENCES.COM ● FORUM FOR GLOBAL HEALTH PROTECTION ● FRAUNHOFER-INSTITUT FUR MATERIALFLUSS UND LOGISTIK ● FRONTIERS IN BIOSCIENCE ● FUNDACION INFANCIA Y APRENDIZAJE ● FUTURE DRUGS ● FUTURE MEDICINE LTD ● GAZI UNIVERSITY - TECHNICAL EDUCATION FACULTY ● THE GENETICS SOCIETY OF AMERICA ● GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF AMERICA (GSA) ● GEOPHYSICAL CENTER OF THE RUSSIAN ACADEMY OF SCIENCES ● GEOSCIENCEWORLD ● GUILFORD PUBLICATIONS ● GUNTHER EYSENBACH, JMIR PUBLICATIONS ● GWV FACHVERLAGE GmbH/VIEWEG PUBLISHING ● THE ALAN GUTTMACHER INSTITUTE ● HARVEY WHITNEY BOOKS CO. ● THE HAWORTH PRESS, INC. ● HEALTH AFFAIRS (PROJECT HOPE) ● HELDREF PUBLICATIONS ● THE HIGHER EDUCATION ELECTRONIC & AUDIO-VIDEO PRESS ● HINDAWI PUBLISHING CORPORATION ● THE HISTOCHEMICAL SOCIETY ● THE HISTORIC BRASS SOCIETY ● HOGREFE & HUBER PUBLISHING GROUP ● HUMAN FACTORS AND ERGONOMICS SOCIETY ● HUMANA PRESS ● IFIS PUBLISHING ● ILLUMINATING ENGINEERING SOCIETY OF NORTH AMERICA (IESNA) ● IM PUBLICATIONS ● IMPROBABLE RESEARCH INC. ● INDERSCIENCE ENTERPRISES ● INDIANA UNIVERSITY CENTER FOR GENOMICS AND BIOINFORMATICS ● INDIANA UNIVERSITY MATHEMATICS JOURNAL ● INDIANA UNIVERSITY PRESS ● INFORMA UK LIMITED ● INSTITUTE FOR OPERATIONS RESEARCH AND THE MANAGEMENT SCIENCES (INFORMS) ● INSTITUTION OF CHEMICAL ENGINEERS ● INSTITUTION OF ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY (IET) ● THE INSTITUTE OF ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONICS ENGINEERS (IEEE) ● INSTITUTE OF ORGANIC CHEMISTRY AND BIOCHEMISTRY, ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE CZECH REPUBLIC ● INSTITUTE OF PHYSICAL OPTICS ● INSTITUTE OF PHYSICS (IOP) ● INSTITUTE OF PURE AND APPLIED PHYSICS (IPAP) ● INSTITUTE OF SOUTHEAST ASIAN STUDIES ● INTEGRATED OCEAN DRILLING PROGRAM- MANAGEMENT INTERNATIONAL ● INTEL CORPORATION ● INTELLECT ● INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION FOR BRIDGE AND STRUCTURAL ENGINEERING (IABSE) ● INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF HYDROLOGICAL SCIENCES ● INTERNATIONAL BONE AND MINERAL SOCIETY ● INTERNATIONAL FEDERATION OF AUTOMATIC CONTROL ● INTERNATIONAL FOOD POLICY RESEARCH INSTITUTE ● INTERNATIONAL GLACIOLOGICAL SOCIETY ● INTERNATIONAL HORMESIS SOCIETY ● INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PSYCHOANALYSIS, LONDON ● INTERNATIONAL LIFE SCIENCES INSTITUTE ● INTERNATIONAL PHYCOLOGICAL SOCIETY ● INTERNATIONAL READING ASSOCIATION ● INTERNATIONAL SOCIETY OF ENDOVASCULAR SPECIALISTS ● INTERNATIONAL UNION OF CRYSTALLOGRAPHY (IUCr) ● INTERNATIONAL UNION OF PURE AND APPLIED CHEMISTRY (IUPAC) ● IWA PUBLISHING ● JAPAN LASER PROCESSING SOCIETY ● JAPAN SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY AGENCY (JST) ● JOHN BENJAMINS PUBLISHING 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    • 66. Web PD vendors support multiple databases, with varied access policies; CrossCheck will have its own database and will also compare targets against the open Web
    • 67. Timeline
      • 2006: CrossRef members and board identify plagiarism detection as strategic priority
      • 2007: Pilot in partnership with iParadigms with:
          • 8 publishers 3.2 million articles indexed 4,600 documents checked
      • 2008: CrossCheck launched June 20 th
    • 68. Database of Published Articles Phase 1 Phase 2 Workflow Integration Phase 3 Duplicate Submission Checking Deposited
    • 69. The service provides…
      • Model agreement for licensing full text to iParadigms where indexing process, content security, pricing, access, support, etc. are addressed
      • Comprehensive databases (scholarly and web) to check content against
      • CrossCheck publisher can see full text of matching documents
      • Steeply Discounted fees to check content
    • 70. The service provides…
      • API for Integration into editorial management software
      • Guidelines and best practices
      • Logos to indicate value add to the community
      • Verification that all participating publisher content is included and indexed
    • 71. The service provides…
      • CrossCheck content is available for other iThenticate and Turnitin users (not full text, though!) – deterrent effect
      • Level playing field for all publishers large and small, for profit and not-for-profit
      • Other PD technology options in the future
    • 72. CrossCheck Fees
      • Annual admin fee to CrossRef, not to exceed 20% of publisher’s member dues
        • Charged in arrears; reduced as more publishers opt in
      • Per document checking fees to iParadigms
    • 73. CrossCheck Progress
      • 33 publishers have joined
      • 30 more in process of joining
      • CrossCheck database
        • 4.1 million content items
        • 3,614 publications
        • 25 million items when all participants are indexed
        • PubMed content to be indexed by iParadigms
    • 74. More Info
      • Check website – www.crossref.org
      • Email [email_address]
      • Talk to staff – Kirsty Meddings is here
      • Book an appointment for Online – stand 526
      • Attend an upcoming webinar

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