STUDY OF AIDS THE BASIC INTRODUCTION, RESEARCHES AND EXAMPLES Entire work cited: http://www.google.ca/
WHAT IS AIDS AND HIV ? <ul><li>AIDS stands for Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. </li></ul><ul><li>HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) is the virus that causes AIDS. </li></ul><ul><li>This virus may be passed from one person to another when infected blood, semen, or vaginal secretions come in contact with an uninfected person’s broken skin or mucous membranes*. In addition, infected pregnant women can pass HIV to their baby during pregnancy or delivery, as well as through breast-feeding. People with HIV have what is called HIV infection. Some of these people will develop AIDS as a result of their HIV infection. </li></ul>An HIV-positive person receives an AIDS diagnosis after developing one of the CDC-defined AIDS indicator illnesses. An HIV-positive person can also receive an AIDS diagnosis on the basis of certain blood tests (CD4 counts) and may not have experienced any serious illnesses. A positive HIV test does not mean that a person has AIDS. A diagnosis of AIDS is made by a physician according to the CDC AIDS Case Definition.
HOW DOES HIV ATTACKES OUR BODY <ul><li>Human Immunodeficiency Virus or HIV is a virus, like a cold or the flu, that effects the immune system. Our immune system is a collection of cells and organs in our body that protect our body from germs and disease. When you get sick and have a runny nose or a fever that is your immune system fighting off the cold or whatever other sickness that you have. Without our immune system our body would get taken over by sickness pathogens (germs) and we would die. </li></ul>
How can you get AIDS ? <ul><li>HIV is carried in the blood, semen, and vaginal secretions, and can be transmitted from person to person by either blood to blood contact with a person who is infected with HIV, like sharing drug needles with someone, or by having unprotected sex with someone who has the disease. </li></ul>
Risky behaviors <ul><li>Sex is the most common way HIV is transmitted throughout the Latino youth population. Unprotected sex (not wearing a condom) with a person who has HIV can and likely will, depending on the circumstances, get you infected. If you already have an STD ( S exually T ransmitted D isease) then you are 3 to 10 times more likely to get HIV by having sexual intercourse. Oral sex, anal sex, with men or women, is by far the easiest way to get HIV; you are 10 to 100 times more likely to get HIV by having anal sex rather than vaginal sex. </li></ul>
Injections may bring virus ! <ul><li>You can also get the virus from intravenous drug use like heroin. Intravenous or IV drugs are drugs that are injected in to the body using a syringe or needle. When an infected person uses a needle their blood along with the virus gets inside the needle and stays there. When the next person comes to inject, or shoot up, then the infected blood from the first person can be injected into them . </li></ul>
Percentages of different genders & groups having HIV world widely
How do you protect yourself from HIV? <ul><li>Do not have unprotected sex; </li></ul><ul><li>To protect yourself use a condom every time you have sex no matter whether it’s your first time or your first time or your thousandth time, whether you are having sex with a girl or a guy. </li></ul><ul><li>Remember condoms work only if they are worn properly </li></ul>
6 steps of instructions to wear a condom <ul><li>Step 1 Put the condom on when the penis is erect, before there is any contact between the penis and your partner's body. Fluid released from the penis during the early stages of an erection can contain sperm and organisms that can caused STI''s. </li></ul><ul><li>Step 2 Tear along one side of the foil, being sure not to rip the condom inside. Carefully remove the condom. </li></ul><ul><li>Step 3 Air trapped inside a condom could cause it to break. To avoid this, squeeze the closed end of the condom between your forefinger and thumb and place the condom over the erect penis. Be sure that the roll is on the outside. </li></ul><ul><li>Step 4 While still squeezing the closed end, use your other hand to unroll the condom gently down the full length of the penis. Make sure the condom stays in place during sex; if it rolls up, roll it back into place immediately. If the condom comes off, withdraw the penis and put on a new condom before intercourse continues. </li></ul><ul><li>Step 5 Soon after ejaculation, withdraw the penis while it is still erect by holding the condom firmly in place. Remove the condom only when the penis is fully withdrawn. Keep both the penis and condom clear from contact with your partner's body. </li></ul><ul><li>Step 6 Dispose of the used condom hygienically. Wrap the condom in a tissue and place it in a bin (do not flush it down the toilet). </li></ul>
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